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Robotic dogs are robots designed to resemble dogs in appearance and behavior, usually incorporating canine characteristics such as barking or tail-wagging. Nowadays these machines being used in Military, Research, Industry and Therapy. In addition, many such "dogs" have appeared as toys and in fiction movies & novels
It's amazing how far robotics have advanced in the past decade thanks to companies like Boston Dynamics. Having a robotic companion is no longer a fantasy of science fiction, since Sony's AIBO launched in 1999, inspiring a wave of futuristic Fidos such as Zoomer and WowWee CHiP. But with so many robot dogs available online, which pup should you pick? Our buying guide is here to help you out, ranking the top ten options to buy on Amazon, eBay, and John Lewis!
13 MILITARY & RESEARCH ROBOTIC DOGS
1. BigDog BigDog is a dynamically stable quadruped military robot that was created in 2005 by Boston Dynamics, now owned by SoftBank Group, with Foster-Miller, the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and the Harvard University Concord Field Station. It was funded by DARPA, but the project was shelved after the BigDog was deemed too loud for combat. This robotic dog is capable of traversing varied terrain and maintaining its balance on ice and snow.
2. LittleDog Around 2010 LittleDog was released, it's a small quadruped robot developed for DARPA by Boston Dynamics for research. Unlike BigDog, which is run by Boston Dynamics, LittleDog is intended as a testbed for other institutions. Boston Dynamics maintains the robots for DARPA as a standard platform. LittleDog has four legs, each powered by three electric motors. The legs have a large range of motion. The robot is strong enough for climbing and dynamic locomotion gaits. The onboard PC-level computer does sensing, actuator control and communications. LittleDog's sensors measure joint angles, motor currents, body orientation and foot and ground contact. Control programs access the robot through the Boston Dynamics Robot API. Onboard lithium polymer batteries allow for 30 minutes of continuous operation without recharging. Wireless communications and data logging support remote operation and data analysis. LittleDog development is funded by the DARPA Information Processing Technology Office
3. Rhex RHex is an autonomous robot design, based on hexapod with compliant legs and one actuator per leg. A number of US universities have participated, with funding grants also coming from DARPA. Versions have shown good mobility over a wide range of terrain types at speeds exceeding five body lengths per second (2.7 m/s), climbed slopes exceeding 45 degrees, swims, and climbs stairs.
4. Canid Quadruped with a flexible spine created by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory and UPenn. For mobile robots, the essential units of actuation, computation, and sensing must be designed to fit within the body of the robot. Additional capabilities will largely depend upon a given activity, and should be easily reconfigurable to maximize the diversity of applications and experiments.
5. Cheetah DARPA M3 program with a Boston Dynamics hydraulic quadruped and the MIT created electric Cheetah. The new mini cheetah robot is springy and light on its feet, with a range of motion that rivals a champion gymnast. The four-legged powerpack can bend and swing its legs wide, enabling it to walk either right-side up or upside down. The robot can also trot over uneven terrain about twice as fast as an average person's walking speed. Weighing in at just 20 pounds - lighter than some Thanksgiving turkeys, the limber quadruped is no pushover: When kicked to the ground, the robot can quickly right itself with a swift, kung-fu-like swing of its elbows. Perhaps most impressive is its ability to perform a 360-degree backflip from a standing position. Researchers claim the mini cheetah is designed to be "virtually indestructible," recovering with little damage, even if a backflip ends in a spill.
6. HyQ Hydraulic quadruped robot able to run up to 2 m/s, developed by the Advanced Robotics Department of the IIT (Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia). The most recent results about the newest version of the hydraulic quadruped robot, HyQReal. They completed the design, assembly and testing of the HyQReal, which has demonstrated that it is capable of pulling an airplane for more than 10 meters. The HyQReal is developed to support humans in emergency scenarios. HyQReal is 1,33 m long and 90 cm tall, and its weight is 130kg. The robot is protected by an aluminum roll cage and a skin made of Kevlar, glass fiber and plastic. The quadruped has custom-made feet made in special rubber for high traction on the ground and is equipped with a 48 Volt battery which powers four electric motors connected to four hydraulic pumps. The robot has two onboard computers: one dedicated to vision and one to control.
7. SCARAB Climbing and walking quadruped robot FSU
1. AIBO (Sony) AIBO (stylized aibo, Artificial Intelligence Robot, "pal" or "partner" in Japanese) is a series of robotic dogs designed and manufactured by Sony. Sony announced a prototype Aibo in mid-1998. The first consumer model was introduced on 11 May 1999. New models were released every year until 2006. Although most models were dogs, other inspirations included lion-cubs or huskies / jack-russel terrier / bull terrier, and space explorer, and only the ERS-7 version, ERS-110/111 and ERS-1000 versions was explicitly a "robotic dog", but the 210 can also be considered a dog due to its jack-russel terrier appearance and cute puppy face.
2. Big Scratch & Little Scratch (Trendmasters) Big Scratch, the large size robotic puppy and Lil scratch and an IR remote controller. They have 6modes of play and fun, Walk, Shake hands, Sit, Lay Down, Scratch Flea and the Play mode. When walking, Lil Scratch follows his larger counterpart loyally and faithfully. The cyber canine craze continues this year with the release of Big Scratch and Lil' Scratch - Trendmasters' newest Cyber-Pets. These power pooches have the fine distinction of being the only toy pets to come with their very own dancing Cyber Fleas.
3. Build Your Own Robo Pup Discovery Kids Build Your Own Robo Pup Model Robot Toy Kit: Sound and Touch Activated Walking, Barking, Moving Light-Up Robotic Puppy Dog.
4. Bow-wow Bow Wow Buddies St Bernard Remote Control Robot Dog Plush Toy RC Walking Robotic Dog.
5. Gaylord By Ideal Toy Company - Robotic dog controllable by leash, produced in the 1960s. Long before Sony's AIBO robotic dog hit the scene, Ideal released Gaylord the Pup, a mechanical pet. Gaylord hit store shelves in late 1962, just in time for the holiday shopping season. Made of rigid plastic, Gaylord is 23-inches long and 7-inches high. He is painted to resemble a Bassett Hound, complete with sad eyes and droopy ears made of brown felt. A heavy-duty motor that operates on 4 D-cell batteries is embedded within his body. Gaylord's movements are controlled by attaching and gently tugging on his leash. When activated, he can walk slowly backward and forwards and even make his way up a shallow incline or two. Gaylord is also able to pick up and carry a plastic bone in his mouth, thanks to a hidden magnet. The toy's packaging doubles as a dog house, allowing him to be suitably stored when not in use.
6. Genibo Robotic dog produced by the Korean company Dasatech. The Genibo QD is an autonomous pet robot, similar in concept to Sony's "ERS-7" Aibo, but was created to be much more dog-like in appearance and behavior. Modeled to resemble a Bull Terrier, the Genibo QD can identify itself and the surroundings using its sensors, camera, and voice commands and share feelings with the user. With input information, it forms "Emotion / Mood / Intelligence / Character / Intimacy" to feature unique character and AI. The Genibo QD is capable of understanding over 100 voice commands - such as "sit", "come here" and "do a headstand", and has the ability to praise or scold the dog using the touch sensors located on its head, back and flank. The dogs mood will change according to user interaction and can express happiness, pleasure, sadness, surprise, anger, boredom and sleepiness. The Genibo QD comes with PC Control Manager software that allows you to see a live view of what the dog is seeing, take photos, create skits/dance routines, record voice memos, MP3 playback, and set alarms.
7. I-Cybie i-Cybie is a robotic pet that resembles a dog. It was manufactured by Silverlit Toys Manufactory Ltd Hong Kong from 2000 to 2006. i-Cybie was developed for commercial distribution by Tiger Electronics. Outrageous International Hong Kong distributed the electronic pet from 2005 to 2006. The i-Cybie robotic dog responds to sound, touch, movement, and voice commands. The toy robot can autonomously recharge its batteries using a special docking station. I-Cybie was the first mass-produced toy that used advanced voice recognition technology.
8. iDog The iDog was a robot dog toy designed and manufactured by Sega Toys. An iDog figure receives input from an external music source, such as an MP3 player, and will light up and "dance" to the music's rhythm. The iDog reacts to music from an external source, such as an external speaker or through a direct connection to a music source such as an MP3 player. It features seven flashing LED lights on its face and has the ability to "dance" to the beat of the music by intermittently wiggling its ears and shaking its head. It also has a number of switches on its nose, head and tail which allow it to react to user input. It has various emotions, which change based on user interaction that provide different color patterns on its LED lights.
9. Lucky The Incredible Wonder Pup (Zizzle) - You have never had a pet, or a toy, like this. The Sakadachi Lucky Puppy from Sega Toys responds to 13 different voice commands - not only the basics like "come" and "lie down," but also "sing" and "headstand." The headstand is Sakadachi Lucky's signature move, as sakadachi is the Japanese word for "headstand." The clever toy dog can also bark Twinkle Twinkle Little Star. The Sakadachi Lucky Puppy is part of Sega Toys sell-out line of toys that employ modern voice recognition and robotics without sacrificing the cute and cuddly factor.
10. Mio Pup Robotic Pup by Tiger Electronics - The Mio Pup is an interactive companion that uses Emototronic technology to show you how he's feeling through 100+ "eye-con" images that light up in his eyes. When you touch Mio Pup's sensors he will show you how much he likes to be pet and played with by wiggling his ears, wagging his tail, and even playing his own Mio Pup tunes. When your Mio Pup gets hungry, "feed" him his bone and he holds it in his mouth. Take it away too early, and your Mio Pup pet will let you know. Talk to your Mio Pup and he "babbles" back. Tickle his chin and he will strut with his own moves.
11. Poo-Chi Poo-Chi (or Poochi, Poochie), one of the first generations of robopet toys, is a robot dog designed by Samuel James Lloyd and Matt Lucas, manufactured by Sega Toys, and distributed by Tiger Toys. Poo-Chi was released in 2000 and discontinued in 2002 by Tiger Electronics.
