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DOGICA® World of Dog & Puppy




17 Reasons to Use Dog Treadmill
11 DIY Homemade Dog Treadmills
Dog-Powered vs Mechanical Dog Treadmills
A Complete Guide to Dog Treadmills
Dog Whatermills, Carpetmills, Treadmills & Treadwheels
Best Dog Treadmills Reviewed
Dog Treadmill Buying Guide
Best Dog Treadwheels Reviews
What is the difference between
a dog treadmill and a human treadmill?
How to Get Scared Dog on Treadmill
How to get your Dog used to Treadmill?
Dog Treadmills for Older Dogs
Dog Treadmill & Treadwheel Sizing Guide
How to Fit Dog Treadmill & Treadwheel?
Butter Churn, Turnspit
The Cynosphere & Chewing Machine
How to Choose Dog Treadmill?
Types & Sizes of Dog Treadmills
Why to use Dog Treadmill?
How to Cleand Dog Treadmill
Is a treadmill good for a dog?
Can a dog run on a manual treadmill?
Can dogs get hurt treadmill?
Underwater Treadmills Help To Heal Dogs
Dog Exercise Needs by Breed
How to Train your Dog to use Treadmill?
Canine Treadmill Training Guide
Should Puppies use a Treadmill?
Dog Treadmill vs Human Treadmill
The History of Dog Treadmill
Dog Exercise Wheel Types
Underwater Dog Treadmills
Keep Dog's Shape
Treadmills for Medium, Small & Big Dogs
Can Dogs use Human Treadmills?
Dog Exercize Wheels
Dog Agility: Treadmills
Running Dog Equipment
How to Build Homemade Dog Treadmill?
Underwater Running Dog Therapy
Obesity In Dogs
Dog Carpetmills


The treadmill should not replace a routine walk outside. When a dog goes for a walk or run, chases a ball in the park, etc., the activity engages his mind and all of his senses. He sees and hears new things around every corner, smells an entire universe that we cannot even begin to comprehend, might get a chance to "chat" with a canine friend, and so forth. The mental stimulation that comes from getting away from the familiarity of home and into a new environment is at least as important as the exercise.



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Dog Treadmills Vs Outdoor Running
There are two key difference between letting your pet run on a treadmill and letting it run outdoors:

Physiological demands: Unlike running outside, running on a machine is much easier and less strenuous to your canine due to lack of wind resistance. However, you can make up for lack of air resistance by slightly increasing the inclination by 1%.

Biomechanical differences: It might feel slightly unstable for your pet when first introduced to the treadmill, leading to the evolution of a gait and becoming more natural. Also, canines land on flatter feet on treadmills, helping them avoid strained or sprained ankle.


What dogs can use treadmill?
Most dog can use a treadmill - as long as they can walk and can coordinate the movement. Very small dogs (under 5 pounds) and large dogs (over 200 pounds) may have a problem fitting on treadmill but should be ok. If you are still on the fence about using a treadmill as opposed to walking your dog around the park, we have highlighted the pros and cons for you.

Should puppies use treadmills?
Loaded question - puppies under the age of 6 months should definitely NOT use the treadmill. There is too much stress placed on the joints. Small or medium breeds may start using the treadmill for short periods of time: ten minutes or less, at six months of age. Care should be taken not to push the dog through a lameness or fatigue. Growth plates need to be respected and in some dogs may not be closed until 30 months of age. So, the easy answer, only when they have reached skeletal maturity and this will vary from 6 to 30 months depending upon breed / size of dog.

Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using a treadmill for your dog's training:

When using a walking treadmill, the dog's weight can be distributed evenly to reduce some of the joint's stress. With an underwater treadmill, you reduce over 38% of your dog's weight from the lower joints like the ankles and wrists. A healthier dog weight can also increase your dog's stamina.

There could be injuries when your dog falls off the tracks or gets overworked. The dog could get sprained or have soft tissue injuries. Long-haired dogs are prone to get stuck with the machine. The dog's hair should be brought up or trimmer so it won't get caught in the motor or treads. Remember that not every dog will want or enjoy using the treadmill. Your pet could be afraid of the sound of the machine or have these health conditions that prevent increased exercise. Supervision is critical at all times.



A main cause of canine behavioral problems is boredom. Your furniture, shoes, or neighbors' ears can fall victim to a bored dog. A dog learns to focus on the moving track during treadmill workouts and to keep pace, which engages their mind and body. It is also a great way to add variety to your dog's existing exercise routine.

Many professional trainers will advise those with high-energy or working breeds to find your dog a job. A treadmill workout can be part of the solution. Dogs have to "work" in order to stay on the treadmill, and it gives them a specific task to focus on. Increased mental stimulation helps dogs to feel important and happy.

Under-exercised dogs have trouble concentrating on tasks, such as training, or might be difficult to control. This can can make even the most basic obedience training time-consuming and ineffective. You will find tired or "worked" dogs are better able to focus, resulting in improved training outcomes. Just 10 minutes on the treadmill can help your dog be ready to learn new skills and obedience training.

More than 50% of American dogs are either overweight or obese, according to the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention. Obesity causes joint strain, arthritis, fatigue, and heart problems. The biggest factors contributing to weight gain are limited or no physical activity and overfeeding. Offering treadmill workouts in conjunction with a healthy diet can help dogs build muscle tone, increase stamina, and lose weight. Consult with your veterinarian before starting your pup on an exercise routine if she is overweight or obese.

Hyperactive dogs have difficultly interacting with groups of dogs. Their energy levels create stress and can trigger undesirable reactions from other dogs. Fifteen to 30 minutes on the treadmill prior to social interactions at a daycare facility or a dog park can significantly decrease hyperactivity and give your dog a more positive play experience.

Rain or snow can dampen any good running intention. Not necessarily your dog's intention, but yours. Running inside on a dog treadmill means that you do not have to have to cancel a workout because of bad weather. It also includes weather that is too hot. Since dogs do not cool efficiently the tendency to overheat is much more common than for humans. A dog treadmill means that you can provide a temperature-controlled environment which translates to more regularity and fewer excuses.

Some treadmills designed specifically for dogs are equipped with shock absorption platforms that result in less stress on the joints, as compared with running on asphalt or concrete. This is especially helpful for dogs approaching their golden years. If sized correctly, a dog treadmill will also provide an adequate running platform that enables your dog to stride out in comfort vs. a human treadmill which may be too short. Choppy strides developed from avoiding the rear roller are not an enhancement to your dog's biomechanics, make the investment in a running platform that fits your dog's body.

Running outside means that your dog is tempted to stop and sniff often. While this is also important to your dog's overall well-being, it does not help to keep the heart rate elevated to promote overall conditioning and health. Dog's that exercise with intensity burn more calories and produce more feel-good endorphins which packs a double fitness punch for weight management and behavior.

One of the best conditioning exercises you can provide for your dog is the Extended Trot Gait for approximately 20 minutes. This weight-bearing exercise works both sides of the body evenly. It is very difficult to maintain this gait consistently outside because of terrain and distractions. Plus it helps you keep track of mileage and time.

By changing speed and incline you can mimic outdoor conditions to keep the mind stimulated and the body adjusting to new parameters to improve strength and conditioning levels. Many cities enforce tight control on leash laws, which limits the areas your dog can run effectively. If you do not have space to stride out, a dog treadmill can be a great alternative to stretch the muscles and work on endurance.

Dog movement involves every organ system in the body; up to 99% of the skeletal muscles and their bony structures. Just how well the organ and muscle systems are working together or lack thereof, is often seen in your dog's gait. A dog treadmill platform will give you an unobstructed view to watch your dog's gait for any abnormalities.

Most dogs run by instinctive reaction. As they age and eyesight and hearing decrease, it is more important to use a running surface or track that is designed to limit impact. It also means that you do not have to deal with potential running hazards like cars and busy street traffic.

According the APPA National Pet Owners Survey 50% of dogs are left home alone during work hours. For most, this means their dog can be left alone for 6-10 hours at a time. This puts workout time in the wee morning hours or late at night or maybe not at all. Running on a treadmill offers convenience and often a safer alternative for many dog owners. Plus it gives you the flexibility to work out before you leave in the morning and upon your return.

From a behavioral perspective, the same antidepressant-like effects associated with "runner's high" found in humans is associated with a drop in stress hormones. But this is only achieved with a workout or run that is performed with intensity. For dogs that tend to be leash aggressive using a dog treadmill to work on leash behavior manners is ideal to prevent unplanned or embarrassing conflicts on the trail.

According to Pet Obesity Prevention Association nearly 52.5% of dogs are overweight. Exercise is proven to increase the metabolism which translates to more calories burned. For dogs that are obese, a dog treadmill that is flat will help get your dog moving slowly without distractions and undue stress on the joints. The monitored environment also helps you to stop the workout if your dog is too fatigued.

One of the least discussed attributes of fitness on canines is its indisputable impact on the pet-human bond. As pack animals dogs need the social connection with their leader. The type of activities you do and the manner in which they are performed helps increase the bond. Leaving exercise to someone else only enhances their bond with your dog, not yours. Seek activities that you can do together regularly and routinely. Exercising beside your dog on the treadmill is easy to do. Pick up some weights, do some lunges and praise your dog and you both for a job well done.

