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DOG FLEA & TICK
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DOG FLEA and TICK
Dog Parasites: Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Metods and remedies for dogs of all breeds
Dog Tick Control, Removal & Treatment
Collars, Shampoes & Medicine
How to Remove Tick, Flea & Mite
Frontline, Advantage, Advantix, Advocate
How to Prevent & Control Dog Tick, Flea & Mite
Dog Demodex


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Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
DOG FLEA and TICK

DOG FLEA and TICK

DOG FLEA and TICK

DOG FLEA and TICK

DOG PARASITES CONTROL & REMOVAL

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DOG FLEA and TICK
DOG PARASITES
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dog and puppy infograms, infographics - PRESS TO SEE IN FULL SIZE!

Fleas are approximately 2.5 mm in length. Their bodies are flat and without wings. Their six legs are long and assist them in jumping great distances.

Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks

Meeting with the mite or flea can occur anywhere on the walk - in a park in the yard, in the woods, on the boulevard in the city, in short, wherever there is vegetation.

Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks

Species of ticks in nature very much. But life threatening dogs are tongs family iksoidnyh (pasture).

Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks

These ticks are vectors of viral, bacterial and other diseases that are dangerous not only for dogs but for humans. Parasites come in many sizes, shapes and levels of "severity" for our pets. This collection of parasites are those commonly found on dogs and other species, sometimes affecting humans.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Fleas
They make pets' lives miserable, and humans begin to itch just at the thought of them. Vets are often asked what pill, drug, dip, collar, or shampoo works the best to get rid of these persistent parasites. The answer is there is no single method or insecticide that will completely eradicate or at least control, a flea problem.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Heartworm
Heartworm disease is caused by a parasite that lives mainly in the blood vessels of the lung and in the heart, transmitted by mosquitoes. Heartworm disease has been seen in several species, but dogs are very susceptible. It can be fatal and is difficult to treat, but fortunately heartworm disease is easy to prevent.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Ear Mites
Ear mites are tiny parasites that live out their life cycle mostly inside the ear canal. They are quite common, and can cause severe irritation and itchiness of the ears. The most common ear mite of cats and dogs is Otodectes cynotis, and therefore an infestation with ear mites is sometimes called "otodectic mange."


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Demodex Mite
Demodex mites are microscopic normal inhabitants of dog skin. In a healthy animal, the mites are few in number and do not cause skin problems. In some cases though, the mites can take over, leading to a condition commonly called "mange" or demodicosis. Learn about the types of mange and various treatment options for this skin parasite.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Cheyletiella Mites
Cheyletiella are mites that live on the skin, causing irritation, dandruff, and itchiness. A distinguishing feature of this mite species are the large, claw-like mouth parts. These mites can be found quite commonly on cats, dogs and rabbits, and other species. Though humans are not a natural host for this parasite, Cheyletiella mites can happily live on humans for a while, causing an itchy rash.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Babesia Protosoa
Babesia infections occur in dogs and other species, and are transmitted mainly by ticks. Babesia are protozoal parasites that attack blood cells, though the severity of illness varies considerably depending on the species of Babesia involved, as well as the immune response of the infected dog. A dog bite tick that carries Babesia - protozoan parasites of blood, ill babesiosis (more commonly called - piroplasmosis). These protozoa are developing in erythrocytes. Babesia multiplies very rapidly, and eventually eat up to 50% of red blood cells, blood can not carry out their functions, and the dog dies in 98% of cases of infection.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Cuterebra Parasite
A Cuterebra parasite is an opportunistic parasite found under the skin of small mammals. This parasite is the larval stage of the Cuterebra fly, who uses animal hosts to complete its life cycle. This parasite most commonly seen in summer and fall. Cuterebra fly species are also known as botflies, and they are opportunistic in that they use the small mammals (dogs, cats, rabbits, squirrels, etc.) to complete their life cycle. The adult files are large and do not feed on or bite animals. Eggs are deposited around animal burrows and on plants, rocks and other objects. The eggs stick on the animal host as the host passes by, and then the eggs hatch in response to the body heat of the animal. The hatched larvae enter the body through the mouth or nose during grooming, or less commonly, through an open wound in the animal.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Ehrlichia
Ehrlichia is tick bourne Bacterial Disease. It's a type of bacteria that infect dogs and other species worldwide, causing a disease called ehrlichiosis. Ehrlichiosis has also been called tropical canine pancytopenia (and several other names). Ehrlichia is commonly transmitted by ticks.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Giardia
Giardia is a one-celled protozoan parasite that lives in the intestinal tract of many animals. When this parasite produces a diarrheal disease in animals, it is called Giardiasis. Giardia lives in the intestine of infected dogs, cats, cows, humans and other animals. Giardia can be found in two forms. The active form is motile (swims around) and is called a trophozoite. The inactive form is called a cyst. The cyst has a "shell" to protect it and can survive outside the body.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Hookworm
Hookworms are small, thin worms that are less than an inch long. Hookworms are intestinal parasites that are common in dogs. There are three species of hookworms that affect dogs, and some can also affect humans by migrating through the skin.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Whipworm
Whipworms are intestinal parasites that are relatively common in dogs, but only occasionally seen in cats. Whipworms are small worms, reaching a maximum size of 2-3 inches. They have a thin, whip-like front end and a thicker back end. They attach themselves to the walls of the large intestine, feeding on blood.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Ringworm
Technically not a parasite, Ringworm derives its name from the classic red, round "worm like" lesion seen on human skin that is infected. Ringworm is a fungus that may or may not create clinical signs in animals, but may spread from animals to humans, creating the classic lesion.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
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Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
FLEA & TICKS

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Fleas and ticks. Ticks and fleas. They go together like birds and bees, but they're actually very different. To protect your dog from both of these parasites it's important that you understand the differences between them. Here are some of the differences that separate these parasites.

Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks








Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
FLEA & TICK SYMPTOMS
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Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Symptoms
that a dog has Fleas, Mites or Ticks:


Crusty rash around ears.

Dark, waxy or crusty ear discharge.

Hair loss from excessive scratching.

Head shaking.

Large blood blisters around ears.

Patches of scaliness.

Scratching.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
How would I know if my dog has fleas or mites?
A dog that is sensitive (allergic) to flea bites will show typical signs of intense skin irritation with self-inflicted sores and hair loss - especially along the back by the tail head. The adult fleas are small but are visible to the naked eye and may be seen moving quickly over the skin.

dog and puppy infograms, infographics

The characteristic comma-shaped droppings may be seen - if in doubt comb the dog's skin so these droppings fall onto a wet white surface and they will dissolve to give a red colour. Some people can become sensitised to flea bites, so if a family member suffers from the typical red sores, it is likely there are fleas present in the environment. Dogs that are not allergic to the flea saliva may carry fleas without scratching or showing the typical skin sores. These can be a source of infestation in a multi-pet household.








Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
HOW TO REMOVE THE TICK
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There are many ideas about the best way to remove a tick, one of the most common tricks being to light a match, blow it out, and put the hot tip on the tick to make the tick "angry" enough to back out on its own. The truth is, this can actually make things worse for you and the tick, injecting more foreign material into you (or your pet) from the tick. Early removal of the tick is very important. Find out how to check for and remove ticks safely in this how to.

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REMOVING THE TICK
Use latex exam gloves to examine your pet for ticks. Examine using good lighting.

Check your pet daily for ticks by thoroughly feeling for any lumps under the hair. Pay close attention to ears, around face, eyes, legs, and belly.

Ticks will range in size from the size of a sesame seed to the size of a fingernail engorged.

When is tick is found embedded in the skin, use a fine pointed tweezers or tick remover tool at the point of attachment, and grasp the tick head firmly and as close to the skin as possible. Remember to wear latex gloves when doing this.

Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks

Using slow, steady, and firm traction, pull the tick straight out from the skin. Some tools, such as the Tick Twister, recommend a circular twist motion while pulling.

It is critical to NOT squeeze the tick body at any time this can inject more potential pathogens in to you or your pet while the tick is embedded. Cleanse the skin with mild soap and water.

If a small part of the tick breaks off, you can try to remove it as you would a splinter, but it is probably best to leave it alone. The body will "eject" it in time.

Place the tick in a jar of alcohol, noting the date, in case of future illness. Tick identification and location of tick infestation will be important.

Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
Tips:
Do NOT use a match or caustic materials to try to smother the tick or get the tick to "back out". This doesn't work, and may be causing the tick to regurgitate more saliva (and potential pathogens) into the skin. Same goes for "smothering" the tick with petroleum jelly or similar material.

Never try to burn, smother, or otherwise get a tick to "back out." Also, do not attempt to remove a tick with your fingers. These methods do not work and can cause the tick to regurgitate more potential pathogens into the dog's skin.

Talk to your vet about effective tick control (spray, powder, spot-on, or collar) for your pet.

Check pet daily, especially in the spring when ticks are most common.

But if after 3-7 days incubation period, the dog being a little bit changed - urgently need to contact your veterinarian. If you have noticed at least some of these symptoms: sudden weakness, loss of appetite, most of the time the dog is, quickens the heartbeat and respiration, temperature over 39.5 degrees, vomiting, diarrhea, fetid smell from the mouth, urine and feces become red, - run to the doctor for microscopic examination of blood smears.

The treatment is strictly individual, but always very serious, with a dropper. Recovered from the animals become sterile immunity, and fell ill again, barely on the mend, after the third bite is possible, even death. After treatment, the dog most often suffers from disorders of the liver for life.

Today the market has a lot of protective equipment in the form of sprays, collars and drops to the withers. The composition of any form of any protective agent is the active ingredient and a filler, in which the active ingredient is dissolved this. Drops of different sprays concentration of active ingredient, while the collars and the active substance and the solvent is plotted on a synthetic basis.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks

REMOVING THE MITE
Skin mites (mange) is more common in dogs then cats. There are two kinds of mange, Demodectic - Demodex or Red Mange, and Sarcoptic (scabies). The Sarcoptic mites burrow into the skin, and the Demodectic mites live in hair follicles. Both mites cause intense itching, hair loss, and crusting of the skin. Sarcoptic mange is highly contagious between dogs, and a dog that has this should be immediately separated from other pets in the household.

