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RARE DOG BREEDS
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RARE DOG BREEDS - LARGE & SMALL
200 Rare Dog Breeds - Small, Medium & Large
Rarest Exotic Dog Breeds in The World
Most Expensive and Exotic Rare Dogs
Hairless Khala Peru Inca Orchid Dog
Double-nosed Andean Tiger Hound
Special & Rare Dog Breeds Quiz
World Rare Dog Photos & Videos
Chinese Crested, Foo & Imperial Dogs
Top Ten Biggest Wild Dogs
Rarest Dogs Breeds List & Information
Ancient Special Endangered Dog Breeds
Rare Small Dog Breeds
Double-Nosed & Split-Nosed Dogs
American & English Foxhounds
Korean Sapsali Shaggy Dog
Kommondor & Puli Dreaded Dogs
Galgo Espanol, Schillerstovare, Huntaway
Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen, Cane Di Oropa
Small Kleiner Munsterlander, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
Swedish Lapphund & Vallhund, Norrbottenspets Nordic Spitz
Carea Leones, Pencil-tail Feist, Curly-Coated Retriever
Hokkaido, Coton de Tulear, African Wild Dog
New Guinea Singing Dog, Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Japanese Nihon Teria, Mexican Hairless Dogs
Barbado da Terceira, Canis Panter & Indian Dogs
Formosan, Canadian Eskimo Dog, Northern Inuit Dog
Greenland Dog, Estrela Mountain Dog, Glen of Imaal Terrier
Catahoula Leopard Dog, Portuguese Water Inca Orchid Dog
Lapponian Herder, The Cirneco dell'Etna, Lagotto Romagnolo
Neapolitan Mastiff, Caucasian Shepherd, Hallefors Elkhound
Villano de las Encartaciones, Treeing Tennessee Brindle
Chzechoslovakian Vlcak, Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Basset Bleu de Gascogne, Anglo-Francais Dog
Transylvanian Hound, Sealyham Terrier, Majorca Ratter
Volpino Italiano, Sloughi, Alaskan Klee Kai
Appenzeller Sennenhunde, Tibetan Kyi Apso
Salish Wool Dog, Basque Shepherd Dog
Moscow Dragon, Pyrenean Shepherd, Lakeland Terrier
Bergamasco Shepherd, Bouvier des Ardennes, Kyi-Leo
Miniature Shar Pei, Norwegian Lundehund, Samoyed
Norwegian Buhund, Pharaoh Hound, Spinone Italiano
Boykin Spaniel, Tibetian Mastiff, Pragsky Krysarik
Tibetian Terrier, Bearded Collie, Thai Ridgeback
Montenegrin Mountain Hound, Bracco Italiano
Taiwan Dog, Caucasian Dogs, Lancashire Heeler
Bedlington Terrier, Clumber Spaniel
Scottish Deerhound, Spanish Mastiff, Slovensky Cuvac
Smithfield & Tasmanian Dog, Chien Berger de Crau
Cimarron Uruguayo, Pachon Navarro, Carolina Dog
Berger Picard, Moscow Russian Toy
Phu Quoc Ridgeback, Griffon Nivernais
Canaan Dog, Cesky Terrier, Bully Kutta
Finnish Spitz, Xoloitzcuintli, Dunker
Skye Terrier, Fila Brasileiro, Schipperke
Belgian Laekenois, The Harrier, Iceland SheepDog
Bouvier Des Flandres, Bandog, Maremma
Dosa, Bone-Mouth, Brussels Griffon
Kani, Kooikerhondje, Otterhound, Jindo
Bassenji, Plott Hound, Kai Ken, Mudhol Caravan Hound
Wetterhoun, Volkodav, Chinook, Leonberger, Kanni
Catalburun, Komondor, Schapendoes, Telomian
The Puli, Keeshond, Wolfhound, Stabyhoun, Beauceron
Rajapalayam, Shikoku, Ormskirk, Tamaskan, Utonogan
Affenpinscher, Azawakh, Hovawart, Sanshu
Ca de Bou, Eurasier, Lowchen, Kuvasz, Briard
Saluki, Culpeo, Biewer, Dhole, Kishu, Chippiparai
Gaddi, Landseer, Akbash, Kugsha, Dingo, Pumi, Chongqing
Boerboel, Broholmer, Xiasi, Mudi, Aidi, Mi-Ki, Barbet
Silken Windhound, Bruno Jura Hound
Karelian Bear Dog, Posavac Hound
Extraodrinary Rare North Dogs
Rare Farm Dog Breeds
Polish Lowland Sheepdog
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RARE DOG BREEDS LIST
RARE DOG BREEDS
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Rare Dog Breed is any breed of dog that is small in number and is used to refer to both old established breeds such as the Stabyhoun and Glen of Imaal Terrier or newer creations.

RARE DOG BREEDS PHOTOS - PERUVIAN INCA ORCHID

Since dogs have greater genetic variability than other domesticated animals the number of possible breeds is vast with new crosses constantly occurring, from these both selected and random crosses may come new breeds should offspring reliably breed true to type. The dog welfare organisation defines a rare breed as one that has 300 or fewer registrations with the club each year. Rare dog breeds have much smaller population than popular ones.

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Modern dog breeds have documented descent from known foundation stock, and new breeds are often derived from older, established modern breeds. New documentation of a long established dog type, sometimes with a variation on an older name, also creates a new modern breed. The newly documented breed is then referred to as a rare breed as long as the number of dogs of the breed remain small. As such, some people may not have heard of them, and will probably be shocked to know such dog breeds really exist. However, you will be thrilled to know these dogs are just as awesome as the popular breeds.

RARE DOG BREEDS LIST

Breeds go through a recognition process by breed clubs, kennel clubs and other agencies, so that dogs can be guaranteed through written documentation to be a member of a specific breed. For example, the Canadian department of agriculture, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, has strict requirements for the registering of new breeds, which are referred to as "emerging breeds." In the past, this process was limited to each country's national governing body for dog breeds, and gaining recognition for a new breed was a closely checked, long process.

RARE DOG BREEDS PHOTOS

With the advent of the internet a vast number of minor registries has proliferated, allowing clubs, breeders, and internet entrepreneurs to create their own registries for their own purposes. As a result, the number of dogs being marketed as or referred to as registered members of a rare breed has increased. Canines are human's most devoted cohorts. They have been tamed for thousands of years and their connection to humans is not anything new. And several breeds have more than a few actually acknowledgeable and exceptional attributes.

RARE DOG LARGE & SMALL BREEDS LIST

Acquiring a rare dog can cost anywhere from $1,000-$2.000,000 depending on rarity, lineage, and location. Keep in mind, too, that most of these rare dog breeds were bred or developed for specific tasks, and as a result they can require especially careful training and care. Rare dog breeds aren't for everybody, but for the right people, they make distinct and wonderful pets.

RARE DOG BREEDS

As the entire breeds, by description, are exceptional and effortlessly defined there are several breeds that plainly go well and pass the mark of being extraordinary.

RARE DOG BREEDS PHOTOS & INFORMATION

Who knows, one of them might even turn out to be the best pet you will ever have. Sometimes it feels as if everyone walking down the street has a dog, but you won't find these breeds on every sidewalk.

RARE DOG BREEDS PHOTOS

Some hail from far-off locales, others have unique features like extra digits or talents like truffle-hunting. All of them are found in such small numbers that they sometimes aren't even acknowledged by the American Kennel Club. See which dogs made the list. You will not see these guys at the dog park every day:

SMALL & LARGE RARE EXOTIC DOG BREEDS PHOTOS
Please, note: Most of presented here breeds are acknowledged by the worldwide canine registration organisations, but few are not yet...




TREEING TENNESSEE BRINDLE
Treeing Tennessee Brindle
The Treeing Tennessee Brindle is a breed of cur. Since 1995, its records have been maintained through the AKC Foundation Stock Service Program. The Treeing Tennessee Brindle's development began in the early 1960s with the efforts of Reverend Earl Phillips. Because of a column he was then writing in a hunting dog magazine, Phillips became aware of the existence of brindle curs - hunting and treeing dogs with brown coats, "tiger-striped" with black. Males stand 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) at the withers and weigh 35 to 50 pounds. The Treeing Tennessee Brindle has a strong propensity for hunting, particularly treeing, and tends to be intelligent and fast with a keen sense of smell. Additionally, the way it bays during the hunt - "crying" or "giving tongue" is part of the breed standard: individuals should be "open trailers with change over at tree", and a "coarse chop" is preferred.




TIBETIAN MASTIFF
Tibetan Mastiff
As its name suggests, the Tibetan Mastiff originated in Tibet. The Tibetan Mastiff is huge in size and noble in bearing, known for a "solemn but kind expression" and an impressive double coat. It was bred as a guard dog for livestock. Its aloof, watchful, and independent nature makes the Tibetan Mastiff an excellent guardian breed but a reluctant participant in organized activities like obedience. The Tibetan Mastiff is huge in size and noble in bearing, known for a "solemn but kind expression" and an impressive double coat. Its aloof, watchful, and independent nature makes the Tibetan Mastiff an excellent guardian breed but a reluctant participant in organized activities like obedience. The Tibetan Mastiff is a direct descendent from the original Mastiff dogs of ancient times and were fierce guardians in their native Himalayans. Numerous health problems resulted when they were removed from their high mountain environments for trading and breeding. Not for novice owners, this breed can be stubborn and intelligent to a fault. They tend to sleep during the day and be awake at night. In 2014, one Tibetan Mastiff sold for $1.9M.




DOUBLE-NOSED ANDEAN TIGER HOUND
Double-nosed Andean
Tiger Hound

The Double-nosed Andean tiger hound is a rare breed of hound that has been seen in Bolivia. Many people believe the double nose increases their scent discrimination abilities, however, there is no research to indicate whether the double nose is a benefit or a hindrance. The "double nose" appears to be a normal dog's nose, but with the nostrils separated by a band of skin and fur dividing the nose all the way to the dog's upper lip. 20th-century reports include the 1913 report by explorer Percy Fawcett. Recent sightings received wide press coverage in 2006 and 2007. Three photos of this "breed" were circulated in mainstream press outlets: one of Bella, a female, and two of Xingu, her son.

DOUBLE-NOSED ANDEAN TIGER HOUND

It is possible that designating the Double-nosed Andean Tiger Hound as a "breed" is premature. They may just be genetic anomalies within the general strain of Andean Tiger Hounds. Despite all the information aired by BBC, this particular breed can be seen today in the markets around Trinidad, Bolivia, northwest of Santa Cruz de la Sierra. And it is not uncommon there. No kennel club recognizes the Double-nosed Andean Tiger Hound, nor Andean Tiger Hounds in general, as a specific breed. "Tiger" in their name is a reference to the jaguar, not to tigers.




SCHIPPERKE
Schipperke
Called "the little black devil," these doggies like to disobey their owners and chase other animals. The Schipperke is an agile, active watchdog and hunter of vermin. In appearance he is a small, thickset, cobby, black, tailless dog, with a fox-like face. The dog is square in profile and possesses a distinctive coat, which includes a stand-out ruff, cape and culottes. All of these create a unique silhouette, appearing to slope from shoulders to croup. Males are decidedly masculine without coarseness. Bitches are decidedly feminine without over-refinement. Any deviation from the ideal described in the standard should be penalized to the extent of the deviation. Faults common to all breeds are as undesirable in the Schipperke as in any other breed, even though such faults may not be specifically mentioned in the standard.




PACHON NAVARRO
Pachon Navarro
The Pachon Navarro is a Spanish hunting dog, also known as: Nafarroako eper txakur, Perdiguero Navarro, Pachon de Victoria, Navarra Pointer, which has the unusual feature of a split or double nose. It was believed that this unusual nose gives it extra sensitivity to smells, a primary reason it was chosen as a hunting dog. Today it is known that this feature is only a cosmetic difference. With a nose like the double barrels of a shotgun, the Pachon Navarro is an extremely rare Spanish hunting dog that was once believed to have superior sniffing skills. Now breeders know that the Pachon Navarro's nose is just cosmetically different, they don't offer any advantage over a regular pup nose. The modern Pachon Navarro is a braque-type hunting dog which points to game. It has short hair that may be brown and white, or orange and white, commonly ticked like the coat of most German Shorthaired Pointers. The head and large patches on the coat are generally solid-colored. With a broad head, the dog is a substantially large animal, weighing between 27 and 33 kg (60 and 73 lb) and having a height between 48 and 57 cm (19 and 22 in). Its ears are long. The FCI, Europe's major kennel club, does not recognize the Pachon Navarro at this time.




NEAPOLITAN MASTIFF
Neapolitan Mastiff
Also referred to as the "Gentle Giant," the Neapolitan Mastiff has a massive and powerful built. This makes it a good guard and family dog. The Neo is one of the ancient dog breeds that got recognized by the AKC in 2004. The Neapolitan Mastiff is a heavy-boned, massive, awe inspiring dog bred for use as a guard and defender of owner and property. He is characterized by loose skin, over his entire body, abundant, hanging wrinkles and folds on the head and a voluminous dewlap. The essence of the Neapolitan is his bestial appearance, astounding head and imposing size and attitude. Due to his massive structure, his characteristic movement is rolling and lumbering, not elegant or showy. The Neapolitan Mastiff is history come to life. His ancestry is thought to date to 3000 BCE, the beginning of the Bronze Age, the time when Upper and Lower Egypt were unified and mastiff-like working and guard dogs emerged in Tibet. While his appearance is unnerving, looks are deceiving. For the family who can provide this large and strong-willed dog with the firm, loving, and consistent guidance he needs, the Neapolitan Mastiff is a wonderful and unique companion who will provide protection and love for everyone in his family. A dog who will protect you, your family, and your home with all the strength and love it poses.




CANAAN DOG
Canaan Dog
The Canaan dog is one of the most ancient breeds in the world, with origins in the Middle East as far back as Bible times. Like many examples of "pariah dogs" - broadly defined as domestic and wild breeds that originated as scavengers at the edges of human populations, the Canaan is an intelligent and alert dog with a wedge-shaped head and a high, curly tail. Though the Canaan dog is the national breed of Israel, there are estimated to be just 2,000-3,000 worldwide.

CANAAN DOG

The Israelites were dispersed by the Romans 2000 years ago and many dogs lived with Bedouins, who used them as guard and livestock dogs in the Negev desert. Later, in the World War II Canaan Dog were trained as sentry dogs, messengers and some of them were trained for mine detection. After the war, some of them were used as guide dogs for the blind.

SMALL & BIG CANAAN DOG

This breed is now used for herding, guarding, tracking, search and rescue, and also he is a good companion. The Canaan Dog is a pariah dog type that is naturally alert, inquisitive and watchful. He is mistrustful of strangers and unfamiliar environments, yet loyal and loving with his family. A square dog of medium size, moderate and balanced without extremes, showing a clean outline.

CANAAN DOG

The moderately angulated Canaan Dog moves with athletic agility and grace in an efficient, ground-covering endurance trot. He has a wedge-shaped head with low-set erect ears, a high set brush tail that curls over the back when confident, and a straight, harsh, flat-lying double coat. There is a marked distinction between the sexes. However, the Canaan is still a bit primitive, with a few quirks in general, so finding just the right home is of the utmost importance for this breed.




CHONGQING DOG
Chinese Chongqing Dog
The Chinese Chongqing Dog is a rare breed of dog native to the Chongqing city of China. In its early years, it was used for hunting wild boar and rabbits, but it's now used in China to protect families and belongings. They are an ancient, natural breed said to have existed for 2,000 years since the time of the Han Dynasty in Ancient China. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the breed's numbers were greatly reduced, and only people in rural communities still kept it, the breed is still rare, even in China.

SMALL & BIG CHONGQING DOG

The Chongqing dog may be protective of its family and owners, but if a stranger to the dog is kind and the owner is present, the dog will grow to respect it. They are usually a good family companion. However, these dogs are said to be wary of unknown strangers, and if it senses fear, it will prepare for action and attack if any false moves or suspicious actions are made. There are three sizes of Chongqing Dog - small, medium, and large. The breed can hunt alone or in a pack.




MINIATURE SHAR PEI
Miniature Shar Pei
The Miniature Shar Pei or Mini Pei is a breed of dog with slightly smaller proportions than the larger Standard Shar Pei. They have been bred to be smaller in size through a recessive gene carried in their DNA. The reduced size of this breed creates a versatile dog that is unique yet small, making for a good family companion. The appearance and shape of the breed can be described as broad and square in proportion to height and body length. Their physical attributes are much the same as their larger bretheren having a large head, wide padded muzzle, highly set ears, blue black tongue, with wrinkled head, neck and shoulders. The height of a Miniature Shar Pei does not exceed 17 inches high at the withers. The coat can be classified as one of three types. "Horse Coat" being not more than one quarter inch in length with a harsh feel, "Brush Coat" less than one inch in length with a velvety feel, or "Bear Coat" being longer than one inch in length with a wavy smooth feel. The Miniature Shar Pei is affectionate, adaptable, playful, confident, calm, independent, regal, and alert. They are inherently clean and quiet. Some can be a bit aloof and though they are wise, obedience training requires a confident, consistent authority figure to prevent them from becoming overly dominant. This breed makes a delightful companion but is very independent with a temperament that will depend highly on how the owner treats the dog. It is a dog that bonds well with its family and is very devoted. Daily walks are needed to give the dog some exercise. During times of increased temperature walks should be shortened as these dogs are somewhat sensitive to the heat!




WIREHAIRED VIZSLA
Wirehaired Vizsla
The Wirehaired Vizsla is a distinguished, versatile hunting dog of medium size, bred for substance and a dense wire coat. Balanced in size and proportion, the Wirehaired Vizsla is robust and lean. Movement is powerful yet graceful with far reaching drive enabling the breed to hunt in all elements and cover any terrain encountered by the walking hunter. The breed possesses an excellent nose for hunting and tracking feather and fur on land and in water, as well as a natural point and retrieve. The breed's most distinguishing features are its weather resistant dense wire coat and its facial furnishings, specifically its beard and eyebrows. Natural appearance is essential to breed type, therefore the Wirehaired Vizsla is to be shown with limited stripping and should not be penalized for being shown in working condition: sinewy, well muscled, with honorable scars.




CHINOOK
Chinook
The name Chinook means "warm winter winds" in Inuit, and its double coat keeps it comfortable in the cold. The Chinook originated in New Hampshire as a drafting and sled-dog racing breed, combining the power of a freighting dog and the speed of lighter racing sled dogs. Created in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, the Chinook dog breed made his name on Admiral Byrd's first Antarctic expedition in 1928. These days he is a multipurpose dog who's happy hiking, competing in agility and other dog sports, pulling a sled or other conveyance, and playing with the kids. Since then, the breed that bears his name has had its ups and downs. It has come close to disappearing several times, but someone has always stepped in to rescue it from the brink of extinction. That's not surprising when you consider that inside the Chinook's plain brown wrapper is heart, strength, intelligence, and a mellow sweetness. The Chinook was bred for his pulling ability and stamina. Today, his expedition days are behind him and he's considered the consummate companion: loving, athletic, and versatile. He's a great choice if you want a jogging or hiking companion, but not so much if you are looking for a retriever or water dog.




PULI
Puli
The Puli is smart, loyal, energetic and needs lots of exercise. The breed's unique coat looks similar to dreadlocks and makes their coats almost waterproof. The Puli is a compact, square appearing, well balanced dog of medium size. He is vigorous, alert and active. Striking and highly characteristic is the shaggy coat which, combined with his light-footed, distinctive movement, has fitted him for the strenuous work of herding flocks on the plains of Hungary. Agility, combined with soundness of mind and body, is of prime importance for the proper fulfillment of this centuries-old task. The Puli is one of the most unusual dog in the world.

SMALL & BIG PULI

It looks like a moving giant mop! They have a different herding style unlike any other herding breed. They use assertive bouncing movements and a high pitch voice in herding. There are only 150 Puli pups registered every year in the United States. Like a bouncing spring, it has limitless energy and an equally insatiable curiosity.

PULI

Puli is extremely versatile, and fairly trouble-free to train. Not at everyone are aggressive to outsiders, however is clever enough to provide warning as its human appears to be in risk. Puli will perform well in all living situation, either delimit in an apartment house or release on a farm. It can dwell in any type of weather.




