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DOG AND HORSE
DOGICA® 3D World of Dog & Puppy

DOG AND HORSE















DOG VS HORSE
















DOGS vs HORSES
Dogs and Horses
Dog vs Horse Anatomy
Equine Law: Dogs and Horses
Who is Stronger - Dog or Horse?
The Differences Between Horses and Dogs
Is a horse more intelligent than a dog?
Best Dog Breeds for Horses
Best Dog for Herding & Hunt
How to Introduce Dog to Horse
How to Handle Service Dogs & Horses
Dog & Horse Safe Relationships
Are horses and dogs related?
Are Horses Smarter Then Dogs?
Is a Horse Faster than a Greyhound?
Training Working Dogs & Horses
Dog vs Horse Race Costs
Dog and Horse Parasites
Miniature Guide Horses
Dog & Horse Fine Art
Dog & Horse Portraits
How to Handle Horse
Miniature Horse vs Dog
Dog and Horse Best Friends
Riding on Horses with Dogs
Dog & Horse Field Trials
Dogs & Horses Friendship
Dog & Horse Photos & Videos
Dog and Horse Play Together
Making a Barn Dog
Dog vs Horse Racing
Dogs Lead Horses
Horse Show Dogs
Dogs Ride Horses
Canine & Equine
Equistrine
Hound vs Horse
Dog vs Pony
Equestrian
Mini-Horse
Ivermectin


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PUPPY & HORSE LOVE




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DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
DOG AND HORSE:
THE FRIENDSHIP

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Lisa Munniksma
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Nina Fedrizzi

Yes, your canines and equines can learn to get along! Chances are if you are a horse person, you are also a dog person or at least have a collected a few of each over the years. For as long as horses have been filling our barns, plowing our fields, and carrying us from one place to another, there have been dogs to nip at their heels, lick them inappropriately, and drag them around by the lead rope.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE FRIENDSHIP
DOG & HORSE VIDEO


Here are 10 reasons why this timeless, inter-species friendship will always work. In nature, dogs and horses would not be pals. It's through domestication and humans' sometimes unreasonable wishes that they are asked to coexist in today's barnyards. With effort from the human handler, a dog can learn that horses are not to be chased, stalked or barked at. It's that effort, though, that so many people struggle with. If you own equines and canines, and are coping with compatibility issues, here are some training tips to help everyone in the barn get along.

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
1. They like to do the same things.
Rolling in dirt, getting treats, and chewing on everything but the actual toys you buy for them, these two never run out of things in common. And much much more!

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
2. Dogs have natural ability as riders.
Incredible, four-legged balance and great feel, plus they nail their distances every time.

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
3. They won the West together.
Guarding the homestead, pulling the wagons, kicking it around the campfire. And hey, those cattle were not going to wrangle themselves. You can not take this truth from the history.

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
4. Both agree there's no time like the present for a quick game of tug of war.
Style points if the dog is still alive at the end.

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
5. They make great training partners.
Double bonus style points if the dog is still alive at the end.

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
6. They share the same sense of style.
Plaid is fierce on every body type.

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
7. Their love of blood sport goes way back.
Historical evidences show that horses & dogs were always surviving together, and the human was just feeding them...

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
8. They help each other
with those hard to reach spots.

Because it is all about good hygiene.

DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP, DOG VS HORSE - BEST FRIENDS
9. They both know that sometimes, the grass really is greener on the other side of the fence.

You never know until you try, right?








DOG AND HORSE, DOG & HORSE INTELLIGENCE: IS HORSE SMARTER THEN A DOG?
DOG & HORSE:
INTELLIGENCE:
WHO IS SMARTER?

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Dogs and horses have very different kinds of intelligence, and so how you rate it depends on how you rate those relative skills. Direct comparison of intelligence across species doesn't work well, because there is no single standard of what "smart" means across differently evolved animals. Asking if horses and dogs are equally smart, then, doesn't really make much sense. The horses used more visual and tactile signals with the uninformed than the informed caretaker. Horses possess some cognitive basis for this ability of understanding others' knowledge state in social communication with humans.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG & HORSE INTELLIGENCE: IS HORSE SMARTER THEN A DOG?

As a human dealing with horses, the first thing to recognise is that horses never make the same mistake that dogs do: they never think you are another horse. You must approach your relationship with a horse on the basis that you deal with this animal as something that:

Does not share their life, nor is something they wish to share their lives with

Will form only a tiny fraction of their waking moments, and will see you as primarily a problem, to be solved, rarther than another soul to be reasoned with.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG & HORSE INTELLIGENCE: IS HORSE SMARTER THEN A DOG?

In fact, the animal with as near a match, intelligence-wise, to the horse, is probably the elephant - for many of the same reasons. A herd of horses, or elephants, is visibly not like a herd of bison, for example: in the wild, both horses and elephants exist in fairly small, familial groups, of related individuals, consisting of leaders, and specialists, and both tend to move in irregular annual migratory patterns over wide territories, to follow seasonal supplies of water and vegetation. As such, like Elephants, horses display the kind of intelligence that focuses on memorising things. This allows certain members of the group to specialise in knowing where the water holes are, and crossing points of rivers, in a given region, say - and as such, herd hierarchies are amenable to quick, and temporary, delegation of leadership roles. The overall behaviour of the herd is highly influenced by its membership.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG & HORSE INTELLIGENCE: IS HORSE SMARTER THEN A DOG?

For most of the history of horse domestication, we have assumed that communications between humans and horses was unidirectional. Horses that have known where gates and pathways were, long before I did, for example, because they had taken that route, previously, by other riders. My own horse - who was moved away from his original home district for nearly eight years, to another part of the country, while I worked there was returned home, but to a new part of his original district, several miles from his former home, but displayed - on his first outing from his new yard - the point at which he knew he was going back to his new place, by quickening his step and striding out more firmly for the last five miles, or so.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG & HORSE INTELLIGENCE: IS HORSE SMARTER THEN A DOG?

He had mapped where the new yards was, within a landscape whose landmarks he already recognised. Such things are unremarkable to horses, because they have evolved to it. Like elephants, horses display an almost obsessive love of learning. This is why they are so amenable to human taming: we teach them what to do, and they love us for it. As far as the horse is concerned, by learning what to do, they gain the kind of control over their world that they can appreciate.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG & HORSE INTELLIGENCE: IS HORSE SMARTER THEN A DOG?