12. Robopet Your personal robot dog Robopet is a naturally active robot with strong personality and a mind of his own. When you turn him on he will autonomously explore his enviroment and perform actions and tricks as he wanders around. You can train his behavior with the training buttons on the remote controller. You can also directly control his actions and even program him. Robopet TM can be guided around using "laser" targeting. Robopet is equipted with multiple sensors that allow him to explore his enviroment and respond to human instructions. Robopet can detect sharp, loud sounds. Robopet used his vision sensors to avoid obstacles while wandering around. Robopet has additional sensors to detect the edge of table when he is walking. He will make a small cry and back up. Robopet TM by Wow Wee Ltd.
13. Rocket the Wonder Dog Fisher-Price's Rocket the Wonder Dog! Rocket the Wonder Dog electromechanical robotic puppy, responds only to its owner's voice. An IC preprogrammed with motion sequences lets him walk, pant, scratch fleas, and move his eyes and eyebrows. Sensors on Rocket's legs, neck, and eyes track his position for each motion. This interactive robot puppy has advanced voice recognition technology. You can set Rocket on advanced where he listens to your commands and performs them and will even only listen to your voice and ignore anyone else's commands. Some of the features of Rocket are: Does tricks like sit, beg, bark, amazingly expressive eyes, pants, eats, barks and burps too. Scratches for fleas and wags his tail. Stands on his head and sings. Can sense and respond to your touch. Give him a new name and he will recognize it.
14. Smartpet Robot dog that uses an iPhone to be powered. Bandai, the creator of the original Tamagotchi, has announced another big move into the world of electronic animal care with Smartpet - a robot dog that uses your iPhone as a brain. Controlled via a free app, Smartpet will react to your touchscreen gestures with over 100 facial expressions, and you can make it do tricks by voice commands or movements in front of the Facetime camera. As the pet gets more emotionally attached to you it will learn more reactions, and it can also sing and dance with other dogs via Bluetooth. It's not all fun and games, though, as Smartpet also functions as an alarm clock and handsfree phone.
15. Space Dog This metal remoted-controlled "space dog" is a tin toy manufactured in Japan for export to Western markets. A boxed clockwork tin dog. The dog is silver all over with patterns on it that look like metal rivets. It has a rectangular body and square head with a semi circle muzzle. Its lower jaw is movable and held at the sides by a rivet. It has a red button nose and blue plastic acrylic domes for eyes with small black beads in side. He has a hoop antenna and red rectangle flaps for ears. On is back he has a rectangle of red plastic and a spring for a tail with a red bauble at the end. A key is in his front right leg area. The box has a plain card bottom and printed top. On top of the box the text reads, Wind up motor Space dog, Trade mark KO, Made in Japan, with a picture of the dog in a giant scale in a lunar landscape with two small astronauts. On the side is the text, Wind up Motor Space Dog, Sparking,Wobbling, ears flapping, pull the antenna to make him go after wound up. The picture is of the dog with arrows showing how to lift and push his antenna.
16. Spotbot Retro style robotic dog. Put a battery in and make him squirk. The cutest robot dog ever. He wags and chases his tail, shake his head, runs foward, and bumps his nose and changes direction.
17. Tekno Tekno the Robotic Puppy (also known as Teksta the Robotic Puppy) was a popular electronic robotic toy which originally launched in late 2000. Tekno sold over 7 million units in its first season and went on to sell over 40 million units in its original 4 years of production. The worldwide popularity for Tekno led to prominent awards and widespread media coverage which included newspaper articles, television and film appearances, and a stand-alone feature on the cover of Time magazine. With over 160 emotions and functions, Tekno the Robotic Puppy captured the imagination of parents and kids by offering a special technological peek into the future. Children could enjoy the companionship and playfulness of a real pet without the daily care giving burdens.
Tekno's basic functions included walking, barking, eating, and sleeping, and special motor sensors enabled emotional and lifelike intelligence. It could be "taught" to respond to voice commands and to perform real dog tricks such as fetching, whining, and playing tricks with the included bone and ball accessories. Smart light sensor technology also gave Tekno the ability to understand visual commands and to react to environmental stimuli, even knowing when to go to sleep on its own. Since 2013, the new Teksta was released by Character Toys in the UK, and Tekno is controlled by a smart device like iPad, Android phone, and Windows Phone 8. As of 2016, a 5th Generation version will be slated to be released.
18. Teksta Popular in the 1990s, this toy was intended to be able to perform card tricks and respond to commands. This small robot dog from Tekno Robotics looks just like a small space dog! The robot dog reacts to sound and hand movements. Teksta can learn to walk, sit, bark, make somersaults, wag and move his head. Infrared technology ensures that you can connect several Teksta puppies to each other. See how they react to each other! You can send and program the Teksta robot puppy using an app that you can install on your tablet or smartphone. This app also allows the dog to call its friends. The 5th Generation Voice Recognition Puppy is the first Teksta Puppy who actually listens and understands you. This life-like robotic puppy responds to your voice, physical gestures, touch, and sounds.
You can tell your robot pet to sit, walk, cry, sing, and even do a back flip. Program Teksta to do even more tricks with an Apple iPad or Tablet for Android. Listens to you: Teksta listens and understands your voice commands. Touch sensitive: he happily pants when you pet him. Gesture control: understands your hand gestures. Programmable: program Teksta to do even more tricks with an apple iPad or tablet for Android. Loves to play: he loves to play with his favorite ball! feed him his bone. He is a hungry puppy!
19. Wappy Dog Wappy Dog is a robot dog that will be delivered with a new game for Nintendo DS. The dog can communicate with the DS game in question and responds to actions in the game. It doesn't work via Wi-Fi or any other wireless technology, but simply via sound. The Wappy Dog responds to special beeps that come out of the DS speakers while playing. Your Wappy Dog has its own identity that you can import into the game, so you always have Wappy with you. You can play all kinds of mini-games with Wappy Dog. If you win or lose, Wappy will respond. In the DS game you can also provide Wappy with all kinds of accessories and see it grow from puppy to adult dog. By the way, Wappy can also respond to your own voice and movements.
20. Wrex the Dawg Wrex The Dawg is the junkyard dog that looks like he was made from spare parts and a truly zany imagination. With two legs in front and two wheels in the back Wrex The Dawg can happily zip around your home in autonomous mode, or obey your commands for hours of play fun using the included remote control. Wrex The Dawg has three modes of behavior: Happy, Angry and Crazy. He also has three bodily desires that he needs fulfilled: Exercise, Hunger, and you guessed it, Call Of Nature. His wacky slot-machine eyes express his current mood and he can avoid obstacles and edges with his infrared sensors. Be warned, he has a fairly disobedient nature and is prone to behavior malfunctions!
21. Zoomer & Friends Zoomer is the perfect family pet! Zoomer is an interactive puppy with multiple sensors that enable him to behave just like a real dog. Of course, like any puppy or kid! Zoomer might not always listen the first time if he is feeling rambunctious. He is all the fun of a family pet without the mess, vaccinations and responsibility. Can learn dozens of different tricks. If you press the button on Zoomer's back, he will reward you with a random trick - easy and fun to train.
22. Tombot A robotic companion animal designed to be a viable option to a real dog for dementia patients. This is Robotic animal that transform the daily lives of individuals, families, and communities facing health adversities.
23. Joinmax Digital Robot Dog Offered as a semi-assembled kit - no soldering required, at $331, it offers a 15 servo-based impressive freedom of motion. Control is possible through a serial connection to the included controller board, or through simple commands sequences stored in memory. This robotic dog kit includes all of the components you need to build your own robot dog. In total, this robot has 15 degrees of freedom: the three degrees of freedom in each leg allow you to create life-like gaits, the tail has one degree of freedom for ample wagging, and the neck can rotate and nod up and down to really bring the robot to life. Once you have mastered the basic four-legged walking gaits, sitting, and standing back up, you can explore the robot's hidden talents such as rolling over and then going into a head stand. With all mechanical components, a custom 16-servo controller, PC software, and a download cable included, this robotic canine kit is very complete: the only thing you need to add is five standard, AA size batteries. NiMH cells are recommended because of the high current consumption of the robot.
24. WowWee Chip CHiP is an intelligent, affectionate robot dog. With advanced sensors and smart accessories, CHiP is always aware, and ready to play. How you respond uniquely shapes his behavior, so there's no CHiP like your CHiP.
25. Dackel Dog Robot Ycoo Dackel is the new pet that will delight the whole family. Fun, remote-controlled and above all extensible with its accordion body, the Dackel dog robot will quickly become your children's best friend. This robot dog has nothing to envy to the real ones: he is remote controlled but can also follow his master, run after the ball or even follow the movements of your hands. A high-tech toy robot that will never cease to amaze you and with which children will be able to play for many years to come. The robot dog Dackel is certainly cute but also extensible, very extensible. His accordion body can stretch 40 centimetres, which will allow him to go everywhere but also to create fun interactions with children when he chases after his ball. Dackel can run after a ball that can be used as a remote control: choose to direct it from a distance or let the dog run after his "baball".
26. Flip over dogs There are many examples of many flip-over dogs designed to look like robots, such as F.I.D.O and Sparky.
8. Dog, Alyx's robotic pet has several canine characteristics and was featured in the video games Half-life 2, Half-Life 2: Episode One, and Half-Life 2: Episode Two.
9. Dogbot robot dog from the Ford Fiesta commercials.
10. Dynomutt Blue Falcon's robotic dog from the animated Hanna-Barbera television show.
11. E-cyboPooch briefly Professor Dr. Cinnamon J. Scudsworth's robot dog assistant in the 2002 animated show, Clone High. E-cybopooch ultimately reveals himself to be a double agent and is destroyed when Mr. Butlertron, Scudsworth's displaced former assistant, deflects a laser meant for Scudsworth with a pie.
12. Fix-it a dog-like robot from the Disney Jr. show Handy Manny.
13. GIR crazy alien robot who disguised himself as a green dog in the show Invader Zim.
14. Goddard Goddard is Jimmy Neutron's robotic dog that Jimmy invented himself. He is loyal to Jimmy and often accompanies him on his adventures outside of school. Jimmy can call him whenever he wants from his phone. He has various features including self-propelled flight and can double as a rocket propelled bicycle-like transportation for Jimmy to ride, complete with handle bars. Jimmy often uses Goddard to help weigh options for his dilemmas, which Goddard displays on a computer monitor covered normally by his breastplate. He has mostly the disposition of a normal dog, but occasionally uses voice clips to communicate. Jimmy can have Goddard "play dead", which causes him to self-destruct. Despite being blown to pieces, Goddard can instantly reconstruct himself back to normal from the scrap without any assistance. This has become a running gag for him. He was named after the late famous American engineer.