CIMARRON URUGUAYO
Cimarron Uruguayo
The Cimarron Uruguayo (Uruguayan Cimarron) is a breed of molosser type dog originating in Uruguay. The word cimarr n in Latin America is used to mean feral, referring to the breed's history. Other names by which it is known in English are Cimarron, Cimarron Creole, Cimarron Dog, Maroon Dog, Cerro Largo Dog, Uruguayan Gaucho Dog, Perro Cimarron, possibly others. The breed is officially recognised in Uruguay and by the FCI with the name Cimarron Uruguayo. The Cimarron Uruguayo is large in size, compact and muscular. The coat is short and usually brindle but may be a pale yellow "bayo" with a black face. Height of males at the withers is from 58 to 61 cm. The breed standard states that the dog should have great courage. As with all large dogs, the Cimarron Uruguayo must be well socialized when very young if it is to be safely kept as a companion. The Cimarron Uruguayo is used for guarding, hunting, and all dog sports in its native Uruguay




BEAUCERON
Beauceron
The Beauceron is a french herding breed that was once used to guard cattle and sheep against wolves. This breed also has double dewclaws, which is roughly translated to mean that it has two paw-thumbs. The ideal Beauceron is a well balanced, solid dog of good height and well muscled without heaviness or coarseness. The whole conformation gives the impression of depth and solidity without bulkiness, exhibiting the strength, endurance and agility required of the herding dog. He is alert and energetic with a noble carriage. A formidable dog with a frank and unwavering expression, he always demands respect wherever he goes. Male dogs are characteristically larger throughout with a larger frame and heavier bone than bitches. Bitches are distinctly feminine, but without weakness in substance or structure. The Beauceron should be discerning and confident. He is a dog with spirit and initiative, wise and fearless with no trace of timidity. Intelligent, easily trained, faithful, gentle and obedient. Though gentle, it is also highly regarded for its fearlessness. During its history, the dog was known as a great protector of cattle and sheep from predators like wolves. As there is no longer a wolf problem in France, the dog has continued as a herding dog as well as a family dog. The breed is on the large side and can weight in the region of one hundred pounds. Merle colored or gray, the breed's coat tends to grow thick especially if it spends most of its time outdoors. On the other hand, experts suggest that the dog exhibits best traits when allowed to remain indoors. During both World Wars, the Beauceron served as a messenger dog. It was also used to detect mines. Today it is even employed as a search and rescue dog. Because these dogs make excellent family pets and are also hard-working, it is a shame that they are so little known outside of their homeland.




CIRNECO Dell'ETNA
The Cirneco dell'Etna
This sighthound from Sicily is one of a few ancient breeds that has undergone little manipulation by man, which may due to the fact the Cirneco dell'Etna wasn't officially recognised by the AKC until last year. The Cirneco dell'Etna has been present in Sicily for over 2,500 years and shares a common origin with the Pharaoh Hound and other breeds throughout the Mediterranean basin. As a hunter of small mammals and fowl, the Cirneco is a hardy, compact dog that was successful in hunting under adverse conditions - high heat, on rugged terrain formed by volcanic lava and with little food or water over extended periods of time. The affix "dell'Etna" was only added to the name Cirneco in 1939 when the first breed standard was accepted by the Italian Kennel Club. Etna comes from Mount Etna, the largest active volcano in Europe, situated on the east coast of Sicily and the area with the highest concentration of Cirnechi.




SALUKI
Saluki
The Saluki hails from the Fertile Crescent, and is a graceful, fast breed that can reach incredible speeds of up to 42.8 miles per hour. The whole appearance of this breed should give an impression of grace and symmetry and of great speed and endurance coupled with strength and activity to enable it to kill gazelle or other quarry over deep sand or rocky mountains.

SALUKI

The expression should be dignified and gentle with deep, faithful, far-seeing eyes. Dogs should average in height from 23 to 28 inches and bitches may be considerably smaller, this being very typical of the breed. The form on this breed is absolutely breathtaking. The Saluki is one of the oldest breeds in history.

SMALL & BIG SALUKI

Originally bred to hunt gazelles, Salukis were mummified with royalties and found in ancient Egyptian tombs. In Muslim communities, they were considered as a gift from Allah. This breed seems to suffer from frequent early sudden death from various causes - labeled Saluki Sudden Death Syndrome.




CLUMBER SPANIEL
Clumber Spaniel
The Clumber Spaniel is a long, low, substantial dog. His heavy brow, deep chest, straight forelegs, powerful hindquarters, massive bone and good feet all give him the power and endurance to move through dense underbrush in pursuit of game. His white coat enables him to be seen by the hunter as he works within gun range. His stature is dignified, his expression pensive, but at the same time he shows great enthusiasm for work and play. Judging by the picture, you can probably tell that the Clumber Spaniel is a gentle and loyal dog that loves to snuggle. They also have a "trophy mentality" which means that they always like to be carrying something in their mouths - so keep a toy nearby!




DANTE DINMONT TERRIER
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier was originally bred for hunting badgers and otters, so they tend to challenge other animals like foxes and dogs. They usually weigh between 18 and 24 lbs, so they have a lot of bark for such little guys. Originally bred to go to ground, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a long, low-stationed working terrier with a curved outline. The distinctive head with silken topknot is large but in proportion to the size of the dog. The dark eyes are large and round with a soft, wise expression. The sturdy, flexible body and scimitar shaped tail are covered with a rather crisp double coat, either mustard or pepper in color.

DANTE DINMONT TERRIER

The Dandie Dinmont Terrier dogs are the "gentlemen" of the terrier world being calm and reserved. It is said to be the only dog among rare dog breeds with a literary heritage. This breed's name comes from Sir Walter Scott's novel Guy Mannering. In the book, their namesake Dandie Dinmont is a rough but friendly farmer from Liddesdale who owned a number of terriers. The dogs were referenced to as Dandie Dinmont's Terriers with the apostrophe "s" being dropped as time went by. Today, Dandie Dinmont Terrier dogs are becoming rare and hard to find.




OTTERHOUND
Otterhound
How adorable are these dogs? The Otterhound is bred top hunt otters. It is a rare dog with only around 1,000 known to exist since otter hunting was banned in England in the late 1970's. The Otterhound has an adorable "good old boy" personality. This dog is easygoing and LOVES to swim. He dives into water from lakes to drinking bowls. He shambles around klutzily and tends to slobber water. As its name implies, the massive Otterhound is very capable in the water. The scent hound has webbed feet and a rough, double coat, which also makes it a great hunter on land. Otterhounds excel as pets too, being inquisitive, boisterous, and amiable. The Otterhound easily switches from being an energetic outdoor dog to snoozing all afternoon inside, but it's nose is definitely something to be proud of, as it can track in mud and water for over 72 astonishing hours.




CA DE BOU
Ca de Bou
Ca de Bou or Perro de Presa Mallorquin is a medium-to-large sized molossian-type breed of dog, with a strong, powerful, elongated build. The difference between the sexes is in the head, the circumference is greater in dogs than in bitches. The Perro de Presa Mallorquin was almost extinct after World War II, and the few remaining dogs were crossed with Ca de Bestiar, English Bulldog and perhaps Perro de Toro. While extant specimens are all crossbred, the population as a whole retains standardized breed recognition in two kennel clubs, Federation Cynologique Internationale, and United Kennel Club - using the FCI standard. The Balearic Islands are an archipelago of four large islands and eleven small islands in the Mediterranean off the east coast of Spain. Its culture and language are Catalan-based.

CA DE BOU

The largest of these islands is Majorca. According to the FCI standard, this dog should be a medium-sized, typical molosser with a slightly rectangular build. It is strong and powerful, with a deep and wide chest and a somewhat slimmer croup. The skin is thick and somewhat loose, but must not form folds except for a minor one on the throat. The head is powerfully built and in males, the circumference of the skull should exceed the height of the dog. They have strong jaws with a very mild underbite, and widely spaced canines. The tail is set low, thick and is carried in a slight arch when the dog is moving. This is an intelligent dog who needs an owner who can understand and handle it. Owners should work with their Perro de Presa Mallorquin from puppy hood to teach obedience and manners in as positive a way as possible but correcting any unwanted behaviour from the beginning. Working with knowledgeable trainers is critical.




XOLOITZCUINTLI
Xoloitzcuintli
Pronounced SHOW-LOW-ETZ-QUEENT-LEE, the Xoloitzcuintli is also known as the Mexican hairless dog. The breed's history dates back to 3500 years ago to the Aztecs and Mayans when people believed that the Xolo was the ideal guard dog who would safeguard the home from evil spirits as well as intruders. The Xolo is an ancient, natural breed, molded by evolution rather than selective breeding. A Xolo is moderate in all aspects of type and conformation, never extreme or overdone. Today the breed serves as a guard and companion. The Xolo possesses a clean, graceful outline, equally combining elegance and strength. There are two varieties, hairless and coated, identical except for coat and dentition. In the hairless variety, the principal characteristic is the total or almost total absence of hair. The coated variety is covered by a short, flat coat. In conformation, all three sizes are lean, sturdy, well muscled with a spacious rib-cage, and moderate bone. The Xolo is considered one of the rarest and oldest breeds, which have been existing for over 3,000 years.

XOLOITZCUINTLI

The Xolo outline is rectangular, and the distance from the elbow to ground is equal to, or slightly greater than, the distance from the withers to the elbow. Typical Xolo temperament is calm, tranquil, aloof and attentive. The Xoloitzcuintli is known as the national treasure of Mexico. The Ancient people used this dog as a healing pet for aches and pains. The Xolos were among the first breeds recorded by the American Kennel Club but in 1959 they were removed from the AKC due to the breed's scarcity and perceived extinction. In 2008, the breed was recognized again by the AKC with the help of Mexican Artists Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera who put the Xolos back to the spotlight by including the dog in their paintings. As can be seen, this breed is almost hairless. They are elegant, exotic, high-spirited, and emotional but can be high-strung.




GLEN OF IMAAL TERRIER
Glen of Imaal Terrier
The Glen of Imaal Terrier, named for the region in the Wicklow Mountains of Ireland where it was developed long ago, is a medium sized working terrier. Longer than tall and sporting a double coat of medium length, the Glen possesses great strength and should always convey the impression of maximum substance for size of dog. Unrefined to this day, the breed still possesses "antique" features once common to many early terrier types; its distinctive head with rose or half-prick ears, its bowed forequarters with turned out feet, its unique outline and topline are hallmarks of the breed and essential to the breed type. Like many other terriers, the tends to think she's larger than her 32 to 40 pounds. She's often called "scrappy," doesn't generally care much for other dogs, and don't even get her started on cats. She is usually a bit quieter than other terriers, though, making her a breed to consider for apartment dwellers who love the terrier group.




BRUSSELS GRIFFON
Brussels Griffon
A toy dog, intelligent, alert, sturdy, with a thickset, short body, a smart carriage and set-up, attracting attention by an almost human expression. There are two distinct types of coat: rough or smooth. Except for coat, there is no difference between the two. The Burssels Griffon is said to have been bred from the crossings of the pug, terriers, and toy spaniels. This is evident in the large eyes, undershot jaw, and short nose. The Griffons were almost wiped out by the Second World War. Ushered in with other rare dog breeds, this dog originally bred to hunt verimin now shines as an active companion dog.




CATAHOULA LEOPARD DOG
Catahoula Leopard Dog
The often multi-colored or spotted Catahoula Leopard Dog is believed to be the first dog bred in the United States. It was named after Catahoula Parish in Louisiana and was traditionally used to hunt wild boar. The Catahoula dog breed has a history that extends way back from prehistory. One theory posits that they were bred from red wolves or red war dogs. Traditionally used in hunting wild boar, the Catahoulas are tough working dogs that are outstanding in tracking and hunting. It was named Louisiana's state dog in 1979.

CATAHOULA LEOPARD DOG

The Catahoula Cur is an American dog breed named after Catahoula Parish, Louisiana, United States. Also known as the Catahoula Leopard Dog, it became the state dog of Louisiana in 1979. The Catahoula dog breed has a striking appearance and a strong work ethic.

CATAHOULA LEOPARD DOG

He is a tough dog bred to work in swamps and forests and requires a leader who is firm and consistent, with time to keep him occupied. Befitting their heritage as herding and driving dogs, Catahoulas are wary of strangers.




PERUVIAN INCA ORCHID
Peruvian Inca Orchid
The Peruvian Inca Orchid has been around since before AD 750, and today it remains an uncommon but treasured dog. The agile, smart and swift breed is good at hunting and lure coursing as well. But its most notable quality is that it is sometimes hairless, with skin that appears in a variety of colors. The breed was nearly wiped out when the Spaniards arrived. These dogs are lively, alert, protective and agile. They do not like to be alone.

PERUVIAN INCA ORCHID

They require an owner who understands dog language. This breed is intolerant of extreme temperatures and can suffer from burns from the sun. Thick lips, wrinkled and leathery ear, and hair sprouting only at the top of his head. This sighthound is known to be calm and intelligent. It also does well with children and other dogs.




BERGER PICARD
Berger Picard
The Berger Picard is an ancient breed developed by the farmers and sheep herders of the Picardy region of northern France. They are medium-sized, sturdily built & well-muscled without being bulky, slightly longer than tall, with distinctive erect natural ears, wiry coat of moderate length, and a tail reaching to the hock and ending in a J-hook. Movement is free and easy, efficient, and tireless to allow them to work all day on the farm and in the fields. They are lively and alert, observant, quietly confident, and can be aloof with strangers, but should not be timid or nervous. This is a rustic, working shepherd's dog, without exaggeration or refinement. Regarded as the oldest of the French sheepdogs, this rather rascally breed is athletic and hardworking but can be mischievous if bored and left to its own devices. Weighing in at about 23 pounds, this breed is rare and nearly became extinct as a result of both World Wars. Though beloved for its scruffy, mutt-like appearance, this pure bred is increasing in popularity somewhat because it was featured in the film Because of Winn Dixie. Even so, it is still rare and, because of its care requirements, is not likely to become the next Labrador. Puppies require intense socialization to induce obedience and companionship. Many Berger Picard owners assert that good early training leads to enthusiastic pets that make excellent family pets. While assertive, the breed can also exhibit a playful streak. Intelligent and lively, these dogs simply like to be kept busy. They tend to excel at tasks and appear to find joy in work. Although this breed is best-suited to the country life, many city dwellers find that they adapt well, especially when they are provided with adequate exercise and attention. In fact, they can get rather attached to their owners and may suffer separation anxiety when left alone too long.




THAI RIDGEBACK
Thai Ridgeback
The Thai Ridgeback was previously unknown outside of its country of origin, but it is now gaining popularity elsewhere. What makes it most unique? A ridge of hair, growing in the opposite direction of its coat, running along its back. Only two other breeds have the same feature. The breed is quite active and possesses superb jumping skills. His alertness makes him a good guard dog. One of only three ridgeback breeds in the world - the others are the more common Rhodesian ridgeback and the Vietnamese Phu Quoc ridgeback, the Thai ridgeback is another example of a "pariah dog" that has evolved without much human help.

THAI RIDGEBACK

They make excellent guard dogs, but are not right for 1st time dog people, as they retain many of their wild roots. This breed was introduced into the United States back in 1994, and has been seeing a rise in awareness and popularity ever since. This wrinkly-faced, Asian dog is identified by the ridge of hair growing against the lay of the coat along the spine, a characteristic shared with the Rhodesian Ridgeback.

THAI RIDGEBACK

They are a strong-willed and powerful breed, and are still used in their native home as livestock guardians and protection dogs. The Thai Ridgeback is a primitive breed that originated in Thailand and was first brought to the United States in 1994. The dogs were used in Thailand as watchdogs, to pull carts, and to hunt vermin such as rats and dangerous prey such as cobras and wild boar. Like most primitive breeds, they can be a handful and a half to live with.




AZAWAKH
Azawakh
This West African sighthound makes a fiercely protective companion and guardian, and an extremely intelligent lure courser. The breed is elegantly built and features a short coat in a wide variety of colors and markings. It's like a greyhound, except do greyhounds have such artfully curly tails? Do they charm everyone around them with their perfectly floppy ears, elegant neck, and doe-like appearance? The Azawakh is a breed used for hunting gazelles and other fleet animals of the African deserts. It is very rare outside of its native Africa. There are now 100-200 dogs in the United States. The Azawakh has an incredible memory and can recognize other dogs even after a long time. Having a complex personality, this rare sighthound may not be suited for everyone. The Azawakh is originally bred to hunt hare, antelope, and wild boar. Being a desert dog, he can't live in cold places like the Pacific Northwest or New England.

SMALL, BIG, AZAWAKH

The Azawakh was officially added to the AKC in 2011. To raise an Azawakh is like building a very fragile construction, which takes a lot of sensibility and can be destroyed from one minute to the next. But every minute it lasts, it fills you with great happiness. Every time I sm sitting in a chair or sofa at least one of my dogs tries to take a seat on my lap. The same happens to those of my guests which they love. In these moments they seem to be the image of calmness, gentleness, and trust. But one should not be deceived about this. In the deepest place of their soul resides something wild and native, and they will remind us about it with the first occasion and we should not forget, even for a moment, not to treat them like a normal dog.




AFRICAN WILD DOG
African Wild Dog
The African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) is one of the world's most social and distinctive canids. The short, wiry coat is coloured in blotches of yellow, grey, black and white and gave rise to the African wild dog's scientific name of Lycaon pictus, meaning "painted wolf-like animal" in Greek. The hair is short on the limbs and body and longer on the neck. Each African wild dog has a unique colouration pattern, and this is used by researchers to identify individuals.

AFRICAN WILD DOG

The body is thin and muscular, the tail is bushy with a white tip and the legs are long. Males are slightly larger than females. Unlike the other canid species there are only four, rather than five, toes on the front feet. The African wild dog has large, rounded ears, which probably help with heat loss as well as keeping track of pack members by picking up long distance vocal signals.




CHIEN BERGER DE CRAU
Chien Berger de Crau
Berger de Crau is a scalloped shepherd dog from Crau next to the Camargue in Bouches-du-Rhone in southern France. Its racing style is more independent and alert and not as directed by the driver as with, for example, border collie. The style is adapted to local transhumance usage. Since 2009, a collaboration between the French kennel club Societe Centrale Canine (SCC), regional agricultural organizations and individual breeders and sheep owners has been undertaken to register raptypic individuals, write a breed standard and organize a quick club. One wants to have a standard where the preservation of the use properties goes before the results of a dog show, as it is for border collie and australian stock dog - working kelpie. Berger de Crau is a medium sized dog with thick curly coat. The colors are black or alternate in black and gray. Berger de Crau has been used for the restoration of the water dog barbet.




LAGOTTO ROMAGNOLO
Lagotto Romagnolo
Hailing from the Romagna sub-region of Italy, the Lagotto Romagnolo was named as a lake dog and traditionally used as a gun dog. Its most interesting occupation, though, is truffle hunting. Small to medium-sized dog, well proportioned, powerfully built, of a rustic appearance, with a dense, curly coat of woolly texture. The dog should give the impression that he has the strength and endurance to work all day in difficult and challenging terrain.




MUDI DOG
Mudi
A medium-sized dog that was bred for herding, the Mudi is an exceptional companion as well as intelligent. This Hungarian herding dog is as active as it is versatile. It makes a talented hunter, rodent exterminator, herding dog and flock guardian, but as a pet the Mudi is happiest when given long walks or jogs and a large area in which to run free. This dog has better hair than you but also always wants to hang out with you and is down to do whatever. Do you even have a human friend who fits that criteria? The Mudi is a rare herding dog. Even in Hungary where it comes from, it is also hard to find and is one of the rare dog breeds. It is still around thanks to dedicated dog breeders. The Mudi is a dog that thrives on activity and the outdoor life. They love to play especially Flyball and Frisbee.

MUDI DOG

It is very brave and nothing scares it not even wild boar! It is very gentle and loving in the family. It is good with children and makes a good guard dog. Mudi owners find their Mudis incomparable. This dog breed is just as rare even in Hungary where he originated. Having numerous skills and talents, the Mudi is truly valuable and incomparable. Some of its skills include: herding cow and sheep, being a guard dog, being a ratter, and being a loving companion. If not for the efforts of the passionate breeders, the Mudi may be in danger of extinction.




STABYHOUN
Stabyhoun
The Stabyhoun comes from Friesland, a province in the Netherlands, and today there may be fewer than 4,000 in existence. Stabyhouns make excellent hunting and guard dogs, and they are also great at catching vermin like moles and rats. The Stabyhoun is one of the gun dog breeds used for small game and bird, as well as catching moles. Globally, there are only about 6,000 Stabyhouns, having only over 300 of these found in the United States and Canada combined.




KARELIAN BEAR DOG
Karelian Bear Dog
The Finnish Karelian Bear Dog is one of the top 10 most common breeds in its home country. Originally used for hunting and as a watchdog, it has quick reflexes and a fearless nature, and is still popular with big-game hunters. This agile and hardworking breed resembles a fox in many ways.

KARELIAN BEAR DOG

The Karelian Bear Dog is a rare dog breed that is closely related to wolves and descended from Viking Age spitz-type hunting dogs. The Karelian Bear Dog gets its name from its ability to hunt and protect its humans from bears. With an ability this powerful, it is no wonder that it is a National Treasure in its country. This breed is highly intelligent, athletic, and energetic. They suffered near-extinction after World War II. There are only approximately 300 of these dogs in the United States.




FINNISH SPITZ
Finnish Spitz
The Finnish Spitz is the national dog of Finland. Originally bred as a hunting dog, he is used to hunt a variety of game from grouse to moose. This breed possesses so much devotion and loyalty to his family. The Finnish Spitz features erect ears, a dense coat, and a bushy tail, appearing in a range of colors from pale honey to deep auburn. The breed is known for its intelligent expression and brisk movement. The Finnish Spitz presents a fox-like picture. The breed has long been used to hunt small game and birds. The pointed muzzle, erect ears, dense coat and curled tail denotes its northern heritage. The Finnish Spitzs whole being shows liveliness, which is especially evident in the eyes, ears and tail. Males are decidedly masculine without coarseness. Bitches are decidedly feminine without over-refinement. The Finnish Spitz's most important characteristics are its square, well-balanced body that is symmetrical with no exaggerated features, a glorious red-gold coat, his bold carriage and brisk movement. The Finnish Spitz was acknowledged in 1983 by the American Kennel Club as a part of the Miscellaneous Class, and turned to be eligible to contend in AKC-sanctioned shows in 1988 as member of the Non-Sporting Group.