Horses aren't terribly interested in why. If a horse displays curiosity, it is usually because he or she wants to know what will happen, in a given situation, and learn what he or she should do about it. Horses watch each other all the time, and a horse can see another horse doing something to get a reward, and may almost instantly become ready to copy that action. In fact, horses express themselves so much through motion, that I personally suspect that one horse watching another one move, almost senses what it feels like, to move like that, as they watch it. It is an empathy that does not require reason - they convey their emotions to one another by moving in an emotive way, so that any horse seeing it, automatically experiences some of the same emotional state: a condition akin to the one in which humans respond to song.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG & HORSE INTELLIGENCE: IS HORSE SMARTER THEN A DOG?

Above all else, they are passive thinkers, and love nothing more than a positive feedback loop, that can be reproduced, reliably, again and again, to produce the same good outcome. A good horseman or horsewoman, seeks to be the focus of just such a positive feedback loop. So, you cannot teach an old dog new tricks, but raw learning never stops, for horses, however old they get, and memories never vanish. Together with other recent research showing that horses can use symbols to communicate with humans, this new study tells us that horses think carefully about what's going on around them.








DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE, DOG & HORSE
DOG & HORSE

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Some dogs have never seen a horse before, and if they are scared or nervous they may react by chasing the horse. This can cause problems for the horse, the rider, other members of the public and the dog. Blue Cross has teamed up with the British Horse Society and the National Police Chiefs' Council to offer advice on how to avoid this troublesome situation...

DOG vs HORSE VIDEO

​You are required by law to make sure your dog does not become dangerously out of control !

DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE FRIENDSHIP
Why Dogs Chase?
Domestic dogs are decended from a predatory species that hunts other animals for food.

Dogs were bred to do different things and will have instinctive behaviour traits, some stronger than others. Knowing about your dog's breed may help you to understand how they could react in certain situations, including being around a horse for the first time.

Today, most dogs are kept as pets, but their chasing and hunting instincts may still be present.

Some dogs will have never seen a horse before and they will react with a mixture of fear, curiosity or nervousness which could result in aggression or chasing.

Dogs may see the horse and want to play - the horse is unlikely to understand this!

DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE
DOG's POINT OF VIEW
"I may be scared or nervous of seeing a horse and react by investigating or chasing."

Why Dogs Chase?
Domestic dogs are decended from a predatory species that hunts other animals for food.

Dogs were bred to do different things and will have instinctive behaviour traits, some stronger than others. Knowing about your dog's breed may help you to understand how they could react in certain situations, including being around a horse for the first time.

Today, most dogs are kept as pets, but their chasing and hunting instincts may still be present.

Some dogs will have never seen a horse before and they will react with a mixture of fear, curiosity or nervousness which could result in aggression or chasing.

Dogs may see the horse and want to play - the horse is unlikely to understand this!

DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE
10 Ways to Avoid a Chase Situation
Socialise and try to train your dog to be calm in the presence of horses from an early age so they are not a scary or exciting thing to come across.

Ensure you have your dog under close control and train a reliable recall.

If you do not have a sound recall, please keep them on a lead.

If you see a horse approaching, call your dog to you and keep as still as possible in a visible but safe place.

If you see a rider approaching quickly, make yourself visible so they can slow to a walk before they pass you.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE

Wear hi-viz or bright coloured top, it's the safe thing to do generally, and riders can see you and react at an earlier opportunity.

Encourage your dog not to bark at passing horses. Rewarding calm behaviour can help reinforce that staying still around horses is a good thing.

Once horses have passed you, keep your dog under close control.

If there is public access through a field of horses, only enter if your dog is walking calmly on a lead. Remember that inquisitive horses may approach you and your dog.

DOG VS HORSE
HORSE's POINT
OF VIEW

"If a dog runs towards me in play or aggression I may run away. This might cause problems for me, my rider, other members of the public or your dog."

Why do horses run?
What are the potential consequences?

The horse was a prey animal for many large carnivores, such as the wolf.

To survive, they run from any threat of attack. This is often referred to as "flight" instinct.

A horse's natural survival instinct is strong and a rider has little influence over this.

A bolting horse presents very real danger for other members of the public present and can also entice a dog into a chase situation.

If the area is not enclosed the horse may run onto a busy road and be hit by a car or other vehicle.

The dog may chase the horse onto the road and also be hit by a car.

DOG VS HORSE

The rider may fall off and injure themselves if the horse moves quickly sideways or kicks out.

The horse may kick out at the dog - as many horses have steel shoes on their hooves, these can do some serious damage to a dog.

A horse may not react any differently to an approach from a muzzled dog or even a friendly dog - they do not know they cannot be bitten.

DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE
10 Ways to Avoid a Chase Situation
Socialise and try to train your horse with dogs so they do not react to their presence.

Keep your horse as calm as possible when passing dogs.

Always slow to a walk to pass dogs, and communicate with the dog owner at the earliest opportunity. They may not have seen you - particularly if you are approaching from behind.

Give dogs that appear nervous a wide berth so they do not feel threatened.

Wear hi-viz equipment so dog owners can see you as soon as possible and take control of their dog.

If riding in a group, go past in single file at a walk.

Always thank dog owners who keep control and allow you to pass them safely.

Do not shout or wave arms around.

If necessary, stop to allow an excited dog to be caught.

Stop and speak to each other.

You have more in common than you think!








DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSE
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
DOGS AND HORSES

This article is proudly presented by
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Victoria Stilwell

Horses are prey animals with a deep herding instinct. They are highly sensitive to their environment, hyper aware and ready to take flight if needed. Just like dogs, some horses are more confident than others, but just like dogs, all need a confident handler to teach them what to do. Some horses are highly reactive and can be spooked by the smallest things as are dogs, while others are more able to deal with change and novelty.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSE

The fact that dogs are predators and horses are prey should not define how we treat them. For far too long, horses have been trained using harsh methods and unfortunately the trend still continues - as it does in the dog training world. These days, however, there are more and more people training horses with less punishment and producing more successful, confident and predictable animals as a result. There are horse people who believe you have to be leader of the herd and others who say you don't.