15. K9 the Doctor's portable computer and robot, from the British BBC Television series Doctor Who, as well as the spin-offs K-9 and Company, The Sarah Jane Adventures and K-9.
In Music: MC Chris wrote a song named robotdog, describing his adventures with his robotic Aibo that takes over his life.
MOST ADVANCED ROBOTIC DOGS ON THE EARTH This article proudly presented by WWW.C4ISRNET.COM
When it comes to robots that can accompany humans into battle, researchers have leaned heavily on biomimicry and designed machines that resemble animals who have long been trained for war. The range of designs, in both military and commercial spaces, suggests a pace of iteration and innovation that will only accelerate in the coming decades.
But making a robot dog useful means balancing a series of needs. This includes the desire to have the robot guide its own navigation, the machine's utility as a pack animal, and the sensor payload it can carry to scout for humans. What's become clear in the last year is that third requirement in particular shows where there is a differentiation of thought and room for industry to innovate.
One place to look is the Army's own LLAMA program. The Legged Locomotion and Movement Adaptation system, which resembles a large dog with an especially tall neck, is designed as a mobile sensor mast. Made to scramble over rubble and uneven terrain alongside handlers on foot, the cognitive load of the LLAMA is variable. A default mode allows the machine to run forward, and trust that momentum and four legs will carry it over whatever is in its way. If it needs a more deliberate path, the human handlers can instead activate a careful mode, where additional sensors scan the environment and guide foot placement.
Another way to run a robot dog is the BigDog approach. The Boston Dynamics machine, perhaps the most iconic four-legged robot of the 21st century, is sensor-rich. Early models included everything from inertial sensors to joint sensors to temperature, pressure, engine speed, and other relevant factors. Later versions, including BigDog successor robots like Spot, feature LiDAR for navigation, adding to the robot's ability to comprehend its environment and also its internal cognitive load.
A third approach comes from Ghost Robotics, which uses an ultralight approach to understanding the robot's current ability to stay in place. Sensors track the current fluctuation from the Ghost robot's leg actuators, and from this feedback algorithms can adjust the behaviors needed for the robot to stay upright while bounding or shambling forward. That system is coordinated by a 1 watt microcontroller, according to Ghost Robotics Chief Executive Jiren Parikh, who was an exhibitor at the Association of the United States Army AI and Autonomy symposium in Detroit in November 2019.
Adding directional navigation means incorporating further sensors onto the platform as mission requires, but the baseline vision is of a robot that uses as little power as possible to maintain its baseline balance. Robot Dogs are a microcosm of the problem set facing autonomous design in the future. Sensors built in require management and power and processing to run and improve upon. The degree to which that burden of navigation is shifted between humans and machines greatly shapes what the machines can and cannot do.
BOSTON DYNAMICS ROBOTIC DOGS This article proudly presented by BOSTON DYNAMICS
Boston Dynamics is a world leader in mobile robots, tackling some of the toughest robotics challenges. We combine the principles of dynamic control and balance with sophisticated mechanical designs, cutting-edge electronics, and next-generation software for high-performance robots equipped with perception, navigation, and intelligence.
Boston Dynamics has an extraordinary and fast-growing technical team of engineers and scientists who seamlessly combine advanced analytical thinking with bold engineering and boots in the mud practicality.
Boston Dynamics focuses on creating robots with advanced mobility, dexterity and intelligence. We have long held that mobility sufficient to access both the natural and the built world required legs.
We began the pursuit of this dream over 30 years ago, first in academia and then as part of Boston Dynamics because it was an exciting technical challenge and because to build a highly mobile robot required it. We wanted to build a robot that could go where people go.
While we take the natural world as inspiration for our robots, the design is ultimately motivated by functionality. Our robots end up moving like humans and animals not because we designed them to look like humans and animals but because we made them balance. Balance and dynamic motion are characteristics we have previously only seen in animals. It is this organic quality of dynamically stable motion that people tend to associate with lifelike movement.
Partly because of the benefits of dynamic motion, our robots can navigate tough unstructured, unknown or antagonistic terrain with ease. Wheeled and tracked robots are limited by stairs, gaps, ground-level obstructions such as cabling and staged materials and minor height differences in flooring. These environments don't present the same challenges for legged robots.
THE LIST OF BOSTON DYNAMICS ROBOTIC DOGS
SPOT A nimble robot that climbs stairs and traverses rough terrain with unprecedented ease, yet is small enough to use indoors. Built to be a rugged and customizable platform, Spot has an industry track record in remote operation and autonomous sensing. Spot goes where wheeled robots cannot, while carrying payloads with endurance far beyond aerial drones. With 360 vision and obstacle avoidance, the robot can be driven remotely or taught routes and actions to perform autonomous missions.
Developers can create custom methods of controlling Spot, program autonomous missions, design payloads to expand the robot's capabilities, and integrate sensor information into data analysis tools. Spot's mounting rails, payload ports, and software development kit give customers the tools they need to customize the robot for their application. By integrating Spot with software and sensors, the robot can perform tasks in a variety of industries. From documenting construction progress to monitoring remote environments, adding situational awareness, and even performing, Spot can be trusted to get the job done.
Spot uses a lot of intelligence to navigate the world. We call this "athletic intelligence" as the robot walks, climbs stairs, avoids obstacles, traverses difficult terrain and autonomously follows preset routes without constant input from users. Out of the box, Spot has a very simple understanding of the world to enable it to walk more steadily - i.e. it can identify stairs, body obstacles, edges that might cause it to trip. Applications such as stopping an autonomous mission when a person is nearby or responding to voice commands can be added to the robot using our developer tools and payload ports. Applicable for: Construction, OIL + Gas, Electric Utility, Mining, Public Safety, Healthcare, Entertainment, Research.
Boston Dynamics is finally making this mechanical canine available for businesses and developers for $74,500. But know that this puppy ain't for everyone.
SPOT CLASSIC 2015 Spot Classic is a four-legged robot designed for indoor and outdoor operation that laid the groundwork for the robust dynamic robot control seen on Spot today.
It is electrically powered and hydraulically actuated. Spot Classic has a sensor head that helps it navigate and negotiate rough terrain. Spot Classic weighs about 160 lbs.
WILDCAT (2013) The fastest quadruped robot on Earth, WildCat ran 32 km / h while maneuvering and maintaining its balance. WildCat is a four-legged robot being developed to run fast on all types of terrain. So far WildCat has run at about 19 mph on flat terrain using bounding and galloping gaits.
The video shows WildCat's best performance so far. WildCat is being developed by Boston Dynamics with funding from DARPA's M3 program. For more information about WIldCat visit our website at www.BostonDynamics.com.
LS3 (2012) A quadruped robot designed to follow soldiers and carry their gear over rough terrain. The Legged Squad Support System (LS3) is a rough-terrain robot developed by Boston Dynamics with funding from DARPA and the US Marine Corps.
It is designed to carry 400 lbs of payload and travel 20 miles without refueling. LS3 has sensors that let it follow a human leader while avoiding obstacles in the terrain.
BIG DOG (2004) The first legged robot to leave the lab, BigDog navigated rough terrain using sensors and its control system. With its sights on robotic pack mules to help warfighter in operations, DARPA initiated a program that yielded BigDog. The robot's on-board computer controls locomotion, processes sensors, and handles communications with the user. BigDog's control system keeps it balanced, manages locomotion on a wide variety of terrain, and does navigation. Sensors for locomotion include joint position, joint force, ground contact, ground load, a gyroscope, LIDAR, and a stereo vision system.
Other sensors focus on the internal state of BigDog, monitoring the hydraulic pressure, oil temperature, engine functions, battery charge, and others. In demonstrations, BigDog ran at 10 kmh, climbed slopes up to 35 degrees, walked across rubble, climbed muddy hiking trails, walked in snow and water, and carried up to 150kg loads. BigDog climbs in the woods, keeps its balance when kicked and when slipping on ice, travels through snow and mud, jogs 5 mph, and climbs some rubble.
CHEETAH Cheetah Robot is a fast-running quadruped developed by Boston Dynamics with funding from DARPA. Right now these bots are mostly being used for surveying jobs, where using robots is cheaper or safer than using humans (such as on remote oil rigs). In the future, though, they will likely find other tasks, including package delivery and security patrols.
It just blazed past its previous speed record, getting up to 28.3 mph, about 0.5 mph faster than Usain Bolt's fastest 20 meter split. This version of the Cheetah Robot runs on a treadmill with offboard power. It's important to note that although these robots are physically impressive, they are not at all intelligent.
Their cleverness, such as it is, lies in their mobility: their capacity to navigate rough terrain and recover from falls. But they don't make decisions about where they walk or how they react. Spot, for example, can perform some automated functions, like a sentry mode where it patrols up and down a set path, but it's no more able to respond to unexpected stimuli - like putting a cardboard box over its head, than a Roomba.
Welcome to the robotic future of the Australian Army! In the brush, behind the swelling columns of purple smoke, the quadcopter tracks the band of fighters. Their equipment is familiar, at a distance, armored transports and infantry all in the distinct Australian Multicam pattern camouflage. Between stands of red river gum trees trots the most alien of weapons here: a little dog-sized robot, happily bounding along with the mechanized infantry.
The robot dog, made by Ghost Robotics, is the breakout star of the Australian Army's new office focused on robots and autonomy. Formally named the "Robotic and Autonomous Systems Implementation Coordination Office," or RICO, the office was announced in March 2020.
Ghost's machine is one of several approaches for a dog-sized scout and reconnaissance platform. While Boston Dynamics' Big Dog is the most famous of the bunch, there is a whole category of legged robots aiming to be more capable than the four-footed animals humans have long brought to war. Looking beyond the robot dog, there is more automation and autonomy lurking in the rest of the machines. A pass between the antennas of an M113 armored infantry carrier shows a whole array of shiny sensors mapping the world around the vehicle. Many of these look like LiDAR sensors, which use lasers to measure distance and trace objects, and a separate video shows the armored personnel carrier plotting its surroundings much like a self-driving car.