CAROLINA DOG
Carolina Dog
Also known as the American Dingo, the Carolina Dog actually started out as a wild and free roaming dog. It was discovered in the cypress swamps of the Southeastern United States around the 1970s, and is now bred in captivity. Being a pariah dog, the Carolina Dog adapts well to hot places, and needs a spacious open area around him.




NEW GUINEA SINGING DOG
New Guinea Singing Dog
The New Guinea Singing Dog gets its name from its unique vocalization, but the once-wild breed gets its reputation as an excellent companion from its intelligence and physical ability. The New Guinea singing dog is a genuine wild dog. Coming from New Guinea, it is aptly named because of its melodious and distinctive howl which sharply reaches in pitch. An average howl can last 3 to 5 seconds.

NEW GUINEA SINGING DOG

The New Guinea tribes keep these dogs as hunters and companions for their children. They are said to be to be very shy and preternaturally uncanny. They are so rare that a sighting merits an article in the National Geographic Magazine.




CATALBURUN
Catalburun
The Turkish Pointer is one of the rarest breed originated in south Anatolian city of Mersin in the Tarsus province - Turkey. Some researchers report only about 200 dogs of this particular breed. The distinct feature of the breed is fork-like nose, which gives the Turkish pointer its original name - Catalburun. Even though this dog hasn't been officially acknowledged yet, it has very memorable and well-recognizable appearance and treasured as local partridge hunter. You should choose this breed if you like hunting or if you look for a smart, devoted and agile family companion.

CATALBURUN

Possibly because of severe inbreeding due to their rarity, the Catalburun is one of the only dogs in the world featuring a split nose and suspended ears. As their name implies, the Catalburun breed has a distinct "split-nose" feature. Its unusual nose is credited for the dog's hyper sensitivity to smells. Unlike a normal dog's nose, its nostrils are separated by a band of skin and fur giving the appearance of double noses. They were originally bred for hunting in Turkey. These "split-nose pointers" are virtually unknown outside of Turkey - except now, and you are welcome. As you can see, they have distinctive, downright unforgettable noses as a possible result of inbreeding.




FILA BLASILEIRO
Fila Brasileiro
The Fila Brasileiro is believed to have origins in a number of breeds like the Mastiff and Bloodhound, which could explain its large bones, loose skin and smooth coat. The working breed is known for its tracking ability, but also for its sometimes aggressive temper.

CATALBURUN

The Fila Brasileiro, or Brazilian Mastiff, originates as a hunting and guard dog. Coming from Brazil, as it's name suggests, it is known for it's aggressive nature and excellent tracking ability. They are very wary of strangers, incredibly loyal to their owners, and naturally protective, making them excellent guardians. In fact, Brazil even has a common saying, "As faithful as a Fila," to honor the dogs' loyalty and temperament.




TELOMIAN
Telomian
The Telomian is a breed of dog native to Malaysia. Though rare, it remains the only known Malaysian dog breed to live outside its homeland. Malaysian are used to called this dog breed Anjing Kampung which means Village dog in Malay. Telomians were originally bred as vermin-controlling hunting dogs by the Orang Asli indigenous people of Malaysia. Telomians developed an unusual climbing ability, as the Orang Asli built their houses on stilts in order to avoid contact with dangerous animals on the ground. This dog breed is still remained rarest in the world.

TELOMIAN

The Telomian is the only known Malaysian breed to live elsewhere, but originally it was bred by the Orang Asli indigenous people to catch vermin. Because the Orang Asli built homes on stilts to stay safe from dangerous animals, Telomians developed an unusual climbing ability. They were officially discovered by the West in 1963 by anthropologist Dr Orville Elliot, who named the breed after the Telom River where he first found them. A pair of dogs was brought to the United States, with a Telomian Dog Club being established in 1970. The telomian is a small breed with an elongated back. The short and smooth coat can be any shade of sable, with white and ticking. A black mask is not unusual. Adults are 15-18 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh 18-28 lbs. Like the Chow Chow, the breed has a blue tongue!




APPENZELLER SENNENHUNDE
Appenzeller Sennenhunde
Also known as the Appenzeller Mountain Dog, this is the rarest of the four ancient Swiss mountain dog breeds. He got his start as an all-around farm dog, herding livestock, pulling carts, and guarding the farm in the Appenzell region of Switzerland. Today the Appenzeller's known for being a versatile working and family dog who's smart, cheerful, self-assured, reliable, and fearless. He's a great friend of children, but may nip at their heels as if they were livestock to be herded - younger Appenzellers are big and exuberant enough to accidentally knock over small kids. Males stand 20 to 22 inches at the shoulder, females - 19.5 to 21 inches. Weight ranges from about 48 to 55 pounds. Appenzellers have a thick, shiny topcoat in black or brown with tan and white markings, covering a thick black, brown, or gray undercoat. The tan markings are symmetrical and appear over the eyes and on the cheeks, chest, and legs. The white markings include a blaze on the face, white from the chin to the chest, white on all four feet, and a white tail tip. The Appenzeller originated as an all-around farm dog breed, who stayed busy herding the livestock, guarding the farm, and pulling carts in his native Switzerland. Today's Appenzellers have still got the energy, smarts, and self-confidence that makes for valuable working dogs, but they are anything but low-maintenance.This is the rarest of the four ancient Swiss mountain dog breeds. He got his start as an all-around farm dog - herding livestock, pulling carts, and guarding the farm - in the Appenzell region of Switzerland. Today the Appenzeller's known for being a versatile working and family dog who's smart, cheerful, self-assured, reliable, and fearless. His slight wariness around strangers and tendency to bark makes him a good watchdog, but he needs lots of early socialization so he doesn't become overly suspicious. And because of his barkiness, he's not the best dog if you have nearby neighbors.




BERGAMASCO SHEPHERD
Bergamasco Shepherd
The Bergamasco is a breed of dog with its origins in the Italian Alps near Bergamo, where it was originally used as a herding dog. The Bergamasco is a muscular, heavy-boned herding dog with a large head and a thick tail that hangs down to the hock and curves slightly upward at the end. The entire dog is covered with an abundant coat that forms mats. The Bergamasco is compact in profile but is just slightly longer than tall.

BERGAMASCO SHEPHERD

The Bergamasco's characteristic feature is its unique coat, made up of three types of hair. The coat forms flocks - strands of hair weaved together creating flat layers of felted hair, or loose mats, which cover the dog's body and legs, and protect the dog from weather and predators. The hair on the head is typically long and hangs over the eyes. The friendly and energetic Bergamasco has an individual coat that is made up of wool, dog and goat-like hair which combine to form a thick coat that will keep this dog warm year-round.




BRACCO ITALIANO
Bracco Italiano
Of strong and harmonious construction, powerful appearance. The preferred subjects are those with lean limbs, well developed muscles, well defined lines with a markedly sculpted head and a very obvious lower orbital chiselling, elements which all contribute to give distinction to this breed. Tough and adapted to all types of hunting, reliable, endowed with an excellent ability to understand, docile and easy to train.




CZECHOSLOVAKIAN VLCAK
Czechoslovakian Vlcak
With its origins in 1955, this breed was bred from German Shepherds and Carpathian wolves. Breeders wanted to incorporate the trainability of the German Shepherd and the strength of the wolf. Its appearance is quite wolf-like and though it is a rare breed, largely because of its newness - it is one that commands attention wherever it goes. Interestingly, the breed is quite well-regarded in spite of its wolfish-origins. While it enjoys the endurance, speed, and strength of the wolf, it has many of the desired features that are inherent in German Shepherds.

CZECHOSLOVAKIAN VLCAK

Though fearless and brave, the Czechoslovakian Vlcak, also known as the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog, is not known to attack without cause. Moreover, these dogs are revered for their loyalty to their owner. The breed is also known for its playful nature. Yet, strong leadership will foster obedience in these dogs. As they are quite intelligent, they can be temperamental without a strong leader. While known to do well in family situations, the dog is not entirely trustworthy around other household pets. Though prone to hip dysplasia, the breed is not associated with any other particular health problems. These dogs enjoy a long life expectancy; however, they do require a lot of exercise and stimulation to keep fit physically and mentally.




ESTRELA MOUNTAIN DOG
Estrela Mountain Dog
Large, mastiff-type molossoid dog. There are two varieties of coat: long & short. Rustic, substantial, with brisk gait and an impressive attitude. The breed has a lively, calm and expressive look, it is well proportioned well made with harmonious appearance, which is traditionally how the breed has been recognised since a long time. Inseparable companion of the shepherd and faithful flock guardian, bravely protecting it against predators and thieves. Wonderful farm and house guard, distrustful towards strangers and typically docile to its master. This handsome mountain dog hails from present-day Portugal and is one of the oldest dogs from this part of the world. A distinctive breed, these dogs' ancestors were herding-guard dogs. Estrela Mountain Dogs may have entered the region via ancient Romans or Visigoths; there is some dispute as to which group may have introduced them to the Sierra da Estrela region.

RARE SMALL BIG DOG BREEDS LIST - ESTRELA MOUNTAIN DOG

Over centuries, the present-day breed took shape to result in a breed that is well known for its easy-going gait, watchful temperament, and reliable loyalty. Because the Sierra da Estrela region is very isolated, few people outside of Portugal are familiar with this breed. Today this breed still works herding in and guarding in its homeland. Many Portuguese Marines have also favored the breed for use as patrol dogs. However, its intelligence and loyalty have made it a popular family dog in Portugal. In fact, because the dog has natural nurturing tendencies, it is noted for its adaptability to children. The breed can be found with two hair types - short and long. Coat color can vary - these dogs are found with yellow hair, gray, and even brindle. Large and athletic, the Estrela Mountain Dog can have an independent streak, but owners that insist upon obedience should be able control their dogs.




HOVAWART
Hovawart
The Hovawart is a powerful, medium size, slightly elongated, long-haired working dog. Difference between sexes is clearly recognizable, especially in shape of head and build of body. The Hovawart is a very old German working dog breed. The name's origin stems from Middle High German - an old form of German, Hova = Hof (= yard, farm) and wart = Wachter (= watchman). Since 1922 the breeding of this breed, by using dogs similar in type still found on farms, has been restored. Apart from this, in the early years of breeding, crosses with German Shepherd Dogs, Newfoundlands, Leonbergers and other breeds were admitted. Due to the strict measurements taken in selecting the breeding stock, the original working type was attained again. In the country of origin very great importance is attached to the health of the Hovawart. Especially the presence of hip dysplasia has been reduced to a small percentage by selecting, for decades, breeding stock free from dysplasia. It is to be expected that all other Hovawart breed clubs will aim for this exemplary goal.




KAI KEN
Kai Ken
This rare Japanese breed sheds, like, never and is totally chill about staying indoors. Also, they have been depicted in anime, which makes them the best. This ancient rare dog breed comes from the mountains of a Japanese island, where it evolved in relative isolation, making it a distinctly pure Japanese breed. The Kai Ken is recognized as a National Treasure in Japan, but remains exceedingly rare as a pet - according to the AKC, the first Kai Ken in America didn't show up until the 1990s. This brindle-coated beauty is a natural hunter with tons of energy and is not suited fro the couch potato lifestyle!




KOOIKERHONDJE
Kooikerhondje
Kooikerhondje are Dutch spaniels originally bred for hunting waterfowl. The breed faced extinction after World War II but was brought back to life by enthusiasts. Although still relatively unknown, it has made international recognition by various breed clubs around the world. This breed is affectionate and happy going and makes for an excellent companion for even a non-working home. This good-natured hunting dog breed makes an affectionate family companion. Suspected to be an ancestor of the Nova Scota Duck Tolling Retriever, he hails from Holland and was used to lure ducks into traps for hunting or tagging. He still serves as a hunting dog, but also excels at other dog sports such as flyball. Originating in the Netherlands, this cheerful spaniel appears in paintings dating back to the sixteenth century. Friendly, good-natured, and alert, the Kooiker is an excellent family companion with watch dog skills as well as athletic ability that makes him a natural at games such as agility and flyball. As a retriever, he also loves playing fetch, especially in the water. Kooikers stand 14 to 16 inches at the shoulder and weigh 20 to 25 pounds.




COTON DE TULEARE
Coton de Tuleare
The Coton de Tulear, also known as the "Royal Dog of Madagascar", is a hardy, sturdy small white companion dog. The Coton de Tulear is characterized by a natural long, white, dry, profuse, cotton-like coat, rounded lively dark eyes, black on white joie de vivre expressive smile and witty personality. The breed is somewhat longer than tall. The topline is very slightly arched over the loin with a happily carried tail curved over the back on the move. At rest, the tail is down with an upward hook at the tip revealing the distinguishing outline of the Coton de Tulear. The Coton de Tulear is a breed of small dog named for the city of Tulear in Madagascar and for its cotton-like coat.




MOSCOW DRAGON
Moscow Dragon
The Moscow dragon is a new decorative breed of Russian breeding. It is derived on the basis of aboriginal dogs of the city of Moscow. It exists from the late 1980s, in July 1999 the official breed standard was approved. The total number of the breed is still low. This is a small dog, with some features of the coat. All dogs have a characteristic shirt: the spine is sparse, which gives the impression of ruffling, as well as the effect of the comb and small whiskers and small beards. Usually the undercoat is short. Dogs are allowed any color except spotted. But some white can be present in the places permitted by the standard. Dogs of this breed are extremely devoted to the master, are slightly wary of strangers, very intelligent, easily trained. But sometimes they can be aggressive towards other dogs, regardless of the size of the latter.




NOVA SCOTIA DUCK TOLLING RETRIEVER
Nova Scotia
Duck Tolling Retriever

This Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever canine was at first well-known as Little River Duck Dogs, and was utilized to entice and retrieve waterfowls. This multi-talented pooch stands out in the show ring and field, in agility and obedience, and also as a buddy to a vigorous family. This rare dog started in a province in Atlantic shore of Canada, the Little River region of Nova Scotia. So how this pooch retrieves waterfowl? Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever will make fun at the edge of water, dances in the waves and its white-tipped rear end will start sparkling in the sunlight. Next curious waterfowl and other ducks get nearer watch the show. Then a huntsman takes aim to a duck and fires. Finally, he will dash in the water to get the duck. This canine Nova Scotia Duck-Tolling Retriever seems like a little Golden Retriever. This Toller is normally healthy, but several illnesses have started to appear because of the inadequate gene pool. This medium sized, powerful, compact, balanced dog is the smallest of the retrievers. The Toller's attitude and bearing suggest strength with a high degree of agility. He is alert, determined, and quick, with a keen desire to work and please. Many Tollers have a slightly sad or worried expression when they are not working. The moment the slightest indication is given that retrieving is required, they set themselves for springy action with an expression of intense concentration and excitement. The heavily feathered tail is held high in constant motion while working. Then a huntsman takes aim to a duck and fires. Finally, he will dash in the water to get the duck. This canine Nova Scotia Duck-Tolling Retriever seems like a little Golden Retriever. This Toller is normally healthy, but several illnesses have started to appear because of the inadequate gene pool.




LANCASHIRE HEELER - ORMSKIRK
Lancashire Heeler
The Lancashire Heeler is a small breed of dog developed for use as a drover and herder of cattle. The Lancashire Heeler is listed by the Kennel Club as a vulnerable breed. The Lancashire Heeler has a Corgi-like appearance and a terrier personality. It was bred to be used as a herder of cattle. When people stopped relying on cattle dogs though, the Lancashire Heeler greatly declined in numbers and went almost extinct. Nowadays, they are domestic pets and are good for apartment living. The Lancashire Heelers have been placed in the Rare Breeds Register due to their very small number.




PUMI
Pumi
Bred to help shepherd cattle and sheep in his native Hungary, the Pumi is typically a small, intelligent and energetic herding dog who tends to become attached to family members quickly. His combination wavy and curly coat isn't difficult to groom, although it requires periodic trimming. The Pumi is closely related to two of Hungary's other breeds, the Puli and the Mudi, so much so that a pup with the appearance of a Pumi will be born in a Puli litter or a Mudi-appearing pup in a Pumi litter. The Pumi's coat comes in black, white, gray and fawn.

PUMI

The terrier like sheep dog is another addition to the herding class which is bred outside Hungary but is one of the most prestigious breeds. It is a versatile herding dog which is used to not only shepherd around cattle and sheep but also hunt down rodents. You will come across Pumis that are mostly grey in color with thick and curly coats. The adorable features of this pet and its handsome movements make it an exceptional addition to a family. Weighing around thirty pounds, Pumis require active life with tons of exercise and outdoor play.




GREENLAND DOG
Greenland Dog
The Greenland Dog - Greenlandic: Kalaallit Qimmiat, Danish: Gronlandshunden is a large breed of husky-type dog kept as a sled dog and for hunting polar bear and seal. They were brought from Siberia to North America by the Thule people 1.000 years ago, along with the Canadian Eskimo Dog that is genetically identical. The first dogs arrived in the Americas 12000 years ago, however people and their dogs did not settle in the Arctic until the Paleo-Eskimo people 4.500 years ago and then the Thule people 1.000 years ago, both originating from Siberia. The Greenland Dog is a powerful, heavy-built dog. It has a broad, wedge-shaped head, slightly tilted eyes and small, triangular ears covered with thick fur that prevents frostbite. It has strong, muscular, short-haired legs. The tail is usually rolled along/across its back. In Greenland this breed exists in much the same condition as it had when originally arriving there, and is kept chiefly as a working dog valued for its strength and speed rather than a malleable temperament. As is common among sled dogs, Greenland Dogs are able to traverse very difficult terrain with ease and with a high tempo. As working dogs they are especially valued for their physical strength and endurance.




BASSENJI
Bassenji
The Basenji is a small, short haired hunting dog from Africa. It is short backed and lightly built, appearing high on the leg compared to its length. The wrinkled head is proudly carried on a well arched neck and the tail is set high and curled. Elegant and graceful, the whole demeanor is one of poise and inquiring alertness. The balanced structure and the smooth musculature enable it to move with ease and agility. The Basenji hunts by both sight and scent. Characteristics-The Basenji should not bark but is not mute. The wrinkled forehead, tightly curled tail and swift, effortless gait - resembling a racehorse trotting full out, are typical of the breed. Faults-Any departure from the following points must be considered a fault, and the seriousness with which the fault is regarded is to be in exact proportion to its degree. Out of Africa, the Basenji dog breed was originally found in the Congo. He uses both scent and sight to hunt and was originally used to flush small game into a hunter's nets and to control village rodent populations. Clever and endearing, he's a good companion for the person or family who can stay a step ahead of him. Well known as the "barkless" dog from Africa, the Basenji attracts admirers with his short coat, small, muscular body, alert demeanor, erect ears, and tail curled tightly over one hip. A wrinkled brow gives him a quizzical and sometimes mischievous expression. All that sounds attractive, but people who don't research the Basenji before acquiring one may be disappointed or frustrated when they are not prepared for the Basenji's unique temperament and personality.




RUSSIAN TOY
Russian Moscow Toy Terrier
One of the smallest dogs in the world and loves people. Gets bonus points for looking like a member of the Spice Girls from way back when. Bred from the English Toy Terrier, the Russkiy Toy is a small breed that has had to overcome considerable challenges to avoid extinction. Bred in Moscow, the toy breed suffered considerable unpopularity during the early twentieth century among Communists for its association with aristocrats. Though the breed survived, it again faced challenges by the end of the century due to the introduction of other breeds after the fall of Communism. While still quite unknown outside of western Russia, the Russkiy Toy is an amicable dog that many families enjoy. Both long- and short-haired Russkiy Toys resemble Chihuahuas in many respects.

RUSSIAN TOY

Like Chihuahuas, Russkiy Toys are among the smallest dogs in the world. Because of their size, these dogs are prone to bone breaks and fractures. Russkiy Toys are again popular among families because of their playful natures. They are also known for their cheerful dispositions. In fact, owners of all ages find these dogs to make charming companions. The breed is loyal and even in temperament. In this way, they differ from Chihuahuas, a breed not regarded as particularly friendly. Luckily, this breed is enjoying some resurgence in popularity thanks to various dog breeders in its homeland. While still relatively unknown outside of Russia, the breed is becoming increasingly well known.




SCHAPENDOES
Schapendoes
This "Dutch sheep poodle" loves to play and gets along well with kids. It is friendliness personified. Often described as cheerful, funny, clever and brave, this shaggy Dutch herding dog also has an astounding ability to jump. Although he sports a thick double coat, it sheds very little and isn't difficult to groom. The Schapendoes can be a good companion for an active person or family. The sturdy Schapendoes got his start as a Dutch farm dog, and he retains the traits of intelligence, ability to work on his own and cooperation that made him a good helper for farmers. Today he is more likely to be a family dog, having an adaptable nature that can make him a good choice for those willing to devote the time needed to train him and provide him with daily exercise. A Schapendoes can be any color or combination of colors, but the preferred coat for the show ring is blue-gray to black. The long, well-feathered tail, carried high with a characteristic swing from side to side, is a notable feature of the breed. Typically, when the Schapendoes is at rest, the tail hangs low, and when the dog gallops, the tail flies straight out behind him.