DOG AND HORSE

Sound familiar? How many dog trainers still spout outdated and flawed pack leader theory? Being a pack or herd leader seems to suggest that these animals view us as their own kind rather than some strange, confusing two legged species. I think both dogs and horses are much smarter than people give them credit. I do believe we have to be leaders but that means we should not place ourselves as part of their herds or packs but rather as humans that teach and guide these animals while they navigate the challenges they face living so closely alongside us.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSE

Another distinction between horses and dogs that became clear to me once again was that while dogs have been domesticated, horses have been tamed. This is an important element to consider when comparing our relationships with each species, because the difference between domestication and taming is profound. As I wound my way up a steep and rocky path past rattlesnakes and prickly cacti, I had to work hard to convince my horse to keep moving at a decent pace and keep up with our guide.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSE

As far as Uno the horse was concerned, there was nothing particularly beneficial for him to do what I was asking him to do - it was all for me. Coming from the dog world where we strive to make our dogs' lives better for their sake as well as our own through daily decisions both big and small, it was somewhat conflicting to realize that most of what I was asking the horse to do was mostly for my own benefit. Sure, the horses on the Tanque Verde ranch and countless others just like it love to run, they relish and need the exercise we gave them and they are far better off than their equine predecessors of just a generation or two ago. But if he had had his own choice, I am pretty sure Uno would have preferred to avoid the trails I was asking him to traverse.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSEDIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSE

Compare this to a similarly common dog activity: the daily walk. There are plenty of similarities - giving mental and physical stimulation, but there is also an element of relationship-based bonding that goes on during a good walk with your dog where it's time equally well-spent for both parties. We get a lot out of it, but we also want the dog to have the ability to make her own ideally correct choices. In general, horses have less of a say in what they want to do and must follow our wishes pretty closely, while more of the choices we make with our dogs seem to be based on what's best for them.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSE

Obviously we still develop relationships with our horses and develop deep understandings of one another despite our differences as species, but I think it's fair to say that on average, dog owners have "closer relationships" with their dogs than horse owners might with their horses. I am not saying either of these approaches is better than the other. Indeed, when you consider the difference between domesticating dogs as our companions and that the species slowly continues to move away from its original intention as working animals, and taming horses so that they can help us work and play, we are probably more or less on target with what should be expected.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSE

Like dogs, each horse is unique - an individual with its own personality. Each horse needs a confident and fair handler, one that can be assertive without being overly harsh and can guide and direct the horse into doing what is needed of it. Like dogs, horses have had a profound influence on humankind, and without the horse, the struggle for human survival would have been a lot harder. It's interesting to me that man owes much of his success to both species.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DOG AND HORSE

Without horses, plowing our fields, traveling from place to place, conquering new lands and fighting our wars would have been much harder. Without dogs, protecting our homes, livestock and our fields would have been impossible. Both species have influenced our culture more than any other species on the planet and both, regardless of what humans believe, deserve the utmost respect for surviving alongside humans, the most dangerous, complex and inconsistent species on earth.








DOG AND HORSE SAFE RELATIONSHIPS
DOG & EQUESTRIAN
SAFE RELATIONSHIPS

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Like dogs, horses need socialization with each other. They spend time together, form friendships, walk together, play together and even kiss each other at times. In seasons when there are a lot a flies, horses will stand side-by-side, face to rear-end, with the aim of shooing flies off one another's faces with their tails! How cute is that?!

DOG AND HORSE SAFE RELATIONSHIPS

Other friends horses have are sheep and donkeys. Typically a horse stays for long times of the day in their boxes at the stable. A sheep or a donkey will keep them company, as they are quiet like them. This helps them not feel lonely. And they do get along really well. Horse riders who have dogs will probably relate to this. When a rider takes their horse for a ride in the desert, say in the area of the Pyramids or Sakara, there is a very high probability of meeting a pack of dogs.

DOG AND HORSE

According to Corinne Reuse, riding instructor at Sunset Stable, a rider in the desert could bump into 20 dogs sometimes! Stray dogs being a bit territorial, will bark loudly, and this can sometimes scare the horse. When a horse gets scared or uncomfortable, that's where danger can start, as they can kick, they can bite, and they will be extremely unpredictable. Interesting fact, your dog will be capable of giving your horse assurance and protection in this case!

DOG AND HORSE, DOG VS HORSE FRIENDSHIP
DOG & HORSE:
BEST FRIENDS VIDEO!


If a rider goes on a horse ride, and their dog comes along, given that the horse and the dog are already familiar with each other, the dog will actually take responsibility to act as the protector of the rider and the horse. Their instinct will tell them to take the lead and walk in front of the horse, protecting them and guarding them as they walk. The horse will understand that and will actually appreciate their furry buddy looking out for them! It's difficult to find a horse owner who doesn't also live with at least one dog. Horses and dogs are a natural combination. If you love horses, chances are you love dogs, too. Although dogs and horses can often become great friends, danger is inherent whenever these two species come together. The sheer size of a horse, combined with its nature as a prey animal, can mean trouble for even the mellowest dog.

DOG AND HORSE SAFE RELATIONSHIPS

Likewise, dogs can pose a great danger to horses as well. In order to keep your dog safe around horses, it's important to remember that horses are often afraid of dogs, and will kick, bite or strike to defend themselves. A well-placed kick from a horse can cause severe injury or death. Conversely, a dog can cause damage to a horse by biting it, chasing it or scaring it to the point where the horse injures itself trying to escape. Before allowing your dog to be around horses, follow these precautions:

DOG AND HORSE SAFE RELATIONSHIPS

Train your dog. Provide your dog with basic training so he will respect your authority when in the presence of a horse. Teach him that horses are not to be chased or barked at. This is especially important if the horse is being ridden.

Use a leash. When your dog first meets a horse, keep him on leash so you can control his reaction. Do not allow him off leash until you are certain he will not harass the horse.

Teach respect. If your dog has no fear of horses, teach him to stay away from the horse's legs. Some dogs are so comfortable around horses, they can get underfoot and be stepped on. A healthy fear of horses is a good thing for a dog.

Gauge the horse. Before allowing your dog to approach a horse, get a sense of the horse's reaction to your dog. Determine if the horse seems undisturbed head and neck are level with the rest of the body, the eye is calm, muscles relaxed - before allowing your dog anywhere near the horse. If the horse is tense, with his head raised and nostrils flaring, or is being ridden, keep your dog away.

Watch for pack mentality.
Your dog may ignore horses when he's alone, but could become harassing when in the company of a more aggressive dog. If another dog is present, determine whether this dog might be a bad influence on your normally well-behaved canine.

Discourage play. Horses and dogs sometimes like to play together, but this should be discouraged. Horses may find it fun to have a dog run alongside them when they are galloping through a field, but a playful kick from the horse can prove fatal to the dog. This behavior also encourages aggression on the part of the dog, and should not be permitted.

Supervise your dog. Never take for granted that your dog is safe around horses. Always keep a close watch on him whenever a horse is nearby.