The M113 is a venerable design, dating back to the 1960s, and Australia has already spent time updating the design to include everything from a better suspension to a modest turret. By adding modern sensors and navigation software, such a machine can be controlled by human operators in the vehicle, human operators outside the vehicle, by autonomously navigating to pre-set waypoints, or even autonomously following behind a different vehicle. What is especially neat about building this into an existing vehicle is it lets the mission determine the way the machine will work. Does the vehicle simply need to go from one location to another, without any risk of an attack? Spare the drivers and a chain of the troop carriers can follow-the-leader where it needs to go. Armed patrol could be crewed normally. Looking to bait enemy tanks into revealing themselves? A soldier could take remote control of an empty vehicle, and move it into a position where it will bait those tanks into opening fire.
It is hard to know, exactly, the impact robots and remote control machines will have on the battlefields of the future. Proactively testing everything from new platforms, to new sensors for old platforms, to new software and interfaces for controlling those robots, gives militaries a way to explore that future before it becomes a matter of life or death.
ANYBOTICS ANYMAL C ROBOTIC DOGS This article proudly presented by ANYBOTICS
ANYmal C's legs provide unparalleled mobility when moving down an up stairs, climbing over obstacles, steps, and gaps, and crawling into tight spaces. Driven by powerful and fully torque-controllable actuators, ANYmal adapts to any terrain with a sense of touch. ANYmal C delivers reliable performance in harsh indoor and outdoor environments with rain, splash water, wind, snow, and dust. ANYmal C is IP67 water and dust-proof and the ruggedized enclosure protects the system from impacts. The perception system operates in all light conditions including bright sunlight and full darkness.
ANYmal C is packed with perception sensors that allow for a safe operation. Simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) provides the system with an accurate position information even in complex and dynamic environments. For a wide range of industrial inspection tasks, this module carries visual and thermal cameras and a spotlight on a pan-tilt unit. The visual camera provides a 10x optical zoom to take clear images and videos at far distances. The LED spotlight is used to support the visual camera under insufficient lighting conditions. The thermal camera provides precise temperature readings in a range of 20-500 C without physical interaction.
ANYmal C fully autonomously navigates through complex multi-floor environments. Once guided trough the environment, ANYmal remembers every corner and finds the quickest route to perform its mission. During operation, the system safely avoids obstacles and reliably moves over rough terrain.
The onboard battery enables continuous operation for 2-4 hours depending on the activity. For recharging, the robot connects to a docking station by itself and without operator interaction. If needed, the battery can also be easily swapped for a full one without tools.
ANYmal C includes a certified remote control for line of sight manual control. The remote control is ruggedized, waterproof, and can be used easily with work gloves. A workstation is used to monitor ANYmal's performance and to conduct supervised tasks. Communication is channeled through the internet or WiFi network enabling long-distance control.
The world of four-legged robotic dogs just got a little bigger.
Chinese robotics company Unitree debuted its newest robot, the A1, at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) earlier in 2020.
Now, Unitree is using social media to show off the tricks the new robots can do. The robot is small, about one foot wide and two feet long, and it can move shockingly quickly. Unitree says the robot's walking speed is about ten feet per second or seven miles per hour. Walking isn't the only thing they can do, either - videos show them performing all kinds of jumps and flips, thanks to flexible joints and a strong motor.
Each foot even has sensors that take in information to send to the motor to make movements more efficient. The A1 weighs about 26 pounds, including its battery, and has a battery life of up to two hours. It can also carry up to 11 pounds, with potential as a delivery robot. A smart camera enables real-time video transmission, with many potential private and public uses for the robot.
The A1 is already being compared to Boston Dynamic's Spot robot, arguably the most well-known four-legged robot, with designs that mirror lifelike movements that resemble people and animals leading to an uncanny valley effect that may make viewers uncomfortable. Spot has elicited both positive and negative responses for its uses, like screening patients for coronavirus in a Boston hospital or working with the Massachusetts State Police.
For now, Unitree seems to be looking towards private ownership, tweeting that the robot could be a "future pet" and that they are "running with you to the future." The company also emphasizes that it will cost less than $10,000, though it does not name a specific price.
HyQ is a quadruped robot that was developed at the Advanced Robotics Department of the Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) in 2011. The robot weighs 80kg, is about 1 meter long and is constructed in aerospace-grade aluminum alloy and stainless steel.
Each of its four legs has 3 joints that are actuated by hydraulic cylinders and motors. High-performance Fomula 1 valves are used to control each joint's position and force. The force control in the legs enable a smooth interaction between the feet and the ground. Onboard cameras and laser range sensors create 3D maps of the surroundings. These maps are used by the robot control framework to plan its steps and avoid obstacles.
Next Generation HyQReal Robot (made in 2019) is 1,33 m long and 90 cm tall, and its weight is 130kg. The robot is protected by an aluminum roll cage and a skin made of Kevlar, glass fiber and plastic. The quadruped has custom-made feet made in special rubber for high traction on the ground and is equipped with a 48 Volt battery which powers four electric motors connected to four hydraulic pumps. The robot has two onboard computers: one dedicated to vision and one to control. The new robot is the latest version of the HyQ robot series, hydraulically powered quadruped robots developed by researchers at the IIT since 2007. The long-term goal of the project is to create the hardware, software and algorithms for robust quadruped vehicles for rough terrain that can be tailored to a variety of applications, such as disaster response, agriculture, decommissioning, and inspection. Compared to the previous versions, HyQReal is completely power-autonomous with onboard hydraulics, batteries and wireless communication. Furthermore, the robot features a higher ruggedness, reliability and energy efficiency.
The new robot is the main output of the first years of joint lab activities between IIT and Moog, which have been inaugurated in September 2016, with the goal to develop the next generation of hydraulic legged robots. The joint lab combines IIT's know-how in the design of the hardware and software of legged robots, with Moog's expertise in miniature, high-performance actuation solutions. IIT has led the overall development of the robot's hardware and software. In terms of hardware, IIT focused on the design of the torso, legs, electronics, hydraulic hoses, fall protections, and sensing. Additionally, it coordinated the integration of the actuation subsystems developed by Moog. In terms of Software, IIT adapted its locomotion control framework that it has developed over the last decade.
SAMSUNG ROBOTIC DOGS CONCEPT This article proudly presented by WWW.YANKODESIGN.COM and Ruchi Thukral
Samsung's robot dog concept lacks puppy eyes but still chases balls! Most robotic pets are focused on being "cute". Gaetano de Cicco's Dog-Bot concept is focused on functionality. The Turin-based designer chose Samsung as the corporate backer for the faceless android canine, which has an interactive screen for a "face", relaying information via simple graphics like exclamation marks, dots, and lights. The renders show it identifying and chasing a ball; we'd imagine that it would be even more useful for roaming the grounds, identifying intruders and other potential threats.
The bot stands on four legs and relies on AI computing to be fully autonomous. The aforementioned skin is a weather-resistant elastic material. Where many other robot concepts are designed to make it easier to build an emotional connection with the robot, this robot has a much more serious purpose one that still lies well within the idea of being a dog-bot. The robot is conceived as being a watchdog of sorts. It's meant to be kept outside where it can patrol grounds and identify intruders or other threats.
Devoid of real feelings but with advancing AI, they will surely be smarter and more efficient. Dog bots will probably be a hybrid of a smart pet and a household assistant, I imagine features like security cameras for the eyes while still being sweet enough to bring you your newspaper and waking you up in the morning. Dog bots may have the benefit of being low maintenance, they won't require mandatory walks on days when you are sick or make you panic if you forget leaving their food out during emergencies. And as you can guess, they definitely won't be troublesome during bath time. So for the future, it actually sounds like a practical option because AI will be able to mimic a dog's behavior closely but what about our conditioned behavior towards dogs? This conceptual Samsung dog bot replaces the dog's features with a screen, so instead of a confused head tilt the face aka screen of the robot will show you a question mark. If the tech giants are to make a robot dog, using a screen as an interactive interface will save a lot more material than using plastic-like materials to replicate the real build of your pet.
With the rapid rate at which AI is growing and the conceptual renders show, the dog bot will be able to chase balls and give you a leaping welcome when it senses your arrival. It is interesting how the design is so futuristic and yet when you look at it, you can tell it was made to resemble a dog. You may not even have noticed that the "tail" is missing and yet our brains have evolved to associate emotion with robots.
SONY AIBO ROBOT DOG This article proudly presented by SONY
Eye Contact is Where it all Starts! One look is enough to know exactly what aibo needs. With a face full of life and expression, aibo conveys emotion intuitively.
Aibo features a rounded form that exudes an unmistakable vitality, even showing physical signs of body-temperature changes. That's the depth at the heart of the aibo experience.
Aibo's eyes sparkling with a clever twinkle speak volumes, constantly giving you a window into its feelings. Bursting with life and energy, aibo moves and gestures in hundreds of adorable patterns to welcome you into a world of surprising variety and exciting discovery. Curiosity drives aibo, with new experiences fusing fun and learning together into growth. It's these experiences that shape aibo's unique personality and behavior.
Ever the inquisitive one, aibo has emotions and desires and those deep, inner motivations dictate its behavior. There's always an element of unpredictability with aibo, you never can be too sure what it might do next. Thanks to those highly variable communicative capacities, life with aibo takes on a richer, more dynamic quality.
The aibo has OLEDs for eyes like those used in Sony's television displays a camera in its nose and on its back, plus sensors on its back, head and chin that allow it to feel you petting it. It also has microphones, actuators and other technology that when combined with artificial intelligence allow the robotic companion to learn its owner's behavior and react accordingly. Aibo uses its "eyes" (a camera) as responsive interfaces, modifying its behavior based on what it sees.
Capable of detecting obstacles, bumps, people, and more, aibo reacts accordingly. Aibo has voice-recognition abilities, aligning its behavior with verbal input. Responding to linguistic cues is just the beginning, though.
Aibo can also locate the sources of sound, turning its head in the direction of people's voices. Aibo loves being loved, whether it's through a friendly compliment, a well-placed pat on the head, a scratch on the chin, or a gentle stroke down the back. If aibo ever acts up, though, you can try a little tough love, too.