How do I determine if my pet has mites? Mites cannot be seen by the human eye. However, hair loss, dry patches of skin, crusted areas on your pets body are clues that they could be suffering from mites. A vet can only determine if your pet has mites by performing a skin scraping. This procedure does not hurt your pet. The vet will take a skin sample and look under a microscope to see if indeed your pet has mites.

Step 1: You will need a flea/tick comb, protective gloves, Defendex shampoo - 100% natural and safe shampoo, Neem Oil, and wash tub.

Step 2: Place your dog in a wash tub, and put on protective gloves. Wet your dog thoroughly, and using the flea/tick comb, separate your pets fur. Using the Defendex Shampoo, massage thoroughly into your pets skin, leaving on the dog for 10 minutes, avoid eye area, thoroughly rinse with warm water.

Step 3: Blend a 1/2 cup of Neem Oil and one gallon of warm water. Using a sponge, massage into pet's skin for five minutes. Allow to air dry. Repeat every 2 to 3 days until mites are gone. You may use pure Neem Oil directly onto the skin on the affected areas. Always avoid your pet's eye area.

Step 4: Continue to treat your dog with Defendex shampoo to soothe the skin over the next few weeks. Wash any bedding or blankets used by your pet with the Defendex shampoo in hot water and dry on high heat. You may also wipe down any crates your pet may use with Defendex shampoo as well.

Step 5: Revisit your vet to have another skin scraping done on your pet to determine if the mites are gone.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
REMOVING THE FLEAS
An external parasite, fleas use their mouth to attach themselves to their host, sucking their blood to survive. Contrary to popular belief, fleas do not have wings, but are able to move and jump very quickly. Fleas cause intense itching and inflamed skin, and can transmit infectious disease to humans.

How do I determine if my pet has fleas? Separate their fur by using a flea/tick comb, examine the back of their neck and tailbone area first. If you see dark spots on your pets skin, this is flea dirt (also known as flea feces), your pet may have fleas. If you see movement on your pets skin, this too could be fleas.

Step 1: You will need a flea/tick comb, protective gloves, Defendex shampoo (100% natural and safe shampoo), triple antibiotic ointment, wash tub, bowl with dish detergent, vinegar, and baking soda.

Step 2: Place your pet in a wash tub, and put protective gloves on. Start by combing your pet with the special flea comb; as the comb pulls fleas out of the fur, place them in the bowl you have prepared with the dish detergent (this will kill the fleas).

Step 3: After you have combed through your pet, bathing with Defendex shampoo will help soothe their irritated skin caused by the flea's saliva. Depending on the severity, it will be important to repeat Step 2 for about 6 weeks, as adult fleas lay eggs that hatch every 7-10 days. Bathing your pet once or twice a week may be needed to help the skin.

Step 4:Use Triple Antibiotic Ointment where needed on severe lesions

Step 5: Discuss Flea Prevention with your vet

Step 6: Decontaminating your home and yard is next. Fleas live in everything, leaves, grass, wood, blankets, rugs, bedding, crates, and many other areas. Use baking soda (work into the fibers) on rugs, and furniture, prior to vacuuming. Washing blankets and bedding in hot water and drying on high heat will be required once a week until the fleas are gone. Next, a good yard clean up will be important, removing debris, and dead leaves will help disturb the fleas habitat.

Besides using Defendex shampoo, here are some other tips for natural remedies to help your pet ward off any fleas. Using a mixture of vinegar and water, spray the areas where your pet lives indoors and outdoors. Also, add a small amount of fresh garlic to your pet's food to help repel fleas, the garlic is unappealing to the fleas with brewer's yeast.

DOG FLEAS,MITES and TICKS








Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
NATURAL HOME FLEA & TICK REMEDIES
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Dog Fleas, Mites and TicksDog Fleas, Mites and Ticks
A Clean Home is a Happy Home !
Around the house, laundering pet beds and furniture covers, and vacuuming and disinfecting the floors - not just around your pet's living spaces but all over - will help to control the population of fleas (just make sure you do not use products with volatile organic compounds). Always dump the bag or cannister of the vacuum, since fleas can continue to live inside the container.

Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks

A lot of people are reluctant to use chemical flea treatments because of the possibility of a toxic reaction with the skin. "If it isn't safe for my children, how can it be safe for my pet?" they ask. Unless it is a full blown flea infestation, you may have good results by using gentler and safer methods for flea eradication and control.

Natural prevention also entails checking your dog regularly (ideally after every time she's been outside) for fleas and ticks. Combing her over a white surface helps if/when fleas fall you will easily see them. Make sure to remove ticks entirely when you find them.


Dog Fleas, Mites and Ticks

Here are some natural methods for keeping your dog flea and tick free in the spring and summer:

Vacuuming / Cleaning
Vacuum cleaners collect fleas from carpets, floors and dark shaded places underneath the furniture. If you're facing a flea infestation, don't forget to dispose of your vacuum bags, or preferably use water based vacuum cleaners that immediately drown fleas. If you have a bagless vacuum system, make sure to immediately splash all the dust (and fleas) with water, as you can expect the vacuumed fleas to attempt escape as soon as you open your vacuum cleaner. If the flea infestation is out of proportions, you might want to invest in a professional carpet cleaning service.