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DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY
MINIATURE GUIDE HORSE
VS SERVICE GUIDE DOG

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Miniature horses have become increasingly popular in recent years, from horse enthusiasts and pet owners to people with disabilities in need of a guide animal. Their friendly, calm personalities, long lifespans, and of course their tiny size make them excellent companion animals. Any horse that is shorter than 14.2 hands, or 58 inches tall at the withers, is considered a pony.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY

Miniature horses are usually 34-38 inches tall, which puts them squarely in the pony category. However, miniature horses are considered by many enthusiasts to be a distinct breed of horse - like the Falabella, for instance and one that keeps more of the horse body type and proportions. A guide horse is an experimental mobility option for blind people who do not wish to or cannot use a guide dog.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY

They are provided by The Guide Horse Foundation, founded in 1999 to provide miniature horses as assistance animals to blind users living in rural environments. There are several perceived advantages to using a horse rather than a dog. Miniature horses, with an average lifespan of thirty years, live much longer than dogs, and for those allergic to or frightened of dogs, a horse could make a good alternative. However, while a dog can adapt to many different home situations, a horse must live outdoors, requiring a shelter and room to move about when not on duty. Guide horse users may also find difficulty in transporting a miniature horse on limited-spaced public transportation, such as on buses or taxis. Some individuals also are concerned that a horse's powerful fight-or-flight instinct may lead it to have less predictable behavior than that of a guide dog.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY

Horses normally live to be 25 - 35 years old. On average, miniature horses may live one-third longer than large horses. Miniature horses chosen for guide horse training weigh approximately 55-100 pounds. Their sight is very important, because they act as their visually impaired handler's eyes. Horses generally possess excellent vision. With eyes placed on the sides of their heads, they possess nearly 350 degree vision, are sensitive to motion in their field of vision, and often detect a potential hazard before their sighted trainers. Horses also have excellent night vision and can see clearly in almost total darkness.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY
The Purpose
The Guide Horse Foundation has had exceptional interest from the following types of people:

Horse lovers - Blind people who have grown up with horses and understand equine behavior and care are ideal candidates.

Allergenic people - Many people who are severely allergic to traditional guide animals and find horses a non-allergenic alternative for mobility.

Mature Individuals - Many people report difficulty dealing with the grief of losing their animals, and horses tend to live far longer than traditional guides.

Physically Disabled folks - Because of their docile nature, Guide Horses are easier to handle for individuals with physical disabilities. They are also strong enough to provide support, helping the handler to rise from their chair.

Dog Phobia - Individuals who fear dogs are often comfortable working with a tiny horse.

Outdoor Animal - Many individuals prefer a guide animal that does not have to live in the house when off duty.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY
History
In 1998, while on a horseback ride in New York City, Janet and Don Burleson of Kittrell, North Carolina, noticed how their horses were able to sense on their own when to cross the street. Janet recalled watching a blind rider compete in horse shows where "the woman gave the horse directions, and it took her around the obstacles and the other horses in the class. It was serving as her guide and that was something I'd never forgotten." She wondered if a miniature horse could be trained as a guide animal for the blind. Janet had trained Arabian show horses for 30 years and was familiar with equine behavior. But her urban experience changed her view of the behavior exhibited by one of their pet miniature horses, "Twinkie," on their farm back home. The animal often followed the Burlesons around like a dog, and rode in the back of their minivan. From these experiences, they began training miniature horses to be seeing eye horses. Their first trainee was Twinkie.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY

From that start, the Burlesons developed a rigorous training program for miniature horses that was similar to a guide dog's, adding systematic desensitization training, similar to that given horses used for riot control. There were setbacks - the first time they took a miniature horse to the grocery store, it grabbed a Snickers bar off the shelf. The goal was to train these small horses to meet all requirements to become a guide animal for the blind. One of the first people to use a guide horse was Dan Shaw. At age 17, he was diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa, an incurable eye disease that deteriorates vision over time. In 1998 he attended a school for the blind to learn basic skills, such as how to read Braille. On March 6, 2002, he flew to Raleigh, North Carolina, and met Cuddles for the first time. After some introductory work, Janet Burleson sent Shaw and Cuddles into a crowded store where the aisles were jammed with merchandise, and they successfully navigated the store.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY
Guide Horse Training
The process of training a guide horse is rigorous and takes about eight months for each horse. Initially, the horse is trained in basic lead work, in which the horse is taught to move at the speed that the handler commands and to navigate common obstacles. Next, the horse is trained in voice command recognition, and taught to respond to 23 voice commands. The horse is then taught to maneuver around both stationary and moving obstacles. After this, the horse is trained to signal to the handler when there is a step or ramp. Finally, the horse is housebroken, generally an easy process because of horses' natural aversion to depositing fecal waste indoors. Intelligent disobedience is a crucial part of the training of the guide horse, as the horse must be able to disregard any commands that would be unsafe to the horse and the handler.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY
THE REASONS
There are many compelling reasons to use miniature horses as guide animals. Horses are natural guide animals and have been guiding humans for centuries. In nature, horses have been shown to possess a natural guide instinct. When another horse goes blind in a herd, a sighted horse accepts responsibility for the welfare of the blind horse and guides it with the herd. With humans, many blind people ride horses in equestrian competitions. Some blind people ride alone on trails for many miles, completely relying on the horse to guide them safely to their destination. Through history, Cavalry horses have been known to guide their injured rider to safety. The Guide Horse Foundation finds several characteristics of horses that make them suitable to guide the blind:

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY

Long Lifespan - Miniature Horses can live to be more than 50 years old, with the average lifespan being 30-40 years. According to guide dog trainers, guide dogs have a useful life between 8-12 years.

Cost Effective - Training a guide dog can cost up to $60,000, according to the Guide Dog Users national advocacy group. According to Lighthouse International, there are more than 1.3 million legally blind people in the USA, yet only 7,000 guide animal users. Hence, a Guide Horse could be more cost-effective and ensure that more blind people receive a guide animal.

Better acceptance - Many guide dog users report problems getting access to public places because their dog is perceived as a pet. Most people do not associate a horse as a pet, and Guide Horse users report that they are immediately recognized as a working service animal.

Calm Nature - Trained horses are extremely calm in chaotic situations. Cavalry horses have proven that horses can remain calm even in the extreme heat of battle. Police horses are an excellent example of well trained horses that deal with stressful situations. Guide Horses undergo the same systematic desensitization training that is given to riot-control horses.

Great Memory - Horses possess phenomenal memories. A horse will naturally remember a dangerous situation decades after the occurrence.

Excellent Vision - Because horses have eyes on the sides of their heads, they have a very wide range of vision, with a range of nearly 350 degrees. Horses are the only guide animals capable of independent eye movement and they can track potential danger with each eye. Horses can see clearly in almost total darkness.

Focused Demeanor - Trained horses are very focused on their work and are not easily distracted. Horses are not addicted to human attention and normally do not get excited when petted or groomed.