Just like humans, all dogs are different and some breeds can suffer from leash aggression so will need on-lead training. Dog treadmills can be extremely helpful for teaching your pooch good leash behaviour and will save you both from any embarrassing incidents when you do venture to the outside world!



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Today, the treadmill is the most popular piece of fitness equipment and can be found in homes and gyms around the world. Recently, a variety of dog treadmills have hit the market and have gathered much attention. But where did this effective fitness machine come from? Nicholas Potter's patented "Enterprise Dog Power" treadmill, designed to power butter churns and other small farm machines, circa 1881.

The Ancient Roman

Treadmill Crane

The first treadmills can be traced back to the 1st century AD. The Ancient Romans used a "tread mill" or "tread wheel" to lift heavier weights by incorporating the treadmill to replace the winch in their cranes. Men would walk within the wheel itself and because the treadmill had a larger diameter, they were able to lift double the weight with only half the crew. These tread wheels were later adapted to create rotary grain mills and were also used to pump water and power dough-kneading machines and bellows.

Dog Treadmills for Exercise
The first dog treadmill marketed as a dog exercise device was patented by John R. Richards, of Oak Park IL in 1939. The design similar to Nicholas Potter included a harness and was not motorised.


The first human treadmill was not invented until 1952, when Dr. Robert A. Bruce got the idea to put the treadmill belt to use for humans to walk on. He used it as a stress test to monitor and diagnose various heart conditions. It was not until the 1960s that the treadmill was commercialised as an exercise device for humans. Since then there have been constant innovations in treadmill design and function for both humans and dogs. For dogs, the treadmill is no longer a way to automate farm and domestic chores, it is now a very effective exercise tool that promotes health, fitness and working dog performance. Its also excellent for solving issues like hectic schedules, poor weather, busy streets and crowded dog parks.


The expression many show after seeing a dog running on a treadmill for the first time is often one of disbelief, followed by a giggle and one of the two following statements "My dog would never do that", or "What will they think of next". The irony exists in the fact that the origin of the treadmill was never intended for people. In fact, animal treadmills were being used long before a human ever stepped foot on one. The first treadmills were agricultural machines and came in various sizes to accommodate animals like dogs, sheep, and horses to automate chores.


Nicholas Potter, of Troy PA is noted as the father of the first dog treadmill. But rather than marketing it as an exercise device for dog exercise it was marketed as a practical devise for dogs to assist with churning butter, grinding stones, fanning mills, corn shellers and later cream separators and aptly named the "Enterprise Dog Power". The first patent issued in 1871 and the final patent in 1881. The final design is typical of most surviving "Enterprise" treadmills today. The first dog treadmill marketed as a dog exercise device was patented by John R. Richards, of Oak Park IL in 1939. The design similar to Nicholas Potter included a harness device and was not motorized.


The first human treadmill was not invented until 1952, where Dr. Robert A. Bruce got the idea to actually put the treadmill belt to use for humans to walk on. He used it as a stress test to monitor and diagnose various heart conditions. By the 1960s the treadmill was commercialized as an exercise device for humans, at which time the running joke surfaced on the Jetsons featuring George Jetson and his Astro running on an automatic dog walker. Since the 1960s there have been continual improvements in treadmill equipment for both humans and dogs. For dogs, the treadmill is no longer a way to mobilize farm operations, but an effective exercise alternative for challenges like weather, hectic schedules, physical limitations, busy streets and crowded dog parks.

While domesticated dogs these days can by and large count on their owners to take care of them for nothing but companionship in return, this kind of man-dog relationship is in fact relatively new. Dogs were once not companions, but workers. Case in point? The examples below:

Dog-Powered Inventions:

The Turnspit

While many inventions merely employed the use of a dog's walking power, this invention actually resulted in the creation of a very specific breed, one designed solely for operating the machine. Called a turnspit dog, the Britons of several hundred years ago bred these somewhat rodent-like creatures to run on a wheel that turned meat over an open flame, much like the modern-day rotisserie. Turnspit dogs were viewed as kitchen utensils, as pieces of machinery rather than as dogs. The roar of the fire. The clanking of the spit. The patter of the little dog's feet. The wheels were put up quite high on the wall, far from the fire in order for the dogs not to overheat and faint. Before the days of turnspit dogs, lowly kitchen servants - usually young boys โ€” were tasked with rotating the crank by hand for hours on end.

Dog-Powered Inventions:

The Sewing Machine

German inventor Heinrich Feldt designed and patented The Feldt Dog Engine in 1888, and intended for it to offer seamstresses a bit of relief when it came to mending and sewing clothing. Before the invention of the electric sewing machine, people operated sewing needles by rotating a lever, which, depending on the size of the garment, could make for a daunting chore. Thus Feldt - along with other inventors such as Paris' M. Richards - looked to dogs to put in the physical force, and had them power the burgeoning machines.

The Butter Churn
Unlike the dog-powered turnspit and many dog-powered sewing machines, the animal-powered butter churn was an American commodity and a relatively recent one: Sears sold the device in the early 20th century for $15. Again using a treadmill design composed of rubber belts and wood treads, its inventors lifted the idea from the many horse-powered treadmill machines on 16th century farms.These treadmills differed in key ways, however. As the New York State Museum explains: This is a railroad style dog power, as opposed to a rotary style treadmill, where the animal walked on a circular platform. Once the animal was placed on the inclined plane, the brake was released. To keep from falling backward, the animal walked to maintain his place while the endless segmented belt under his feet moved in the opposite direction. A belt drove the mill or washer. People can still see these dog-powered designs today, though mainly at various festivals and fairs, where they are used as an example of what life looked like for some turn of the century Americans.

The Cynosphere
Invented in France in 1875, the Cynosphere was quite popular in its day. Essentially a carriage built on a tricycle frame, dogs in what were essentially two giant hamster wheels would power the vehicle by walking. After the Society for the Protection of Animals deemed the invention cruel, further development of the vehicle was abandoned forever. That's not to say that the use of dogs to power vehicles died entirely. In 1939, an 80 year old Texas dog trainer named Z. Wiggs developed his "Pooch Mobile" as an alternative to oil-powered transportation. While an admirable, early attempt at going green, the enormous contraption was impractical at best and failed to yield a single converter. Still, the idea lives on in some form: Anyone looking to get into the "urban dog mushing" game today can pick up their very own dog-powered scooter, which, for now at least, is still on the market.

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So.. Can Dogs Use Human Treadmills? Maybe if a dog were big and tall, it would look okay on a human treadmill. But imagine if it were a Maltese or a Poodle, it would look kind of silly, would not it? Though, The answer for most veterinarians is "yes. dogs can use a human treadmill." However, there are factors to consider when you allow your dog to train in your treadmill. Most dogs are capable of training using an electric treadmill - both underwater and walking treadmill, but never using a manual treadmill design. It is essential to monitor your pet while they do the walking and do not ever leave them alone. Make sure your dog can handle your given exercise routine and ask for your vet's approval first.

Difference between

a dog treadmill

and a human treadmill

Consider the factors to look out for, the right steps in starting your dog's training, and the pros and cons of these two different options. Here are our opinions about dog treadmill vs human treadmill and some differences to consider:

Human treadmills have shorter track surface than dog treadmills!
Generally, human treadmills were created to match human's short gait, hence the shorter track surface of their treadmill. Humans only have two legs, so they don't need stretch beyond a certain length. This short track length could be excellent for smaller dogs but a big no no for larger dogs. A dog-specific treadmill has a running belt that you build long enough to cater and handle a dog's natural gait and the longer stride. With this spec, dogs have enough room to fall behind. Letting your dog exercise on an inconsistent length will generally constrict your dog's movement with shortened stride and can result in unnatural gait. Even worse, your big dogs could have potential joint problems in the future.

Human treadmills slowest setting is too fast for smaller dogs
Another issue with the human treadmill is that it's speedy for smaller-sized pets. If your human treadmill has magically developed a slow pace that suits your little dog, setting to the lowest speed might cause it to crash. Remember, the smaller the dog, the shorter the stride. One human stride is equal to over ten paces from teacup dogs. Therefore, you should consider the speed before you let your dog run on the treadmill. Walking should be a healthy activity for your dog, not torture.

Dog treadmills are quieter than human treadmills
Well-designed dog treadmills are made to be very quiet compared to human treadmills. Dog treadmills use specific motors, technologies, and materials that can reduce the level of shakiness and noise when dogs run at a high-speed range. The reason for the quieter design is because a lot of dogs are scared of the sound and vibrations mostly typical in human treadmills. Exercises should be a peaceful and fun experience for your dog, not cause them trauma due to noises and fear.

Dog treadmills tend to be wider than human treadmills
A fuller leg room for dogs to float back and forth and trot side to side naturally can encourage your dogs to stretch and extend. The human treadmills were designed to be narrow and restrict body movements at some point.

Machine design differences between both treadmills
The technology, size, and speed of the treadmill are essential considerations, but these are not the only differences. Here are some of the other design differences of the dog treadmills and human treadmills:

The human treadmills' motors were designed to have proper ventilation systems to allow the flow of air and help cool down the engine. However, a dog's treadmill usually separates their motor or enclosed them with an internal cooling system to prevent dog dirt and hair from entering.