Bathing / Washing
Keeping your dog and the environment it's in clean is the best job you can do. Soapy water will get rid of fleas, and regularly washing beyour dog's bedding sleeps will eliminate flea eggs and larvae.


Grooming / Combing
Dead dog hair gives birth to mats, which are a breeding ground for fleas and a hiding spot for ticks. Some breeds require more grooming than others, but regular combing is always the key. Fine flea combs are a great tool that can be used daily, and any fleas caught should be drowned in soapy water. Combing your dog will also allow you to see what's going on closer to the skin, hence you'll be able to spot ticks that might had just started their supper.


Keeping your dog healthy and strong
Strong immune system in pets and humans keeps insects away, as they prefer to attack weaker, more sensitive animals.


Coconut oil rub
Coconut oil is truly one of nature's greatest gifts. Amazingly enough, this oil can be given to your pets to improve their overall health. In its pure, unprocessed state it contains lauric acid, which acts as a natural flea repellent, so only but pure organic, unprocessed coconut oil. Rubbing only half a tablespoon of oil on your doggy's fur will reduce body odor, improve coat shine, and act as a flea, tick or mite repellent. When ingested, coconut oil has natural antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral properties and helps expel or kill intestinal parasites. Also, another one of my absolute favorites.


Oranges, lemons and grapefruit
Place orange, lemon and grapefruit peels in a blender and puree it. Boil some water and add it to the puree until you obtain a soft paste. Let it cool and rub onto your dog's fur. It'll make your pet smell wonderfully, and it's an excellent natural flea repellent. Citrus is a natural flea repellent. Slice a lemon (score and leave the peel on) and pour 1 cup of boiling water over it. Let sit overnight this water can then be sprayed on your dog. This will kill fleas and temporarily prevent new ones from taking up residence on your dog.


Brewer's yeast and garlic
Along with ACV, this is another one of my favorite combos. Apparently, fleas dislike the taste of garlic and brewer's yeast. A few years back I used to prepare homemade doggy biscuits and treats for my dogs, and I'd always add garlic. I never recall having any problems with fleas back them. Thinking back on it now, due to time constraints I stopped doing that some time ago, and I've had to fight fleas much harder ever since. But I was back to using this magical mix just at the beginning of summer, and I can say that my dog's have been flea and tick free, even after daily walks in a nearby park and forest.

1tbs of brewer's yeast or natural yeast for a 50-pound (23kg) dog and a few cloves of garlic, or garlic powder added to food. Naturally, adjust the amounts for smaller / bigger dogs. Too much garlic can cause anemia in dogs, so as with everything, balance is the key.


Mint infusion
Mix the following ingredients:
2 lemons (squeezed into juice)
10 tsp apple cider vinegar
10 mint leaves
Warm water

Leave it to sit overnight, strain and place into a squirt bottle. Spray onto your dog.


Cloves and camphor spray
33oz (1 liter) ethanol or pure alcohol
3 camphor rock crystals
3 dried cloves
1 cup of apple cider vinegar

Mix the camphor crystals in alcohol until they fully dissolve. Add cloves and ACV. Pour the mixture into a squirt bottle and spray it onto the animal's fur, protecting its eyes and mouth. Let it sit for 2 hours, and then rinse out with water.


Wash your dog with organic rose bar soap
Washing your dog with rose soap is a natural way to repel fleas invading its body, and it will leave your dog's hair super soft. Rose bar soaps are usually easily accessible and a great low cost solution.


Wash your dog with organic peppermint soap
Organic peppermint soap should contain a fair amount of peppermint essential oil. This oil is deadly for insects like fleas and ticks, since it causes the insect's nervous system to break down. It also smells wonderfully.


Bathe your pet in a natural, herbal shampoo
Use an herbal shampoo that contains a combination of pine cedar, bergamot, rosemary, lavender, eucalyptus, citronella, juniper or geranium.


Dry pennyroyal (not as essential oil)
Dried pennyroyal can be placed around the house or dog house. It's a biological deworming agent, as well as an excellent insect repellent.However some caution is required. If you're keen on using it in essential oil form, be cautious with its application. As essential oil it can never be ingested internally due to high toxicity.


Alcohol, distilled water and essential oils spray
3.3oz (100 ml) ethanol or pure alcohol
6.6oz (200 ml) distilled water
30 drops lemon tree essential oil
30 drops eucalyptus essential oil
60 drops lavender essential oil
Spray it onto your dog's fur, rub it in and leave to work its magic!


Aromatherapy spray against ticks, fleas and phlebotomus (sandflies)
For those more familiar with aromatherapy oils, this spray is a strong insect repellent, it regenerates hair and skin, and soothes the dog. It is also recommended for dog owners.