Safety Conscious - Naturally safety oriented, horses are constantly on the lookout for danger. All horses have a natural propensity to guide their master along the safest most efficient route, and demonstrate excellent judgment in obstacle avoidance training.

High Stamina - Hearty and robust, a properly conditioned Guide Horse can easily travel many miles in a single outing.

Good Manners - Guide Horses are very clean and can be housebroken. Horses do not get fleas and only shed twice per year. Horses are not addicted to human affection and will stand quietly when on duty.

DOG AND MINIATURE GUIDE SERVICE HORSE, DOG VS MINIATURE HORSE, DOG & PONY

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HOW TO CHOOSE A BEST DOG FOR HERDING, WORKING, RIDING ON HORSE
HOW TO CHOOSE
A BEST DOG FOR HORSE

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Horse people want dogs for different reasons: companionship, protection and sporting competition are just a few. Because of this, it's difficult to generalize what breed or what dog characteristics are the right match for horse owners.

HOW TO CHOOSE A BEST DOG FOR HERDING, WORKING, RIDING ON HORSE

American Kennel Club (AKC) spokesperson Lisa Peterson offers a few suggestions for equine-compatible large dog breeds and small dog breeds:

Labrador Retriever, the AKC's No. 1 breed for the past 16 years.

Dogs that were originally bred to work with horses, such as the American Fox Hound and English Fox Hound.

Small hunting dog, such as the Beagle.

Schipperke, popular in the 1970s among the hunter and jumper crowds.

Herding dogs: Border Collie, Pembroke Welsh Corgi and Cardigan Corgi.

German Shepherds, which are intelligent, easily trained and loyal.

Terriers: Parson Russell Terrier, formerly known as the Jack Russell, Norwich Terrier, Cairn Terrier and Fox Terrier.

HOW TO CHOOSE A BEST DOG FOR HERDING, WORKING, RIDING ON HORSE
DESIRABLE DOG CHARACTERISTICS
If the breed is less important than the dog's individual characteristics, a few desirable traits include:

Small dogs tend to make better buddies with horses. These dogs don't seem to be quite the threat as a Labrador or a German Shepherd. It depends on the individual animal.

You want a dog that is a naturally active breed.

In the area of grooming, you want a dog that doesn't have a lot of long, flowing hair, in which shavings and hay can get tangled.

HOW TO CHOOSE A BEST DOG FOR HERDING, WORKING, RIDING ON HORSE

Some dogs have higher prey instincts than others. A lower prey drive is better for dogs that will be around horses. Hunting and herding dogs like the Labrador Retriever, Border Collie, German Shepherd and Australian Shepherd are examples of breeds with high prey drive, but these are really common "horse" dogs, which goes to prove that even a dog with high prey drive can be managed and his attention redirected.

HOW TO CHOOSE A BEST DOG FOR HERDING, WORKING, RIDING ON HORSE
BEST DOG BREED GROUPS
FOR HORSES


The Herding Breeds are smart and easy to train, and being around large animals is part of their heritage. The important thing is to make sure they don't try to herd the horses, unless that is what you ask. For instance, some horse owners use dogs to herd horses into trailers.

Sporting Breeds such as retrievers and pointers are often used for hunting on horseback. They too are intelligent and easily trained and make excellent riding companions.

Hounds are more independent and may range out on their own, but they have a lot of stamina. They generally have a laid-back temperament that makes them good around horses. A sight hound will enjoy the opportunity to stretch his legs and gallop along with the horse - at least for a while.

Working Dogs - like the herding and sporting dogs, working breeds such as Doberman Pinschers and Standard or Giant Schnauzers take well to training and have the temperament to get along with horses.

Among the Non-Sporting Dogs are Dalmatians, the gold standard horse dog. The Dalmatian's history as a coach and firehouse dog give him a longstanding affiliation with horses, and the Dalmatian Club of America even offers road work titles that test the dog's ability to trot alongside horses for long distances. Other non-sporting breeds that might do well around horses are Miniature and Standard Poodles.

Terriers are high-energy dogs and aren't the easiest to train. Nonetheless, Fox Terriers and Jack Russell Terriers are frequently found in the company of horses and can make good riding companions.

Even Toy Dog Breeds have been known to fare well around horses. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are often associated with horses, and one rider reports that her Pekingese often goes trail riding with her. If the dog get tired, it rides in her lap.








HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP
HOW TO INTRODUCE
A DOG TO A HORSE

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The best approach is to introduce a horse and a dog gradually. You also, as the owner of both, must already have established a trusting relationship with both of them. In other words, your dog and your horse, each should already have a strong bond with you and trust you. It's better to introduce your horse to a trained dog, who can be controlled with basic obedience commands such as Come, Down, Sit, Stay, etc. This will make it easier to calm your nervous horse, and keep your dog under control.

A Dog's First Encounter
When introducing a "green" dog to horses, experts say you need to begin, well, at the beginning. The first between species meeting is going to set the tone for the relationship. Pick a horse that's dog savvy for the first meeting. Use horses that won't react to a dog's barking or behaving nervously.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

The idea is similar to pairing a green rider with a seasoned horse at least one of them knows the drill. If you can do this exercise while the dog is still a puppy, the introduction will probably go much smoother because a puppy has fewer negative behaviors to unteach. Introductions of any kind should start with the dog on a leash.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

Using the head collar will can control the dog very easily and very gently. The last thing you want is for your dog to get hurt or feel pain by means of inhumane restraint. He will associate that pain with meeting the horse, and this will become a negative experience. Having the dog under your control is essential because horses are obviously flight animals, unlike a dog that's a social animal.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

You are going to have a dog coming up to a horse faster than a horse will approach the dog. You don't want the dog approaching too quickly and spooking the horse, as the dog can feed off that energy and kick into predatory mode, so start from a distance first. "Lots of treats, lots of play, lots of petting to pair good associations with the horse.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

As the dog shows you signs that he's OK with a horse 30 feet away, slowly get closer. When the dog and horse are finally face to face, let them sniff each other. Dogs base much of their judgment on smell, so they need time to know what to make of this large, looming animal. Don't let the dog spend too much time sniffing at first. Dogs will often get scared of something they are not sure of and start barking or get aggressive.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