SLOVENSKY CUVAC
Slovensky Cuvac
They don't like strangers. They only like you. And they look like harp seal cubs. The Slovensky Cuvac is a mountain dog breed bred as a livestock guard dog. They have always been bred in white to distinguish them from the beasts of the night. Living mostly in the Slovak mountains, holiday visitors took to the dogs and started bringing them to the lowlands. Cuvacs are ultra loyal and very brave. It can resist predators like bears or wolves. This breed is very affectionate to its family and intensely protective.




SPANISH MASTIFF
Spanish Mastiff
The Mast n Espanol or Spanish Mastiff, is a giant breed of dog, originating in Spain, originally bred to be a guard dog whose specialized purpose is to be a Livestock guardian dog protecting flocks and occasionally herds from wolves and other predators. Temperament: Affectionate, Intelligent, Determined, Self-assured, Noble. Colors: Black, Fawn, Brindle, Red, Wolf-Sable, Yellow. The Spanish Mastiff is a very large and strong breed, typically weighing around 140 pounds, although some can weigh over 200 pounds. Similar to other Mastiff breeds, such as the Neapolitan Mastiff or Tibetan Mastiff, this dog has a large head, rectangular build, and medium length coat with loose skin folds.




SWEDISH LAPPHUND
Swedish Lapphund
There are only 1,200 of these in the world, and very few of them exist outside of Sweden. They have been used to guard property, hunt, and even herd reindeer. They can do it all! The Swedish Lapphunds are a reindeer herding dog. They are one of the oldest breeds of dogs and are very rare with only 5-10 in America. It is also called "the black beauty of Norrland". A lapphund makes for a good family pet. It is playful yet non-aggressive. It is curious and very devoted to family. The Swedish Vallhund originated during the age of Vikings. They were bred as cow and cattle herders. A very ancient national dog breed of Sweden, they were saved from extinction during the 1940s but are still counted as one of the rare dog breeds. The Swedish Vallhund makes for a great companion. It loves human attention and can be a show-off probably because it is such a clown. This dog is spirited and athletic.




BEDLINGTON TERRIER
Bedlington Terrier
The Bedlington Terrier dog breed originated as a killer of vermin and poacher's sidekick. The Bedlington Terrior was named after the mining town of Bedlington, Northumberland in North East England. Both the ASPCA and AKC call it mild and gentle and recommends it as being good with children. It has been said to be fit to kill any other dog of his weight. Today Bedlingtons excel as companions and in the show ring. Although they still have excellent hunting instincts, a keen sense of smell, and the will to go to ground, they are rarely used in the field. The Bedlington Terrier captures your attention with his unique lamblike appearance and keeps it with his entertaining, opinionated personality. Don't let his appearance fool you, however. The Bedlington is all terrier: inquisitive, intelligent, alert, and aggressive toward small animals outdoors. Known for its curly and pale-colored wool coat, the Bedlington Terrier bears some similarity to a lamb. But this breed is much more athletic than it appears, traditionally used for racing and to catch vermin. Its graceful build aids in speed and endurance. With his alertness and intelligence, the Bedlington Terrier makes a good watch dog. He can be very entertaining with his unique lamb-like appearance matched with his energetic temperament.




LOWCHEN
Lowchen
The Lowchen is an unusually healthy breed, with an average life expectancy of 12 to 14 years. The exact origin of the Lowchen is a subject of debate. Some suggest a Mediterranean ancestry, closely related to the Bichon-type breeds including the Maltese, the Bolognese and the Bichon Frise. Other sources trace the Lowchen back to Belgium, Holland, France and Germany, where its name translates as "little lion", although it is not related to the "lion dogs" from Asia, this theory places the Lowchen as an ancestor of the modern day poodle. Dogs resembling the Lowchen are seen in historical artwork dating to the mid-1400s, with their close-clipped hindquarters and full, natural mane. Goya included a Lowchen in his painting of the beautiful Duchess of Alba in the late 1700s.

LOWCHEN

Regardless of its precise ancestry, the Lowchen undoubtedly was an enormously popular and pampered pet of royalty and aristocrats as far back as pre-Renaissance Europe, where ladies of the court groomed it in the likeness of a lion. Two reasons are suggested for this lion-cut. The first is that the dogs were intentionally clipped to resemble lions, which were symbols of strength and power. The second is that the warm exposed skin of these little dogs was comforting to their lady owners, who essentially used them as canine "hot-water bottles" to take the chill off of cold nights. The Lowchen also was an excellent varmint-catcher and fierce little guardian of hearth and home. It is not surprising if you have never heard of these little puppies as the Lowchen is actually the rarest dog breed in the world - in 1973, there were only 65 registered examples of the breed! This breed was kept as pets by the aristocrats and can be found in numerous Renaissance paintings. Lion-like only in looks, it is playful and gentle. It was bred to be a companion and is great with both children and adults.




SWEDISH VALLHUND
Swedish Vallhunds
The Swedish Vallhund is a small, powerful, fearless, sturdily built Spitz herding dog. The Swedish Vallhund, also known as the Vastgotaspets. Are athletic dogs, excelling in obedience, agility, tracking, herding, and flyball, in addition to traditionally being a farm dog used for herding. The small, powerful & fearless breed comes in a variety of colors and with a variety of tail lengths, from bobtail - no tail, to a full curl tail. Swedish Vallhunds are athletic dogs.

SWEDISH VALLHUND

The Swedish Valhund love human attention, are very loyal and devoted and love to show off by performing tricks such as tracking and flyball. For centuries, the Swedish Vallhund has been a farm dog that herds cattle, and a watchdog that fends off critters. True to his heritage as a working farm dog breed, the Swedish Vallhund is an intelligent and alert companion. Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make - plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise.




NORWEGIAN LUNDEHUND
Norwegian Lundehund
With six toes on each foot, prick ears that it can control at will, and the ability to tip its head backward to touch the backbone, the Norwegian Lundehund is unlike any other breed. Its unique build helped it excel at Puffin hunting, but it also makes an "easy-to-live-with" dog.

NORWEGIAN LUNDEHUND

The Norwegian Lundehund belongs to the Spitz family and has the odd feature of having six toes on each of his foot. With the extra toe plus his agility, he can climb steep places such as cliffs! Being a primitive breed, the Norwegian Lundehund is not easy to housetrain. He would bark, dig, and climb anywhere in your house. As such, this rare dog breed is not recommended for 1st time dog parents.




KEESHOND
Keeshond
This fluffball would make an ideal family dog, as the Keeshond is known for its obedience and agility and grows to be a cuddly weight between 33 and 43 lbs. The Keeshond is an old dog breed, once a companion and watchdog on the barges and boats that traveled the canals and rivers of Holland in the 17th and 18th centuries. He is almost exclusively a companion dog today. He is a people-lover, willing to participate in all family activities, he thrives with people who expect this of their dog. He is lively, alert, and intelligent - qualities that won him status as the most beloved dog in Holland.




MI-KI
Mi-Ki
The Mi-Ki (pronounced Mee-Kee) is a rare, toy breed dog selectively bred for calm companionship and an engaging personality. The breed was introduced in the USA in the late 1980's. This dog breed is not recognized by FCI. The Mi-Ki is intelligent, calm, sweet natured, affectionate and its activity level is low to moderate. Friendly and alert, making an excellent companion to the handicapped, it is laid back and seldom barks. Some also make a sound much like a yodel or a type of joyful twittering. This breed possesses a high degree of intelligence, making it a top candidate for the obedience ring. They love to be around people, and readily accept strangers. The Mi-Ki has a very even temperament, which makes it an ideal therapy dog. The Mi-Ki loves kids. The Mi-Ki enjoys sunning on a window sill and washing itself like a cat. In fact, one Mi-Ki raised an entire litter of abandoned kittens. The Mi-Ki is not aggressive, nor is it intimidated by dogs.




THE HARRIER DOG
The Harrier
The Harrier looks like an English Foxhound, but is also referred to as a Beagle on steroids. The may look like an oversized Beagle or small English Foxhound, but she is her own breed. She's typically sweet, affectionate and highly energetic. This scenthound was originally used to hunt hare and fox, and she tends to be a good competitor in agility and a natural tracker.

THE HARRIER DOG

This breed is muscular, cheerful and a great pack animal. Developed in England to hunt hare in packs, Harriers must have all the attributes of a scenting pack hound. They are very sturdily built with large bone for their size. They must be active, well balanced, full of strength and quality, in all ways appearing able to work tirelessly, no matter the terrain, for long periods. Running gear and scenting ability are particularly important features. The Harrier should, in fact, be a smaller version of the English Foxhound.




LEONBERGER
Leonberger
This gentle giant ranges from a humongous 100 to 17o lbs, making it a great family pet that is kind, self-disciplined and insensitive to noise. The Leonberger is a calm, non-aggressive, large, muscular, working dog with a proud head carriage. He is distinguished by his balanced build, black mask, and double coat. Adult males, in particular, are powerful and strong and carry a lion-like mane on the neck and chest. A dog or bitch is easily discernable as such. For its size, the Leonberger is light on its feet and graceful in motion. Because natural appearance is essential to breed type, the Leonberger is to be shown with no trimming, sculpting or other alterations of the coat. True to his original purpose as a family, farm and draft dog, today's Leonberger excels as a multi-purpose working dog; the most important task being a reliable family companion. The Leonberger is vigilant, obedient and quietly confident in all situations. He exudes good-natured watchfulness, depicting intelligence and vigor. The Leonberger is a giant breed of dog. It is as big as a lion and as tall as a five year old. German breeder Heinrich Essing bred the Leo from a crossing of the Newfoundland, St. Bernard, and the Great Pyrenees. His goal was to create a canine that closely resembled the lion in their town crest. Leos have been owned by notable royal families including the Prince of Wales and Napoleon II of France to name a few. It is the oldest purebred German dog. Leonbergers LOVE to swim and hike and can also do search and rescue operations.




PENCIL-TAIL FEIST
Pencil-tail Feist
The Pencil-Tail Feist is a hunting breed and belong to the terrier group of hunting dog. It has an outstanding hunting instinct and mostly used in hunting little gams as Rodents and Ekkorn. The temperament of the Pencil Tail Feist is nice, simply it is dauntless, eager to please, quick and loyal dog. They may be easy to train but alike other feists it will need a firm, potent and gentle handler for training. The height of the Penci-tail Feist is 14 to 23 inches and weight is 12 to 35 pounds. Life expectancy of Pencil-tail Feist can range from 10 to 12 years. The history of the breed is not confirm, however some sources believed it is originated somewhere in Spain. The head is with somewhat round shaped skull and muzzle is medium in length. The eyes are small while coloring dark. People Oriented, the intelligent and event tempered, the dauntless, Eager to Please, Quick and Loyal. It may be an intelligent dog that is able to hunt and track the games.




THE ENTLEBUCHER MOUNTAIN DOG
Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The Entlebucher, or Entle for short, is a Swiss herding breed related to the Appenzeller, the Bernese Mountain Dog, and the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. The Entlebucher - Sennenhund or Entlebucher Mountain Dog is a medium-sized herding dog, it is the smallest of the four Sennenhunds, a dog type that includes four regional breeds. The Entlebucher is a compact, strongly muscled, elongated drover with ample bone. He has a short, hard and shiny coat, bright black with symmetrical markings of pure white on blaze, muzzle, chest, and feet - shades of rich fawn to mahogany are present on the eyebrows and between the black and white markings. The Entlebucher Mountain Dog has the independent spirit of other herding breeds, but still relishes spending time with his people especially if they give him a job to do. He can be territorial and will bark to warn you of visitors. He's known for his intelligence, personable attitutude, agility, and loyalty. He's independent and self-confident




PLOTT HOUND
Plott Hound
You might not recognize this breed at first glance, but the Plott Hound is actually the state dog of North Carolina. If you love walking your dog along the beach, then this dog is the perfect breed for you as it loves humans, water and keeping active. A hunting hound of striking color that traditionally brings big game to bay or tree, the Plott is intelligent, alert and confident. Noted for stamina, endurance, agility, determination and aggressiveness when hunting, the powerful, well muscled, yet streamlined Plott combines courage with athletic ability.




BOUVIER DES FLANDRES
Bouvier Des Flandres
The Bouvier de Flander is another herding dog breed from Flanders. Its french name means "Cow Herder of Flanders". Built compactly with a rugged appearance, the most notable feature of the Bouvier is its impressive head accentuated by a moustache and heavy beard. Bred in the past for cattle driving, cart pulling, and sheep herding, these dogs nowadays make for good family pets as well as excellent guard dogs.

BOUVIER DES FLANDRES

The Bouvier possesses admirable traits like intelligence and control while , at the same time, displaying a pleasant, gentle, loyal, and obedient temperament. The Bouvier des Flandres is a powerfully built, compact, short-coupled, rough-coated dog of notably rugged appearance. He gives the impression of great strength without any sign of heaviness or clumsiness in his overall makeup. He is agile, spirited and bold, yet his serene, well behaved disposition denotes his steady, resolute and fearless character. His gaze is alert and brilliant, depicting his intelligence, vigor and daring. By nature he is an equable dog. His origin is that of a cattle herder and general farmer's helper, including cart pulling.




CHINESE CRESTED DOG
Chinese Crested Dog
If you like hairless dogs, you might like the Chinese Crested Dog. These dogs come in two varieties - the Powder Puff and the Hairless. The Hairless variety is the nearly hairless dog with the trademark silky hair on its while the Powderpuff is the genetically recessive counterpart with the full coat. The Chinese Crested Dog is amazingly tolerant of heat. It neither pants nor drinks lots of water even in hot weather. On the other hand, it cannot bear the cold and can die from really low temperatures. A toy dog, fine-boned, elegant and graceful. The distinct varieties are born in the same litter. The Hairless with hair only on the head, tail and feet and the Powderpuff, completely covered with hair. The breed serves as a loving companion, playful and entertaining.




PORTUGUESE WATER DOG
Portuguese Water Dog
This breed gained fame when it became the dog icon of the Obama family. The Obamas have two water dogs now: Sunny and Bo. Chosen partially for being hypollergenic, Bo was gifted to the President's family by Senator Ted Kennedy. Who knew that the Obama family had one of the rare dog breeds?

PORTUGUESE WATER DOG

"Porties" as they are called, are very bright and intelligent dogs with bubbly personalities. They need a lot of physical and mental stimulation. This highly intelligent utilitarian breed is distinguished by two coat types, either curly or wavy - an impressive head of considerable breadth and well proportioned mass, a ruggedly built, well-knit body and a powerful, thickly based tail, carried gallantly or used purposefully as a rudder. The Portuguese Water Dog provides an indelible impression of strength, spirit, and soundness.




CAUCASIAN OVCHARKA
Caucasian Ovcharka
The Caucasian Ovcharka - also known as the Caucasian Mountain Dog or Caucasian Shepherd Dog, is one of the largest rare dog breeds in the world, hailing from mountainous regions of Russia and neighboring transcontinental nations. Despite their cute and cuddly appearance, these massive mountain dogs are no teddy bears: fiercely territorial, they were historically used to hunt wolves and bears. Ovcharkas don't like strangers, and are most often kept as working guard dogs, though with proper socialization they can be loyal family dogs as well.

CAUCASIAN OVCHARKA

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a harmonious built, large, strong dog with plenty of bone and powerful muscular system of a slight rectangular format. Sexual dimorphism is well pronounced. Males are masculine, with well developed withers and a bigger head in comparison with females. They are also more massive, bigger and often shorter in body than females. In dogs with longer coat variety males have a distinctly pronounced mane. Behaviour is steady, active, self-confident, fearless & independent. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog shows a devoted attachment to its master. It is an excellent guard dog.




KOMANDOR
Komandor
The Komondor also known as the Hungarian sheepdog, is a large, white-coloured Hungarian breed of livestock guardian dog with a long, corded coat. The Komondor is characterized by imposing strength, dignity, courageous demeanor, and pleasing conformation. He is a large, muscular dog with plenty of bone and substance, covered with an unusual, heavy coat of white cords. The working Komondor lives during the greater part of the year in the open, and his coat serves to help him blend in with his flock and to protect him from extremes of weather and beasts of prey. Originally bred to guard livestock - a job he still excels at - the Komondor is intelligent, independent, and highly protective. In fact, he enjoys nothing more than watching over his family. His appearance might make you think he was developed to mop floors, but the Komondor has a long and noble heritage as a flock-guarding dog breed in his native Hungary. He still retains a strong protective instinct and will defend his family and property with his life. Nor is the Komondor's coat care an easy proposition. Their trademark cords don't need brushing, but they must be kept free of parasites and dirt. The Komondor comes with lots of benefits in addition to the responsibilities. This loyal breed will happily spend his days under or on your feet, serving as companion, friend, and guardian.




SALISH WOOL DOG
Salish Wool Dog
The Salish Wool Dog is an extinct breed of white, long-haired, Spitz-type dog that was developed and bred by the native peoples of what is now Washington State and British Columbia. It has been suggested that the Salish Wool Dog or Woolly Dog, is the only known prehistoric North American dog developed by true animal husbandry. The small long-haired wool dog and the coyote-like village dog were deliberately maintained as separate populations. The dogs were kept in packs of about 12 to 20 animals, and fed primarily raw and cooked salmon. To keep the breed true to type and the preferred white color, Salish Wool Dogs were confined on islands and in gated caves. The fur of the Salish Wool Dog was prized for making the famous and rare "Salish" blankets, as the Salish peoples did not have sheep and wild mountain goat wool was difficult to gather. By 1858, the Salish Wool Dog was considered extinct as a distinct breed. The last identifiable wool dog died in 1940. Originally from the Washington State/British Columbia area, the Salish Wool Dog is now extinct as a distinct breed. These pups were small with long white hair that the native people sheared, like a sheep, to weave into treasured Salish blankets. The dogs were kept in groups ranging from 12 to about 20 and kept safe on islands or in gated off caves.




BEARDED COLLIE
Bearded Collie
The Bearded Collie dog breed was developed in Scotland to herd sheep and cattle in any weather or terrain. They function today as excellent family companions, show dogs, working sheepdogs, or even all three. Because of their energy and quickness they are well suited to competing in obedience, rally, agility, and other dog sports. When anyone describes a Bearded Collie, the adjective most often used is enthusiastic! That word, along with hardy, exuberant, active, energetic, bright, reliable, and trustworthy should give you the beginnings of a picture of this well-loved breed. The Bearded Collie, known affectionately as the Beardie, is the ultimate shaggy dog. The name Bearded Collie comes from the hair that hangs down from the chin and forms a beard. Beardies are highly intelligent, active and resourceful. It takes a smart and energetic person to keep up with them. Bearded Collies are excellent with children. Beardies are outgoing, affectionate dogs, but they can have a stubborn and independent streak from a heritage that required them to make their own decisions while herding sheep.




BASSET BLEU DE GASCOGNE
Basset Bleu de Gascogne
The Basset Bleu de Gascogne also known as the Blue Gascony Basset, is a long-backed, short legged breed of dog of the hound type. The breed originated in the Middle Ages, descended from the Grand Bleu de Gascogne. It nearly became extinct around the early 19th century, its salvation was attributed to one Alain Bourbon. A French native breed, it is rare outside of its homeland. It is recognized internationally by the FCI, in the UK by The Kennel Club, and by the United Kennel Club in the United States. The "bleu" of its name is a reference to its coat which has a ticked appearance. The color of their coat is predominantly white, ticked so as to give a bluish appearance, with brown spots and tan markings above the eyes and on the ears. They are a smooth-coated breed. Height at the withers is usually between 34 and 42 centimetres. Their general appearance is usually not too heavy.




ALASKIAN KLEE KAI
Alaskan Klee Kai
The Alaskan Klee Kai was developed fairly recently by a woman in Alaska who took a strong interest in a small dog resembling a Husky. Over time other breeders became interested in furthering the development of the Alaskan Klee Kai, however, it is still considered a rare breed. Often referred to as a miniature Husky, the Alaskan Klee Kai is a medium-sized dog breed with very similar markings to the Siberian Husky. The most desirable feature in a Klee Kai is the facemask - similar to the markings seen on a Husky face. The Alaskan Klee Kai can be seen in a toy, miniature or standard since weighing anywhere from 5 to 22 pounds at a height of 13 to 17 inches. The Alaskan Klee Kai is a small and affection dog that is a loving and loyal family pet. This breed may be cautious around strangers and small children, so it is best to socialize it at an early age. The Klee Kai makes a good watch dog as it is very alert at all times.




CHINESE FOO DOG
Chinese Foo Dog
The Chinese Foo hails originally from China and was bred for guarding Buddhist temples, and can be dated back to Antiquity. The naming of this dog is extremely significant to the Buddhist religion. The Chinese Foo looks like a lion, which is a sacred animal to Buddhists. The Chinese word for Buddha is Fo, which led to the original name - the Dog of Fo. The Chinese Foo dog is compact and has a square profile. It comes in three sizes: Toy, Miniature or Standard. It has a moderately broad head with pricked ears and the tail is carried over its back. Their chest is deep and moderately broad with a short, powerful and compact body, well-sprung ribs, and short, wide, muscular loins. It has a broad wedge shaped heal and the muzzle and back of the skull look to be of equal length when regarded from the side. The stop isn't large, but it is clearly defined. The nose is straight and usually black in color. Its ears are set high and are firm and erect when on alert. They are rather small considering the size of the dog, and are rounded at the tips.