Human treadmills expose the gap between both sides of the machine and its belt's edge, which is perfectly fine for humans. This design could be dangerous for a dog's claw of paws. Dog treadmills usually enclose its belt to the machine's edge or side rail for maximum security.

Human treadmills don't have side rails which can be useful when training a dog to use it. Well-designed dog treadmills usually have sturdy and safe side panels.

The large caps at the end of human treadmills are hazardous for dog's paw as it can easily get ripped when caught. This function can mostly cause irreparable harm to your beloved dog. Unlike human treadmills, good dog treadmills have the control panel and quick release in an easy to access position for training the dog to use the treadmill. Human treadmills often have large end caps on the front and back of the treadmill, whereas dog treadmills typically don't. These end caps are dangerous for dogs because their paws and claws can easily get caught and rip.


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It is a rule of thumb that most dogs need around 60 minutes of exercise a day. But did you know that most dogs need twice that to stay in peak health? You'd love to be able to do that for your pup. Treadmills the perfect way to supplement your dog's exercise time, burn off excess energy and weight, as well as turn your dog into a canine athlete! Dog treadmills are no substitute for traditional exercise and playtime, though. Dog treadmills can be expensive, so deciding to buy or build one requires a lot of thought. However, they make a wonderful addition for anyone who is strapped for time, pups that need to lose a few el bees, or people who want to train with their dog!

Why Do You Even Need

a Treadmill for Dogs?

There are many reasons to use a dog treadmill: poor mobility in dog owners, physical rehabilitation for dogs, humidity and heat, cold, ice and painful salt on sidewalks. Or perhaps your dog just has an abundance of energy. A treadmill may be just the thing to add to daily outdoor walks. But there is probably no greater need for a dog treadmill than by an owner who owns a reactive, anxious or aggressive dog. We know that exercise promotes not only physical well being but also mental well being. Every dog owner has their own reason for buying a treadmill, but general physical fitness and wellbeing always plays a part. If you live in an area with harsh winters, long monsoon seasons or intense heat - the treadmill can be a god send. You and your dog can stay indoors and exercise in the comfort of your own home. There are a wide variety of reasons to get a treadmill for dogs, including:

High Energy

Behavior Issues (including Anxiety)


Continuation of Physiotherapy

Post-operative Recovery

Conditioning after a long illness or fracture repair

Conditioning working dogs or dogs that compete in competitions

Low-impact exercise for: dogs with arthritis, geriatric dogs and dogs with neurological diseases.


Obesity in Dogs
Obesity is just as prevalent among dogs as it is among humans. Dogs are considered overweight when they weigh 15% or more over their standard weight. Dogs are considered obese when they are 30% or more over their standard weight. The cause of obesity in dogs is similar to that of obesity in humans. Namely, they consume more energy in the form of food than they spend in the form of physical activity. There are other causes, of course. Older female dogs that have been spayed are at a higher risk for obesity.


A lack of exercise sure does not help the situation! In general, dogs that have been fixed face a higher risk of obesity than those that have not, probably as a result of an altered metabolism as well as hormones. Dog owners who responsibly get their pups fixe must also make sure they are getting enough exercise! Age can also play a factor in obesity. Like humans, dogs become less active as they get older as well as lose lean body mass. This requires an adjusted diet. Dog owners should consult their veterinarian to develop a nutrition plan that will satiate their pup while also maintaining their weight. There are also factors that play into a lower risk for canine obesity. One major factor is breed. Many active breeds such as terriers, hounds, spaniels, and retrievers being at much lower risk for obesity than other breeds.


Health Problems Caused

by Dog Obesity:

High Blood Pressure


Heart Disease


Breathing Problems

Orthopedic Disorders

Certain Types of Cancer

An obese dog may experience one or a combination of these health problems. However, they all lead to one inevitable conclusion: an Early Death.


An obese dog is a bored dog, and a bored dog is an unhappy dog. What is sad is that many dog owners are quick to label their pups as hyperactive when it's not the fault of the dog. The truth is that it is more often the fault of the owner! Does your dog exhibit any of these unwanted behaviors?

Barking or whining for attention

Constantly play biting

Playing too rough

Destructive scratching, chewing, and / or digging

Getting into the garbage and other places they should not

Jumping on furniture, counters, and people that they should not.


If so, then you shouldn't be asking yourself, "Is my dog hyperactive?" - What you should be asking yourself is, "Am I exercising my dog enough?" BUT Always talk to your vet first about any problems you may be having and how to address these issues!

Dogs on treadmills are like dogs wearing boots or jackets - at first glance, it just ain't right! But as we just established, treadmills can make a fantastic supplement to your dog's exercise regimen.

Can dogs use

human treadmills?

The majority says no. Many people do walk their dogs on human treadmills, but it adds more hazards to an activity that will make your dog nervous when first starting out. For starters, the position of the motor on a human treadmill is not ideal. Your dog's long fur could get caught in the vent and motor. Think of it as how you were taught to ride an escalator properly as a kid and how that fear has haunted you ever since. Then there is noise and vibrations. They may not bother you, but they are sure to freak out some dogs and make them more anxious. What makes dog treadmills different is that they are designed to be quieter and more stable than human ones. Side rails act as a visual guide and safety precaution for human runners.


Treadmills for dogs have the same feature, but they are placed much lower so they will actually work for your dog! You should also consider track length and width. Dogs float more when they run, meaning that they will float backward, forward, and side to side while they run. They need a wider and longer track for maximum safety when using a treadmill. Floating also creates a problem for the gaps between the belts and edges. Human treadmills have a wider gap to make assembly easier. A dog could get a claw stuck in there and experience a serious injury! Last is speed. A human treadmill should be fine for larger dogs. However, you may have trouble finding a speed slow enough for smaller dogs. None of this is to say that you absolutely can not use a human treadmill for your dog. You just need to be aware of the dangers they present if you choose to use one.

Types of Dog Treadmills
Treadmills for dogs come few types:
Carpet Mill

Used by canine rehabilitators and physiotherapists. These large, expensive treadmills are typically not practical for use in homes and would be quite expensive. Dogs that require the use of an underwater treadmill often only use it for physiotherapy sessions short-term. Studies have proven the many benefits of underwater treadmills for dogs. According to NextGenDog, it's also one of the most effective ways to relieve pain and arthritis discomfort in dogs.

are electric or "dog-powered," compact and perfect for almost every size. They look like miniature versions of human treadmills which we are all familiar with. Some pet parents even exercise alongside their pup on their own home treadmill or elliptical machine. Regular dog treadmills have also been scientifically tested with canines, and some studies found them to be of great benefits to dogs.

The biggest advantage of mechanical dog treadmills is the ability of the dog to control the movement itself. This is very important in two main aspects: Safety and comfort - The dog can stop whenever he experiences pain or discomfort. Very important if there is a trauma or pain for some other reason. Effective conditioning - The dog can run as fast as it wants for as long as it wants. This allows our pets to reach their maximum in speed and endurance and improve them accordingly. Durability - Mechanical treadmills are known to be much more durable in time and easier to repair if needed. This is due to their manual workmanship and high personal attention to every detail - specifically in Firepaw production. The lack of electronics and highest quality materials allows them to be more resilient to different weather conditions and intensive usage by multiple dogs. Unfortunately, almost 90% of electrical dog treadmills on the market, regardless of brand, are made in China, which justifies their low price and corresponding quality. Keeping in mind that expensive shipping from China to Europe or North America is also included in their price. Individual Approach - Most manufacturers of mechanical paths allow customers to choose the design (free of charge for us) and the configuration of the equipment. physicality needs.

Usually, they are easier to use: Perhaps the only major benefit of electrical dog treadmills is the lesser commitment to owners in certain cases. More often, these are the cases when there is a lack of good contact between the owner and the dog and when a dogs does not feel confident enough with the treadmill. In cases when the owner does not wish to be involved in establishing this contact, the electrical appliance is the easier option - we agree. However, we would like to remind you that this does not take much effort, and by using the step by step guide on our website, getting used to the mechanical dog treadmill can be easily overcomed. Lower price - in the long run it is not so profitable but it still seems attractive at first glance.


As you may have guessed, mechanical treadmills for dogs work using a motor. These are specifically designed for dogs and avoid the issues with human treadmills that we just discussed. They can range anywhere from $500 - $5,000. The mechanical option will be a lot more expensive than non-motorized dog treadmills, though the latter can get expensive really quickly. Buyers should make sure that they will get enough use out of the treadmill to justify the purchase!

Dog-powered treadmills come in two types: treadwheels and dog carpet mills. Treadwheels are basically giant hamster wheels for dogs. Dog carpet mills are built using wood, nails, and carpet for the track. These usually range between $300 - $600.

The Limitations of

Treadmills for Dogs

Dog treadmills make a great supplement for when your schedule, the weather, or some other variable prevents you from exercising your dog as you should. However, do not make the mistake of thinking that it should be your pup's main source of physical activity! If you have ever worked out then you know that there is more going on than just exercise. You are having to mentally keep track of what you are doing at the same time, so your brain is getting a workout as well. Do you go to a gym, take some kind of exercise class, or workout with a friend? If so, then you know that social interaction can be an important part of the workout experience. All of this is true for your dog, if not more so. Like humans, dogs need mental stimulation, social interaction, diverse smells, and lots of variety when they exercise. That is why dog treadmills are a supplement rather than a cure for obese and overweight dogs. They can not satisfy all of your pup's needs in a single activity, but they are a great tool for sneaking in some extra steps!