So, let him sniff the horse, then call the dog away, give more treats, praise and play, and go back for another short meeting. If you keep the dog busy, you won't give him time to get scared. If there is the slightest sign of fear or aggression from the dog, increase your distance, keep up the positive association, and try again. If the dog does react negatively, it's important not to punish him. Yelling and punishment can be confusing to a dog, and he will only associate that with the overall experience. Instead, find opportunities to use positive reinforcement and try to pay close attention to your dog's attitude so you can stop a negative reaction before it starts.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP
The Individuality
Do you have both a horse and a dog? Wouldn't it be wonderful if they got along well so you could bring your dog to the barn if allowed and hit the trails with both your furry companions? It can be done, but given that horses and dogs are naturally antagonistic species - one is prey and one is predator - you may need to put in some time to make it all work. Luckily, both species are social and can extend their relationships outside their own species, most notably to human beings. Horses have a good reputation for developing buddy relationships with a variety of species other than their own. And so dogs. Everything depends on the individual personality.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP
The Sociality
How social are they? - The more "social" each animal is, the more likely they are to successfully acclimate to one another. It depends on genetic potential as well as early experiences. Genetically, some dogs are more inclined to chasing or herding livestock, while others may be more placid. Herding dogs in particular - border collies, Australian cattle dogs, are born with an innate desire to control moving things.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

For these breeds, you may need to use a leash to control access to your horse for a longer period than you would with, say, a Bernese mountain dog. Small dogs such as pugs and hunting breeds such as retrievers are often naturally uninterested in livestock, so less inclined to chase or nip. Horses and dogs share similar peak socialization periods during which novel experiences are most easily accepted.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

This is about three to 16 weeks of age in dogs and four to 12 weeks for horses. Exposure to other species during this socialization period can be extremely beneficial for increasing the animal's acceptance of alternate species as companions. All these factors can play into the length of time it takes for interactions to become relaxed and friendly.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP
Puppy in The House
If you are starting with a new puppy, just carrying him up to a friendly horse and letting them sniff one another is a great start. Take your pup with you to the barn and let him watch you interact with your horse from the safety of a kennel or someone's lap, or have a friend hold the leash while offering the pup treats for good behavior. This will not only make introductions less dramatic, but will reduce the chances of the dog developing a desire to chase the horse.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

It also reduces the likelihood of injury to the pup as he bumbles about between the horse's feet. The latter could result not only in a hefty vet bill, but also a traumatized puppy that will forever mistrust horses and may act out fearfully or aggressively in self defence. It can also be extremely unnerving for the horse. Similarly, horses that became familiar with dogs at a young age will be much more tolerant of new dogs.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

Even the presence of barn cats can help horses perceive other predatory animals as non-threatening. The more they have been exposed in a positive way to novel stimuli, the more likely they are to maximize their genetic potential to be accepting of new experiences, particularly those related to those experiences.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP
A Dog with a Past
Not everyone brings a dog home as a puppy. If you are considering getting an adult dog from a shelter, his past is probably a mystery. If horses are an important part of your life, the dog you bring home needs to be compatible with them. Before bringing a dog home permanently, We'd want to make sure that dog was good with horses and also it would be like if you have kids and you get a shelter dog, you are not going to get one that's not good with kids. Many shelters will let you take the dog for a trial period. That's a good time to try the introduction exercise with him. Get to know the signs and the expressions of your dog and your horse. If you see a problem, stop right then and try to introduce them slowly. If you are unsure about fear or aggression signs that you need to watch for, ask for assistance from a trainer, veterinarian or behaviorist.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP
Working with Problem Horses
Sometimes it's not the dog that needs to be slowly introduced to the horse. If there's a bad canine experience ingrained in a horse's brain, he will need a careful reintroduction to dogs. The process is similar to the dog's first meeting with a horse. You want to be sure the dog you choose for the reintroduction is not going to react to the horse's nervousness. Start again with the dog on the leash some distance from the horse. Have someone else working with the horse, by feeding treats, grooming, or doing something else that the horse enjoys. This is called operant conditioning.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

You cannot use food exclusively as a reward past the first 15-20 minutes of training because they become pushy around food. The dog should only approach as the horse remains relaxed. When they are face to face, it's as important for the horse to sniff the dog and vice-versa. Keep the dog away from the horse's back legs, and keep an eye on both animals' body language to gauge whether the situation is about to turn bad. The dog's temperament is critical! At this point, if the horse spooks or has a negative reaction, and then the dog reacts negatively, you have to start all over.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP
Controlling
the Environment

So, You have brought home a dog that turns out to not be OK with horses. Or maybe you got a dog as a puppy but did everything wrong, so now you can't trust the dog around the barn. These things happen. You don't have to get rid of the dog, you just have to control his environment. Dogs are naturally inquisitive and will often chase something that runs, including horses. This might be a predatory behavior, or the dog just might be having fun. Either way, you can use certain types of pasture fence to keep out roaming dogs. If your dog is only a problem during feeding time, feed the horses in the barn with the doors closed so the dog can't enter. If the dog nips at a horse's heels as you are leading, keep the dog in the house, in a kennel or on a tie-out line while you are turning out. Herding "is a behavior that's instinctively bred into some dogs, but you can train a dog not to herd the horses through behavior modification, long-time horse person and American Kennel Club (AKC) spokesperson. Give the dog another job at the barn.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

Make sure the dog has enough activity so that he doesn't invent behaviors on his own. If you board your horses make sure that when you bring your dog to the barn, you are following barn rules. Just because your horse is OK with dogs, you shouldn't assume that other people's horses are, too. A lot of people love to go to the barn and let their dogs run loose. You really need to supervise the dog to make sure he doesn't roam, get into a fight with neighboring dogs, or frighten a young horse. A little bit of effort on your part can go a long way toward having peace in the barnyard between your horses and dogs.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP
Training is the Key!
If you are introducing adult animals, both will require some basic but reliable skills so you can manage them effectively and prevent problems from arising. This is even more crucial if you are performing the introductions by yourself. Your horse should be able to stand quietly, back up on command and be responsive to lead pressure. Your dog should be able to sit and hold that position for several moments, and have a solid come-when-called. Ideally, you will have also taught him a "leave it" cue so that the dog happily ignores things - horses, barn cats, feed, etc., when asked.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

Fido should also be able to walk on a leash without frantically pulling. In the beginning, you will have your dog on leash most of the time, but a tight leash is not only frustrating for the dog, but the added excitement it creates can be disturbing to the horse. These skills should be fluent in more places than just your living room or backyard before you take your dog to the barn. The smallest and oldest dogs are not ever allowed loose with the horses. "It's just too easy for them to get hurt."

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

Leash manners are important too. Keep him at a distance and "under threshold" - the spot where he is aware of the horse but is calm and not overly interested. You can move closer if you see that both animals are neither nervous nor overly excited. Feeding small treats to either animal, can add positive associations.