Aibo even has likes and dislikes another dimension of its personality. While it loves anything pink, it is not a big fan of heights or tight places. Aibo loves pink, which is why all the aibo toys have pink elements! Aibo gets a bit nervous when it's up high or in a tight place anxious enough to lose its trademark curiosity, in fact.
FAU's Astro Robot-Dog has A functional brain In Its 3D-Printed Head. What would you get if you combined Amazon's Alexa with an open source quadruped robot? You'd get "Astro," the four-legged seeing and hearing intelligent robodog.
Using deep learning and artificial intelligence (AI), scientists from Florida Atlantic University's Machine Perception and Cognitive Robotics Laboratory (MPCR) in the Center for Complex Systems and Brain Sciences in FAU's Charles E. Schmidt College of Science are bringing to life one of about a handful of these quadruped robots in the world. Astro is unique because he is the only one of these robots with a head, 3D printed to resemble a Doberman pinscher, that contains a (computerized) brain.
Astro not only looks like a dog, he learns like one too. That's because he does not operate based on preprogrammed robotic automation. Instead, Astro is being trained using inputs to a deep neural network - a computerized simulation of a brain, so that he can learn from experience to perform human-like tasks, or on his case, "doggie-like" tasks, that benefit humanity.
Equipped with sensors, high-tech radar imaging, cameras and a directional microphone, this 60-pound super robot is still a "puppy-in-training." Just like a regular dog, he responds to commands such as "sit," "stand" and "lie down." Eventually, he will be able to understand and respond to hand signals, detect different colors, comprehend many languages, coordinate his efforts with drones, distinguish human faces, and even recognize other dogs. As an information scout, Astro's key missions will include detecting guns, explosives and gun residue to assist police, the military, and security personnel. This robodog's talents won't just end there, he also can be programmed to assist as a service dog for the visually impaired or to provide medical diagnostic monitoring. The MPCR team also is training Astro to serve as a first responder for search and rescue missions such as hurricane reconnaissance as well as military maneuvers.
Designed to engage and react to the world around him in real-time, this intelligent machine will be able to navigate through rough terrains and respond to dangerous situations to keep humans and animals out of harm's way. Astro will be outfitted with more than a dozen sensors that will consume environmental input across multiple modalities including optical, sound, gas and even radar. To process the sensory inputs and make autonomous behavioral decisions, a set of Nvidia Jetson TX2 graphics processing units are onboard with a combined four teraflops of computing power, which amounts to about four trillion computations a second.
Once developed further and equipped with additional sensors it could do so much more. The robot will be outfitted with more than a dozen sensors that will consume environmental input across multiple modalities including optical, sound, gas and even radar. Listed below are some of the future capabilities the Astro robo-dog will provide:
Detection of guns, explosives, and gun residue
Guiding the blind
Medical diagnostic monitoring
Exploring hazardous environments
Assisting soldiers on the battlefield
The ability to search through thousands of faces in a database
Sniff out and identify airborne substances
Ability to navigate through extreme rough terrains
Able to hear distress calls that are inaudible to humans
Serving as a first responder for search and rescue missions such as hurricane reconnaissance
Detect different colors
Ability to comprehend many languages
Coordinate his efforts with drones
FAU's Machine Perception and Cognitive Robotic Lab (MPCR) team will program Astro to have an extensive database of experiences that he can draw upon to help him make immediate decisions on the go.
This robodog will be able to rapidly see and search thousands of faces in a database, smell the air to detect foreign substances, and hear and respond to distress calls that fall outside a human's audible hearing range. FAU's MPCR team will program Astro to have an extensive database of experiences that he can draw upon to help him make immediate decisions on the go.
CONTINENTAL DELIVERY ROBO-DOGS CONCEPT This article proudly presented by WWW.DEEZEN.COM and Rima Sabina Aouf
German automotive company Continental wants to use a system of autonomous vans packed with dog-like four-legged robots to deliver packages. The company revealed its vision for the future of goods and parcel delivery this week at tech show CES in Las Vegas, where it held a press conference with a prototype of one of the robots on stage. The prototype robot showcased on the CES stage has features and locomotion similar to Boston Dynamics' famous quadrupedal SpotMini, but renderings for the concept suggest a cuter, more rounded canine appearance.
According to Continental, the same technologies that power an autonomous vehicle like CUbE are applied to the robots. Sensors, environment perception and modelling, positioning and situation analysis are among the areas in which the company has currently developed solutions. The concept is based around Continental's driverless electric vehicle, the Continental Urban Mobility Experience (CUbE), a minibus-sized pod whose interior can be reconfigured to suit different functions. The company has paired the vehicle with delivery robots, also autonomous and electric, to enable the system to handle the "last yards" of the parcel delivery chain. The vision of cascaded robot delivery leverages a driverless vehicle to carry delivery robots, creating an efficient transport team.
ARDUINO 3D-PRINTED GOODBOY ROBOTIC DOG This article proudly presented by ARDUINO
Daniel Hingston wanted to build a four-legged walking robot for several years, and with current coronavirus restrictions he finally got his chance.
His 3D-printed robodog, dubbed "GoodBoy," is reminiscent of a miniature version of Boston Dynamics' Spot, which helped inspire the project. It is extremely clean, with wiring integrated into the legs mid-print. Two micro servos per leg move it in a forward direction, controlled by an Arduino Uno.
Obstacle avoidance is provided by a pair of ultrasonic sensor "eyes," allowing it to stop when something is in its path. An LDR sensor is also implemented, which when covered by its human minder commands it to present its paw for shaking.
TOMBOT HEALING THERAPY DOG ROBOT JENNY This article proudly presented by TOMBOT
The Tombot Puppy is the most realistic robotic animal in the world! Tombot Puppies help individuals, families, and communities cope with many health adversities.
Stress 35M people are admitted to hospitals in the United States each year. Long-term hospital patients are often subject to psychological stress because they lack control of their environment.
Anxiety 1 in 6 children in the United States has a diagnosed mental, behavioral, or developmental disorder.
Loneliness 1 in 3 seniors in the United States report being lonely. Research shows that chronic loneliness can impact older adults' physical well-being, mental health, and life expectancy.
Depression 1 in 12 adults in the United States report having depression. 80% of these adults experience problems completing daily tasks.
A robot dog under development in California is vying to be a best friend to people with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia, offering comfort by responding to human touch with life-like motions. The robot has 16 motors to control its movements and is loaded with sensors to respond to voice commands and detect how people are touching it, such as the difference between a slow caress and a vigorous pet. Stevens said he came up with the concept for the robot after his mother was diagnosed with Alzheimer's in 2011. Unlike the AIBO, which looks robotic, the Tombots closely resemble real dogs. The puppy cannot walk and is carried on a small bed. The dog is very interactive, the tail wagging, responding to them calling his name.
Interactive Sensors - Touch sensors all over the Puppy's body allows her to react to you based on how and where she is being touched. Voice Commands - Voice activation software allows your Tombot Puppy to react to your commands. Just tell her to speak and she will speak! Real Puppy Sounds - Recordings from a 12 week old Labrador puppy makes your Tombot Puppy sound like the real deal! Recharchable - Just like your smartphone, simply plug your Tombot Puppy in overnight and it should last all day. Smartphone App - Tombot comes with a free smartphone app that allows you to name your Puppy, customize its functionality, and track your interactions with it on a day to day basis. Software Updates - As we continue to grow, so will your Tombot Puppy! We will add new actions and commands over time what can be easily updated through our smartphone app.
Understanding the customer's need for a robotic puppy with hyper-realistic appearance and feel, Tombot turned to the Hollywood animatronic community for help. After an extensive review, Tombot selected Jim Henson's Creature Shop to provide the artistic design services for our prototype robots. For more than half a century, the Jim Henson name has been synonymous with the creation of expressive and enduring characters. Innovation has been a hallmark of the Jim Henson brand, and the experts at Jim Henson's Creature Shop rose to the challenge to design a puppy that seniors with dementia would love. Using groundbreaking technology, fabrics, and animatronic techniques, Jim Henson's Creature Shop brought the Tombot puppies to life with uniquely life-like expressions, behaviors, and quality. Tombot's puppies are the first and only robots to successfully marry the very best computer and robotics technology with the awe-inspiring artistic creativity that only Jim Henson's Creature Shop can provide.
VOICE-CONTROLLED ROBOT DOG for VISUALLY IMPAIRED PEOPLE This article proudly presented by WWW.SCIENCENODE.ORG
According to Guide Dogs of America, a 16 to 18 month old puppy will go through four to six months of training before it can become a guide dog. And that does not consider the financial costs of training. Robot Rover designed for wheelchair users, this robotic dog prototype is programmed to recognize dangers and guide the visually impaired. A team of students and faculty from the Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering at Arizona State University (ASU) have developed a high-tech alternative. Their technologically savvy guide dog recently won a first-prize award at the 2018 Intel Cup Undergraduate Electronic Design Contest. The team has developed a robotic guide dog for a motorized wheelchair for use by individuals who are visually impaired. Both prototypes are currently too small in physical scale to be used by people, but the project allows this concept to be easily demonstrated and tested for the future.
Many different systems were integrated for the guide dog to function properly. The guide dog uses many of the same communication protocols found in a smartphone, like Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. In addition to these protocols, we had to develop an algorithm in order to get the systems to behave in the way we wanted them to. For example, when the dog sees a cone we needed to make certain that it would decide to move around the cone rather than plowing into it.
The guide dog also is equipped with Amazon's Alexa technology to understand verbal commands. For the guide dog to "see" its surroundings, a GoPro camera was strapped to its head. While that information is sent to the computer, a user can speak a command to Alexa, which is received by the laptop and put into VIPLE - visual internet of things / robotics programming language environment, along with the visual information from the GoPro. Depending on what is "seen" and the command given, instructions are sent back to the wheelchair and on to the guide dog to process what movement to make.
If you are familiar with robotics in popular culture then you will recognize the name Boston Dynamics, a robotics development company that rose to stardom through viral videos of its dog-like robots. Boston Dynamics is a subsidiary of the for-profit company SoftBank, which is looking to sell Boston Dynamics' robot technology to military and industrial buyers. Unfortunately for us makers, this means that all the designs and plans for these robots are unavailable for public consumption.