Dog Treadmills as

Physical Therapy

Treadmill for dogs is not a fad or new invention. Did you know that dog treadmills have been used to exercise dogs as early as the beginning of the 20th century? There are even some of the old studies in PubMed library, like this one from 1954 by Kouwenhoven et al. These studies analyzed the benefits of dog treadmills, how to ensure a treadmill is good for a specific type of dog and even how to build a dog treadmill yourself. Physical therapists have been using dog treadmills, along with underwater ones, for decades with great results. So it's only apt for pet owners to have one of their own.

Cleaning a dog treadmill is simple. First, use a vacuum cleaner to pick up any hair or debris, not only on the belt part of the machine, but also in the areas where the belt is attached to the machine frame. Next, use a very mild soap and non-abrasive cloth to wipe off the belt and any other areas with dirt. Dry with a clean towel and you're ready to go! Never use a harsh cleaner, as this might erode or damage the belt and components.


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There are certain features you should be looking for depending on your goals. Of course, you want to keep your dog active when you can not walk them, but different features will allow you to personalize their workout experience. Also, knowing what you want gives you an idea of how much you are going to spend. This means that you can save money on your doggy treadmill or that you are getting the most bang for your buck with features. Treadmills for dogs have can have incline just like human treadmills. The incline allows your dog to get a more intense workout on the treadmill. This can come especially in handy if you are wanting to help your dog lose weight. It is also useful for urban mushing, agility training, canicross.

Track Length
You will choose your treadmill based on the size of your dog. The bigger the dog, the longer the track you will need.

Small breeds: 29 x 14-inch length

Medium breeds: 47 x 17-inch length

Large+ breeds: 75 x 17-inch length

Individual dogs within a breed can vary in size. Measure them first to make sure that you are not buying something too short!

Time & Distance Meters
This feature probably won't be necessary for regular walking. However, it will come in handy for folks who want a sport dog treadmill to train their athletic dog. People who want to turn their pups into marathon dogs will find this feature especially helpful.


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A treadmill is not a natural apparatus for a dog to use. Many dogs are afraid of just the sound of a treadmill never mind getting on one. And almost every dog will need some time to learn how balance on it and learn to walk on it.

Your first step is getting your dog comfortable around it. How you teach a dog to use a treadmill is of particular importance especially when it comes to reactive, anxious or aggressive dogs. You should only use positive methods, no corrections, it should not be rushed and it should only be a positive experience. The more you can break down a process into smaller chunks the easier it is on the dog.

Tips and Warnings
A couple of warnings here. You are not going to be able to flip on the TV while your dog is exercising in the background.

Never leave unattended

Should not be substituted for mental enrichment

Keep your dog interested

Train for only short periods of time

Do not use leashes or harnesses to force your dog on or to keep your dog on the treadmill

Do not over-exercise young dogs under the age of two as they can do long term damage to their joints

Dogs are better off walking or trotting than running

Do not exercise for more than 30 minutes - may be less depending on the dog.

Do not use a leash or a harness when training a dog to use a treadmill - You will see a number of videos teaching your dog to use a treadmill through using force, leashes, etc. But this is not a good choice for reactive, anxious or aggressive dogs. Dogs should feel in control and comfortable that they can get off the treadmill at any time.


It's not difficult. Almost any dog can be taught to run on a treadmill fairly quickly at the speeds belows 5 km/h. As long as you know you are pet is in good condition to use it, the process is straight forward and self-explanatory. The most effective way to teach a dog how to run on a treadmill is by turning it onto the slowest setting, and letting your dog walk on a treadmill for short periods of time for a few consecutive days.

Start at the minimum speed and keep gradually increasing it until a favorable speed. With some patience, any owner will be able to teach their dog to run on a dog treadmill. Training your dog to use a treadmill is similar to training him to use a dog trailer. You want to acclimate your dog to the treadmill's presence before you even think of turning it on.

Getting Started

1. The first thing you want to do is build the treadmill and put it in the proper position. You should never face a dog treadmill toward a wall. Otherwise, he will think that he is going to walk or run into it!

2. Let your dog get used to the treadmill. Do not turn it on, yet! The sound can easily frighten him. Let him smell and explore it for a couple of days, first.

3. Help him make positive associations with the treadmill by giving him treats and meals near it. You should also place his water bowl and some toys near it.

4. You can lure her onto the treadmill by placing treats on it. Do not turn it on! Use commands like "Get on" to familiarize him with the command. Make sure to reward him with plenty of treats!

Turn It On
1. Set the treadmill to its lowest speed and get on it yourself. This is assuming you bought one that supports your weight.

2. Give your pup plenty of time to watch, sniff, and understand what is happening. Encourage him to get on if he will fit on the track with you.

3. Give lots of treats.

4. Continue this process until he is comfortable walking with you.

Getting Your Dog to Walk Alone on the Treadmill
This process will probably take longer than my instructions make it seem. Be patient! Make sure to give your pup plenty of treats and words of encouragement. They will be running on their new treadmill soon enough!

1. Put your dog on her leash before letting her on the treadmill alone.

2. Set the treadmill on its lowest setting.

3. If your dog does not adapt quickly, then stand in front of the treadmill and encourage him to keep walking.

4. Do this for 30 second to 1 minute sessions until he is comfortable.

5. End the session if she looks anxious or unhappy. Watch for a tucked tail or larger eyes than normal, or any other signs of discomfort.

6. Build up to longer sessions once he is comfortable: 2-3 minutes, then 5, slowly working your way up to 20 - 30 minutes.

7. You may also want to increase the intensity to burn excess weight or energy. Experiment with speeds to see what he can handle. Do not do too much all at once, though!

Teach your dog to relax
Finally a key component in treating anxiety is to teach our dogs to relax. We can to teach them what it feels like to relax and then how to relax on cue. Without being able to relax, our work using desensitization and operant conditioning is unlikely to succeed. Keep in mind that if our dog are chronically stress, are dogs may have difficulty with this. It may require time away from their stressors - like a vacation for us, or they may need medication if stress and anxiety is a deeper problem.






1. Set up the treadmill
Before you can begin training your dog, you will need to set the treadmill up in the proper fashion. The treadmill should be positioned so it is not facing the wall and your dog will not be facing the wall when walking on it. You don't want your dog to think she's going to walk into the wall if she uses the treadmill.

2. Familiarize your dog with the treadmill
Your dog will not get on the treadmill right away. As it's a new piece of machinery, she will need time and patience to familiarize herself with the device. Always introduce your dog to a new treadmill with the machine turned off first. If a dog encounters a treadmill while it's on and making noise, she can easily become frightened. Allow your dog to sniff the treadmill and familiarize herself with the machine for a few days. Let her get used to the new object in her home. Try to turn the treadmill into a positive object. Feed your dog meals and treats around the treadmill. Place her water bowl and toys near it.

3. Get your dog to walk on the treadmill while it's turned off
Once your dog is familiar enough with the treadmill that she remains calm in its presence, try to urge her to walk on it while it's turned off. You can use treats to lure your dog onto the treadmill. While using the treats to get her to walk on the treadmill, use a verbal command like "Get on" to reinforce this behavior. Praise your dog the second she steps on the treadmill and give her a treat. Practice getting your dog on the treadmill a few times a day. Once she gets on the treadmill in response to the command "Get on" the majority of the time, you can move on to letting her walk on the treadmill.

4. Let your dog come near the treadmill while you use it
Once your dog is familiar with the treadmill while it's turned off, allow her to interact with it while it's running. Use the treadmill on the lowest possible speed in front of your dog. Allow her sniff the treadmill while it's in use and observe you walking on it. If possible, use the command "Get on" to see if your dog is comfortable walking on the back of the treadmill with you as you use it on a low speed. It may take a few days or weeks before she's comfortable enough watching the treadmill in action to climb on while it's moving.

5. Have your dog walk on the treadmill at its lowest speed
Once your dog is familiar with the treadmill in action, you can start having her use it while it's moving. Leash up your dog first. Hold the leash upwards as she steps onto the machine. Then, switch the treadmill on to the lowest setting. Your dog might adapt quickly to walking on the treadmill but she might also be frightened and resist. You may have to stand in front of the treadmill holding her leash and urging with treats and encouragement to stay on. Start small. Use 30 seconds to 1 minute sessions on the lowest setting until your dog is comfortable using the treadmill regularly.

6. Use positive reinforcement
Throughout the process of training your dog, use positive reinforcement to encourage her to use the treadmill. Use treats and praise when your dog stays on the treadmill. Dogs live in the present, so it's important to use reinforcement the second she correctly follows a command. As soon as she steps on the treadmill, for example, verbally praise her and give her a treat.

If your dog begins to look unhappy or distressed, stop the session. Dogs use their faces and bodies to display their emotions. Some of the signs that your dog may be upset include his eyes being larger than normal, his mouth closed with his lips slightly pulled back at the corners, and his tail lowered between his legs or tucked up against his stomach.