CHIPPIPARAI
Chippiparai
The Chippiparai gets its name from the town that it was developed in, Chippiparai, in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. One of the many sighthound breeds originating in India, this dog is bred by royal families in Chippiparai near Madurai district Tamil Nadu. Primarily used for hunting boar, deer and hare - it was later kept as a symbol of royalty and dignity. The streamlined, lithe, and graceful Chippiparai is a sighthound that originated and has been bred in Tamil Nadu in South India. Often compared to the Greyhound because of its equal agility and lean body, as much as this feature is true of most Indian hounds, the Chippiparai epitomises the strong and silent hound dog. These are perfect guard dogs for homes as well as estates, sharp and brave enough to protect the family and affectionate and loyal enough to make a great family pet. This breed is also known to make a great one-man dog, because of their ability to imprint on one human being and become a dedicated companion to him or her for the rest of their lives. This exquisite hunting dog is now close to extinction and, unless responsible and ethical breeders work hard to preserve them, they will soon be another thing of beauty relegated to history books.




MUDHOL CARAVAN HOUND
Mudhol Hound
The Mudhol Hound is a very ancient breed that was predominant in the Deccan Plateau region. One of the most unique aspects about Mudhol Hound is the various names by which this breed is known across the country. The Mudhol Hound has multiple names and it is called so in the Karantaka region and gets its name from the small town in Bagalkot district of the state. It is believed that the former ruler of Mudhol presented two puppies to King George V. The Mudhol Hound is one of the most versatile breed when it comes to naming the breed. You would not have come across any another breed with so many different names. This pure bred Indian breed is a type of sight hound. The Mudhol hound is one of the most healthy dogs to have around and do not have any particular health issues attached to it. Their lineage and breeding has made sure that they can combat the Indian weather conditions.




KANNI
Kanni
Kanni is a rare indigenous breed of sighthound also bred in Tamil Nadu. They are closely related to the Chippiparai and are said to be descendants of the Saluki. These breeds were built to hunt deer as they are very agile and light on their feet. Usually a silent dog, they are great as guards of their owners and easy to train. However, they act independant when on a hunt as is their disposition. This is one of the rarest breeds on the list, almost on the verge of extinction. Due to the lack of proper specimen available, no proper effort has been taken to revive the Kanni breed.




CHINESE IMPERIAL DOG
Chinese Imperial Dog
The Chinese Imperial Dog is a Toy dog breed with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face, and curled tail. Kennel clubs originally classified the breed under the shih-tzu, before recognizing the Imperial as a separate breed. Other names for the Chinese Imperial Dog include: Imperial Shih Tzu, Lion Dog, Micro Shih Tzu, Miniature Shih Tzu, Princess-type Shih Tzu, Tiny Teacup Shih Tzu, Tiny Toy Shih Tzu. The purpose of the Chinese Imperial Dog is to be a personal and family pet and companion. They are sturdy, happy, playful little dogs with an affectionate and loving temperament that is ideal for their role in life. They are intelligent, outgoing, trusting and energetic dogs that will also be content to sit quietly on a lap for as long as it is allowed. They are vivacious and cooperative with a streak of independence. The Chinese Imperial Dog is playful and energetic. They need daily pack walks to burn mental and physical energy. Make sure you are this dog's firm, confident, consistent pack leader to avoid Small Dog Syndrome, human induced behavior problems. Always remember, dogs are canines, not humans. Be sure to meet their natural instincts as animals.




THE WETTERHOUN
The Wetterhoun
The ancestral type of the Wetterhoun was developed at least 400 years ago in the Dutch province of Fryslan. The Wetterhoun - FCI No.221, translated into English as the Frisian Water Dog, is a breed of dog traditionally used as a hunting dog for hunting small mammals and waterfowl in the province of Fryslan in the Netherlands. The name of the dog comes from the West Frisian Wetterhun meaning "water dog."

THE WETTERHOUN

The Wetterhoun is a medium-sized dog between 55 and 59 centimeters. Plural of Wetterhoun is Wetterhounen in Dutch. The breed may also be called the Otterhoun - not to be confused with the Otterhound or Dutch Spaniel, although it is not a Spaniel-type dog. dog traditionally used as a hunting dog for hunting small mammals and waterfowl in the province of Fryslan in the Netherlands. The name of the dog comes from the West Frisian Wetterh n meaning "water dog."




THE SHIKOKU
Shikoku
The Shikoku (Shikoku-ken, alternative names: Kochi-ken, Mikawa Inu, Japanese Wolfdog) is a native, primitive Japanese breed of dog from Shikoku island that is similar to a Shiba Inu. The Shikoku was recently added as recognized breed of the American Kennel Club as an AKC FSS standard, it is recognized by the Japan Kennel Club, an organization recognized by AKC as an official foreign registry, AKC recognizes the Shiba Inu, however.

THE SHIKOKU

The Shikoku is also in the Canadian Kennel Club Hound group and the United Kennel Club, awaiting full recognition. In 1937 the Japanese Crown recognized the Shikoku dog as a living "natural monument" of Japan. The Shikoku is one of the native Japanese breeds intermediate in size between the large Akita Inu and the small Shiba Inu - all are within the Spitz family of dogs. The Shikoku was bred mainly for hunting deer and boar in the mountainous districts of Kochi Prefecture. It is sometimes called "Kochi-ken" and, along with the Kai dog, referred to as a deerhound.




HOKKAIDO DOG
Hokkaido Dog
Other names for the breed include Ainu-ken, Seta, Ainu dog. In Japan, its name is sometimes shortened to Do-ken. The Hokkaido is native to the prefecture of the same name in Japan. The breed is medium in size, with small, triangular, upright ears. The small eyes have a rising triangular outline. The Hokkaido has a coat of long, stiff fur, and a second, shorter coat of soft fur. Colors include red, white, black, brindle, sesame, black and tan, and wolf-gray. Males are typically 50 cm (20 in) tall at the withers. The breed is known for fidelity to its owner, bravery, and the ability to withstand the cold, among other traits. It has an innate sense of direction and smell, and can therefore return to its master no matter how great the distance. Temperament will vary depending on the lineage and region of upbringing. Traditionally in Japan, the dog has been used as a working breed that plays both the role of family pet and hunter.




MAREMMA SHEEPDOG
Maremma Sheepdog
The Maremma Sheepdog is a massive, noble, distinctive-looking dog with a bear-like head. The jaws are strong with a scissors bite. It has a black nose that often becomes slightly pink-brown with age. The ears are V-shaped, pointed and rather small. The eyes have a lively, intelligent expression, but are not large. The nasal canal is straight. The tail is low set and thickly feathered with dense hair. The deep, well-rounded ribcage extends to the elbows. The long, harsh and very abundant hair has a slight wave. The undercoat is dense. Coat colors include white with markings of ivory, light yellow or pale orange on the ears. The Maremma is a friendly and well-balanced flock guardian. For several decades, it has also achieved success as a companion dog. Sober and dignified, this loyal, brave and determined dog makes an excellent guard dog without being a constant barker. It is correctly described as affectionate, but not dependent.




XIASI DOG
Xiasi Dog
The breed, which is named after the village of Xiasi, prefecture of Kaiili, is now accepted in most Chinese dog shows, if not by the Federation Cynologique Internationale. Xiasi Dog also known as Xiasi Quan or Bai Long Quan, is a breed of dog originating from Guizhou Province in China, recognised by the Chinese Kennel Club. Since the breed is mainly raised in the town of Xiasi, Kaili city, the official name for this breed is Xiasi Quan, though members of the Miao ethnic group also refer to this breed as Bai Long Quan. Xiasi Quan have distinctive characteristics and traits which make them ideal hunting dogs. Their lean muscular bodies, padded paws, and powerful legs are bred to follow fast and agile prey. In southern area of Guizhou, Xiasi Quan is often trained to be a guard dog. Xiasi Quan possess a keen sense of smell, as well as impressive speed and stamina. Xiasi dogs are very loyal and affectionate to their owners. An adult individual weighs from 22 to 66 pounds, with a height ranging from 17 to 20 inches. It has a short, wiry, white-coloured pelt, a large face with pointed ears, small eyes and a wide mouth. The dog's skin appears red around its nose, mouth and ears. In the early age, the purpose of Xiasi Quan was to protect home safety and to hunting in village. Xiasi Quan is smart and agility, so after 90s, people use Xiasi Quan only for hunting. Xiasi Quan is very kind for its host, know what doer host think about, and know how to cooperate with host.




BANDOG
Bandog
The term Bandog, also known as Bandogge, is believed to have originated in the Middle Ages in England. Johannes Caius published a book in Latin in 1570, translated into English in 1576 by Abraham Fleming under the title, Of Englishe Dogges, in which he described the Bandog as a vast, stubborn, eager dog of heavy body The Bandog is said to be a huge spirit-world mastiff with massive jaws from which flames appear. The Bandog was believed to guard treasure buried beneath the Rock of Dunamase, the stronghold of the Kings of Leinster, overlooking Portlaoise in County Laois in Ireland. The Bandog can claim its ancestry to the Molosser Dogs - It is not a pure bred dog and has descended from the cross-breeding of Pit Bulls, Mastiffs and Rottweilers.

BANDOG

The literal meaning of the Bandog is taken from Band + dog giving Bound dog which refers to large and fierce dog, such as mastiffs, which were kept chained or tied up until they were released for guard dog duties or in some cases for fighting and bull and bear baiting. The Bandog has therefore classified as one of the Working Dog Group which we go on to describe in detail in the section at the bottom of this page. As there is not a specific breed standard Bandog is not Registered by the AKC and is therefore in the category of dogs termed Unrecognised & Rare Breeds. Working dogs, like the Bandog, are medium to giant size and are strong, often independent, domineering and difficult to manage. The Bandog's coat can be seen in a variety of dark shades.




EURASIER
Eurasier
The Eurasier is a relative newcomer to the dog world. Created in Germany only 50 years ago, he is the product of crosses between the Wolf Spitz, a Nordic-type breed found in Germany, the Chow Chow, and, later, the Samoyed. The resulting puppies bred true, meaning they could reproduce themselves, and a new breed was born and recognized by the German Kennel Club and the Federation Cynologique Internationale. The name was chosen to signify the breed's European and Asian background. The Eurasier is devoted to his family but takes a while to warm up to anyone else. He's usually not aggressive towards strangers, but he doesn't like them to pet him. If you want a dog that loves everyone at first sight, don't choose a Eurasier. When they are part of his family, the Eurasier is tolerant of children and other pets. He's an excellent watchdog, alert but not noisy. Early and frequent socialization will help you bring out the best in your Eurasier. An easy breed to train, the Eurasier is a medium-size Spitz type of dog that is revered for its even temperament. In fact, the dog was bred for companionship. Families find these dogs make great pets as they form strong familial bonds but are also alert and watchful of strangers. A relatively new breed, Eurasiers have only been in existence since 1960, which is why they are still unknown. Breeders bred these dogs from Samoyeds, Chow Chows, and Wolfspitz and worked to breed for the most companionable qualities. The Eurasier can appear in various colors such as fawn, black, wolf-gray, and tan. Males tend to weigh around the seventy-pound mark. The dogs sport a thick coat - the hair around the neck tends to be longer than elsewhere on the dogs. Eurasiers do best as family dogs or companion dogs. They are apt to become depressed if caged or chained up. With proper training, they are not a mischievous breed and behave well in households with or without children. Even though this is a young breed, its excellent qualities suggest that it is likely to grow in popularity as it becomes better known.




BOYKIN SPANIEL
Boykin Spaniel
The Boykin Spaniel is medium in size, with emphasis placed on his hunting abilities, characterized by flushing and retrieving, with moderate speed and agility. His pendulous ears, intelligent expression, sturdy build and friendly wagging tail proclaim him part of the spaniel family. Though it's the state dog of South Carolina, this breed is surprisingly rare and little known of outside its home region. This spaniel was bred to hunt wild turkey around the area of Wateree River Swamp. Regarded as a versatile hunting dog, the Boykin Spaniel is known for its stamina and endurance even in the hot and humid conditions of South Carolina summers. Somewhat larger than a Cocker Spaniel, the Boykin Spaniel is favored by hunters who canoe and hunt doves or even pheasants. Though these dogs have been living and hunting in the region since the early twentieth century, they did not achieve American Kennel Club recognition until 2009. For this reason, they are still little known about. In spite of their rarity, the Boykin Spaniel is regarded as a great pet. It boasts a friendly demeanor and pleasant appearance with its shades of chocolate brown and intelligent expression. Anyone looking for a southern water spaniel would do well to consider this smart, energetic breed that thrives on pleasing its owner. Known for its stability with children and other household pets, this breed is an all-around great dog. However, as it's bred for the mild temperatures of its home state, it may not be content to live up north.




KISHU
Kishu
This breed originated from medium-sized dogs that existed in Japan in ancient times. It became established as a breed in the mountainous districts in Kishu - Wakayama and Mie Prefecture. Medium-sized dog, well balanced and muscles well developed. The dog has pricked ears and a curled or sickle tail. The conformation is strong, well boned and compact. This Japanese dog breed is incredibly rare and many people won't get the chance to see one unless they visit Japan. On the other hand, readers of Manga - Japanese-style comics, may spot one in print as these dogs are well-liked by Manga artists. The Kishu is a medium-sized dog with a white coat. Other color Kishu dogs may be seen on occasion, but a white coat is most common for this breed. Throughout its history, the Kishu was used to hunt animals like deer and even boar. Interestingly, this breed is a great hunter because it's known for its ability to quietly stalk its prey. It knows not to bark and is well known for its quiet manner. While the breed is known for its tough demeanor, it is also regarded as an immensely friendly one which makes it a great pet. This dog is also regarded as highly loyal, especially to its family. The dog is especially associated with its homeland and its export is restricted. There are breeders outside of Japan, but the breed is quite rare around the world. Intelligent yet strong-willed, this breed can become somewhat aggressive around other dogs if not socialized as a puppy. It enjoys its dominance!




KYI-LEO
KyI-Leo
The Kyi-Leo - pronounced "ki" as in "kite", is a small yet sturdy rare dog breed. It was first introduced in the 1950s in the San Francisco Bay area by the accidental crossing of a Maltese and a Lhasa Apso. This produced a type of dog that caught the attention of several individuals. In 1972 there was enough interest among owners and breeders to come together and formally recognize this breed. It was at this meeting that they formally decided on calling it a Kyi-Leo. The name comes from the Tibetan and Latin languages. "Kyi" is the Tibetan word for dog - this acknowledges the Lhasa Apso breed which first came from Tibet. "Leo" is the Latin word for Lion - this acknowledges the Maltese which is also known as the "Maltese Lion dog". The Kyi-Leo reaches 8-12 inches in height and 9-14 pounds in weight. It has a long silky coat, most commonly black and white. The Kyi-Leo is generally calm, obedient, quiet, and difficult to provoke. It is usually very playful and active around trusted humans or animals, but tends to stay cautious and alert around strangers. Its acute hearing makes it a decent watchdog. It ideally lives in indoor settings and can be very patient when left alone for long hours at a time.




KLEINER MUNSTERLANDER
Kleiner Munsterlander
The Small Munsterlander - also SM or Kleiner Munsterlander, is a versatile hunting-pointing-retrieving dog breed that reached its current form in the area around Münster, Germany. Males should stand between 20.5-22 in (52–56 cm). The Large Münsterländer is from the same area, but was developed from different breeding stock and is not related as the names would suggest. Originally a dog bred exclusively for noble families and to work with their families' falconers before guns were used in bird and small game hunting, ancestors of the Small Munsterlande. Small Munsterlanders bear a resemblance to both spaniels and setters but are more versatile while hunting on land and water. The Small Munsterlander is recognized by the FCI - Continental Pointing Dogs of Spaniel type, by the American Kennel Club as a Foundation Breed, and by The Kennel Club and the United Kennel Club as a gun dog. It is related to the Epagneul Francais and the Drentsche Patrijshond.

KLEINER MUNSTERLANDER

Small Munsterlanders are extremely intelligent, trainable, and attentive but require gentle and patient training. Coupled with their intelligence, if they determine an owner to be inconsistent or indecisive, the owner might find that the dog will challenge the owner. For training, both voice and hand signals are used, and a Small Munsterlander will routinely look back to check in with the hunter for silent signals at intervals when on hold or pointing. They have a very strong prey drive and enjoy rewarding their owner with productive hunts. They thrive with hunting or comparable challenging exercise for an hour or more every day. They are strong swimmers, especially when compared to other short-haired hunting breeds.




CAREA LEONES
Carea Leones
The Carea Leones or Leonese Shepherd, is a breed of herding dog from Leon, Castile and Leon, Spain, and is used as a sheepdog. For centuries, they tended flocks of Churra - sheep in the mountains of the historical region of Leon. The Carea Leones is a dog whose morphology and character have been molded by its environment, both physical and human. Regarding the physical, it can say that this breed is rooted in the regions of the province of Leon and Zamora. This was so because it are agricultural areas where crops shared its existence with sheep herds. For such coexistence come to fruition, and due to shortage of shepherd men who were at any particular time, and the number of heads could be high, it was necessary to resort to a helper who will control cattle to temptation, and this was the Carea Leones. When Spain colonized America, they introduced Churra sheep for food and fiber. They also brought their Carea Leones to manage the huge flocks. These dogs contributed to the type of herding dogs found throughout California and the Southwestern United States including the Australian Shepherd. Their coat is smooth and short or moderate length and slightly wavy, and ranges from black to dark liver or merle with white and or tan trim. They range in size from 18 to 23 inches (45 cm to 58 cm) and in weight from 30 to 70 pounds (14–32 kg). This breed is used as a working dog and as a companion. Because of its intelligence, the Carea Leones, like most sheepdogs, is easy to train. The function of Carea Leones it is to carry and control livestock, whether sheep, bovine or equine, it is a stubborn and courageous animal with the cattle, not allowing these daunted it.




BRUNO JURA HOUND
Bruno Jura Hound
The Bruno Jura hound is a domestic dog, developed in the Middle Ages for hunting in the Jura Mountains on the Swiss-French border. They are found in a variety of colors and have a broad head and heavy wrinkles, which differentiate them from the other Swiss hounds. It is known for hunting fox, hare, and sometimes even small deer. The Bruno Jura Hound is a skilled scent follower and is capable of following the slightest trace of a scent over the rough terrain of the Jura mountains. It needs firm handling if kept solely for companionship. Its size is similar to that of the Schweizer Laufhund, but it differs in the broadness of its head. It is related to the Bloodhound. The life expectancy of Bruno Jura hound is 12-13 years. An adult hound can weigh anywhere from 34 to 44 pounds (15.5-20 kg) and is from usually 17 to 23 inches (43-58 cm) tall. Also called the Jura Laufhund, this dog is an excellent hunter of fox, hare, and small deer.




HUNTAWAY
Huntaway
The New Zealand Huntaway is a very unique sheep-herding dog, in that it uses its voice to drive the sheep. Height: 20 - 24 inches (51 - 61 cm). The New Zealand Huntaway originated in the 1900s. While most of the original British sheepdogs transported to New Zealand worked the sheep silently, an occasional dog would work them with his voice. Some shepherds were intrigued with this, liking what they saw in the voice-driving sheepdogs. The dog leans to gather the herd and follows behind it. Special events were developed for these dogs at sheep-herding trials. The events were referred to as "huntaways," and eventually gave the dog its name. Usually good with children and fairly easy to obedience train, the New Zealand Huntaway is an intelligent dog. They are usually good with non-canine pets. The New Zealand Huntaway is friendly with strangers. They are not guard dogs and some are not good watchdogs. Because they were bred as a barking-herding dog, they need to be trained when to bark and when not to bark. These dogs are very intelligent, so this is not difficult to do.




TIBETIAN TERRIER
Tibetian Terrier
The Tibetan Terrier is a medium-size breed of dog that originated in Tibet. Despite its name, it is not a member of the terrier group. The breed was given its English name by European travelers due to its resemblance to known terrier breeds. The Tibetan name for the breed, Tsang Apso, roughly translates to "shaggy or bearded "apso" dog, from the province of Tsang". Some old travelers accounts refer to the dog as Dokhi Apso or "outdoor" Apso, indicating a shaggy or bearded working dog which lives outdoors. The history of the Tibetan Terrier dates back thousands of years. Tibetan Terriers were kept as good luck charms, mascots, watchdogs, herding dogs, and companions. They were also used to retrieve articles that fell down mountain sides. Also known as the "Holy Dogs of Tibet," Tibetan Terriers were never sold, only given as gifts by monks to promote good fortune. As such, the early history of the breed is linked to only a handful of foundation dogs. Recent DNA analysis has concluded that the Tibetan Terrier is descended from the most ancient dog breeds.

TIBETIAN TERRIER

Due in part to Tibet's geographical isolation, Tibetan Terriers were kept purebred for over 2000 years. The Tibetan Terrier is a powerful, medium-sized dog of square proportions, with a shaggy coat. They vary widely in height and weight, ranging from 14-16 in (35–41 cm) and is 18-30 lb (8–14 kg). The hair of the Tibetan Terrier has a long growth cycle. The coat of the Tibetan Terrier requires regular and careful grooming to keep tangles from forming. This coat helps the Tibetan Terrier withstand temperatures as low as -50 C for prolonged periods of time. All colours are permissible, barring liver and chocolate, and none is preferred. Gold is the rarest.