Former toy designer and maker James Burton is looking to change this through his openDog project. On his Youtube channel, James documents the process of constructing his open-source quadruped robot. He takes us all the way from designing and CAD through construction and programming. All of the software and CAD files are available on GitHub, organized by the files he uses in each YouTube episode.
In addition to merely documenting the build process, James does a phenomenal job explaining many of the core kinematic principles necessary for the design of such a robot. I highly recommend watching this series - it will give you a much deeper appreciation of all the work that goes into many aspects of robotics. openDog cannot yet walk, but through a control pad James can control how the robot stands and balances itself. Next James is looking to replace all of the 8-bit Arduino-based microcontrollers currently powering the project and replace them with a more powerful Teensy microcontroller. His ultimate goal is to develop a complete open-source robotic dog platform. Once he is done with all the low-level work he hopes to begin implementation of higher-level tasks such as designing a navigation system.
"Zeus" is a SpaceX's robotic dog was captured walking on the launch pad inspecting the aftermath of SN7's collapse. In the video below, a four-legged metal creature can be seen roaming through the thick, white clouds of nitrogen. The Robo-Dog is Spot, a tool by Boston Dynamics. The robot has been under development for several years. Last week, Boston Dynamics Spot robots officially went on sale to the general public and SpaceX acquired one. The company is hoping Spot could provide real-time feedback as it navigates and scans rugged environments. By creating these maps, farmers could inspect yield estimates of their crops without having to go out. In fact, the task of operating the robot could be fulfilled by practically anybody, even if it means outsourcing to another country.
The robot dog "Zeus" can be a useful tool for SpaceX because it features sensors capable of collecting a variety of data. The Boston Dynamics website details several uses for the Spot Robo-Dog. Some of the features that can be useful for SpaceX will likely be: 360° panoramic cameras to keep the launch pad supervised, noise anomaly detection, thermal inspection, and leak detection. It can be used to inspect Starship prototypes. During tests, the robot will be ideal to detect leaks up close, which can otherwise be dangerous for a human to approach and inspect. SpaceX even set up a little red pet house at the Boca Chica launch pad for "Zeus."
HOW TO BUILD DOG ROBOT AT HOME? This article proudly presented by WWW.DOGICA.COM
A robot dog is a great alternative to a real pet and teaches your children the responsibility that comes with real dog ownership. They have all the character traits of the real thing without the drawbacks of late-night walks and cleaning up after them, not to mention they do not eat the furniture. The best robot dogs will be able to walk when you ask them to, sit as you instruct them to offer hours of fun in return. They are certain things you should look out for in a robot dog as since they have become so popular, there are some great products, but also some cheaper versions that should be avoided. Here is our guide to find the robot pooch for your kids, or even yourself.
HOW ROBOTS WORK? Despite the obvious differences, robots and humans actually have similar components. In the most basic sense, humans have five major elements: a body, a muscle system to move the body, a sensory system for receiving information, a power source that activates the systems, and a brain to process information and send commands to the body parts. Looking at how robots are built, we can see a similar system in action. Every kind of smart robot needs a minimum of five of these basic components to function. Whatever the shape may be, robots have some form of a body or structure. They also have motors to power the body's movement, which can be equated to the muscles of a human. Smart robots also feature some kind of sensory system responsible for gathering data. This is often a combination of sensors and cameras. There needs to be a power source of some kind as well. In robots, this is often a battery, whereas in humans it can be considered the heart. And finally, there is a brain, or in the case of robots a microchip processor to control all of the components.
When all of these components are incorporated into a robotic dog, we wind up with a futuristic four-legged companion that can learn from us, react to its surroundings, and even develop some form of personality. Most robotic dogs have sensors that allow them to react to a person's hand gestures and voice commands. Depending on the model, you may be able to tell the robotic dog to sit and it will perform the command just like a real dog. Others may perform tricks like back flips and rolling over at the wave of its owner's hand. Some of the models designed for children are a little more playful and will dance if their human counterpart starts dancing or start barking if the child begins to sing. Many robotic dogs also have sensors that allow them to respond to touch. Their tail may start wagging or their eyes may open up wider when being pet. Just like a real dog, most robotic dogs use their eyes and body language to communicate their mood. If sad, they may move a little slower and slump down. When tired, their eyes will often be half closed. The models that have integrated microphones respond to being called and will come running, or rolling, up when their name is called or their owner walks into the home.
Robot Dog Functionality This is one of the main things you should look for when searching for the perfect robot pet. Some robot dogs have very limited abilities and the novelty will wear off pretty quickly. The better products will sit, walk, bark, jump, and be intuitive with its own personality. This makes a huge difference as to how much the owner enjoys playing with it.
Safe Materials When kids are near, this has to be high on your list of priorities. The better quality products will be made from sturdy, safe materials with no small parts of hazardous add-ons. The materials should be BPA-free with no phthalates in sight and when it comes to batteries, make sure your child is the appropriate age to make sure they are safe at all times. This also affects how durable the product is. Make sure none of the parts are going to come off easily as not only will this be safer for your child, but it will ensure the family can enjoy the robot dog for a long time without it breaking.
Looks This is all down to personal choice. For some children, they want a robot dog that looks more like a robot than a dog. These can still have smooth curves to make them safe and a dog-like appearance. It gives it the appeal of a dog whilst still having doggy traits. The alternative is a realistic-looking robot dog. These are particularly good if you want to teach your children the responsibility of a real pet as the life-like features will help them empathise with its needs and treat it like the real thing. The size is also something to consider. The bigger bulkier dogs can put up with a bit more rough and tumble if younger kids are near, although smaller robot dogs can be easier to handle.
Value Whilst it is tempting to buy one of the cheaper products, assuming they are all very much the same, this is not true. Buying a cheap robot dog will often mean you have to compromise on the amount of functionality it has, as well as quality. There is still a lot of value to be had when looking for the best robot dog, we always look for a mix of value, and performance.
Guarantee Because robot dogs are built on technology, you need to know that you are covered if it fails to work or some of the functionality fails over time. Reputable companies will stand by their products and offer the likes of a warranty or guarantee, this is something we consider when compiling our best of list.
Interactions This is one of the most important elements of buying a robot dog and the higher quality products will have more options and ways of playing with the dog. Some of them respond to sound, whilst others will react when touched or even when they feel an object is close. The most intuitive robot dogs will be able to sense when you are near, making it seem as though they are looking at you and are excited by your presence. A lot of people want a robot dog they can teach, so keep an eye out for these unless you are looking for a robot dog that is already trained and ready to move on your command.
Touch, Light & Motion Sensors Look for Robot Dogs with Touch, Light and Motion Sensors. We love how dogs respond to us, therefore a good robotic pet should be interactive and responsive. This is achieved through in-built sensors - touch sensors allow your robot dog to know when they are being petted, whereas light and motion sensors detect movement and visual commands. Some advanced robot dogs can learn to recognise their owner using facial recognition. Voice recognition technology allows them to respond enthusiastically when they hear your voice! Touch, motion and sound sensors can also be utilised to access different functions and features such as tricks, games and music players. On others, infrared lasers and drop sensors create spatial awareness to discern proximity to objects and avoid obstacles.
Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence Allows Your Robot Dog to Learn. If you are looking for a robot dog you can train, seek those with artificial intelligence. These clever canines can learn new abilities over time, just like a real puppy. Some models can be programmed and played with via Apps while others will learn all on their own. Artificial intelligence provides even more entertainment value and longevity as over time you unlock and discover new surprises! Did you know you can find robot dogs that help around the home? Look for ones that connect to other smart home appliances such as speakers and televisions to operate devices remotely. Some can even run virtual assistant software like Amazon Alexa to aid with daily organisation by setting alarms, managing shopping lists and answering questions.
High-Tech Plastic High-tech Plastic Hounds Do Much More! Metal or plastic bodies may be less snuggly; however, an advantage of robot dogs is their ability to do things real dogs can't. Not only can they perform classic dog tricks like beg, sit and roll over, but highly-optimised, mechanical bodies allow them to execute impressive tricks like a 360 degree backflip with ease. Unfortunately, programming realistic walking movements is difficult, so many manufacturers opt for wheels instead. Wheels allow robot dogs to move quickly and easily over varied surfaces, but look less authentic than articulated legs. With both types, keep an eye out for details; animated movements such as wiggling ears, wagging tails, blinking eyes and a mouth that can open and close will make a robot dog appear more alive.
Power Options Power Options Can Prolong Playtime. Make sure to check the power source before buying, too. If powered by batteries, check the battery type your new best friend will require. Remember, higher computing power requires more energy to operate. For robot dogs with advanced features we recommend those that can be powered using rechargeable batteries or charged via USB. Automated sleep modes extend battery life, so let your puppy take a nap!
Ease of Use Moving on from the training of a robot dog, it needs to be responsive, and simple to use. A robot dog that makes things too complicated or one that struggles to react to your call is not a good product. Because children are the most likely owners, most robot dogs are responsive and come with easy to follow instructions so your family can get the most out of it. The more complicated it is to use, the lower it will score on our list. Do not forget your child might need some help with training their robot dog at the start!
1. Zoomer Zuppies Interactive Puppy - Flora Flora is your very own cuddly puppy! She is cheerful, creative and totally loves nature! Share secrets, play interactive games and watch Flora share her secret tricks as she responds to your touch! The more you nurture her, the more she will share! Flora plays fun interactive music, has articulated legs and interactive LED eyes that light up bright as you play with her.
2. WEofferwhatYOUwant Electronic Pet Dog Harry Harry walks, barks, talks, sings, dances and makes other dog sounds. Kids will giggle for fun petting him. Cute dalmatian toy dog for your family fun. The sensor responds to touch. Good autism toy. Play and chase on smooth surfaces, Harry keeps walking with Bump n Go feature.
3. Zoomer Interactive Puppy - Shadow Meet Shadow! Zoomer's best friend! With 2X the tricks, he can't wait to bark, talk, scoot around and play with you! Just like a real puppy, he loves to learn new tricks. Teach him to speak, sit, laydown, rollover, shake a paw and more! Shadow is so bright he understands your voice in English, Spanish and French.