7. Build up to higher speeds and longer periods
As you continue to make your dog use the treadmill, gradually speed up the intensity of the workout. Once your dog is comfortable on the treadmill for 1 minute, build up to 2-3 minute sessions and eventually 5-minute ones. Most dogs need 20 to 30 minutes of physical exercise a day, so try to work your way up to this timeframe. Depending on your dog's fitness level, you can experiment with different speeds and intensity levels. If your dog is overweight, you might want to strive to gradually increase her workout's intensity to get her in shape.

Certain safety precautions should be taken when using a treadmill with your dog. Do not feed a dog before a strenuous workout. This can cause cramping, abdominal pain, and even vomiting. Always use a leash, but never tie a dog to a treadmill and leave her unsupervised. This can lead to injury and even death. You should start off before each work with a slow, steady walk for a warm-up and then slow down the pace again towards the end of a workout to allow your dog to cool down.



Part I

Part II


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Angela Stringfellow





A treadmill for dogs will typically have a few unique features such as a belt running surface, water bowl stand, treat basket stand and side panels. Many are powered by an electric motor, while others run off the movement of your dog. Some doggy treadmills are designed like a large rodent wheel. Before you buy a treadmill for dogs, however, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. There are two general types of treadmills that are available for pet owners: Underwater and Indoor dog treadmills. There are several treadmills on the market today. Some require electricity to run the motor, while others are propelled by the dog. It is worthwhile to take note of the different construction materials, size, storage options and extra features before making your purchase.


1. Dog Trotter "Classic"
If you are interested in an inexpensive, basic treadmill, this is it. In the late 1980's, the Classic was developed as one of the first dog treadmills in the USA. It is quite simple in its functions and design but is durable and long-lasting. It's Inexpensive, has Basic design and Free-spinning track, Does not require electricity, Easy to clean, Attachment points for leash, Wooden or composite track - Small, Medium, Large and Extra Large sizes available.

2. Mini Pacer Treadmill
Designed for small to medium size dogs, this compact, affordable treadmill for dogs design is perfect for canines under 55 pounds. Because of its price tag, this is one of the more popular dog treadmills among pet owners. Designed for small spaces, Electric motor - 110V, Portable, 0.5-7.0 mph settings, Unit weighs under 50 pounds, Flexible, removable side panels, Emergency cut-off switch. Foldable for easy storage, Can be used in 220V, but this will void the warranty.

3. Dog Trotter Standard Pro

Another treadmill design from this company, because Dog Trotter treadmills have an excellent reputation among veterinarians. Like the "Classic", the Standard Pro Trotter is a similar design but with added features. It is a great option for those that want a simple free-spinning treadmill with a few "whistles and bells."

4. Go Pet Treadwheel
The Treadwheel is basically an extra-large rodent wheel for dogs. This treadmill for dogs offers a brilliant design that allows your dog to propel himself without need for an electric motor. It's another popular choice among pet owners but has its downsides in terms of weird positioning and not being the most reliable brand out there. Lightweight, Can be used indoor or outdoor, Sizes available to fit almost every breed, Easy to clean, Cushioned mat running surface, Brake, Odometer, Plastic and steel or solid steel construction, Training door for easy access.

5. Petrun pr720f Dog Treadmill
For Dogs Up to 132 Pounds. Tread Running Area 52 X 16. Air cylinder Auto-Fold. Exercise Multiple Dogs, Low running platform. Remote or manual control, Speed and timer control. Emergency safety stop. Dog chain holder, Speed from 0.6 - 7.5 MPH. Silent driving system for very quiet operation.

6. DogTread Premium Small Dog Treadmill
Ideal for small dogs in small spaces, this is the ideal choice for your more petite pets. It is an attractive, sleek design and is without any small gaps or holes where a smaller dog may become trapped. It also offers a whisper-quiet motor to keep your dog from becoming overwhelmed or spooked.

7. GoPet Treadmills For Dogs Like The PR725 For Large Dogs Up to 175 lbs
A physical outlet for energetic dogs, A great source of exercise for overweight dogs. Dog exercise equipment when weather doesn't permit, A treadmill for dogs with no space to run. Adjustable speed allows for a casual walk or a sprinted run.


















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Emily Green

Just like people, dogs will get fat and unhealthy if they do not get enough exercise. Unfortunately, many dogs are stuffed into apartments that are not surrounded by grassy fields where they can run free. If your dog is in a similar position, then building your own dog treadmill can be a simple and inexpensive solution so that your canine companion can start to get the exercise they need. If building a treadmill for your dog sounds like a daunting task, relax! It's not as difficult as you may think. The following 11 dog treadmills can be built in an afternoon with just a little bit of DIY know-how and a few tools. If you are lucky, you may even have the materials you need lying around somewhere so you can repurpose them and save even more.

1. How to Build a Carpet Mill / Dog Treadmill by Molan Labe

Difficulty: Easy. This is a very simple DIY Carpet Mill / Dog Treadmill design that's framed out of scrap 2*4 lumber. Large PVC pipes were used for rollers and a length of carpet was stretched around the rollers as the running surface. A plywood base beneath the carpet gives plenty of support for a dog to run on. The metal pole across the front is perfect for attaching your dog's harness to so that when they run the carpet will spin beneath their feet.

2. How to Build Your Own Dog Treadmill by Exercise With Dogs

Difficulty: Moderate. If you are wondering How to Build Your Own Dog Treadmill, this page has very thorough step by step instructions. You will start by measuring your dog to make sure that you build a treadmill that is adequately sized for them. Though the design is simple, it is also very effective. It is strong enough to hold your dog while they are at a dead sprint so you can really give them the exercise they need, even when confined to a small space.

3. DIY Carpet Mill Made Easy by Guard Haus Kennels

Difficulty: Moderate. This DIY Carpet Mill Made Easy is something that you could build in an afternoon. It is a simple design made from 2x4s with large PVC pipe rollers. They have used a chain to attach the dog to the treadmill, but you could use whatever type of harness or attachment makes you feel most comfortable. Make sure you adjust it to fit your dog since this one was made too short for the dog it was intended for.

4. How to Build a Carpet Mill / Tread Mill for Your Dog! By Thomas Lopez

Difficulty: Moderate. You can follow this video step by step to learn How to Build a Carpet Mill / Tread Mill for your dog. You will need some lumber, PVC, and several power tools to complete this build. The end result is sturdy and looks good. Make sure you adjust the sizing to fit your dog. This build seems to roll very well and operate much smoother than some of the other DIY dog treadmills, but the build is also more involved and will require a bit more skill.

5. Dogge Runner Treadmill Plans from Make and Build Dog Stuff

Difficulty: Advanced. The Dogge Runner Treadmill Plans will help you build a professional level DIY dog treadmill in your own home. It is a unique design that gives you multiple mounting options to accommodate dogs of varying sizes. It is a bit more complicated to build and will require some working knowledge of power tools, but it is one of the best-looking DIY dog treadmills we have seen yet.

6. Homemade Dog Carpet Mill by Latoria Blackford

Difficulty: Advanced. This Homemade Dog Carpet Mill shows that it works great for dogs running at full speed. The carpet slides underneath with ease, thanks to the tensioners that were built into the rollers. This design offers professional-level operation in a DIY project. Plywood sides make it easier for your dog to stay in place and run straight. The angle of this one is also perfect to where the dog can run, walk, or even sit.

7. Treadmill for Dogs by The Nest

Difficulty: Advanced. These simple instructions for How to Build a Treadmill for Dogs will help you measure and put together a treadmill that is the perfect size for your dog. It is not the simplest build, and you will need quite a few materials including lumber, dowels, copper pipe, PVC pipe, a saw, a drill, and other tools. If that does not intimidate you, then you can put this together in an afternoon and have your dog exercising in no time, rain or shine!

8. How to Design a Treadmill for Dogs by Cuteness

Difficulty: Advanced. This article will walk you through the steps of How to Design a Treadmill for Dogs. Though it does not go into great detail, it outlines each part of the process and gives you several ideas for how to build each part of the treadmill. If you like a challenge and want some versatility in how you build your dog's treadmill, then this is a great outline for you to follow.

9. How to Build a Treadmill for Dogs by PetPonder

Difficulty: Moderate. PetPonder offers several easy variations for How to Build a Treadmill for Dogs. The instructions are not very detailed, but you will get an idea of several different methods you could use to make your dog's treadmill more effective. These are low-cost and simple treadmills that you should be able to build at home with just a touch of DIY experience.

10. DIY Dog Carpet Mill by Be Still

Difficulty: Moderate. This very sturdy DIY Dog Carpet Mill is well-built but still simple enough for you to duplicate. It is capable of allowing a dog to run at full speed and the machine does not move or shake, attesting to how strongly it is built. The track is carpet, but anti-slip tape and duct tape were used to give the dog better grip and help it last longer. You will need some wood and power tools to build this one, but the end result looks great and functions even better. Plus, it is sure to hold up for years of use.

11. DIY Easy Making Dog Treadmill
Dog treadmills these days are quite lighter in weight than they used to be and consist of 3 parts mainly the frame, roller, and the belt. If you want to build a treadmill at your place, then here are a few steps and guidelines you should take care while you build a dog treadmill manually.