Base oil:
Sweet almond oil (Prunus Amygdalus dulci)
Drops of:
English or common lavender oil (Lavandula angustifolia)
Geranium oil (Pelargonium graveolens)
Common myrrh oil (Commiphora myrrha)
Bay laurel oil (Laurus nobilis)
Lemon eucalyptus oil (Eucalyptus citriodora)
Atlas cedar oil (Cedrus atlântica)


Homeopathic remedies
Sulphur 30c in water.
Homeopathic sulphur is usually not used to repel ticks, as its potency works better for smaller parasites, like fleas (and other biting bugs). It doesn't kill them, it simply turns your pet's skin far less attractive to these bugs, and in that way deterring them from living on the animal.

Ledum (Marsh Tea) 12c to 30c in water. Remedy for puncture wounds, stings, animal bites, with amazing ability to heal tissues carefully from the deepest point and working up to the surface with specific action on hematoma (bleeding under the skin).

Staphysagria 6C with water
Mixing several pellets of Staphysagria 6C with water and spraying around cracks, crevices, and furniture will kill adult fleas and prevent eggs from maturing. Repeat twice a month or more frequently to keep the house free of fleas during summer.


Eastern black walnut (Juglans nigra) powder / capsules
Eastern black walnut works against fleas, ticks and sand flies. It also anti-parasitic properties; commonly used to cure tapeworms and ringworms. It is poisonous to horses, so consult your vet before giving it to animals.


Bay leaves (crushed or ground)
Rub crushed or ground bay leaves all over dog's hair. You'll have to repeat this process every time before going out.


Rosemary infusion
Add two cups of fresh rosemary leaves (needles) into 33oz (1 liter) of boiling water. Let it sit for 30 minutes, while it cools down. Sprinkle this infusion all over your dog's fur, rubbing it in and allowing it dry naturally.


Lemon, salt and vinegar spray
Boil several lemons in water with a few tea spoons of salt. Once cooled, add one table spoon of apple cider vinegar. Spray it onto your pet's coat and leave it to dry naturally.


Apple cider vinegar, salt and baking soda spray
8oz (240 ml) ACV
4oz (120 ml) warm water
0.5 tbs salt
0.5 tbs baking soda
Spray it onto your pet's coat and leave it to dry naturally.


Neem oil
this is another strong natural repellent. There are a couple products here that are good, they make shampoo and spray.


Rub-a-Dub Tub
Remember the old cartoons where dogs would jump into water to relieve themselves of fleas? Water really does work. Since fleas do not grasp and hold onto the hair shafts, they fall off in the water and drown. A good dip in a tub of water will wash away most, if not all, of the fleas on your pet. Using a gentle pet shampoo or a little bit of regular dish liquid, along with a thorough brushing (an outdoor brushing is best), will go a long way toward ridding your pet's body of fleas.


Flea vs. Predator
In the yard, you might consider adding a natural predator of fleas. Nematodes are small worms that feed off of flea larva, and are easy to find at garden stores or pet shops. They are highly effective, with a noticable improvement in flea popualation within two days. Keep in mind that the type of nematode that is being recommended here is termed a "beneficial" nematode. It is not the type that is known for infecting animals, such as the heartworm.

Lady bugs can also be found at your local gardening shop, and are also very effective. Lady bugs feast on soft bodied bugs like fleas, and a mature lady bug can eat an average of 50 insects a day. Finally, fire ants are known to eat flea larvae, so if you have them in your yard, you may want to practice some controlled fire ant management that limits them to some areas of the yard rather than complete eradification of them.


Blades of Fury
Ticks hang out in tall grass and use the opportunity to grab on to passersby when they feel body warmth - which they are very good at doing. If you are going to be spending time in wooded or grassy areas with your dog, you might want to fashion some cover-up clothing for your dog in order to avoid ticks. An old t-shirt can be altered to fit your dog's body, and old socks can be cut to make "leg warmers." This may not entirely prevent ticks from making their way onto your dog, but it may work to keep most of them off since they have nothing to latch onto, and will slow the rest down so they do not spend as much time on your dog's skin (the longer ticks stay on the skin, the more likely they are to transmit disease).


Borate
This fine powder appears to interrupt the life cycle of fleas when professionally applied to carpets, upholstery and floor cracks. Poisonous to fleas, borate can remain effective up to one year, unless you have your carpets cleaned. Boric acid, however, can be toxic to infants if eaten. You can get borate from pest-control companies and via the Internet.


Coconut Oil
All you need, to scare the ticks and fleas away, is coconut oil! I was more than surprised that this insect repellent still seems to be a secret among dog guardians. After all, maybe not that surprising, because the pharma industry is earning millions with their medication and wouldn't like the fact that there might be a much cheaper and natural insect repellent. In fact, coconut oil is not only cheap and natural, it also has a neutral scent and is healthy for the dog and its fur.


Essential Oils
Because ticks carry dangerous bacteria, repelling them is a priority. One of the natural repellents that a lot of people have success with is rose geranium oil, which can be applied to your dog's collar. Do NOT use rose geranium oil on your cat, though. Cats can have a bad reaction to essential oils, primarily because they spend a lot of time grooming, which means that anything on their skin goes into their mouth. With ticks, the best thing you might do is to check your pet a few times a day when you are in an area that has ticks, and remove them promptly. Proper technique is important for removing ticks, so make sure that you consult a veterinarian before doing it yourself if you are not completely sure of how to do it.