HOW TO INTRODUCE A DOG TO HORSE - DOG AND HORSE FRIENDSHIP

If you have any concerns that your dog or horse will be frightened and act out, make sure you have a helper to assist in the introductions. Take things slowly and watch for signs of anxiety or over-arousal in either animal. It is far better to err on the side of caution and end up with a peaceful relationship than to problem-solve after a negative experience.








DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE & MANUAL, HOW TO TRAIN WORKING SERVICE DOG & HORSE
HOW TO TRAIN
DOG & HORSE:
TRAINING GUIDE

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There's nothing better for the inside of a man than the outside of a horse...

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE & MANUAL, HOW TO TRAIN WORKING SERVICE DOG & HORSE

Are training dogs and horses the same?
NO! Horses and dogs have different mental systems of learning process. Neither are better than the other. Dogs like commands and authority. Horses like to be met equally and to have a dialogue. Dogs are often under disciplined, while horses are often over disciplined. Dogs are extremely expressive, which makes them very relatable and easy to train. Horses are less expressive, but are extremely sensitive and precise.

1) Horses are huge.

2) Muscle is worthless.

3) Your head will spin.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE
THE DOGS
Dogs work off a command system of positive and negative, reinforcement. Give a dog a command and reward them if they do it correctly. Of course, these commands can be complex, but essentially, it's a command and response. Dogs are very fast thinkers, and are very expressive, which makes it easier to see when and how they respond. This is why people relate to dogs so easily, and what makes them relatively easy to train. Disciplining a dog is rather easy. It's a simple "No!" or other negative signal. Just one act, whatever that may be, and then you move on. A lot of dogs, though, are not disciplined enough. That may sound harsh, but I see many dogs that are wanting more authority, and simply need to be shown clear boundaries.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE

Dogs are also sensitive to voice. You talk to a dog in a angry voice, and they will respond to that in a different way than a nice voice. You also give your commands to a dog through your voice. Dogs also are extremely loyal, and form a strong bond with their primary trainer or owner. This is why we love dogs. They are friendly and loving. They are more fearless than horses because they are hunting animals, rather than prey. Dogs love authority. A nervous dog is one who feels like it has to protect the family because it has not been given it's place in the "family pack". Dogs don't like feeling like they have to be the alpha in the family pack, so it comforts them if their owners take that dominant position.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE

The dog can then relax, knowing that the alpha of the family pack will protect and provide for the pack. This is a key role in dog safety, as well. A dog that feels like it has to defend it's "pack" is a dog that is more inclined to bite or show aggression. Dogs do have deep memories, and will show aggression if abused in the past, of course, but proper training will make any dog 100% more safe. A dog wants you to be their alpha in the pack. All authority comes from you so that your dog can be a dog, and not a protector and decision maker.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE
...AND THE HORSES
Horses, on the other hand, work off of a dialogue of pressure or "feel" rather than a string of commands. Basically, it's how much "energy" you are putting out to the horse. This is why people say that horses know when you are scared. The horse doesn't actually comprehend the idea of you being nervous, but they can feel, and respond to, the tension in your body that even you don't know is there.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE

How this works is this: horses are extremely sensitive to touch. If they can feel a fly on their hair, that's all the more pressure you need to use to get them to do something. They can feel and see you breath when you are in or out the saddle, and know when you turn your head in the slightest. Understanding and seeing that work, and then seeing people kick the shit out of their horses is really unnerving to me.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING

There should be a constant stream of fast-acting and quiet communication between you and the horse. Horses constantly look for this dialogue, and when they can't find it, they simply guess about what you want them to do. Often they get reprimanded for it because it's interpreted by the rider as bad behavior. It's more like a kid misunderstanding the question of "2+2". He thought you said "4+7" so he answered 11.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING

That kid then gets a failing grade for giving the wrong answer. A horse that bucks, bites and kicks is a horse that is so incredibly frustrated and confused that he sees no other way of expressing it or he's in incredible pain. Horses are astoundingly patient animals, but they can reach their limits, or be worn down by years of misuse - even by kind and well-meaning people.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE

Horses are extremely fast thinkers - faster than dogs even, but are very quiet about it. They are not very expressive in the way we see expressiveness. When you present something to a horse, the average rider probably won't see their response until an actual movement of feet or the head. The reality is that the horse already responded a long time ago. Learning how to see those nearly invisible responses takes time and disciplined dedication. The fact that the average person can't see these responses leads folks to think that horses are sort of dopey, and just need a strong hand to get them to obey. This is not true..

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING

Like dogs, horses like to have authority over them, but in a different way. Horses want to be met equally by their rider - they want to know that you are there to support them. In essence they think, "Do you support my idea?" When there isn't a good connection of feel between the horse and rider, the horse thinks, "No? Well, I guess I better try something different. Maybe it will work this time." And then when the horse get's disciplined for doing something wrong they are all like, "Well what the hoo ha!? I am trying my best here! What do you want??" When a dose horse decide to disobey - even when they know what you want, it becomes more like an argument, instead of a singular signal.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING

This "arguing" can take minutes of time, and you have to know how to dialogue back and forth. In many cases, though, horses have become desensitized to feel due to people disciplining them in the wrong way, and become stubborn and hard-minded. These horses are the ones that you do have to kick and pull on. They simply have never had a person tell them, "Hey, I know you are smart, and I want to meet you at your level." But man, oh man. When you do get that connection of feel, and you meet your horse equally, the amount of precision you can achieve is astounding.

DOG AND HORSE SAFE RELATIONSHIPS
The Dog and Horse:
Training Connection

Horses and dogs have always been a must in my life, and it's clear that the many members of the equine community feel the same. Horse people are quite often also dog people. One of the biggest similarities between dogs and horses is the importance of nonverbal communication and patience. With horses, you know you can't force a 1,000-pound animal to willingly walk through a gate. You have to make it the desirable option. While all dogs weigh considerably less than a horse, you can still teach them to do things without sheer strength. It's about patience and choices. It's all about how you ask them to do things. Remember the importance of body language and eye contact.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE, HOW TO TRAIN WORKING SERVICE DOG & HORSE

If you are looking at the ground while on your horse, he is not going to willingly move forward. Look up, and your horse will become willing. It's the same with your dog. If you are staring at the ground and you want him to chase after a ball - look at the ball! Not all aspects of training dogs and horses are the same. For one thing, my biggest aids on my horse are my hands, seat, legs and voice. My voice is an aid for my dog, but my hands, seat and legs are not. You are not sitting on my dog when I ask him to turn left. You are not using outside leg pressure to ask him to come around the table and sit at your feet.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE, HOW TO TRAIN WORKING SERVICE DOG & HORSE