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Are dog treadmills for older dogs safe? Where can I find the best options for senior pups? How do I even go about getting my older dog on a treadmill??? Dog treadmills in general are considered safe and viable options for dogs who can't walk long distances outdoors or humans who can't walk them. While they are fairly new to pet owners at home, vets have used them quite a bit in office to help with rehabilitation and recovery. However, there are some caveats. Home use of dog treadmills is typically safe IF:

Your dog is capable of walking short distances.

He does not have any health conditions that would exclude exercise.

You are using an electric treadmill.

You supervise your dog the entire time he is on the treadmill.

You keep his workout sessions short and sweet.

he treadmill is not his sole source of exercise.

1 - Your dog must be capable of walking short distances
If your older dog can not even manage a few steps across the room without assistance, please do not toss him on a treadmill. Okay, so I know you are not going to toss him on it anyway, but you know what I mean. If his achy bones make it hard for him to walk regularly, talk to your vet before you even think about getting a treadmill.

2 - He is a generally healthy dog, or you get your vet's okay
If your senior dog is healthy overall, you should not have any issues with putting him on a treadmill. Two of my big dogs lived to be almost 15, and both of them were perfectly healthy right up until the end. Both could have used a treadmill without any repercussions. However, if your dog has health issues, especially those that affect his heart or lungs - get your vet's okay first!

3 - You stick with an electric treadmills
Human manual treadmills are calibrated for two-legged creatures and not our 4-legged canines. It's easier to stop an electronic treadmill on a dime. If your dog is in danger, just hit the emergency shut-off button.

4 - Never, ever, ever left alone on the treadmill
DO NOT leave your dog unattended on a treadmill. Ever. Just don't do it. SO many things can go wrong, up to and including fatal strangulation accidents. Besides, you will want to watch your older dog for signs of too much exertion and you can not do that if you are in another room. If he is panting hard or clearing struggling, it's time to take him off the treadmill.

5 - Keep it short and sweet!
There is a rule of thumb that says dogs should exercise 5 minutes a day for every month of age. Please remember, that ONLY applies to puppies! Think about it. If your dog is 10 years old, he is 120 months. Does it make sense to exercise him for 600 minutes or 10 hours a day? Nah, that would be crazy! So, how much exercise do older adult dogs need? It depends, according to the AKC. Most adult dogs need between 30 minutes to 2 hours for highly active breeds. If your senior dog is still spry, start with the 30 and go from there. However, keep his treadmill sessions to about half of that time. Which brings us to...

6 - Do not use a treadmill as his only source of exercise
The treadmill should not be your dog's only source of physical activity. Even old dogs need to get outdoors and take walks from time to time. If he just can't get outdoors, play a light game of fetch in your living room or check out these other tips on exercising your dog indoors for the remainder of his active time.


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Canine hydrotherapy is a relatively new form of rehabilitation that has become more prominent in the past decade or so. Application of hydrotherapy has been around for quite some time in human medicine. There are many benefits of hydrotherapy, specifically a dog underwater treadmill. Exercising in water is effective for improving strength, muscular endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, range of motion, agility, and psychological well-being - all while minimizing pain and reducing risk of injury.


Recently, pet water therapy has become common practice in veterinary clinics and amongst pet rehabilitation specialists. Underwater treadmills now help cats, dogs, and other pets get back into good health. Aquatic therapy uses the therapeutic properties of water to improve range of motion, strengthen muscles, and boost endurance, while reducing the risk of injury. Pet water therapy can aid in the rehabilitation from soft tissue injuries, postoperative fracture care, neurological impairments, osteoarthritis, muscle weakness, geriatric care, weight issues, and postoperative amputation. Pets all over the country are being introduced to hydrotherapy and reaping the rewards. The practice is officially here to stay.

The Advantages Of Walking In Water
Using the thermal effects of water helps dogs relax during physical therapy. Warm water can lessen pain and make connective tissue flexible, facilitating a better range of motion and deeper stretching. The warmth of the water can also increase blood flow and motivation to speed up recovery. Since water aerobics and various forms of water therapy are considered "low-impact," many pet rehabilitation specialists opt for this method of rehabilitation. Dogs enjoy many advantages from underwater treadmills, also referred to as hydro-treadmills. The buoyant properties of water minimizes the weight placed on fragile bones and joints. Reducing the weight put on the bones and joints is vital to increasing a pet's endurance and strength without adding excess stress.


Pet water therapy also provides another major benefit. With the help of a water rehabilitation specialist, the speed of the treadmill can be customized to each pet based on the length of the dog's legs and how much exertion the pet exudes. For example, a small breed dog would normally require a slower pace, while faster speeds are better for dogs with longer legs. While the size of the pet will help determine the starting speed, the rate of the exercise is always dictated by the pets' specific needs and physical condition.


Getting Started with Dog Hydrotherapy
Many dogs are initially frightened when introduced to water therapy, but over time they generally get used to the water and equipment. In most cases, pet therapists will allow the dog to run or walk on the treadmill inside the tank before filling it with water. The pet therapist will usually enter the tank first and remain with the cat for the entire duration of the rehabilitation appointment. Pet rehabilitation is a relatively modern facet of veterinary medicine. Many veterinarians now offer this service, but not all of them. Consult with your veterinarian about their use of an underwater treadmill and other hydrotherapy equipment. If your veterinarian believes that your pet could benefit from pet water rehabilitation, they may refer you to an appropriate clinic.


Enjoying Therapy Advantages
Underwater treadmill rehabilitation is an effective form of medical treatment for pets. While water therapy can be beneficial to many pets, it is generally not recommended for dogs with respiratory or cardiac disease due to the increased resistance which can be stressful on the body. It is also not ideal for pets that have skin sutures from recent surgeries. As with any new form of treatment, it is important to consult with your veterinarian before undergoing therapy to ensure that your pet is evaluated properly. For the right pets, water rehabilitation with equipment such as water treadmills can be highly beneficial to your pet. At first, water therapy can be very slow and the pet may tire easily. With regular exercise, the pet will be able to increase its stride and exercise without assistance. Many signs of pain will decrease over time and the pet will most likely obtain better health and wellness.


Activity in an underwater treadmill has several advantages over swimming or immersion in water. Walking and trotting on a treadmill mimics an animal's natural gait, and joint extension is more complete than with swimming. The speed of the treadmill and level of the water can also be controlled to achieve specific goals. Underwater treadmill therapy can be applied earlier on in the recovery period as compared to swimming. It promotes earlier active joint range of motion and strengthening of muscles, which are often key in return to function.

Good Therapy for Old Dogs
Our dogs go through the same physical deterioration that we do over time, their sight gets a little worse, they get winded faster during fetch, and their joints start to ache. Itt happens at a much faster rate for pets, which is why veterinarians often prescribe supplements like glucosamine chondroitin and a variety of exercise routines. Dietary changes and supplements alone aren't always enough, and what a stiff senior pup truly needs is an opportunity to stretch their legs without adding insult to injury. This is where swimming in a pool or big bathtub, and animal underwater treadmills come in. The soothing flow of the water provides resistance that can be increased or decreased manually, and the fluidity allows your pup to move with a little less effort as their legs float through the water. The buoyancy also takes the weight of their torso off of the elbows, hips, and ankles.


Athletic Dogs Enjoy Water Treadmills
They are a Good Tool for Athletic Dogs! Athletic canines that are competitive in agility, strength and other dog sports need extensive physical therapy to keep their bodies in good. You have probably seen how NFL players, long distance runners, and triathletes like to sit in a bucket of ice and freezing cold water after an event. It helps to reduce inflammation and the absorption of lactic acid in their muscles, basically, it keeps them from becoming sore. Since you obviously can't put a dog in an ice bath without a great deal of distress, underwater treadmills are the next best thing. After pulling tires around, racing, or herding cattle, athletic dogs who require daily work also need daily recovery. Even a slow, easygoing walk through the water to stretch the hips and thighs makes an underwater treadmill helpful to pups who struggle with hip dysplasia or similarly related health issues.

How Much is Water Treadmill Therapy?
While an underwater treadmill type of hydrotherapy offers serious benefits, it usually costs a little more than just taking your dog to the beach, lake or doggy pool. Do not let this deter you from trying it out though, as there are a couple of options available to owners who are still a little wary about the use of an underwater treadmill for dogs. The first option would be to go to a specialized animal rehab facility and see if they offer any specials or trial periods for new clients. Usually when implementing a new technique for rehab, a specialist will ask you questions about your pup, possibly ask for veterinary records to reference, and they will advise you on what should be done from there. Most clinics offer aquatic treadmill therapy for dogs starting around $50 to $100 dollars.

Buy One for Your Home
Purchasing your own dog underwater treadmill would of course cost quite more up front along with the cost of repairs and maintenance. In comparison though, you'd save quite a bit of money on appointments and you'd likely be able to work with your dog more often since you would not be paying out of pocket every single time you turn it on. The initial price of your treadmill could be anywhere from $1000 to $2500 plus, depending on the features included. The real concern for pricing is the amount of water and electricity you will be using on a regular basis, along with cleaning it out every so often. As you can see, in general, buying your own underwater treadmill may be unaffordable for most pet owners, and simply doesn't make much sense in most cases. And if you feel like the requirements for a pet underwater treadmill might be too much power usage for your home, paying a rehab facility a few times a week might work out better in your favor. Some places also accept pet insurance, so be sure to ask when you schedule a consultation for your pup.


