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98 Best Guard Dog Breeds Best Guard Dog Characteristics Personal, Family & Home Protection Alarm, Watchdog & Personal Protection Dog 10 Extremely Rare Guard Dogs History of Guard Dogs Types of Guard Dog How to Choose good Guard Dog Livestock, Sheep & Farm Guard Dogs Guard Dog Behavior & Characteristics How to Train Guard Dog Sheep Protector Guard Dogs Top 10 Hypoallergenic Guard Dogs Best Small Size Guard Dogs Best Medium Size Guard Dogs Best Guard Dog for 1st Time Owner Watchdog vs Guard Dog Biggest & Strongest Guard Dog Breeds Guard Dog Breeds for Families Guard Dogs Training Top 25 Dogs with Strongest Bite Force Guard Dogs: Agression and Behavior Guard Dog Laws & Legalization What makes a Great Guard Dog Top Hypoallergenic Guard Dogs Raising a Guard Dog Top Small Breed Guard Dogs Buy Guard Dogs Worldwide Personal Protection Dogs Attack Dogs
A guard dog or watchdog, not to be confused with an attack dog, is a dog used to guard property against, and watch for, unwanted or unexpected human or animal intruders.
The dog is discerning so that it does not annoy or attack the resident people of the house.
One of the best things about our dogs is that they love us unconditionally. Protecting members of their pack - human or canine, comes as second nature to them. But some breeds are better at it than others.
The use of dogs as guardians is well known since ancient times. The Romans used to put mosaics at the entrance of the houses to warn visitors and intruders of the presence of dangerous dogs at the property. One of the first dog types used as guardians were the ancestral mastiff-type landraces of the group known as Livestock guardian dogs which protected livestock against large predators such as wolves, bears and leopards.
Orthrus is a famous example of a livestock guardian dog from the Greek mythology known for guarding Geryon's red cattle. Some ancient guard dogs in more urban areas, such as the extinct bandogges, were chained during the day and released at night to protect properties, camps and villages.
BARKING Both guard dogs and watchdogs bark loudly to alert their owners of an intruder's presence and to scare away the intruder. The watchdog's function ends here - a guard dog is then capable of attacking and/or restraining the intruder. Livestock guardian dogs are often large enough (100-200 lbs.) and strong enough to attack and drive away livestock predators. Some smaller breeds, such as Keeshonds and Tibetan Terriers - are excellent watchdogs, but not guard dogs, because they bark loudly to alert their masters of intruders, but are physically small and not given to assertive behavior.
Guard dogs will bark to alert their master and to warn off an approaching animal or human threat prior to their interception of the trespasser. They are different from the smaller watchdogs in that they do not continue barking, they take action. Specifically, livestock guardian dogs such as the Kangal use loud alarm barks as a first line of defense against presumed threats, if these do not deter a perceived foe - either human or animal predators, other displays such as bluffing and charging are employed. For livestock guardians, proactive forms of defense such as bites are only used if all other forms of deterrence fail.
BEST BARKING DOG BREEDS
Doberman Pinscher German Shepherd Dog German Spitz Keeshond Miniature Schnauzer Scottish Terrier West Highland White Terrier
If the risk is from human intruders, a suitable dog can be simply trained to be aggressive towards unrecognized humans and then tethered or enclosed unsupervised in an area that the owner wishes to protect when he is not around - such as at night, the stereotypical "junkyard dog" is a common example of this.
If the purpose of the dog is to protect against human intruders after nightfall, a large, dark-colored dog in a dark house would give the dog an advantage over the burglar. It is claimed that female dogs tend to make better personal guardians than males, due to maternal instincts, but males are considered better for guarding property because of their greater territorial instinct. That may be true in general, but all dogs are individuals.
GUARD DOG BREEDS Many currently prominent guard dogs started as general purpose farm dogs, but gradually developed into guard breeds. Some dog breeds such as the Dobermann and the Brazilian Dogo were carefully developed from the beginning for guard duty. Guard dogs are not restricted to mastiffs. Other dogs, like some shepherd dogs, spitz dogs, cattle dogs and some catch dogs are also great guard dogs as well as being useful as multifunctional dogs, acting as attack dogs, personal protection dogs, police dogs, sport dogs such as schutzhund dogs.