SMITHFIELD & TASMANIAN DOG
Smithfield & Tasmanian Dog
The Smithfield, Smithfield Collie or Smithfield Sheepdog is a type of herding dog. It is a large, strong dog of collie type. The Smithfield can be black, grey or red with a white collar, or wholly white and they always possess floppy-ears and shaggy hair on the body, face and legs. Two varieties exist, with one having a natural bobtail and the second with a longer tail. It was used for droving cattle in the south-east of England, especially the Smithfield Market in London, and although this breed of dog is believed to be extinct and was never recognised by any of the major kennel clubs before its extinction, dogs of similar type are shown under the same name in Tasmania, Australia. The Smithfield was first introduced to Australia during colonial times. It was a handy dog used to work the meat markets in Smithfield, London. It is a dog standing from 18 to 21 inches (46 to 53 cm) and has a shaggy appearance. Very little has been documented about this breed, and although it is not a recognised pure-breed in the Australian National Kennel Council, it is shown at the Campbell Town Show in Tasmania. Many older farmers still own the breed as well as some breeders who want to keep the original lines going and maintain effort in a future of the breed. Whilst it is accepted that they are not a registered breed as such, there is sufficient interest and acceptance in Tasmania of the breed for this event to be held.




LAPPONIAN HERDER
Lapponian Herder
Finland Dog

The Lapponian herder Lapinporokoira or Lapp Reindeer dog or Lapsk Vallhund is a breed of dog from Finland, one of three Lapphund breeds developed from a type of dog used by the Sami people for herding and guarding their reindeer. The breed falls under the mitochondrial DNA sub-clade referred to as d1 that is only found in northern Scandinavia. It is the result of a female wolf-male dog hybridization that occurred post-domestication. Subclade d1 originated 480-3,000 years ago and is found in all Sami-related breeds: Finnish Lapphund, Swedish Lapphund, Lapponian Herder, Jamthund, Norwegian Elkhound and Hällefors Elkhound. The maternal wolf sequence that contributed to these breeds has not been matched across Eurasia and its branch on the phylogenetic tree is rooted in the same sequence as the 33,000 year-old Altai dog - not a direct ancestor. The Lapinporokoira is a medium-sized dog, with medium length fur in a double coat. Ears are pricked, Colour is generally black or dark grey or brown, with a lighter shade on the head and lower parts of the body, often with white markings. Height should be 51 cm (20 in) at the withers for males. The breed standard states that the dog should be calm, friendly, and docile, but also energetic. Most herding breeds need to be given regular exercise. The temperament of individual dogs may vary.




MAJORCA RATTER
Majorca Ratter
Majorca Ratter is a Spanish breed of dog originating in the Balearic Islands. Not recognized as a standardized breed by any major kennel club. The origin of the breed is rather unclear, although its relationship with the Gos Rater Valencia is obvious, when taking on count the geographical proximity and historical references. In the early 20th century, Valencians migrated to the island of Mallorca and they might have brought ratters with them. Their purpose was to keep stables free from rodents. In addition to killing rodents, the Majorca Ratter has also been an excellent hare and rabbit hunter. Moreover, it has been called ericoner for its tendency to kill hedgehogs and other small prey. However, the hunting style is different from the one used by for example the Ibizan Hound. The Majorca Ratter goes to bushes and moves slowly drawing a hare out. Its hunting qualities are due its small physical structure and its muscular legs, allowing it to make great leaps. The Majorca Ratter is also a good companion dog and a great watchdog. The Majorca Ratter is alert, nervous, intelligent and extremely affectionate towards its owner.




TAIWAN DOG
Taiwan Dog
The Taiwan Dog is a breed or landrace of small or medium dog indigenous to Taiwan. These dogs are also known as Taiwanese Canis, Taiwanese Native Dog or Takasago Dog. They are well-adapted to the uneven and thickly forested terrain of Taiwan, having become a semi-wild breed prior to the arrival of several colonial reigns and foreign powers. Notwithstanding these adaptations, Formosans retained the potential to be trained, and are now used as hunting dogs, guard dogs, stunt dogs, rescue dogs, or simply as companions. Formosans are classified into one medium type and two small types. However, now the pureblood Formosan Mountain Dog is edging closer to extinction, due to limited conservation efforts of the Taiwanese and their government. Native Dog is the common name in Taiwan nowadays to indicate that the dog is an offspring of Formosan with foreign dogs, it is commonly confused with Taiwan Native Dog.




SILKEN WINDHOUND vs RUSSIAN BORZOI
Silken Windhound
The Silken Windhound is an American breed of sighthound. Like most sighthounds, Silkens are noted coursers. Its slighter less in height then Russian Borzoi, althought the external view appears to be very likely to Borzoi. Silken Windhounds are graceful, small to medium sized sighthounds with silky coats of middling length. Silkens have many coat colors that can range from spotted to solid. Silken Windhounds are affectionate and playful and are good dogs for families with children. Due to their friendliness, they are not good guard dogs but are easily house broken and can be trained to live with smaller household pets. Silkens particularly like agility, therapy, flyball, and obedience. Silken Windhounds are often intelligent and easily trained.




TIBETIAN KYI APSO DOG
Tibetian Kyi Apso
The Tibetan Kyi Apso, also known as the Apso Do-Kyi, is a rare Tibetan breed of livestock guardian dog. In Tibet, the Pashmina of this breed is occasionally saved and used to weave small carpets. In Tibetan, "kyi" means dog and "apso" is short for "ara" meaning moustache and "sog-sog" meaning hairy. It also qualifies in common parliance as a type of "do-khyi", meaning a dog that is tied. These large, playful dogs are recognized by their long, full coats, fully curled tails and "bearded" faces. This breed stands between 24-28 inches and weighs just under 100 lbs. In comparison to the Tibetan Mastiff, the Kyi Apso has a bearded, shaggy muzzle and longer hair overall but also its bone is not as hefty. Most Kyi Apsos appear lighter and more athletic than a Tibetan Mastiff, and lack the huge, sagging lips or dewlaps, facial wrinkles, or a lot of haw. Considered a primitive breed, it typically retains the hardiness which would be required for it to survive in Tibet and the high-altitude Himalayan range. nstinctive behaviors including canine pack behavior contributed to the survival of the breed in harsh environments. Of the few dogs that have made it to the West, the temperament can best be described as generally relaxed, affectionate and peaceful, but are also very assertive in defense of their territory. They seem to be less serious than the Tibetan Mastiff, approaching life with a bit more whimsy and humor. They can turn deadly serious if the situation warrants it, but they don't sweat the small stuff. As a flock guardian dog in Tibet and in the West, it uses all the usual livestock guardian tactics - barking, scent-marking perimeters, to warn away predators and avoid direct confrontations.




TORNJAK
Tornjak
The Tornjak - pronunciation is "tornyak", is a mountain sheep dog native to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. FCI #355 as Bosnian-Herzegovinian and Croatian Shepherd Dog - official English name or Tornjak. Tornjaks are large and powerful dogs, with well proportioned, almost square-bodied features and agile movements. The dog's bones are not light, but nevertheless not heavy nor coarse. They have a long and thick double coat with a thick undercoat. The bodies of these dogs are strong and well built, with harmonious and dignified movements. The dogs have long and thick hair and this adequately protects them against poor weather conditions. Tornjak has a calm temperament. A typical adult Tornjak is very calm, peaceful, at first sight an indifferent animal, but when the situation demands it, it is a vigilant and very alert watchdog. The character is equal to the temperament; they are not nervous nor aggressive. In general, they are very tough, not too demanding, sturdy dogs.




POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG
Polish Lowlend Sheepdog
The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is a medium-sized, long-haired dog, originally bred for herding and guarding, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog is still an excellent working dog breed. He is obedient and fearless, good-natured with people and other dogs, but highly protective of his flock. He is intelligent, active, strong, and handsome with his characteristic multicolored shaggy coat. In recent years, he has gained popularity as a companion dog.




MONTENEGRIN MOUNTAIN HOUND
Montenegrin
Mountain Hound

The Montenegrin Mountain Hound is a rare dog breed from the mountain regions across the Balkans. Black and tan, with a smooth coat, the Montenegrin Mountain Hound was called Black Hound in the past. The breed is of the same origin as the other Balkan hounds. He stands 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56 cm) high and weighs 44 to 55 pounds (20 to 25 kg). The breed is used to hunt fox, hare, and small game, occasionally hunting larger animals such as deer or even wild boar. The breed was formerly known as the Yugoslavian Mountain Hound - the FCI changed the name on July 15, 1997. The first standard dates back to 1924. The breed bears strong resemblance to the Austrian Black and Tan Hound. The breed was first officially recognized on May 8, 1969 in Warsaw.




PRAGSKY KRYSARIK - PRAGUE RATTER
Pragsky Krysarik
The Pragsky krysarik (Prague Ratter) is a small breed of dog from the Czech Republic that is rarely seen outside its country of origin. It is the smallest breed in the world by breed standard, because of the maximum height of the dogs, unlike Chihuahuas who are measured by weight. Often confused with the Chihuahua and the Miniature Pinscher, the dog's coat consists of short, glossy hair and the most common color is black and tan, which is also the original color. Best known for its active and lively nature, the Prague Ratter is a spunky breed that is full of original character. These tiny dogs thrive on strong and dependable relationships with humans, love to receive affection and play the role of lap dog during down time. This breed is highly intelligent and generally responds well to basic training and commands. As a pet, the Prague Ratter is obedient, loyal, loving, and very affectionate. Suitable for full in-door adoptance.




POSAVAC HOUND
Posavac Hound
The Posavac Hound (FCI No. 154) is a breed of dog, originating as a hunting dog of the scenthound type. There is no actual proof of great antiquity for this breed, although there is much fanciful conjecture. The type is very old, and the modern breed resembles images seen in frescoes as early as 1497. Croatia is the home country for the breed. The name translates into English as the Scenthound From The Sava Valley, but is usually translated as the Posavac Hound. The Posavac Hound is a solidly built dog with a somewhat long body, close-fitting drop ears, a long tail, and a gentle expression. The breed has an ideal height around 50 cm at the withers. The short, flat coat is slightly longer on the belly and backs of legs feathering. Coat colour is a reddish wheaten, marked with white. The breed standard describes the ideal temperament as docile and an enthusiastic hunter.




CANE DI OROPA
Cane Di Oropa
The Cane Pastore Biellese (Cane Di Oropa) is a mid-size yet powerful dog with plenty of stamina that is used in the Western Alps of Italy to drive flocks of sheep and herds of cattle. The Cane Di Oropa dogs descend from rural shepherd dogs which have been present in the Alps since antiquity. The Cane Di Oropais a working dog, very obedient and possessed of great athletic ability, which is indispensable since the dog has to run up and down steep mountain slopes all day, managing the flock. Many Cane Di Oropa specimens are naturally bobtailed. The coat is short or medium-length and can be smooth or somewhat rough. The coat color is usually merle, merle with black and tan markings, black or different shades of brown. The eyes should be brown and blue eyes are considered a fault.




SPANISH GALGO DOG
Spanish galgo
The Galgo Espanol or Spanish greyhound is an ancient breed of dog, specifically a member of the sighthound family. The English greyhound is possibly a descendant of the Spanish greyhound and, for several years in the 20th century, some breeders did cross-breed Galgos and Greyhounds in order to produce faster and more powerful Galgos, specifically for track racing purposes. Galgos are similar in appearance to Greyhounds, but are distinctly different in their conformation. Galgos are higher in the rear than in the front, and have flatter muscling than a Greyhound, which is characteristic of endurance runners. They also tend to be smaller, lighter in build, have longer tails and have a very long, streamlined head that gives the impression of larger ears. Their chests are not as deep as a Greyhound's and should not reach the point of the elbow.

SPANISH GALGO DOG

Unlike Greyhounds, Galgos come in two coat types: smooth and rough. Galgos have a very similar nature to Greyhounds. They are calm, quiet, gentle and laid back - happy to sleep their day away on their backs on a sofa. More than 90% of Galgos can be considered cat-friendly and are therefore an ideal choice for the hound lover who also owns cats. Almost all Galgos are also friendly towards other dogs and small dogs. Galgos are also very good with children, being calm in the house so there is less risk of a child being knocked over or jumped on than with a more excitable breed. They are very gentle and tolerate the often over-enthusiastic attentions of children with little risk of retaliation from the dog. Galgos have a very reserved personality and they have a tendency towards shyness, so it is very important that they be socialized early in life so that they grow up to be comfortable around strange people, dogs and locations




HALLEFORS ELKHOUND
Hallefors Elkhound
Halleforshund is a Swedish dog breed. The breed falls under the mitochondrial DNA sub-clade referred to as d1 that is only found in northern Scandinavia. It is the result of a female wolf-male dog hybridization. The breed was developed in Svealand, but its more detailed area of origin has been argued. It is stated that despite of its name, it was not created in H llefors, but in Frederiksberg village located in neighboring Ludvika Municipality. It has mainly been used as a deer-hunting dog and its most remarkable ancestors are the Finnish Spitz and the Ostyak Laika. The Swedish Kennel Club, Svenska Kennelklubben, recognized the breed in 2000 and nowadays it is also recognized in several other Nordic countries, such as Finland and Norway. The H llefors Elkhound is a medium-sized, rectangular Spitz with either a sickle or curly tail. Thick, harsh, and dense coat should always be yellow, ranging from fawn to reddish. The colour shade is ligher in chest, belly, legs, and below the tail. The average height for males is 55 to 63 cm.




JAPANESE TERRIER NIHON TERIA
Japanese Terrier Nihon Teria
This is a rare breed developed from Smooth Fox Terriers brought to Japan by Dutch sailors during the 17th and 18th century. The Japanese Terrier Nihon Teria is a small terrier native to Japan. It is believed to be descended from the progeny of fox terrier types, pointers and indigenous Japanese dogs. This dog is also known as the Nippon Terrier.

NIHON TERIA

The breed is rare, even in Japan. The Japanese Terrier is a balanced, square dog, most often black head with predominantly white body that has little black spots. It is 8 to 13 inches tall to shoulders and weighs 5 to 9 pounds, its ears are high set and fold forward, and the coat is short, slick and fine. Its tail can be docked. The FCI breed standard describes this breed as having "a lively and cheerful character" and as "swift and lively in temperament". It is generally believed that the ancestors of the Japanese Terrier were brought by Dutch merchant ships to Nagasaki, the only Japanese port open to the West in the 17th century.




SAMOYED
Samoyed
Samoyeds, the smiling sledge dogs, were bred for hard work in the world's coldest locales. In the Siberian town of Oymyakon, for instance, temperatures of minus-60 degrees are common. The Sammy's famous white coat is thick enough to protect against such brutal conditions. Powerful, agile, tireless, impervious to cold Sammies are drop-dead gorgeous but highly functional. Even their most delightful feature, a perpetual smile, has a practical function: The mouth's upturned corners keep Sammies from drooling, preventing icicles from forming on the face. The Samoyed, being essentially a working dog, should present a picture of beauty, alertness and strength, with agility, dignity and grace. As his work lies in cold climates, his coat should be heavy and weather-resistant, well groomed, and of good quality rather than quantity. Males should be masculine in appearance and deportment without unwarranted aggressiveness; bitches should be feminine without weakness of structure or apparent softness of temperament. Bitches may be slightly longer in back than males. They should both give the appearance of being capable of great endurance but be free from coarseness. Because of the depth of chest required, the legs should be moderately long. General appearance should include movement and general conformation, indicating balance and good substance.




SPINONE ITALIANO
Spinone Italiano
Muscular dog with powerful bone. Vigorous and robust, his purpose as hardworking gun dog is evident. Naturally sociable, the docile and patient Spinone is resistant to fatigue and is an experienced hunter on any terrain. His hard textured coat is weather resistant.

SPINONE ITALIANO

His wiry, dense coat and thick skin enable the Spinone to negotiate underbrush and endure cold water that would severely punish any dog not so naturally armored. He has a remarkable tendency for an extended and fast trotting gait. The Spinone is an excellent retriever by nature.




PHARAOH HOUND
Pharaoh Hound
The Pharaoh Hound is a breed of dog and the national hound of Malta. Its native name is Kelb tal-Fenek in Maltese, which means "Rabbit dog". The dog is traditionally used for hunting rabbit in the Maltese Islands. General Appearance is one of grace, power and speed. The Pharaoh Hound is medium sized, of noble bearing with hard clean-cut lines-graceful, well balanced, very fast with free easy movement and alert expression. This Mediterranean hound has long connections to the island of Malta and is a favorite among Maltese men who hunt. Though the breed's DNA has not been linked to breeds of Egypt, it is popularly believed to be derived from an ancient Egyptian hunting dog. In fact, the dog does share similarities to dogs inscribed on ancient Egyptian tombs. The Maltese believe that the Phoenicians brought the dogs from Egypt to Malta. The Pharaoh Hound is highly regarded for its innate athleticism and sleek build. Lean and muscular, the dog makes an excellent hunting companion. Interestingly, these dogs blush in their ears and nose when they are excited. While extremely intelligent, the breed is also independent and can show a stubborn streak. These dogs were originally bred to think for themselves so it isn't surprising the trait has survived intact in this breed. While the Pharaoh Hound is active outdoors, it can be rather subdued inside and is content to relax with its human family. For this reason, many Maltese families find the breed to be an ideal one. Although the Pharaoh Hound appears to like to play in the snow, its ears are prone to frostbite which is one reason the dog has remained rare and is only commonly known around the Maltese Islands. This breed is highly recommended for its agility and athletic body since it has a sleek build and is lean. This incredibly handsome breed is muscular, fast and alert making it an ideal choice for a guard dog. A lot of breeders suggest Pharaoh hound for competitive rallies for its excellent endurance, stubborn streak and independent nature.




AFFENPISCHER
Affenpinscher
The Affenpinscher, also known as the Monkey Terrier, is a terrier-like toy breed of dog. Bred down in size, they moved up in the world, becoming ladies' companions. Today, they are happy, mischievous companion dogs. It's is small but feisty, full of spunk and energy dog. Today the Affen is a rare breed, but he came to public notice in 2002 when Ch Yarrow's Super Nova won the Toy Group in 2002 at the nationally televised Westminster Kennel Club Show. This breed combines clownlike charm with a bold nature, and his creative thought process never ceases to astound and entertain his people. He learns quickly and adjusts readily to change, so he's a good traveler who's always ready for a new adventure. People who live with Affens admire their sensitivity and gentleness but warn that they are the quintessential big dog in a small body. Sturdy, smart, and alert, the Affenpinscher is an excellent watchdog who fears nothing. He's not normally loud, but he is excitable.




KUVASZ
Kuvasz
This ancient breed has its roots in Hungary. The Kuvasz has worked as a royal guard dogs as well as livestock guards. In spite of its abilities as a working dog, many families in Hungary find the dog to be an ideal pet. Playful and intelligent, this breed enjoys lively interaction. Intensely loyal and protective, the breed enjoys considerable esteem in its homeland even though it is not well-known elsewhere. Archaeologists have traced this breed to migrating Magyar tribes. Once the Magyar settled in the Carpathian Basin, the breed as it is known today began to more fully evolve into the herding dog that Hungarians are familiar with. During the Medieval period, the dog was a favorite at court, particularly the court of King Matthias Corvinus. In fact, the king was known to give puppies to important foreign dignitaries. During WWII, these dogs were actually sought out and killed by German soldiers due to their reputation as loyal family dogs. This has only, today, reinforced their identity as a dog of Hungary. So many Kuvasz dogs were killed, however, that the breed faced near extinction by the end of the war. While the dog is still bred in Hungary, breeders do not have a large gene pool for breeding causing some concern.




LANDSEER
Landseer
This breed is not recognized by all kennel clubs In the USA and Great Britain the Landseer is considered the same breed as the Newfoundland, however in some European countries the Landseer is a totally different breed than the Newfoundland. The Landseer should convey the impression of a tall, powerful and well-balanced dog. The legs are comparatively longer than those of the black Newfoundland, especially in the male. The Landseer is elegant, harmonious, agile and hardy. The nose is black. The feet are webbed for better swimming. Dewclaws should be removed on the hind legs. The tail hangs down. The water-repellent long outer coat is flat, oily and slightly wavy with a thick oily undercoat. Dogs that live indoors, however, tend to lose their undercoats. The Landseer is a dog with an outstanding temperament, it is good, courageous, generous and intelligent. It is also a patient dog, mild with guests, and obsequious with its master. He is noble, calm, gentle, loyal and trustworthy with a sweet temperament. Dignified and peaceable. Very devoted. Good and brave. Intelligent enough to act on his own when needed. Protective




GRIFFON NIVERNAIS
Griffon Nivernais
This unique scent-hound type of breed originated in France and has been bred from an ancient dog hailing from the Nivernais region of the country. An adept hunter of large or small game, the Griffon Nivernais is comfortable hunting on its own or as a member of a hunting pack. Its shaggy coat and long drop ears give the breed its distinctive appearance. It is somewhat longer than many French hunting breeds too. The Griffon Nivernais sports a grizzled-color coat that typically ranges from light gray to dark gray. With its wiry appearance, the breed is not especially known for its speed, but it is revered for its endurance. Prior to the French Revolution, the dog was commonly bred by French noblemen. However, it did not enjoy resurgence in breeding popularity until the 1920s. Outside of France, of course, it is quite rare to spot. During the Middle Ages, the progenitors of the breed were used for hunting wolf and boar. Not surprisingly, the ancestors of the Griffon Nivernais were much larger than their modern cousins. Modern examples tend to weigh about fifty pounds. People outside of France who are interested in unique breeds have found the Griffon Nivernais to be an extraordinary pet and capable hunter.