Tips for Using an Underwater Dog Treadmill
While they do not need to be bathed every single time you use it, your dog should be relatively clean before getting in the water at the animal rehab place. If necessary, rinse their paws off before they get into the chamber. Additionally, make sure they have used the restroom within the last couple of hours - it's probably better to take them one more time right before their physical therapy session. If your dog does poop in the chamber at a facility, they may charge extra for the cleaning. When they are finished, your dog might be thirsty after taste-testing the chlorine. Be sure theyโ€™re well hydrated before and after therapy. If your pooch pees, it's not as big of a deal because urine is much easier to clean than fecal matter thatโ€™s fallen under the moving parts of an aquatic treadmill. If your Fido needs hydrotherapy, before you start looking on your own for an underwater treadmill, try a few sessions at an animal rehab facility. Also, check with your veterinarian beforehand to find the best places for your canine. They can usually give you a referral or recommendation to a reliable location with experienced staff members, as well as make good recommendations on buying one yourself.












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What is a dog exercise wheel? A dog exercise wheel is exactly what you are probably picturing in your mind right now a ginormous hamster wheel for dogs. It sounds like a weird concept, right? I mean, dogs and hamsters have very little in common, so why would the former want to use something designed to exercise the latter? I agree, it is a fairly novel idea. In fact, it is even more novel than dog treadmills, which are really only just starting to catch on as a consumer pet product. Dog exercise wheels are no-frills, freestanding wheels that dogs can run or walk on for exercise. Put another way, they are giant hamster wheels for dogs. The idea here is that your pup can get on the wheel, run to their heart's content, and go back to laying on the couch when they are done.

Kind of odd, right? I agree that they sound and look odd, especially since we usually associate exercise wheels with caged rodents. But just because they are odd now does not mean it will always be that way. Take dog treadmills, for example. I wrote an article about them a while back and was surprised by how much information there was and how many options there are. Why the sudden interest in canine versions of traditionally human exercise equipment? You can thank the human wellness industry for that. I covered this a little bit in my post about dog vitamins, but a review would not hurt.


Dog exercise wheels share a con with dog treadmills that is often overlooked: mental stimulation. Both are great ways to provide exercise for your dog. However, they do not provide the mental stimulation that comes with running outside. But.. are they effective? Will my dog actually see any benefits from using it? We can't site studies on this one because there just are not any. However, anything that gets your dog moving has the potential to be beneficial. Are they as beneficial as a walk around the block? No probably not. Actual walks are beneficial in ways that go beyond just giving your dog a workout. They engage all of his senses in a way that exercise wheels just can't. However, if you simply can not walk your dog due to medical issues, an exercise wheel is a good alternative. Keep in mind, that a wheel is a totally foreign concept, even more so than a treadmill. Dog exercise wheels are probably safe when used correctly. They are not as beneficial as a real walk, but better than no walk at all. Whether or not your dog will use it depends entirely on his personality.


There are not many companies manufacturing exercise wheels for dogs right now. The only company I could find is GoPet. They also make dog treadmills, so unique exercise equipment for pets seems to be their specialty. The information here is based on their treadwheels. Unfortunately, GoPet does not make a treadwheel suitable for giant breeds. You will have to walk your Clifford-sized dog the old-fashioned way. GoPet's treadwheels get heavier as they get larger. You may need to get a friend to help you move and assemble it if you buy one that is too heavy for you.




Pros of Dog Exercise Wheels



Soft matting to protect your pup's paws

Smaller models can fit inside your home

Can also be kept outside

Resistant to mildew

Has a training gait to keep your dog inside the wheel

Easy to clean

Cons of Dog Exercise Wheels


Larger models may not fit in some homes

Larger models may be too heavy to move by yourself

They do not make treadwheels for giant dog breeds

You should not let your dog use them unsupervised



Like dog treadmills, you will need to measure your dog before ordering a treadwheel. In this case, you will need three measurements: your dog's height, length, and weight. You will need a: Sewing tape measure, String (optional), A bodyweight scale. Your dog may not be a fan of being measured and weighed since they don't understand what's going on. Take your time if this is the case for your pup. Ask a friend if they can help. You can comfort your dog with soothing words and treats while your friend measures, or vice versa.








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Below are the various categories of breed and dog energy levels. This is for adult dogs only and should not be used in the case of puppies. Take the recommendation of quantity and type of exercise relative to your dog and make any adjustments to take into account age for senior dogs and weight factors for overweight dogs. Remember, this is only a guideline and every dog is an individual. Your individual dog's needs may be more or less than another dog of the same breed. If your particular dog's breed is not listed, select the breed that is closest. If you have a mixed breed they will have similar exercise needs to the breeds they are mixed with. The exercise needs of a dog are often based on what they were bred to do. Working, hunting or herding breeds are among the most high energy breeds and often very intelligent meaning they require as much mental enrichment as they do physical exercise.


If your particular dog's breed is not listed or you have a mixed breed, it is best to base your dog's exercise needs on which group they are the most similar with, energy-wise. For example, a Dalmatian would be similar to a sporting breed. Remember that every dog is an individual so use this as a general guideline and adjust it to suit your own dogs exercise requirements.

How much exercise does a dog need every day
People often ask how much exercise does a dog needs every day. We have created this dog exercise calculator as a guide to enable you to calculate how much exercise is best to meet your dog's needs. To calculate how much exercise your dog needs every day there are several factors that need to be taken into account.

Energy Level
The breed of your dog and their energy levels is the first thing to consider. Select the category your dog fits into from below. This guide to exercise needs is for fully mature adult dogs only. The exercise needs of a puppy are different as they are still growing and developing.

The next factor to consider is your dogs' weight. If your dog is a normal healthy weight then follow the recommended amount of exercise. If your dog is overweight or even obese reduce this by around 20-30% or look for low weight-bearing exercise such as swimming. It may seem strange to recommend doing less exercise for an overweight dog, but this is to reduce the stress on their joints and tendons and heart and lungs due to the extra body weight. Exercise in itself has little effect on helping a dog to lose weight - around only 10%. The main contributing factor in a weight loss program is actually to reduce calories consumed. Logically it takes a lot of activity to burn relatively few calories so it is more efficient to consume fewer calories.

The third factor to take into consideration for your dog's daily exercise needs is age. From around the age of 7 or 8 dogs are considered to be senior dogs. This age can vary from breed to breed depending on the average lifespan expectancy for that breed. For a senior dog reduce the daily recommended amount by 20-30%. It is important for an older dog to still stay active to keep the muscles and joints strong but not to overdo it. It is about finding the right balance.

The final factor is any health issues the dog may have such as arthritis, hip dysplasia, or an illness. In this case, it is best to discuss your dog's exercise needs with guidance from a vet.

How to find out if your dog is tired and done for the day?
If you are using a treadmill for training, you need to make sure that the dog does not become burnt out. You have to check if your pet is already too tired. Here are some ways to know when you need to stop the treadmill:

If you happen to know your dog well, you will notice a change in its facial expressions when they begin to tire.

Other factors and signs will be foaming at the mouth, increasing heart rate, and how fast your dog pants.

When the foam starts to show at the mouth, stop the exercise immediately.

Be aware of the room's temperature and how it can affect your dog's workout.

When in doubt, stop the exercise to play it safe. Always put your dog

Safety first!

Dogs will also experience soreness in the muscle after exercising, the same as humans. Slowly start and build up their treadmill, walking time gradually. Doo not overdo it at once.


Sporting Breeds

The sporting breeds include pointers, retrievers, setters, and spaniels. These dogs werelabrador originally bred for a long day of work, many of them have been used as hunting companions for years. These breeds are naturally alert and active and require daily invigorating exercise of between one hour to two hours. Examples of the sporting breeds are German Short Hair Pointer, Golden Retriever, Gordon Setter, and Springer Spaniel. The recommended type of activity for these breeds is brisk walking or running, hiking, and high intensity play such as fetch. Many of these breeds are also natural swimmers so swimming is a good way to burn up their pent up energy while putting less stress on joints and bones. Daily exercise time 60 - 120 minutes.