4. Paw Patrol Action Pack Pup & Badge, Robo-Dog The Paw Patrol Action Pack Pup & Badge, Robo-Dog is a one of a kind pet robot dog that is always ready for some action. Watch his Paw Patrol skills come alive right before your eyes. Want to see him transform? Just press his badge and see his Pup Pack turn into wings for superior aerial combat. If you are looking for absolute protection against the bad guys, collect all of Paw Patrol's friends: Ryder, Rubble, Skye, and Everest to form your very own toy squad. Interestingly enough, Robo-Dog does not require batteries to work. Simply connect the USB cable when his battery is low and bring him back to his action-packed life.
5. Liberty Imports Smart Robot Dog Toy Dancing & Walking Cute Electronic Robot Dog Toy for Kids. BUMP & GO: Automatically Changes Direction After Bumping Into another object or wall. ACTIONS: Robot Dog Will Wag Its Head, Legs, & Tail and Dance to the Awesome Music. Multiple Moving Parts For A Realistic Motion. LIGHTS & SOUNDS: Head and Paws Light Up. Fun Music and Animal Sounds.
6. VTech Pull And Sing Push or pull the playful puppy using the cord to activate music while building gross motor skills. Three colorful buttons promote fine motor skill development in toddlers. Introduces numbers, colors and parts of the body, plays music and puppy sounds to promote language development in a playful way. Light-up nose flashes along with all voice, sound and musical responses to attract your little one's attention.
7. Sharper Image Duke He is ready to come home with you and play! Just like a real dog, he responds to commands, growls, yawns, snores, and displays a multitude of emotions. He barks and walks around, and his eyes light up with different colors to show how he's feeling. He even reacts when you pet his head! DUKE PERFORMS TRICKS ON VERBAL COMMAND: Communicate with Duke with a clear, commanding voice, and he responds just like a real dog! With deep vocal commands like Sit Down, Spin Around, Come Here, and more, Duke is excited to prove who is a good dog! He has eight different tricks for you to try, and he is always ready to play. He will even show different emotions depending on how he is feeling or the attention you are giving him. ANIMATED SNOUT, TAIL, AND LEGS: Duke the robo terrier is modeled after a real Boston Terrier! He can wag his tail happily, his mouth moves when he barks, and his stubby little legs propel him forward when you call him! LIGHT-UP LED EYES: Duke's eyes light up to show how he's feeling, and they change colors if he is bored, playful, affectionate, and more! They also change colors depending on if he's in bark mode or his secret talking mode. SECRET TALKING MODE: Duke hides a secret only you can unlock! If you give him his bone and use the secret command, he will start talking! Watch as all his tricks change while in talking mode. To hide his secret talking mode again, use another command and he will go back to bark mode like a "normal" dog.
8. WowWee Chippo Chippo the toughest of the pack - this black puppy with a gold doggy-bone collar wants to be your favorite watchdog. Pet Chippo's head for different reactions including sniffs, barks, puppy kisses, and even a sneeze! Use the matching remote control to make Chippo dance, sing, chase its tail, or tell it which way to roll. Chippies can explore your room, or guard it from intruders using their sensors. Chippies will sing together as a pack and can also interact with CHiP.
9. Joy For All Golden Pup Puppy-like movements and sounds: our companion pet acts just like a real puppy. State of the art: Our revolutionary barkback technology allows the puppy to respond to your voice. A rich experience: Designed to bring comfort, companionship and fun to aging loved ones. Award winning: Joy For All companion pets won the caregiver friendly award from today's caregiver. Ageless innovation is a global company devoted to developing fun and engaging products.
10. Bsmart Toys Intelligent Hi-Tech Wireless Robot Dog GET A FRIEND Live Pet that goes with you in many adventures, follow your commands. PROGRAMMABLE Dogs that challenge Kids to learn and develop skills. PERFECT GIFT PUP Dancing and Singing, Walking in any direction Interacting , Best party Companion. INFINITY Game Possibilities using imagination, ideas in a free e-Book. Are you looking for the ultimate gift to give your child an important event? If your answer is a resounding yes, then the Bsmart robot dog toy is the ultimate product. The toy eliminates any loneliness and keeps your child happy at all times. In addition to that, it is well-educated. Bsmart robot dog toy features a high technology that serves as an educational item for young kids. They are gender-neutral. As a result of that, they are great for both girls and boys. It is easy to use thanks to the wireless remote.
11. Zoomer Playful Pup, Responsive Robotic Dog Bring home a best friend that moves & sounds just like a real dog! With sophisticated voice recognition technology, Playful Pup responds to sound & touch with cute barks & adorable tricks! RESPONDS TO SOUND & TOUCH: Give your toy robot pet snuggles, cuddles & belly rubs and he will "woof" in delight! Give your new best friend a unique name to unlock new tricks & he will come when you call! TEACH PUPPY TRICKS: With voice recognition technology, this robotic dog learns more than 25 tricks by responding to voice commands. Train Playful Pup to lie down, shake a paw, beg, play dead and more! FUN & INTERACTIVE: With fuzzy ears, a floppy tongue & wiggly tail, Playful Pup is full of life & ready to play & scamper alongside you! He can bark, beg, wag his tail & respond to your voice & touch! TOP WISH LIST GIFT: Playful Pup makes an excellent gift for boys and girls age 5 and up.
12. Teksta Robotics - Teksta 360 Teksta 360 will bark or whine to let you know how he is feeling. If he is exceptionally happy he might even sing! Sound activated, clap your hands and Teksta 360 will execute a flawless back flip. Download the free app to play with Teksta 360 in augmented reality. Compatible with both Apple and Android, use your tablet device to play ball with Teksta 360, dress him in funny outfits and so much more! Although a more economical option, Teksta 360 sadly does not possess many of the features present in his costlier contemporaries lacking touch and motion sensors.
13. Teksta Robotics - Teksta Voice Recognition Puppy Teksta Voice Recognition Puppy recognises and understands voice commands. His futuristic design incorporates cute dog-like elements such as wiggling ears, a wagging tail and an adorable button nose. Expressive eye patterns show how he is feeling, train Teksta to stop, sit and flip with hand gesture control. What makes Teksta stand out is his ability to be programmed via a free, user-friendly App. Unlock hundreds of additional features and teach Teksta to dance or bark a song of your choice! A loyal companion to stay by your side for years to come.
14. FurReal Ricky, the Trick-Lovin' Interactive Plush Pet A Robot Dog You Can Feed and Clean Up After! Great for teaching kids the responsibility of pet ownership, Hasbro takes realism to a whole new level. Place Ricky's bone on his nose and watch as he performs his signature bone flipping trick! Ricky responds to both voice and touch with over 100 different sound and motion combinations. Pet his cheeks and he will respond with affectionate doggy licks, reach for his paw and he will shake hands. Teach Ricky tricks and reinforce good behaviour by feeding him treats. Remember owning a dog is not all fun and games, pet Ricky on his back and he will poop out the treats you feed him.
15. Hasbro Mio Pup This robot pet is designed to make playtime fun and interactive, bringing an authentic feel that's similar to that brought by a real dog. The Hasbro Mio Pup White / Pink can walk, talk, and communicate with his eyes, as well as play music. Images light up in the eyes to express moods like love, happiness, hunger and surprise. He is well equipped with four touch sensors which make him aware of when he is being petted. Give him attention, and he will be happier. This robot dog is a top quality and life-like model. If you are willing to spend that extra money for quality, this pup should be among your top choices. The solid build and amazing performance offered by this pet explains why he is priced at such a point.
16. Bandai Smart-Pet Robot Dog You can play with it Bandai Smart-pet robot body and iPhone or iPod Touch. Smart-Pet is the latest generation of pet robots. You can download a dedicated application from the app store for free. You can play with the dog using the touch panel operation. Recommended by the hand, called movement through the camera or microphone function , Do not touch the dog itself.Bandai Smart-Pet quite a lovely pet, you can use all the children aged 18 years and over.
17. Babrit Robot Dog This remote control pet is a bundle of fun. Wheels are incorporated in the feet, and this is thus not a lazy dog that will just sit there and play cute. It moves fast, forward and backward too. You can command the Babrit Remote Control Pet to roll on its back and immediately get up in one-swift motion. The dog can also bark, wiggle and last but not least, pee. You family will laugh endlessly, thanks to Babrit's wireless dog.
18. Underground Remote-Controlled K-9 Mark II The Underground Mark II is just an awesome option for a pet toy. It is worth every penny. You will be amazed by John Leasons' recorded sounds. The remote control in notably easy to use and you will find All recorded voices right from the controller. This robotic dog comes included with 9V batteries for the controller, as well as the K9 batteries. You will certainly appreciate the gift you will just have got for your kids.
19. Wappy Dog Nintendo DS-Activation The next evolution of virtual pets is here with us, thanks to the Nintendo DSTM family. The Wappy Dog is a beautiful toy puppy which interacts with the player via the Nintendo DSTM. It will engage your young gamers to raise their interactive puppy, in both real and virtual worlds. Your kids will be able to teach their virtual pet cool tricks, converse with it, and even play mini-games. They will communicate with Wappy through your Nintendo DSTM, and watch the dog react appropriately. In Travel Mode, your kids can interact with Wappy Dog inside Nintendo DS's virtual world.
20. Hasbro i-Dog Robotic Canine I-Dog is man's best friend. The Hasbro i-Dog is nourished exclusively on music. However, like all of us, it will appreciate some positive attention. This palm-sized robot dog grooves and moves to the rhythm of musical beats. For a robotic canine, i-Dog is remarkably expressive as it employs an entertaining assortment of head tilts, ear lifts, growls on flicking its tail, and even flashing lights. Just plug in i-Dog into a portable music device using the dual connector that comes included with the package. Watch it respond amazingly while the inbuilt speaker plays along. Your kids will enjoy this robot pet.
21. Westminster Chi-Chi Chihuahua The Chihuahua is a very popular breed of puppies and Westminster went straight for it. It is one of the best looking cuddly robot dog for your kids. The inside is made of plastic but the outside is coated with good quality fur that is almost life-like, making it best suited for the 5th position on our list. It acts like a real Chihuahua too. It can move its tail, nod its head and makes cute noises. Very suitable for kids above the age of 4. The fur is very soft and realistic. Movements are very real. It can nod, walk and even move its tail.