The reward program is also slightly different. When working with dogs, you need to decide what motivates them. Is it treats? Toys? Praise? With horses, you might teach small tricks with treats, but praise is the most common reward for doing things right, along with a release of pressure. No matter what you are training for, make sure it is an attainable goal and that you set up the situation for success. For both dogs and horses, you need to take things one step at a time.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE, HOW TO TRAIN WORKING SERVICE DOG & HORSE

For example, when you start a horse over fences, you start with ground poles in a safe, controlled environment. When you start teaching a dog how to stay, you do it in a contained, safe space where there are not too many distractions. As your horse gets more confident with a ground pole, you can move to a small crossrail, and as your dog gets better at the stay command, you can increase the distance between you two and increase the amount of time you ask him to wait. But, remember - Dog isn't a Horse. Soft body language and patience have powers in all animals. Celebrate small victories and don't rush the training process. Animal training is a rewarding experience. He can run a pretty fast agility course, too.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE, HOW TO TRAIN WORKING SERVICE DOG & HORSE
A Horse Walks
into a Bar...

Contrary to what you might expect, when a service miniature horse walks into your restaurant, he belongs there. Miniature horses have been service animals for almost 20 years, by the estimations of the Guide Horse Foundation. Some disabled individuals are allergic to the dander in dogs' hair, and they have turned to another four-legged animal who is smart and easy to train. Since miniature horses require a great deal of maintenance - they need to eat and be outside more often, there are few of them. Yet they do live for 30 years, and so in that way they are perceived as more cost-effective. They are also stronger than most dogs, allowing them to pull a wheelchair when needed.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING GUIDE, HOW TO TRAIN WORKING SERVICE DOG & HORSE
How to Handle
a Service Miniature Horse
in a Restaurant

Like service dogs, horses must be housebroken and behaving properly. They must also be miniature, with a height ranging from 24 to 34 inches and a weight between 70 and 100 pounds. A mini-horse might stir up attention in your restaurant, so keep cool in such moments and do not pet the horse. The animal's owner must remain your top priority.

DOG AND HORSE TRAINING
CHECK THE EXPERIENCE
OF DOG & HORSE TRAINING
BY KERRY STACK
WWW.DARWINDOGS.ORG









RIDING ON HORSES WITH THE DOGS
RIDING WITH DOGS

This article is proudly presented by
WWW.HORSECHANNEL.COM
and
Kim Campbell Thornton

Growing up, I spent most of my summer days riding in our pasture, often accompanied by Sugar and Ranger, our two German Shepherds. Sometimes the boy next door would join us, and on one such occasion we came across some of his family's cattle that had strayed through a break in the fence. We rode toward them to herd them back home. Sugar and Ranger's herding instincts kicked in, and they helped round them up.

RIDING ON HORSES WITH THE DOGS

From cowdogs to coach dogs, the canine species has a long history of interacting with horses and people. Dogs of all kinds take part in activities such as fox hunting, herding, road trials and trail rides, all of which bring them in contact with horses. Certain breeds - Corgis, Dalmatians, Fox Terriers, Jack Russell Terriers seem to have a special affinity for horses, but just about any dog can learn to safely accompany horses, and most horses can become accustomed to the presence of dogs.

RIDING ON HORSES WITH THE DOGS
Ride-along Requirements
The qualities a dog needs are physical and mental soundness, a calm and quiet demeanor around livestock, and the ability to respond to commands from an owner on horseback. Also take into account the dog's personality. Some dogs are more dependent than others on being with people. They never run ahead to follow a scent or chase a rabbit. This type of dog is easy to ride with, although that's not to say you can't train a more independent minded dog to be your trail companion. A horse should be calm enough not to spook at the sight of a dog appearing out of brush or tall grass and shouldn't be a kicker, for the safety of a dog following along behind it. Consider your horse's experience level as well as your relationship with him. Does he have a sensible attitude? Is he easily controlled? Has he encountered a variety of different situations and reacted with little or no spooking? Are the two of you in tune with each other? Before horse and dog encounter each other, your dog should readily respond to the commands sit, down, stay and come. Voice control is a must - you shouldn't have to repeat commands before the dog obeys, and he should be trustworthy off leash. Take him to an obedience class and work with him frequently at home until he's letter-perfect. Then he is ready to accompany you to the barn while you sre doing chores.

RIDING ON HORSES WITH THE DOGS
Good Dogs
Remind your dog not to get too close and to stay out from underfoot yours and the horse's. The time together also allows your horse to get used to the dog. This is a good time to start teaching the command get out used in herding, which tells the dog to move out farther and wider. This command will come in handy on rides when the dog gets too close. Another useful command is down, which your dog should be willing to perform even at a distance. You may need to use it if the dog is heading toward something dangerous or if you simply want him to wait until you catch up. Work with a dog trainer or herding expert to teach these commands. The next step is to practice obedience exercises in a pasture or other safe area. The practice sessions will help your dog feel comfortable being so close to the horse and will accustom the horse to watching out for the dog so he doesn't step on him. Teach the dog to sit on leash while you mount and not to cross in front of the horse when he's moving. If you live or ride in an area where it's not safe to let the dog off leash, use a long lead or a longe line and teach the dog to stay on your left.

RIDING ON HORSES WITH THE DOGS
Safety is Serious
Take some precautions to ensure the well-being of both of your animals. These safety measures include making sure the line is long enough so the horse doesn't step on the dog, and anticipating situations that could spook or excite the animals and cause dog and horse to become entangled. Encounters with livestock - especially if you are riding with a herding dog, other dogs or wildlife are all potentially spooky situations. Naturally, you can't predict when such things will occur, but you should have a plan in mind so you can react quickly. Practice telling your dog to sit or down unexpectedly, so that he learns to respond instantly. Ranchers may have no compunction about shooting dogs that harass livestock, so your dog's willingness to follow orders can mean the difference between life and death.

RIDING ON HORSES WITH THE DOGS

Even if you are comfortable letting your dog accompany you off leash, preferably in an off-road area, you will still want to be able to keep track of him, especially if you are riding in high grass or if your dog likes to explore on his own. Attach a small cowbell to the dog's collar, and you will be able to hear him from a distance. Call him back regularly so you know he is all right. Returning to your signal is good practice for him, and it is just good sense to have a dog that comes when you call, no matter what.

RIDING ON HORSES WITH THE DOGS

Under most circumstances, dogs can accompany horse and rider without any problems. Injuries or even the dog's death can occur, though, if the situation gets out of hand. Dogs can die or suffer fractured skulls, broken ribs or legs after a kick from a horse. Almost always this is a dog "