These are some of the most frequently used essential oils to treat pests:
Lemongrass
Lemon
Citronella
Tea tree
Eucalyptus
Rosemary
Bay
Thyme
Witch hazel
Clove
Cinnamon
Linalool
Rue
Neem
Juniper
Cedar
Geranium
Bergamot
Lavender
Sweet almond oil
Pennyroyal

As mentioned in one of the sections above, pennyroyal essential oil should be avoided. If ingested, it can cause seizures, coma and even death in animals. Preferably, use dry pennyroyal which can be placed around the house in safe places. Furthermore, not all essential oils are safe for animals. Oils such as citrus, cinnamon, clove, d-limonene, geranium, tea tree, lavender, linalool, bay, eucalyptus and rue oils should be used sparingly because they reportedly can cause allergic reactions in cats and dogs.

Some of the safest oils for pets:
Cedarwood
Lemongrass
Peppermint
Rosemary
Thyme


Salt and baking soda
Remove all furniture prior to sprinkling salt and baking soda heavily on your carpets. Once you applied both products, take a broom a sweep them from left to right so that they penetrate the carpet fibers. Leave it on for at least 12h, or up to a week, depending how severe your flea infestation is. Vacuum afterwards, but make sure to throw away the vacuum bag or to clean water vacuum cleaners well. Both salt and baking soda dehydrate the fleas, so they literally die out of thirst, or they're just too thirsty to reproduce. Repeat the process during several days as fleas can hatch every 3 days in "optimal" conditions. Note, if you live in humid climates or it's raining outside, the salt will absorb air moisture, so make sure to vacuum within 3-5h, instead of leaving overnight. If you decide that your weapon of choice is only salt, you can use a squirt bottle filled with lukewarm water to dampen the carpet. Sprinkle salt heavily afterwards, and leave overnight. Vacuum in the morning.


Happy gardens
If you have a backyard or garden, keep the grass and shrubbery clipped. In areas where your pet likes to spend time, you may want to refrain from excessive watering. Sun, heat and dryness can reduce flea numbers, as they prefer warm and moist environments.


Plants that act as natural pest repellents
The best way to treat pests and insects in your garden is to do it naturally by planting herbs and shrubs which act as natural repellents. Consult the list of essential oils for options, adjusting for climate, soil type and sun exposure in your garden and backyard. Once the plant is grown, you'll be able to rub the animal's fur with freshly cut leaves, hence reducing your expenditure in essential oils.


Dehumidifiers, air-conditioning, vacuuming
All of these interrupt the flea life cycle. Fleas like humidity of at least 70%-75% to hatch, and larvae need at least 50% humidity to survive, they also need temperatures at 70° to 90°F / 21° to 32°C to survive. Lower temperatures slow down or completely interrupt the flea lifecycle. According to Wikipedia, laboratory study done at the University of California showed that vacuuming catches about 96% of adult fleas. A combination of controlled humidity, temperature, and vacuuming should eliminate fleas from an environment. Altering even one of these environmental factors may be enough to drastically lower and eliminate an infestation.


Nematodes or Roundworms
These itty-bitty yard and garden allies feast on baby and teen-age fleas nestling in the soil around your home. Like fleas, nematodes like to live in warm, moist, shady spots. They must be reapplied monthly because they can't survive temperatures below 45 degrees or above 95 degrees Fahrenheit. You can buy nematodes at nurseries and garden centers.

The insect-parasitic nematodes are safe, as they are not the type that attack people, pets, or plants. They are a natural way of controlling fleas, as they act by feeding on flea larvae. They can be purchased at some pet and garden stores, and should be placed in moist, shady spots outside the house. Initially, introduce only a small number, as nematodes have a very high reproduction cycle. Research shoes that they are most effective against fleas in moist, sandy soil, and they won't survive on dry, sun exposed soils, but then again, neither do fleas.


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Shampoos and dips
A shampoo, or "flea bath" is a good first attack on fleas for the pet that has large numbers of fleas visible on its body. Cats can be difficult to bathe. It is important to know how to properly use the medicated shampoo to effectively rid your pet of fleas. It is also important to realize that a flea shampoo is not intended for lasting control. Many people are surprised when they see fleas and it was "only a week ago" that the pet had a flea bath. Shampoos are only effective for a day or less. They leave little residual chemical on the animal when properly used.

Flea dips are strong chemical rinses to rid animals not only of fleas, but mites and ticks as well. I do not recommend dips unless absolutely necessary, as in the case of a mite infestation. Dips last approximately 1-2 weeks. That is a lot of chemical residue to leave on an animal! Flea shampoos and dips are effective for adult fleas.