BOERBOEL
Boerboel
Historically the Boerboel developed as a general farm dog for the pioneers who settled in South Africa since the seventeenth century. These dogs were often the first line of defense against predators and were valuable in tracking and holding down wounded game. Old farmers told many a tale of the strength, agility and courage of the Boerboel. The dangers and harsh conditions of southern Africa allowed only the fittest to survive. The protective character of the Boerboel is today still evident and is much sought after, as is the calm, stable and confident composure of the breed. The origin and purpose of the Boerboel should be understood in order to preserve the unique identity and qualities of the breed as a South African developed mastiff. Type, conformation, functional efficiency and mentality are equally important in the evaluation of the Boerboel as a whole. The Boerboel is a large dog that is strong, confident and muscular in appearance with powerful, free-flowing movement. When observing a Boerboel at play or work, standing or moving, it should show strength, suppleness, nimbleness and agility.




AIDI
Aidi
This Moroccan mountain dog isn't regarded as noble as some other dogs employed by Berber tribes, but it does have an important place when it comes to hunting. The Aidi is highly regarded for its scenting abilities. When working in tandem with other hunting dogs, this scenting ability often leads the way to prey. The Aidi is an energetic breed that thrives on activity. Since it is naturally protective, many people employ it as a watchdog. In fact, in Morocco and nearby countries, the most energetic and watchful Aidi dogs are stationed around the herd to help protect it. Even so, these dogs aren't herders. Tribes employ other breeds for that function. The Aidi weighs up to 55 pounds. Their coats can be black, brown, white, tan, or even a mix of shades. People that want to keep the Aidi as a family pet find that it helps tremendously to socialize this dog at a very young age for best results. It can make a great family pet. Of course, it does require plenty of exercise as it has been bred for hunting. In fact, these dogs thrive on tasks, so it is important that they have something to do to avoid boredom.




AMERICAN HAIRLESS TERRIER
American Hairless Terrier
The American Hairless Terrier is a rare breed of dog that was derived as a variant of Rat Terrier. As of January 1, 2004, the United Kennel Club deemed the AHT a separate terrier breed, granting it full UKC recognition. The American Hairless Terrier is a small to medium sized, smoothly muscled and active terrier.

AMERICAN HAIRLESS TERRIER

Ancestors of the breed were bred to hunt rats and other vermin. The lack of coat on the hairless variety of the American Hairless Terrier renders them unsuited for most hunting activities. They have, however, retained a strong hunting instinct and excel in many other activities and sports. The breed is energetic, alert, curious and intelligent.




NORRBOTTENSPETS - NORDIC SPITZ
Norrbottenspets Nordic Spitz
The Norrbottenspets is a breed of dog of the spitz type. The breed originated in Norrbotten, Sweden and Lappland/Kainuuland, Finland, and have been documented as early as the 17th century. It is an ancient breed whose original purpose was a farm and hunting dog but has recently become more popular as a companion dog. The Norrbottenspets is used to hunt wood grouse, black grouse, capercaillie and hazel grouse, but also fox, marten and raccoon. Some individuals are also effective with mammals as large as moose and grizzly bear. Norrbottenspets was formerly used in hunting squirrels, when squirrel fur was valuable in the beginning of the 20th century and earlier. The Norrbottenspets should be a light spitz dog, yet powerful in appearance. There should be lightness and power reflected in the dog. The coat is hard, straight, dense, and lies close to the body.




SCHILLERSTOVARE DOG
Schillerstovare
The Schillerstovare, translated as the Schiller Hound in English, is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating as a hunting dog in Sweden in the late 19th century. The Schillerstovare is a medium to large sized running hound for hunting fox and hare, standing 53-61 cm (21-24 ins) at the withers and weighing 18-25 kg. The coat is harsh and not too short, lying close to the body. The colour is black and tan, a tan body with a black mantle on the back. The drop ears are broad and not excessively long, and the long tail is carried on a line with the back when running. The Schillerstovare originated in southern Germany as a mix of Swiss hounds and the Harrier, and is named after a Swedish farmer, Per Schiller. The Swedish Kennel Club recognised the breed in 1907. FCI breed #131. The breed is still used as a hunting dog.




SLOUGHI
Sloughi
The Sloughi is a North African breed of dog, specifically a member of the sighthound family. It is found mainly in Morocco, which is responsible for the standard, and may be found in smaller numbers elsewhere in North Africa. The Sloughi is a medium-large, short-haired, smooth-coated, athletic sighthound developed in North Africa - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, to hunt game such as hare, fox, jackal, gazelle, and wild pigs. It is an ancient breed, treasured in North Africa for its hunting skills, speed, agility, and endurance over long distances. It is a robust, but elegant and racy, pursuit dog with no exaggeration of length of body or limbs, muscle development, angulation, nor curve of loin. The Sloughi is not a fragile dog, but is also a dog with class and grace. The attitude is noble and somewhat aloof, and the expression of the dark eyes is gentle and melancholy. The Sloughi's head is long and elegant with drop ears. The body and legs show defined bony structure and strong, lean muscles. The skeletal structure is sturdy. The topline is essentially horizontal blending into a bony, gently sloping croup. The tail is long and carried low with an upward curve at the end. Consistent with many sighthounds, the Sloughi has a sensitive character that is devoted to its owner and family. It does not respond well to harsh or corporate training methods and does best with an owner who is also sensitive, intelligent and conscientious.




VOLPINO ITALIANO
Volpino Italiano
A Volpino Italiano - literally, "Italian foxy dog is a spitz-type breed of dog originally from Italy. Spitz-type dogs were found throughout the ancient world. Specimens from this group red, white, black, cream have been found preserved in European peat bogs which anthropologists trace to 4000 BC. The remains with curly tails, foxy heads, and small erect ears, have been found dating back over 5,000 years. These little pets wore decorative ivory bracelets and collars. Engravings of similar dogs were found in Greece from 400bc called Melitan. Michelangelo owned a Volpino and would paint them in his paintings. In 1903 the FCI recognized the Volpino Italiano as an Italian breed. Despite its small size, this dog was originally kept as a guard dog. Its job was to alert the large mastiffs to an intruder. However, due to their lovely temperament and intelligence they also became popular as pets. The Volpino makes a good watchdog, and some can even be used as gun-dogs, bird dogs, if trained properly. They will make extremely active, affectionate pets.




VILLANO DE LAS ENCARTACIONES
Villano de las Encartaciones
The Villano de las Encartaciones - Basque: Enkarterriko billano, Cantabrian: Villanu, English: Villein of las Encartaciones, is a Spanish working dog originated in Las Encartaciones, a comarca of the province of Biscay, in the Basque country, eastern Cantabria and northern Burgos. There are less than 100 of them in existence. The Villano derived from the Spanish Bulldog, of which it represents a lighter, faster and more agile version. The dog is used to catch Monchina cattle, which are raised in a feral state in northern Spain. The Villano is also used for boar hunting given its qualities as a catch dog. Males stand 60 to 65 cm at the shoulder and weigh up to 35 kg.




TRANSYLVANIAN HOUND
Transylvanian Hound
The Transylvanian Hound known as the Transylvanian Scent Hound or Hungarian Hound is an ancient dog breed of Hungary, historically primarily used for hunting. It is a strong, medium-sized scent hound, characterized by a black body, with tan and sometimes white markings on the muzzle, chest and extremities, and distinctive tan eyebrow spots. It has a high-pitched bark for a dog of its size. The breed was rescued from extinction by focused breeding efforts in the late 20th century. There were formerly two varieties, the long-legged and short-legged, developed for different kinds of hunting in the Middle Ages. Only the long-legged strain survives. The ancestors of the Transylvanian Hound came with the invading Magyar tribes in the ninth century, who brought in hounds and crossed them with local varieties and with Polish hounds. The breed is classified by the FCI as a medium-sized hound, with the general characteristics of the Mid-European type, in that breed registry's classification system. The UKC classifies the breed in that registry's Scenthound group. The Translvanian Hound is hardy, and able to tolerate rough weather conditions.




WELSH SEALYHAM TERRIER
Sealyham Terrier
The Sealyham Terrier is a rare Welsh breed of small to medium-sized terrier that originated in Wales as a working dog. It is principally a white-bodied, rough coated breed, developed in the mid to late 19th century by Captain John Edwardes at Sealyham House, Pembrokeshire. Following the First World War, it surged in popularity and was associated with Hollywood stars and members of the British Royal Family. Its numbers have dropped significantly since then, with the breed listed as a Vulnerable Native Breed by the Kennel Club - an all-time low was recorded in 2008 when only 43 puppies were registered in the United Kingdom. This decline has been blamed on an influx of foreign and designer breeds, and the Sealyham's reduced usefulness as a working dog. This breed is equally suitable as a family dog or a working terrier, given the right training. It is affected by few breed specific breed disorders, with the only two prevalent conditions being lens luxation and canine degenerative myelopathy. Sealyhams measurements vary by breed standard according to particular countries. The Kennel Club breed standard states that the height of a Sealyham Terrier should not exceed 12 inches (30 cm)




BULLY KUTTA
Bully Kutta
The Bully Kutta is a dog breed that originates from the Punjab region. The Bully Kutta is an extremely dog-aggressive mastiff. They are thick-boned with a muscular structure, a broad head, and the tail tapering to a fine point. Their eyes are almond-shaped and ears erect but are often cropped. Like the bulldogs, they have loose skin especially around the neck and the jaw. These dogs are predominantly white.

BULLY KUTTA

However, combinations of other colors are also not uncommon. The skin of the is loose and thin but tough. This is a distinctive characteristic of the breed. The skin around the lower jaw and neck is loose. They have a deep brisket. One of the most important characteristics is the very muscular, thick bones. They have broad, wide jaws. The back is long with the tail tapering to a fine point. Their gait resembles that of a lion. The Pakistani Bully Kutta has a short, smooth coat that is usually white in color, however fawn, black and harlequin colors are also found.




SKYE TERRIER
Skye Terrier
The Skye Terrier is a dog of style, elegance and dignity: agile and strong with sturdy bone and hard muscle. Long, low and level-he is twice as long as he is high-he is covered with a profuse coat that falls straight down either side of the body over oval-shaped ribs. The hair well feathered on the head veils forehead and eyes to serve as protection from brush and briar as well as amid serious encounters with other animals. He stands with head high and long tail hanging and moves with a seemingly effortless gait. He is strong in body, quarter and jaw. This small breed hails from Scotland, originally from the Isle of Skye, and is not especially known outside the British Isles. In fact, it is one of the most endangered breeds in the United Kingdom. In spite of its rarity, though, this dog is a charming companion and regarded as very companionable. Loving, affectionate, and endearing to many, the Skye Terrier is one of the oldest terrier breeds and enjoys a life expectancy up to fifteen years. Utterly playful, this breed loves to chase, which means it may not be companionable to other small animal pets in the home. It can be found in various colors from blonde to black. Many people who do own this breed find that it only requires a moderate degree of exercise and is quite happy living life in an apartment. A medium-sized dog that needs quite a bit of brushing, the Skye Terrier was one of the breeds favored by Queen Victoria. Originally bred for catching rats like many terriers, this dog has evolved into a delightful pet. It's uncertain why the breed diminished in popularity, but there are serious fears that it may go extinct as so few have been born in the last decade in the UK.




BASQUE SHEPHERD DOG
Basque Shepherd Dog
The Basque Shepherd Dog is a landrace breed of dog originating in the Basque Country and traditionally used by the local shepherds to help them take care of their cattle and sheep. Perro de pastor vasco (pastor vasco for short) is the Spanish name, and euskal artzain txakurra is the Basque, by which they are known in their homeland. It is believed that they originated from Central European herding dogs. The Basque Shepherd Dog is a landrace breed of dog originating in the Basque Country and traditionally used by the local shepherds to help them take care of their cattle and sheep. While many working breeds can adapt to family life, the Basque Shepherd Dog is one of the few that is actually well suited for being a family pet. Temperament: Friendly, Sociable, Calm. Colors: Copper, Gold.




CURLY COATED RETRIEVER
Curly-Coated Retriever
This smartly upstanding, multi-purpose hunting retriever is recognized by most canine historians as one of the oldest of the retrieving breeds. Developed in England, the Curly was long a favorite of English gamekeepers. Prized for innate field ability, courage and indomitable perseverance, a correctly built and tempered Curly will work as long as there is work to be done, retrieving both fur and feather in the heaviest of cover and the iciest of waters. To work all day a Curly must be balanced and sound, strong and robust, and quick and agile. Its a charming and protective dog with an unusual, tightly curled coat. She originated in the 18th century, most likely by crossing the now extinct Old English Water Dog, and small Newfoundland, with some added later. She is a constant thinker and generally loves channeling her energy and brainpower into new sports like and flyball, or games like pulling a child on a skateboard. With proper motivation - like play, praise and treats, this talented and entertaining breed tends to learn quickly.




BARBET DOG
Barbet
The barbet is a breed of dog - it is a medium-sized French water dog. It is listed in Group 8 by the Societe Centrale Canine, the French Kennel Club. The breed name "barbet" comes from the French word barbe, which means beard. The story of the Barbet is long and impressive. References to the breed are throughout history, doing various jobs, with various historical lineage, yet always referenced with respect and admiration. After so many centuries of serving man in so many capacities, the Barbet is not a common nor well known breed. The victim of the vagaries of the history, he helped shape, the Barbet was nearly extinct after WW1. Through the efforts of a very devoted few, this old breed is slowly being reborn as a dog for the future. Barbet are very intelligent and learn new things quickly. They have a calm nature and are easy to live with as long as their exercise needs are being met. The Barbet has been assigned the Sporting Group designation.




SCOTTISH DEERHOUND
Scottish Deerhound
Should be broadest at the ears, narrowing slightly to the eyes, with the muzzle tapering more decidedly to the nose.The head should be long, the skull flat rather than round with a very slight rise over the eyes but nothing approaching a stop. Ears: Should be set on high. In repose, folded back like a Greyhound's, though raised above the head in excitement without losing the fold, and even in some cases semi-erect. A prick ear is bad. Big thick ears hanging flat to the head or heavily coated with long hair are bad faults. The ears should be soft, glossy, like a mouse's coat to the touch and the smaller the better. There should be no long coat or long fringe, but there is sometimes a silky, silvery coat on the body of the ear and the tip. On all Deerhounds, irrespective of color of coat, the ears should be black or dark colored. Eyes: Should be dark-generally dark brown, brown or hazel. A very light eye is not liked. The eye should be moderately full, with a soft look in repose, but a keen, far away look when the Deerhound is roused. Rims of eyelids should be black.




NORWEGIAN BUHUND
Norwegian Buhund
The Norwegian Buhund is a herding dog. It is a typical northern breed, a little under medium size and squarely built, with a tightly curled tail carried over the back. The head is wedge-shaped and not too heavy, with prick ears. As it is extremely intelligent by nature, consistent training is needed from early puppyhood. The Buhund has a lot of energy, strength and stamina. This self-appointed watchdog is also content lying at your feet at the end of the day. Broken teeth and honorable scars incurred in the line of herding duty are acceptable. This Norwegian farm dog is generally cheerful, hard working and talkative. The has made a name for himself as a hearing assistance dog and agility and obedience athlete, as well as a companion. He tends to be very active and and sheds, but his fans adore his foxlike face, confidence and lively disposition.




PYRENEAN SHEPHERD
Pyrenean Shepherd
The Pyrenean Shepherd is the smallest of the French herding breeds, but she generally has a big personality and energy to spare. She tends to be highly alert, extremely devoted to her family and quite intelligent, all of which means she requires a home with a family who's fully committed to giving her the training and exercise she needs. A small, sinewy, lean, lively dog whose sparkling personality and quicksilver intelligence are reflected in the vibrant expression of his unique triangular head and windswept face.

PYRENEAN SHEPHERD

A superb athlete, his beautiful, flowing gait "shaves the earth." Uncoiffed, light-boned and built as a horizontal rectangle, his high energy and intelligent, cunning, mischievous attitude show that he is always on alert, suspicious, ready for action. An ardent herder of all kinds of livestock, his vigilant attitude and great vivacity of movement give this little dog a highly singular gait and appearance, characteristic of no other breed.




DUNKER
Dunker
A Dunker, also known as the Norwegian Hound, is a medium-sized breed of dog from Norway. It was bred by Wilhelm Dunker to be a scenthound by crossing a Russian Harlequin Hound with dependable Norwegian scent hounds. The Dunker has a clean, noble, long head with parallel planes of the skull and muzzle, carried low and not wedge-shaped. Its skull is slightly domed with a defined stop and clean cheeks, the muzzle is long and square-cut with a straight and broad nasal bridge, and its teeth are evenly spaced with a scissors bite. The Dunker has a black nose. This is quite a friendly and relaxed breed. It will provide these traits only to owners who will offer lots of activity. The breed is named after the Norwegian Wilhelm Dunker, who bred this dog for hunting hares at the beginning of the 19th century. To create the Dunker, Wilhelm crossed a Russian Harlequin Hound with reliable scent hounds, producing a dog that could hunt rabbits by scent, rather than sight. It has yet to become popular outside of its homeland.




CESKY TERRIER
Cesky Terrier
The Cesky Terrier was developed to be a well-muscled, short legged and well-pigmented hunting terrier that could be worked in packs. The Cesky Terrier has natural drop ears and a natural tail. The Cesky is longer than it is tall and has a topline that rises slightly higher over the loin and rump. It sports a soft, long, silky coat in shades of gray from charcoal to platinum. The correct coat is clipped to emphasize a slim impression. The hallmarks of the breed should be unique unto itself with a lean body and graceful movement. He's all terrier, too, with a tendency toward barking and , and he generally has loads of energy. He requires a securely fenced yard to keep him safe, and it's best to keep him away from small animals and birds, which he's likely to chase and try to kill. Still, this intelligent breed is known to love his family, even if he is somewhat aloof with strangers.




BROHOLMER
Broholmer
The Broholmer, also called the Danish Mastiff, is a large Molosser breed of dog from Denmark, recognized by the Danish Kennel Club and the Federation Cynologique Internationale. It has been employed as a guard dog in the homes of the wealthy. As a type this breed has been known since the Middle Ages, when it was used for hunting. Later on it was used mainly as guard dog for large farms and manors. At the end of the 18th century these dogs were pure-bred and increased. A Mastiff-type of dog of large size, rectangular and strongly built, with a composed and powerful movement. Its appearance is dominated by the powerful forequarters. Temperament of this dog breed is calm, good tempered, friendly, yet watchful. Must show great self-confidence.




AMERICAN FOXHOUND
American Foxhound
He's not always thought of as a companion animal, but the typically friendly and energetic certainly has the capacity to be a great workout buddy. This is one of the older American breeds, but more often than not, he's a member of a pack owned by a foxhunting club. Skull-Should be fairly long, slightly domed at occiput, with cranium broad and full. Ears set on moderately low, long, reaching when drawn out nearly, if not quite, to the tip of the nose, fine in texture, fairly broad, with almost entire absence of erectile power-setting close to the head with the forward edge slightly inturning to the cheek-round at tip. Eyes- Eyes large, set well apart, soft and houndlike-expression gentle and pleading of a brown or hazel color. Muzzle of fair length-straight and square-cut-the stop moderately defined.




ENGLISH FOXHOUND
English Foxhound
The English Foxhound is one of the four foxhound breeds of dog. It is a cousin of the American Foxhound. They are scent hounds, bred to hunt foxes by scent. Like the American Foxhound is frequently found on the Atlantic seaboard or in the southern United States, usually as a member of a pack owned by a foxhunting club. She, too, is an older, established breed and has been part of the American landscape since the 18th century or earlier. She's a spirited hound who can be an excellent companion to an active person, and although her stately bearing makes her look almost regal, know that this dog is generally always ready for fun and barking. Her loud bay can carry surprisingly long distances, so she's typically best in a rural home.




KUGSHA
Kugsha
Kugsha Dogs were larger and longer-legged than Siberian Huskies, but not quite as big as many Alaskan Malamutes. Kugsha or known by the other name Amerindian Malamutes are wolf hybrids that are larger than the Siberian husky but smaller than a Malamute. The Kugsha has high energy and therefore needs a lot of exercise, an example of which is long daily walks. They need to keep busy or the tendency is they will get destructive. A Kugsha should not be kept indoors for so long, they can be trained to do some work like assisting with carrying heavy loads. Training and socialization with other animals and children should begin at a young age because of their predatory nature.