22. Contixo Puppy Smart Interactive Robot Pet This is the smart puppy designed by Contixo. It is responsive to voice and even touch and it also comes with an app. The app control is amazing and it is integrated with quality Bluetooth speakers. A rhythm feature is also added which makes the one of the best robotic puppies and 8th best choice on our list. It has a futuristic robot type look. If you just rub its chin, it will react. It is also susceptible to voice commands. An infrared motion sensor is also added. The app controlled features are amazing.
23. Dimple Wireless Remote Control Robot Puppy The Dimple's wireless toy robot is very responsive to voice commands. This hi-tech interactive puppy has a sleek design and with the help of the provided remote control you can operate this puppy even from 50 meter distances. This futuristic looking robot puppy is the last product on our list due to its conveniently accessible nature. It has an interesting design, the eyes are equipped with large LED lights which can turn into screen and display alphabets. Basically, this robot toy helps to educate your kid. It comes with a rechargeable battery. It can sing, 4 cute songs are included. It is designed with BPA free plastic. Comes with a remote control which can be used from 50 meter distance - very convenient.
24. Georgie - Interactive Plush Electronic Puppy Georgie is one of the most popular products in the best robot dog reviews shared online. This is not by coincidence. Its quality has given it an edge over some of the most popular products in this niche. Buy yours, for instance, to get a friendly and interactive dog that loves to snuggle. It will be your kid's best companion at home. It also responds well to voice command, which is plus. Kids can interact and play with it in many ways during their free time at home. Powered by a lithium-ion battery, it generates over 100 random behavior. In terms of looks, Georgie stands out from the crowd. Even though it is an electronic puppy, you can easily confuse it with a new one. Its size is accurate. The plush light brown cover that it has also stands out in many ways. Because of its smooth and soft luster, it is perfect for snuggling. It also has a charming design that you can clean effortlessly when it is dirty.
25. Biranco. RC Dog ROBOT DOG: It is fun for little girls or boys and also entertaining for older kids and teens. Interactive pup responds to wireless & gesture with cute barks & adorable tricks! REMOTE CONTROL: Walking, sliding, running forward, sliding backward, turn left, turn right, sit down, stand up and dance. All of actions can be controlled by controller. GESTURE MODE: It will be a cute little submissive to follow you and walk behind you. moves & sounds just like a real dog! You can use gesture to control the puppy to move forward and backward, turn left and right. This pet is a great toy for autism or autistic children and other kids and toddlers. ADVENTURE MODE: The puppy can avoid the object ahead and look for a path without obstacles. A fun maze game for Kids of all ages. Ensure the pup is fully charged before playing. STEM PROGRAM: Logic game and STEM toy that's one of the best gifts you can buy for boys and girls age 3 and up. There're 6 keys. You can program up to 30 actions as you like, then the dog will repeat what you programmed.
The US military recently decided that Google's Alpha Dog and Spot robots weren't ready for active duty, leaving the four legged robots with nothing to do. In the meantime, Google is doing with its battery-powered Spot robot what we probably would using it as a dog toy.
The company recently unleashed it on Cosmo, the terrier that reportedly belongs to Android co-founder and Playground Global boss Andy Rubin. The adorable result is that Cosmo, clearly the boss of this arrangement, sees the hapless robot as an existential threat that must be barked at and harangued - no butt-sniffing, luckily.
The model is reportedly the only one that's not in military hands, and there is no word on what Google's Boston Dynamics plans to do with it now. The military thought Spot could be a potential ground reconnaissance asset, but the problem is, Spot in its current configuration doesn't have the autonomy to do that. It would be shortsighted, of course, to think the robots need to be put to work right away. A lot of the self-balancing tech in Spot and its ability to take a kick, can already be found in the next-generation humanoid Atlas Robot.
Benny and Jet are the two robot dog henchmen from Kingsman: The Golden Circle. The two dogs were very complex models, and the amount of geometry required. The texture work included damage variations and multiple paint splatter versions for the Benny character. These guys were a blast to work on. Bennie is supporting antagonists of the Kingsman: The Golden Circle, along with Jet. They are killer robotic dogs created by Poppy Adams in her plot to take over the worldwide drug economy. Created by Poppy to enforce the Golden Circle, the two robotic dogs are programmed to execute any intruders coming to Poppyland, as well as killing other underlings either for her own amusement or if they failed her.
This was shown when Poppy sent Bennie and Jet to frighten Charles one of Poppy's underlings in a successful attempt to incite Angel (a new recruit) into killing Charles by sending him into a grinder, much to Poppy's delight. Poppy then uses Charles' meat to create a "Poppy Burger" and forced Angel to eat it to complete his initiation. During one of her private Elton John concerts with Charlie Hesketh, Poppy discovers that Elton John has been using her drugs with someone, as he has blue rashes. Elton is forced to reveal that it was Angel. Poppy then punishes Angel by sending Bennie and Jet to brutally kill him in front of a horrified Elton, though the dogs can't kill Elton John, as they are programmed to identify him as a "friend".
When Eggsy and Harry break into Poppyland after killing off Beauty-Bot and the remaining of Poppy's men, Harry breaks into the diner, where Poppy sends off Bennie and Jet to attack him. However, Elton comes to the rescue, allowing Harry to destroy both Bennie and Jet while Eggsy finishes off Charlie. Poppy would later join her robotic dogs in death after Eggsy and Harry inject her with a lethal dosage of heroin.
The New Zealand software company Rocos is training a Boston Dynamics-designed robot called Spot to work on farms to help relieve the strain of worker shortages, and create precision in farming. Rocos announced that it's partnering with Boston Dynamics to investigate how its robot dog could help out on farms.
The company is hoping Spot could provide real-time feedback as it navigates and scans rugged environments. By creating these maps, farmers could inspect yield estimates of their crops without having to go out. In fact, the task of operating the robot could be fulfilled by practically anybody, even if it means outsourcing to another country.
Whether it's a dog chasing after a ball or a horse jumping over obstacles, animals can effortlessly perform an incredibly rich repertoire of agile skills. Developing robots that are able to replicate these agile behaviors can open opportunities to deploy robots for sophisticated tasks in the real world. But designing controllers that enable legged robots to perform these agile behaviors can be a very challenging task.
Video of Laikago in action shows that the technique works - the robotic dog is able to walk and trot very much like a real dog and even simulates chasing its tail. But it also has some deficiencies compared to other advanced robotic animals, such as those from Boston Dynamics,which get their skills through programming, getting back on its feet after stumbling or tripping, for example, is still troublesome.
But the researchers at Google are undaunted, believing more research will lead to ever more lifelike behavior by their robots. While reinforcement learning (RL) is an approach often used for automating development of robotic skills, a number of technical hurdles remain and, in practice, there is still substantial manual overhead. Designing reward functions that lead to effective skills can itself require a great deal of expert insight, and often involves a lengthy reward tuning process for each desired skill. Furthermore, applying RL to legged robots requires not only efficient algorithms, but also mechanisms to enable the robots to remain safe and recover after falling, without frequent human assistance.
As capable as robots are, the original animals after which they tend to be designed are always much, much better. That's partly because it is difficult to learn how to walk like a dog directly from a dog, but this research from Google's AI labs make it considerably easier. The goal of this research, a collaboration with UC Berkeley, was to find a way to efficiently and automatically transfer "agile behaviors" like a light-footed trot or spin from their source - a good dog, to a quadrupedal robot. This sort of thing has been done before, but as the researchers' blog post points out, the established training process can often "require a great deal of expert insight, and often involves a lengthy reward tuning process for each desired skill. That does not scale well, naturally, but that manual tuning is necessary to make sure the animal's movements are approximated well by the robot. Even a very doglike robot is not actually a dog, and the way a dog moves may not be exactly the way the robot should, leading the latter to fall down, lock up or otherwise fail.
The Google AI project addresses this by adding a bit of controlled chaos to the normal order of things. Ordinarily, the dog's motions would be captured and key points like feet and joints would be carefully tracked. These points would be approximated to the robot's in a digital simulation, where a virtual version of the robot attempts to imitate the motions of the dog with its own, learning as it goes. So far, so good, but the real problem comes when you try to use the results of that simulation to control an actual robot. The real world is not a 2D plane with idealized friction rules and all that. Unfortunately, that means that uncorrected simulation-based gaits tend to walk a robot right into the ground. To prevent this, the researchers introduced an element of randomness to the physical parameters used in the simulation, making the virtual robot weigh more, or have weaker motors, or experience greater friction with the ground. This made the machine learning model describing how to walk have to account for all kinds of small variances and the complications they create down the line — and how to counteract them.
Learning to accommodate for that randomness made the learned walking method far more robust in the real world, leading to a passable imitation of the target dog walk, and even more complicated moves like turns and spins, without any manual intervention and only a little extra virtual training. Naturally manual tweaking could still be added to the mix if desired, but as it stands this is a large improvement over what could previously be done totally automatically. In another research project described in the same post, another set of researchers describe a robot teaching itself to walk on its own, but imbued with the intelligence to avoid walking outside its designated area and to pick itself up when it falls. With those basic skills baked in, the robot was able to amble around its training area continuously with no human intervention, learning quite respectable locomotion skills.
Boston Dynamics' dog-like robot, Spot, is being used in a park in Singapore to help encourage social distancing during the coronavirus pandemic. Spot, clearly, is no ordinary squirrel-chasing canine. It is an agile, four-legged, arrestingly doglike robot that Singapore has deployed to help enforce distancing measures during the second month of a partial coronavirus lockdown. Painted safety yellow, the color of construction vehicles, the robot is accompanied by a parks officer at the 150-acre Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park. Its recorded message reminds people to maintain social distance.
Cameras installed on its body will help estimate the number of visitors in the park, but officials said they cannot recognize individuals and won't collect any personal data. When Spot became available for lease last September, its first applications included inspecting construction sites and utility installations, cluttered environments dangerous for humans. It also got a three-month trial as an "observation device" on the Massachusetts State Police bomb squad. But as the COVID-19 pandemic forces societies to reconsider even routine human interactions: exercising in a park, weaving through a grocery aisle, getting your vitals checked at a hospital - machines are being pressed into a new range of tasks.