Flea collars
Flea collars work one of two ways - by emitting a toxic (to fleas, anyway) gas, and by being absorbed into the animal's subcutaneous fat layer. The toxic gas is usually only effective in the immediate area of the head and neck. This type of collar is best used in the vacuum cleaner bags to kill any fleas vacuumed up. The collars that absorb into the subcutaneous fat are much more effective. Ask your vet what collars they carry. Collars are not for all pets - particularly cats that roam outside. Flea collars are effective for adult fleas. Some collars have an IGR, or Insect Growth Regulator, to prevent flea egg and flea larval development as well.


Flea powders and sprays
Flea powders and sprays offer short term (2-3 day) protection from fleas, and with some products, ticks and mites too. Powders and sprays have fallen out of favor recently with the newer spot-on treatments that are available. Most flea powders and sprays are only effective for adult fleas, some offer additional flea protection by inhibiting flea egg and larval development contain an IGR.

Spot-on treatments
Common brand names include: Advantagetm, Frontline, and Bio-Spot just to name a few. These products are applied between the shoulder blades of the pet, and typically last about one month. Spot-on treatments are effective for adult fleas. Some include ingredients to inhibit the larva from emerging from the flea egg and some are active against larval development as well. Click on the product names above to learn more about each individual product from the manufacturer's web site.

Oral medications
Flea "pills", such as Program and Sentinel work by stopping the larva from emerging from the flea egg. Program is also available as an injectable medication for cats. Fleas ingest the blood of animals on these medications, and the female fleas then lay eggs that are unable to hatch. They do NOT kill adult fleas. These medications are essential to break the flea life cycle and stop the flea problem when used in conjunction with flea adulticide treatments.

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What is the difference between
Advocate and Revolution?
Advocate is a multi-purpose medication that combines Imidacloprid - the active ingredient in Advantage with Moxidectin. It treats fleas, as well as prevents heartworm, hookworm and roundworm in dogs and cats, plus whipworm in dogs. It also controls other external parasites such as lice and ear mites in cats, and mange mites and lice in dogs. Application is monthly to the skin at the back of the neck. Advocate does not treat ticks or tapeworm. It is recommended to worm with a tapewormer tablet once every 3 months.

Revolution - also has a multiple action. It is an easy to use and effective control for fleas. The main advantage of Revolution is that it also treats heartworm as well as ear mites and intestinal worms in cats and ear mites and sarcoptic mange mites in dogs. It is a very good treatment for cats that do not like taking tablets. Like Advocate, Revolution is eliminates the need to use separate flea and heartworm preparations each month. In dogs it is recommended that you still give an all wormer once every 3 months which treats all of the gastro-intestinal worms, such as the Drontal tablets.


What is the difference between
Advantage and Advantix?
Advantage and Advantix are made by the same manufacturer - Bayer. They both contain an ingredient called imidacloprid, which kills adult fleas, as well as flea larvae on cats and dogs for up to a month after application. They both also have a claim to kill lice for up to 6 weeks in dogs. As both products contain the same ingredient for flea control they have a similar activity against fleas. Advantage and Advantix both kill 98-100% of fleas on a dog within 12 hours.

The difference between Advantix and Advantage is that Advantix also contains permethrin, an ingredient which repels and kills ticks, mosquitoes and sand flies for up to a month. Advantix is registered for the treatment and control of bush ticks, brown dog ticks and paralysis ticks. To control paralysis ticks Advantix should be applied every 2 weeks. Permethrin is highly toxic to cats, so Advantix is only for use in dogs.If you have dogs and live in an area where ticks are a problem, Advantix would be the better product to use. In households where dogs and cats socialize closely it is recommended that you don't use Advantix due to the serious harmful effects that this product has on cats and Advantage is preferred.


What is the difference between
Revolution and Frontline Plus?
Revolution is a topical 'spot-on' parasiticide used in the treatment and prevention of fleas, heartworm and ear mites in dogs and cats.

Frontline Plus is also a topical 'spot-on' type application and is used for the treatment and prevention of fleas, ticks and lice on dogs and cats, however the main difference is that Frontline Plus has no effect against heartworm.

Heartworm is a serious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Heartworm infection is widely distributed throughout the mainland states of Australia. Treatment is very involved, complex and expensive, therefore prevention is preferable to the cure. When using Frontline Plus pet owners are also advised to use a heartworm preventative.

Both Revolution and Frontline Plus have a rapid onset of action for fleas. Both Revolution and Frontline Plus kill the egg stage as well as the adult stage of the flea lifecycle. Revolution is not registered for the control of ticks in Australia while Frontline Plus is registered for the control of the brown dog tick as well as paralysis ticks. To control paralysis ticks Frontline Plus should be applied every 2 weeks.

Revolution contains the active ingredient selamectin while Frontline Plus contains fipronil and S-methoprene.

Revolution is easy to use and effective against fleas and heartworm, as well as having added benefits such as ear mite control and intestinal worm control in cats. However if you live in an area where ticks are a problem you want to consider using Frontline Plus along with a separate heartwormer such as Heartgard Plus or one of the generic heartwormers such as Nuheart.