TAMASKAN
Tamaskan
Another relatively new breed on this list is the Tamaskans. In fact, there are only 600 of these dogs around the world, but expect the numbers to grow over the years because of their popularity. They were fully recognized by the American Kennel Club last 2013 and were bred to look like wolves. The Tamaskan is known for its large, athletic body that is slightly bigger than that of a German shepherd. They have a variety of coat colors, ranging from red-gray to black-gray. These dogs are incredibly social and need constant exercise.




CANADIAN ESKIMO DOG
Canadian Eskimo Dog
This rare dog is at the brink of extinction with a 2008 estimate of only 300 registered purebred around the world. The Canadian Eskimo goes by several names: Qimmiq, Canadian Husky, and Canadian Inuit Dogs and are an ancient breed that dates back to the time of indigenous canines. This dog has a powerful built and are extremely athletic. Like most spitz breeds, they have triangular and erect ears with a feathered tail. Their high predatory instincts do not make them an ideal family pet. But if you happen to own one, make sure they are placed somewhere cold to prevent any heat strokes.




NORTHERN INUIT DOG
Northern Inuit Dog
The Northern Inuit Dog is a crossbred dog that originated in the late 1980s, in an attempt to create a domestic dog breed more closely resembling the wolf. They are a crossbreed of Siberian huskies, German shepherds, and Inuit dogs. They resemble wolves, but they are very friendly and are unlikely to show any signs of aggression. However, these breeds are not suitable for inexperienced owners. Training must begin at a young age to address behavioral problems like separation anxiety. Do note that these dogs are very smart and sociable, so getting along with other family dogs should come at ease.




UTONOGAN
Utonagan
Utonagans are large, strong and muscular but are not heavy in build. The Utonagan is a crossbreed between three dogs: Alaskan Malamute, German Shepherd, and Siberian Husky. They originated from Finland and are part of the Spitz family. At first glance, they look like wolves but are not directly related to them at all. This type of breed is strong and energetic, so a daily walk will do the job and avoid any destructive behavior. The Utonagan will do best in areas with cold weather because of their naturally thick coat. If you are to consider getting one, then make sure your house has an ample place to stretch their legs outdoors.




ALASKIAN NOBLE COMPANION DOG
Alaskian Noble
Companion Dog

Temperament: Loyal, Curious, Anxious, Alert, Active. Alaskan nobles are a new breed, recognized for their stunning appearance and close resemblance to wolves. They are a crosbreed of Siberian Husky, German Sheppherd, Alaskan Malamute, along with other breeds. There are conflicting reports about whether or not these dogs carry wolf content. Do they make a good family pet? Not enough is known about this breed at this point. Alaskan nobles have been reported as being very affectionate, laid back, and playful with their owners. However, these same owners have also reported apprehension, and even aggressiveness towards strangers and children. Beyond these reports, Alaskan Nobles are known as being extremely loyal to their owners. They are very active dogs that love to explore and roam in free open space. Daily stimulation is required to occupy their intelligent minds. Just like any breed, they require early socialization to avoid becoming aggressive as they mature. They are also known to have very high separation anxiety.




DINGO
Dingo
The dingo (Canis dingo or Canis lupus dingo) is a wild canine found in Australia whose taxonomic status as a distinct species remains debated. The dingo is the largest terrestrial predator in Australia, and plays an important role as an apex predator. However, the dingo is seen as a pest by livestock farmers due to attacks on animals. Conversely, their predation on rabbits, kangaroos and rats may be of benefit to graziers. For some Australians, the dingo is a cultural icon. The introduction of the dingo is seen by many as being responsible for thylacine extinction on the Australian mainland about two thousand years ago, although a recent study challenges this view. Dingoes have a prominent role in the culture of Aboriginal Australians as a feature of stories and ceremonies, and they are depicted on rock carvings and cave paintings. The dingo's habitat ranges from deserts to grasslands and the edges of forests. Dingoes will normally make their dens in deserted rabbit holes and hollow logs close to an essential supply of water. Despite being an efficient hunter, it is listed as vulnerable to extinction.




DHOLE
Dhole
The dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia. Other English names for the species include Asiatic wild dog, Indian wild dog, whistling dog, red wolf - not to be confused with Canis rufus, red dog, and mountain wolf. It is genetically close to species within the genus Canis, though its skull is convex rather than concave in profile, it lacks a third lower molar, and the upper molars sport only a single cusp as opposed to 2-4. During the Pleistocene, the dhole ranged throughout Asia, Europe and North America, but became restricted to its historical range 12,000-18,000 years ago. The dhole is a highly social animal, living in large clans without rigid dominance hierarchies and containing multiple breeding females.Such clans usually consist of 12 individuals, but groups of over 40 are known. It is a diurnal pack hunter which preferentially targets medium and large sized ungulates. In tropical forests, the dhole competes with tigers and leopards, targeting somewhat different prey species, but still with substantial dietary overlap. It is listed as Endangered




CULPEO
Culpeo
The culpeo (Lycalopex culpaeus), sometimes known as the zorro culpeo or Andean fox (wolf), is a South American fox species. It is the second largest native canid on the continent, after the maned wolf. In appearance, it bears many similarities to the widely recognized red fox. It has grey and reddish fur, a white chin, reddish legs, and a stripe on its back that may be barely visible. The culpeo's diet consists largely of rodents, rabbits, birds and lizards, and to a lesser extent, plant material and carrion. The culpeo does attack sheep on occasion, and is therefore often hunted or poisoned. In some regions it has become rare, but overall the species is not threatened with extinction. The culpeo was domesticated to form the Fuegian dog, but this became extinct some time between 1880 and 1919.




Biewer
Biewer
This small German companion dog will weigh seven pounds or less at maturity. The Biewer Terrier's body is that of a long-haired toy terrier whose hair hangs evenly and straight down the side of the body and from the base of the skull to the end of the tail. The animal should be very compact and neat. The tail should be carried up. The outlines should give the impression of a powerful and well-proportioned body. The hair on the body has a length of 3/4 down the sides of the dog, or long enough to reach the ground, and is absolutely straight - not wooly, shiny like silk and of fine silky texture, without an undercoat. Coloring of the coat of the trunk and the head piece are as follows: rather white or blue-white broken or closely blue absolute, or black without brown coloring. Pure white hair on the breast, belly and legs. The head is symmetrical colored white-blue-gold. A Biro Yorkshire Terrier is when a Biewer Terrier has a lot of dark chocolate color on a white background.




ICELAND SHEEPDOG
Iceland SheepDog
The Icelandic Sheepdog is a breed of dog of spitz type originating from the dogs brought to Iceland by the Vikings. It is of similar type to the Norwegian Buhund, the Shetland Sheepdog, and the Welsh Corgi. It's is a Nordic herding Spitz, slightly under medium sized with prick ears and a curled tail. Seen from the side the dog is rectangular. The expression is gentle, intelligent and happy. A confident and lively bearing is typical for this dog. There are two types of coat, long and short, both thick and extremely weatherproof. There is a marked difference in appearance between the sexes.




AKBASH
Akbash
Originally bred in Turkey, this livestock guard dog can reach 140 pounds. This solid white flock guard dog is equipped with keen hearing and superior strength. Its white, weather resistant, double, short to medium length coat is coarse and non-matting, with very little doggy odor. The Akbash has a massive head and powerful jaws. The V-shaped ears are set high with the tips slightly rounded, flat to the skull, and are carried pendant. Imported Turkish dogs may have cropped ears. Its almond shaped eyes are set well apart and distinctly oblique. Eye color varies from light golden brown to very dark brown. The neck is strong and muscular, medium in length and arches at the crest. It has strong, large, well-arched toes. The nails are blunt and gray, brown or white. The pads are thick, hard, elastic and normally dark. The tail is long, reaching to the hocks. There is an elastic, springy nature to the gait.




ANGLO-FRANCAIS DOG
The Anglo-Francais
de Petite Venerie is a medium-sized breed of dog used in hunting as a scenthound, usually in packs. It is one of the Anglo-French hound breeds which were created by crossing French scenthounds with English (Anglo) foxhounds. The name Petite Venerie does not mean that dogs of the breed are petite or small, but rather that it is used to hunt small game.




LAKELAND TERRIER
Lakeland Terrier
The Lakeland Terrier is a dog breed, which takes its name from its place of origin, the Lake District in England. The dog is a small to mid-size member of the Terrier family. Lakeland Terriers were originally bred to hunt and kill the foxes that preyed on sheep during the lambing season in Northern England's Lake District. The Lakeland Terrier is a small, workmanlike dog of square, sturdy build. His body is deep and relatively narrow, which allows him to squeeze into rocky dens. He has sufficient length of leg under him to cover rough ground easily.

LAKELAND TERRIER

His neck is long, leading smoothly into high withers and a short topline ending in a high tail set. His attitude is gay, friendly, and self-confident, but not overly aggressive. He is alert and ready to go. His movement is lithe and graceful, with a straight-ahead, free stride of good length. His head is rectangular, jaws are powerful, and ears are V-shaped. A dense, wiry coat is finished off with longer furnishings on muzzle and legs.




BELGIAN LAKENOIS
Belgian Laekenois

de Petite Venerie is a medium-sized breed of dog used in hunting as a scenthound, usually in packs. It is one of the Anglo-French hound breeds which were created by crossing French scenthounds with English (Anglo) foxhounds. The name Petite Venerie does not mean that dogs of the breed are petite or small, but rather that it is used to hunt small game. The first impression of the Belgian Laekenois is that of a square, well-balanced dog, elegant in appearance, with an exceedingly proud carriage of the head and neck. He is a strong, agile, well-muscled animal, alert and full of life. His whole conformation gives the impression of depth and solidity without bulkiness. The male dog is usually somewhat more impressive and grand than his female counterpart. The bitch should have a distinctly feminine look.




SANSHU
Sanshu

The Sanshu was developed in 1912 in Japan and not registered in AKC/FCI. It is believed to be a cross between the Japanese Aichi an ancient dog and the Chinese Chow Chow. This hardy dog looks like a small Akita, large variety 20-22 inches tall, smaller 16-18 inches tall and weighing between 45-55 lbs. There is a smaller variety that is 16-18 inches tall. The head is wedge-shaped with the muzzle tapering to a point. The cheeks are prominent. Eyes are almond-shaped and dark. Ears are small, triangular and erect. The coat is short and coarse. Colors are red, gray, tan, white, pied, black and tan or salt and pepper. The Sanshu is very popular in its native Japan. A robust dog looking very much like small Akitas or large Shiba, but less curly tails. The hair colors may be red, tan, white, grey, fawn, and pied. The Sanshu is used as a guard and companion dog. The breed has never achieved any official recognition. The Sanshu is a sensitive dog, eager to please. Obedience training should be done with a positive, kind hand. They are very affectionate and bond closely with the family. The Sanshu is an extremely clean dog. They are very loyal to their humans. The Sanshu is an excellent guard dog. But it is mainly prized as a companion dog.




KOREAN DOSA MASTIFF
Korean Dosa Mastiff

A large breed from Korea. This gentle giant is sweet-natured, noble, majestic, friendly and intelligent. The Dosa likes mingling with people and other pets. The Korean Dosa Mastiff's coat is short, silky and shiny. Colors include chocolate, mahogany and red. A white patch on the chest is permissible. The Korean Dosa Mastiff is dignified, easy going good natured, intelligent and loyal. The Dosa likes being with people. Be sure you are this dog's pack leader, providing plenty of daily mental and physical exercise to avoid separation anxiety. The objective in training this dog is to achieve pack leader status. It is a natural instinct for a dog to have an order in its pack. When we humans live with dogs, we become their pack. The entire pack cooperates under a single leader. Lines are clearly defined. You and all other humans MUST be higher up in the order than the dog. That is the only way your relationship can be a success. This gentle giant is sweet-natured, noble, majestic and friendly. It tends to "lean" on its favorite people. It makes a huge lap dog. Excellent with other pets and children. Reserved with strangers. Supervision is required around small children as it may inadvertently step on them or knock them over. Proper human to canine communication is essential.




KOREAN JINDO
Korean Jindo

There is no written record about the origin of the Korea Jindo Dog, but many a uthorities agree that this breed has existed for several thousands of years in the Island of Jindo Originating in South Korea, the Jindo exhibit unmatched loyalty. They are incredibly intelligent dogs with a knack for hunting, tricks, and even agility. A spitz-type hunting dog, agile just likes a cat. Homeward Bound heroes, when they can never be lost and always come home safely. Brought to the United States with South Korean expatriates, it is celebrated in its native land for its fierce loyalty and brave nature. The Korea Jindo Dog is a well-proportioned medium-sized dog used for hunting and guarding. With erect ears and a rolled or sickle-shaped tail it should be a vivid expression of agility, strength, alertness and dignity. The Korea Jindo Dog has a very strong instinct for hunting and is bold, brave, alert and careful, not tempted easily and impetuous. But most of all he is extremely faithful to his master.




POONG SAN
Poong San

The largest and toughest of all native Korean dog breeds, Poong sans look alike Malamutes or Siberian Huskies. They come in white, red-brown, grey, black or brindle coat. They were the breed hunting tigers, deer and wild boars. It receives its name from the mountainous northern county of Pungsan, now Kimhyonggwon, where the dogs were first bred. It is a very rare breed of dog, hardly known outside Korea. Pungsan dogs have a thick coat, usually white in color, and known for their distinctive bark. They have a curled tail and pricked ears. The Pungsan's fur is very fine and thick to account for the cold winters in the northern Korean peninsula. The Pungsan is a common breed in Korea, but not elsewhere. Pungsan dogs are strong and agile, because of their past in mountainous regions. Pungsan tend to be loyal to their owners and people with whom they are comfortable.




BARBADO DE TERCEIRA
Barbado da Terceira

The Barbado da Terceira is a medium-sized dog, with a volumous and robust look. The Barbado da Terceira is the most recently recognized Portuguese breed. The Portuguese Kennel Club (CPC) recognized it, on a provisional basis, on November 2004. It's not yet recognized by The FCI. It is a population native to the Azores Islands, in particular the Terceira Island.




KOREAN SAPSALI SHAGGY DOG
Korean Sapsali Shaggy Dog

The Sapsali is a shaggy Korean breed of dog. The word is followed in Korean by either gae meaning "dog" or the suffix ee/i but is most commonly romanized as "Sapsaree". Traditionally, these dogs were believed to dispel ghosts and evil spirits. A rare, long hair, medium-sized Korean dog breed is a good companion breed. Locals believe that the breed can dispel evil spirits from a family's home. Sapsaree, just like the Korean Jindo dog, was designated as a National Treasure in 1992 by the Korean Government. The Sapsaree has been identified and recognized by both leading Korean dog societies, the Korean Canine Club (FCI affiliate) and the Korean Kennel Club. The Sapsaree has been called a "lion dog" for its bulky and strong upper body and its large and imposing paws. Sapsarees are medium-sized and slightly tall. Their adult coat is long and abundant, and comes in various colors, including solid and/or mixed shades of black, golden yellowish-blonde, reddish-orange, browns, and salt and pepper greys. Their hair falls over the eyes in the same manner as that of the Old English Sheepdog. The Sapsaree's friendly outer appearance is matched by its innate patience and congeniality towards other animals and human beings. They are known to be playful in a group setting and have long been acknowledged and valued for their loyalty.




THAI BANG-KAEW DOG
Thai Bang-Kaew Dog
The Thai Bangkaew Dog is an Asian dog breed. It is a medium-sized spitz-type dog. The Thai Bangkaew Dog is a square built, well proportioned dog, never low on legs, with fairly wide and deep chest. It has a double-coat that should form a ruff around the neck and shoulders and a pluming tail, more pronounced in males than females. This breed is rather tame dog, since their independence mind and intelligence. Bang-kaew is a hybrid of foxes and family dogs while a great flood separated them there for almost a century. They have very thick, double coat. The Bangkaew Dog is an old breed that originated from the Bangkaew village, in Thanang-ngam area in the Bang-rakam district of Phitsanulok province in Thailand. The breed traces its ancestry back to a cross between a Buddhist abbot's local black & white female dog and a now extinct wild dog producing today's breed. In 1957, selective breeding from single litters produced the generations seen today. The Thai Bangkaew Dog is regarded as a precious heritage of Phitsanulok province.




PHU QUOC RIDGEBACK
Phu Quoc Ridgeback
A ridgebacked dog from the island of Phu Quoc in southern of Vietnam. The Phu Quoc Ridgeback is one of three breeds that has folded hair that runs along their backs in the opposite direction from the rest of the coat. The Phu Quoc is the smallest of the three ridgeback breeds. The Phu Quoc dog was included in the Larousse Dictionary and is steadily gaining notice in the Western world. In Vietnam these dogs are still considered rare and there were only 700 purebred dogs registered and recognised by the Vietnam Kennel Club. This means due to the scarcity of true examples they are not able to enter many international dog shows as they are simply considered too rare to be able to judge the breed standard. According to elders on Phu Quoc Island, the dog was traditionally four main colours: spotted, black, yellow, and striped. The Phu Quoc Ridgeback is best known for its ability to jump higher and run and swim faster than most other breeds. These dogs love to hunt and chase, and are also known for protecting their home. This breed is extremely loyal, loving, and naturally obedient, thriving on dependable human relationships. The Phu Quoc is an intelligent and curious breed that loves to learn.




ANGLO-GROENENDAEL
Groenendael
de Petite Venerie is a medium-sized breed of dog used in hunting as a scenthound, usually in packs. It is one of the Anglo-French hound breeds which were created by crossing French scenthounds with English (Anglo) foxhounds. The name Petite Venerie does not mean that dogs of the breed are petite or small, but rather that it is used to hunt small game. The body of the Belgian Sheepdog is well muscled, with tight skin and a squarely proportioned body. The overall size of the head should be in proportion with the body.

ANGLO-GROENENDAEL

The top of the skull is flattened rather than rounded. The muzzle is moderately pointed with a moderate stop. The lips should be tight. The dog's bite should be either even or scissors. The medium sized, almond-shaped eyes are brown. The erect ears are triangle in shape and in proportion to the head. The legs are parallel, straight and strong. The feathered tail is strong at the base with the tailbone reaching the hock. The dewclaws are usually removed. The feet are cat-like in shape. The weather-resistant coat is moderately long, with a ruff of fur around the neck and extra feathering on the legs, tail and underneath the body. The coat color is black, either solid or with a small amount of white on the chest, chin or toes.




GRAND BASSET GRIFON GRIFFON
Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen
The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen is a well-balanced, strongly built, rough-coated scent hound of friendly and noble character. He is of medium size with straight legs, deep chest. He is longer than he is tall with a moderately long muzzle, long ears and a long tail. His neck is moderately long and strong, noble head with a mustache and beard, surmounted with protective long eyebrows. His structure was designed to hunt rabbit and hare at a fast pace through the bramble, and over the rough terrain of the Vendee area of France.

GRAND BASSET GRIFFON

He is a courageous, passionate and broadly skilled hunter who today is used to hunt not only rabbit and hare but also boar and roe deer. He is active, possessing great stamina for a full days' hunt and uses his voice freely while on the trail. Any feature that detracts from function is a serious fault. Grand Basset Griffon Vendeens are a hunting breed of dog from France. In some regions, they are still kept to hunt game but are more commonly kept as companions and pets. Also called "Little Griffon Vendeen Basset", it is a wonderfully happy, playful, and comical dog. It enjoys life and people. It is very popular in France but very rare in the USA.




CANIS PANTER
Canis Panter
The Canis Panther is heavily muscled with a wide chest and jaw. Its ears are cropped and tail docked, and the rear dewclaws are removed. Its fur is short. Colors include black, chocolate, fawn/buckskin, blue/gray. Canis Panthers are solid in color. The Canis Panther is a very sensitive and loving animal to its family pack. It is very intelligent, easy to train and extremely loyal. It excels in obedience, agility and personal protection and is a very good guard dog. It is very defensive of its territory and should be well-socialized, preferably when young with both dogs and people, especially with children, as the breed tends to be naturally wary of strangers, though he is very friendly with those he knows. In order to successfully keep a Canis Panther, the family must achieve pack leader status.




BONE-MOUTH
Bone-Mouth
Active and agile. Calm, independent, loyal and affectionate to people. Need to hunt and guard. Bone-mouth or Guzui, literally means Bony Snout in Mandarin Chinese, is the original type of the Shar Pei dog breed. There are two varieties in Shar-Pei: a traditional type with fewer wrinkles, roof-tile muzzle, pointed tail, short hair - sandpaper coat, and a modified heavier muzzle - hippopotamus look, with meat padding on top and brush coat. Breeders in China, particularly in Southern China, Hong Kong, Macau, commonly called the traditional type found originally in Dali , Namhoi City in Guangdong Province as the Bone-mouth because of its dry type of muzzle, and the latter development in the Western world as the Meat-mouth because of its meaty type of muzzle with loose skin. Sharpei Club Hong Kong based its breed standard on the traditional bone-mouth standard. This Bone-mouth wiki refers to the standard of Sharpei Club Hong Kong, formerly known as F.C.I. standard 309/1994.




BRIARD
Briard
The Briard was used during WWI in the French army as a sentry, messenger, and to search for wounded soldiers. They are very loyal and known to have a heart of gold wrapped in fur. A dog of handsome form. Vigorous and alert, powerful without coarseness, strong in bone and muscle, exhibiting the strength and agility required of the herding dog. Dogs lacking these qualities, however concealed by the coat, are to be penalized.









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