Working Breeds
The working breeds include Siberian Huskies, Rottweilers, Boxers, Doberman, and Bullmastiffs These breeds have their origins as farm and drafting dogs so are excellent at pulling weight such as carts or sleds. These breeds also excel at longer, steady activities such as hiking rather than high-intensity short burst activities or running. Exercise time 60 - 120 minutes

Herding Breeds
Herding breeds include sheepdogs, collies, and shepherds. This group also includes the Standard Poodle. These dogs need to be mentally and physically challenged due to their high intelligence and energy. The best type of exercise for these breeds includes high-intensity activities that burn energy fast such as running or games such as fetch or frisbee or dog sports such as agility. They also need to be mentally challenged so scenting games and puzzle toys are highly recommended. Daily exercise time 60 - 120 minutes

Terrier and Vermin Breeds
The Terrier breeds include bull terrier, Airedale terrier, and the many smaller terrier breeds such as Jack Russells and Yorkshire terrier. They were originally bred to chase prey such as rodents. Recommended activities for the terrier breeds include moderate walking and high-intensity games such as fetch and Flirt Pole. They are also highly intelligent and have a keen nose so mentally challenging and scenting activities are also good. Check the list below for your particular terrier breeds exercise needs. Exercise time 60 - 90 minutes

Scent Hounds
This group includes the beagle, Basset Hound, and bloodhounds. These breeds have similar exercise needs of the sporting breeds. They are also very driven by their nose so any scenting type activity will help to burn some energy while giving them much needed mental stimulation. An exception is the Basset Hound which would be considered more of a medium energy breed. Daily exercise time 60 - 90 minutes

What dogs need Little Exercise

Brachycephalic Breeds
Brachycephalic dogs are dogs with a squashed face like a Bulldog French and English, Chinese Shar-Pei, Pug. Due to their pushed in faces they have compromised air passages and are prone to overheating. It is important that they still do get exercise as they are often prone to obesity. However, they are generally exercise intolerance and any activity should be moderate, and exercise in hot weather should be avoided. Daily Exercise 20 - 30 minutes

Medium energy dog breeds

Toy and Small Breed
This group includes dogs from the Chihuahua to the Bichon or Shih Tzu. They generally have only moderate exercise needs with a daily walk of 20 to 30 minutes and some free play being sufficient. The exception would be the toy and miniature poodle which are more active and also intelligent, so require a little more physical activity and plenty of mental stimulation. Daily exercise time 30 - 60 minutes

Sight Hounds
The sighthounds include the Greyhound, Whippet and the Wolfhound. These hounds have lower exercise requirements than scent hounds. Even though the greyhound is a racing dog they are bred for sprinting and only need moderate exercise. A moderate pace walk of around 30 minutes a day and maybe some short sprints is enough to keep them healthy. Daily exercise time 30 - 45 minutes

Giant Breeds
The Giant breeds include the Leonberger, Newfoundland, Great Dane, and Saint Bernard. These breeds only have moderate exercise needs as they are having to move such a large frame. However, it is important to still be moderately active to keep their joints and bones strong and for weight management. Many of the Giant breed dogs are keen swimmers, so swimming is a great exercise for them as it is low weight-bearing. Daily exercise time 30 - 45 minutes

The doodles include the Goldendoodle - Retrodoodle, the Labradoodle, and the Australian Labradoodle. The Goldendoodle comes in two sizes: Mini, Standard while the Labradoodles have three size groups: Mini, Medium, and Standard.




Airedale Terrier

Akita (Japanese & American)

American Bulldog

Australian Labradoodle

Australian Shepherd

Basset Hounds


Belgian Shepherd (Groenendael)

Belgian Malinois

Belgian Tervueren

Bernese Mountain Dog

Bichon Frise

Blue Heeler

Border Collie

Border Terrier

Boston Terrier

Bouvier des Flandres

Boxer dog

Brussels Griffon


Cairn Terrier

Cane Corso

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavapoo (Cavoodle)

Cattle Dog

Chesapeake Retriever


Chow Chow


Cocker Spaniel


Curly Coat Retriever




Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff)

English Bulldog

English Pointer

English Setter

Flat-Coated Retriever

Fox Terrier

French Bulldog

German Shorthair Pointer

German Shepherd

Giant Schnauzer

Great Dane



Golden Retriever

Gordon Setter


Irish Setter

Jack Russell

Japanese Spitz


Labrador Retriever

Lhasa Apso






Miniature Schnauzer

Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Poodle


Old English Sheepdog




Rat Terrier

Rhodesian Ridgeback


Rough Collie

Saint Bernard



Shar Pei

Shetland Sheepdog

Shiba Inu

Shih Tzu

Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

Springer Spaniel


Standard Poodle

Standard Schnauzer

Toy Poodle


Yorkshire Terrier




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How Much Time Will It Take To Train My Dog?
It really depends on you and it depends on your dog. Every dog is different and so is every human. However, we have found that if an honest effort is made and the training is consistent most dogs are easily walking on the treadmill within the first week. Each dog treadmill is shipped with easy to follow Training Guidelines to get you and your dog up and running quickly!

Why Buy A Dog Treadmill?
Because Exercise Means a Better Life For You and Your Dog. For years show dog owners, breeders, handlers, dog trainers and veterinarians have used and understood the physical and mental benefits that can be achieved with dog treadmills. They use them for rehab, focusing energy, toning muscles, behavior modification and improving overall vitality. In the past, the only dog treadmills available were big, bulky and expensive. Our goal as a company is to take this little-known training and rehab technique mainstream, so that EVERY dog owner and dog can benefit. Our dog specific treadmills are reasonably priced, durable, portable in design, and best of all - we make them easy for any pet owner to learn to use.

What Size Dog Treadmill Should I Buy?
In addition to the weight of your dog, a gait measurement is very important for selecting the right treadmill - do not purchase a dog treadmill that is too small and interferes with your dog's natural gaits, as this can result in injury.

What If My Dog Won't Use The Dog Treadmill?
In our experience, and in our discussions with other trainers and dog treadmill professionals, we have found that generally speaking, all dogs can learn to walk on a treadmill. If a dog has a problem learning to walk on a treadmill it is usually because the time spent introducing the dog to the treadmill was too short, or the owners did not provide consistent and adequate time training. If you are concerned about whether your dog will use the treadmill we are happy to talk with you, or refer you to a network of trainers that can provide additional treadmill training suggestions. Mostly, it is all in the approach and the energy behind your training that ensures success. We would like to mention that some dogs with medical conditions or illnesses may not / should not use the treadmill. It is always wise to consult with your veterinarian before beginning any exercise program.

Is The Dog Treadmill Just A Lazy Way To Exercise Your Dog?
If you believe that treadmill exercise for your dog consists of sitting on the couch eating ice cream and watching your favorite TV program, while your dog is tied to the machine behind the couch - then the answer is YES and shame on you. But, if your life is hectic and you care about getting your dog the regular exercise she needs, if the weather makes it difficult to get outside everyday, if your dog is rehabbing from an injury or surgery, if your dog is overweight, if you own a service dog, you live in a high traffic area, or if you personally are not able to get outside, then a dog treadmill is not a lazy way to exercise your dog. A dog treadmill is a smart choice that can in most cases can help you maintain the health and well-being of your pet without drugs or surgery.

Exercising your dog on a treadmill should be a bonding experience - one that you both enjoy and do together. We believe that being outside with your dog is the best place to be, but we also know through our own personal experiences that it is not always possible. Ultimately, it is about the level of commitment you have to keep your dog healthy and happy without resorting to drugs and surgery. For most dogs, a walk around the block once in the morning and once at night is not enough. A dog treadmill allows you to still enjoy your leisurely walks and get your dog the more intense exercise he needs. Remember a tired dog is a good and HAPPY dog.

Should A Dog Treadmill Be The Only Source Of Exercise I Give My Dog?
The dog treadmill provides versatility, control and a mental stimulation that is not always achieved with a leisurely jaunt around the neighborhood, or a game of fetch. It takes mental concentration focus to stay on the treadmill and make adjustments to the various speeds. So you will see a noticeable difference in his energy after a treadmill workout. That is why so many dog professionals use it in their training or rehab tool kit. That being said - it should not be the only activity you provide your friend. Dogs still need to get outside and exercise their primal instincts. Would you limit yourself to only one activity over and over again? The goal is a well-adjusted dog. Mix it up - get outside, play fetch games, socialize at the dog park, go swimming, go running. There are many activities you can enjoy with your dog.

Can I Just Use A Human Treadmill?
You can and some do, but they were designed for humans, not dogs. Generally, teaching a dog to use a human treadmill is harder as they do not have dog-specific features, such as side enclosures that help to keep your dog focused and moving forward. The console position is also not ideal, while you are in the initial stages of training. The belts on human treadmills are much wider and in some cases have end caps that stick up and can cause foot injuries if not properly monitored. People treadmills are also not designed to handle the piles of dog hair, dust, slobber or urine that may invade the electronics and sensors. If the treadmill were not serviced frequently the result would be that both you and your dog lose the ability to work out and often will void your warranty. Our electronics are safely tucked away in an external box that is separate from the treadmill. The console is placed conveniently for easy access and control and the various sizes allow you to purchase the right size for your dog to give he full range of motion. Human treadmills are not the ideal length for larger dogs much over 60 lbs. and are most often very noisy. Also, some people in smaller living quarters are not able to accommodate the size of a human treadmill. Plus, if you are traveling the small doggie treadmill fits in the back seat of a Toyota Corolla or an RV with plenty of room.

What Are The Most Common Reasons For Buying A Dog Treadmill?
The biggest reason is that most people do not get their dogs the intense exercise they need because their people do not have enough time and they care about the health and well being of their furry friend. Over 40% of the nations dogs are overweight and an average of $800 a year is spent on pet obesity related issues. Our goal is to help you keep your dog healthy and cut down on the expenses of medical procedures, pills and diet food. We'd like to see more people exercising with their pets. When it is not possible to go outside the dog treadmills provide an alternative that is safe and fun for both pets and their people. Other reasons include: rehab for an injury (ACL repairs), weather conditions, not enough time, crowded dog parks, live in an area that they can't walk (busy traffic), travel too much, house-bound medical conditions, service dogs, need help to correct behavior, Canine Sudden Blindness, humane shelter rehabilitation, etc.



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