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FLEAS, MITES & TICKS
F.A.Q

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What is a Tick?
The tick is an Ectoparasite which is found in long grass and will attach itself to whatever brushes against it, this could be humans, hedgehogs, deer, cats and of course dogs. Ticks attach to the body for about 5-10 days and feed by sucking blood. They can cause a reaction at the attachment site, or anaemia if in large numbers. They can potentially transmit a number of serious infectious diseases. This is especially a problem in Southern Europe, but is becoming a more widespread problem as pets are allowed to move more freely throughout Europe. There are a number of products that are effective at killing ticks. In addition, some repel the ticks before they bite, and so may be preferable in areas where tick borne diseases are prevalent.

What does it Do?
After the parasite has got on to your dog's skin it will burrow it's head under the skin and start sucking blood.

What can fleas do to my dog?
Fleas are small parasitic insects that feed by sucking blood from your dog. During feeding, they inject a small amount of saliva into the skin and many dogs become sensitised or allergic, to this resulting in intense irritation. The severity of the irritation is related to the degree of hypersensitivity of your dog rather than the number of fleas on the body - so a very sensitive dog may suffer intense irritation even though you may not always see a flea! The dog's response to the intense itching is to chew, lick, or scratch. This causes hair loss and can lead to open sores or scabs on the skin, which may subsequently become secondarily infected with bacteria. The area most commonly involved is over the rump just in front of the tail, although all areas of the body can be affected. In long standing cases, the skin can become thickened and dark in colour. Large infestations of fleas may lead to anaemia, and fleas are also responsible for transmitting tapeworms to your pet.

What Does it Look Like?
Look a the pictures on this page and you will have a pretty good idea, although colors can vary, they look like a brown wart, with very small black legs on either side.

What are the Dangers?
There are a culmination of dangers that ticks can cause including.

1) If you try and fail when removing the ticks from dogs and it bursts, this can cause blood poisoning to your dog.

2) Lyme Disease.

3) Canine Ehrlichiosis passed from the brown tick.

4) Canine Anaplasmosis.

5) Rocky Mountain fever can effect humans and dogs.

How do fleas breed?
The adult fleas live on the dog and can be seen moving quickly over the surface of the skin with the naked eye. They suck blood and their droppings are small dark and comma-shaped. The female flea lays eggs and these drop off into the environment, including carpets, bedding and upholstery, together with the droppings. The eggs hatch into larvae which then feed from the deposited droppings. Once mature, the larvae pupate and new adult fleas then emerge that can re-infest your dog. This whole life cycle can take as little as 14 - 21 days. Though your dog can become infested with fleas when contacting other infected animals, the greatest risk of infestation comes from newly emerged fleas in the environment.

How would I know if my dog has fleas?
A dog that is sensitive allergic to flea bites will show typical signs of intense skin irritation with self-inflicted sores and hair loss, especially along the back by the tail head. The adult fleas are small but are visible to the naked eye and may be seen moving quickly over the skin. The characteristic comma-shaped droppings may be seen - if in doubt comb the dog's skin so these droppings fall onto a wet white surface and they will dissolve to give a red colour.Some people can become sensitised to flea bites, so if a family member suffers from the typical red sores, it is likely there are fleas present in the environment. Dogs that are not allergic to the flea saliva may carry fleas without scratching or showing the typical skin sores. These can be a source of infestation in a multi-pet household.

Can I stop using preventives in winter months, when all the fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes are dead?
It depends on where you're located. In most of the United States, my answer today is "No" for various reasons. There are so many different tick species, and fleas can be a problem even late into the fall. If you get into some of the more northern states or into Canada, where they have very long, protracted winters, then it could be reasonable for several months. But even here in Eastern Kansas I don't recommend stopping. We've only got about 40-45 days a year when we don't see ticks.

Where the flea & ticks are hiding usually?

In the home
Fleas love to get comfortable inside your home. First, their eggs fall from your untreated pet onto carpets, floors, and furniture. Then, they hatch into larvae that dig deep into crevices to escape the light. Soon you've got an indoor infestation.

Grass
Fleas and ticks thrive in yards and parks where they can hide in the grass and shrubs. There, they wait for unsuspecting pets to pass by so they can latch on for a blood meal.

Sand
Gravel and damp sandboxes make the perfect home for flea larvae to develop into adults.

Forest
Ticks hang out in the underbrush of wooded areas as well as the tips of tall grasses and weeds.

Other animals
Fleas can be found almost any place where pets or wild animals go—from dog parks to spaces under your home. Eggs that fall from other animals can soon cause problems for your pet.

Are Cat Fleas and Dog Fleas the Same?
Cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) are a different species than dog fleas - Ctenocephalides canis. However, their differences are best distinguished through the use of a microscope. Despite their name, cat fleas are capable of affecting dogs and an array of other animals as well as humans. The majority of North American flea problems are cat flea infestations. If your pet is exhibiting symptoms of a flea problem, it is likely that they are hosting cat fleas. Dog fleas are most common in Europe, although in rare cases, they appear in North America, as well. Symptoms of flea infestation include excessive itching, red skin and secondary infections. In extreme cases, animals may develop flea allergy dermatitis. A veterinarian can help you decide upon flea remedies for your pet, but contact your local pest control expert to discuss science-based solutions and extermination options for your home.

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