Guard dog breeds tend to be territorial, averse to strangers, dominant, and protective and loyal with family. The Fila brasileiro for example has a reputation for being very intolerant of strangers and guests to the home and property. Other fierce guard dogs include breeds and landraces of the Ovtcharka type and other farm guard dogs such as the Boerboel. Some breeds who make excellent guards are more commonly having breed specific legislation passed against them, banning them from some communities and whole countries.
The laws regarding ownership and usage of guard dogs vary from country to country. In England the main legislation relating to the use of guard dogs on commercial premises are contained within the 1975 Guard Dogs Act. The act specifies the requirements of kennels and the need to display guard dog warning signs at the entrance to sites.
Nowadays people feel a need for security, for themselves and their families. Some people want to keep their property or business secure from intruders. Although alarm systems can do the job, many people choose to get a dog instead. In certain breeds, this guarding and protecting is a natural instinct and dogs have been doing this job for hundreds of years. So, once you decide to get a dog for security, should you get a guard dog or a protection dog? Is there a difference?
The answer is, yes, there is a difference between a guard dog and protection dog. It is important for you to know the difference before you make a decision and buy a puppy. Think of it this way, a guard dog will guard your property and a protection dog will protect you and your family. A guard dog is trained specifically to be a working dog, not a pet. They are used as police dogs or military dogs and cannot "turn off" their training. Guard dogs can be trained to work at 3 distinct levels of security.
Alarm Dogs This is a large breed with a deep, threatening bark. He will sound the alarm when someone approaches, but will take no action. In many cases, the alarm dogs bark is enough to deter unwanted visitors.
Watch Dogs Keep an eye out and bark when strangers approach or anything unusual happens - it will be your job to deal with the problem. Many dogs naturally behave this way, so advanced training is rarely necessary for these pups. And because they are not expected to get physical with a perceived threat, they need not be large. Chihuahuas, for example, often make great watchdogs.
Guard Dogs Also keep an eye out for danger, but they are ready to get physical and defend their home or family from threats. Typically, this means they will start by barking at the perceived threat, but they will bite if necessary. Guard dogs must, therefore, receive specific training to excel in such roles. Guard dogs are typically expected to guard a confined area, such as your home.
Sentry Dogs Are akin to guard dogs, except that they are also trained to patrol a given area, such as a large yard or property. Because they will be required to work with less human direction, such dogs must be very confident, self-reliant and intelligent. A guard dog used as a sentry is most often used to guard the outside of a large property, such as a warehouse or shipyard. The dog is free to roam on his own without instruction from his owner. Because they are trained to attack anyone who trespasses, they are the best possible protection for this type of situation.
Attack Dogs Are typically only used by police or military outfits. They are not only trained to perform all of the skills the previously mentioned dogs are, they receive additional training to unleash their potential as an offensive weapon too. Such dogs can be extremely dangerous in improper hands. An attack trained guard dog is trained to attack and even kill if given the command by his handler. These dogs meant to be used as police K-9 or military service dogs. Dogs trained at this level are not sociable at any level and are not suitable as pets.
Livestock, Farm & Sheep Protectors Livestock guard dogs also called livestock protection dogs are bred and designed for protecting livestock from predators. In most cases their ability to guard their herd is instinctive. The dog bonds with the herd from an early age. They are not usually used to herd or move a herd. Their only job is to guard the herd. Many shepherds seem to match the color of the guardian dog to that of their sheep. The theory is that it makes them less threatening to the sheep and harder to identify by predators. This may explain why so many Livestock protection dogs are white.
Military Guard Dogs Military guard dogs, sometimes called war dogs, are dogs used for military purposes. The US military requries they be 20 inches tall at the shoulders and cannot be more than five years old. They cannot be afraid of loud noises including gunfire. They are used for a wide variety of purposes and receive specialized training. Similar to Police dogs they may be used to patrol an area and are used against criminals. They may be used to detect harmful objects such as bombs, mines, harmful gasses and ammunition. Military dogs are trained to watch out for enemies and attack them. The US military used 32 breeds at the start of World War II but by 1944 the list was shortened to five breeds. These were the Belgian Shepherd, German Shepherd, Doberman Pinscher, Collie and Giant Schnauzer.
Personal Protection Dogs Are like guard dogs who are tasked with protecting a moving target - typically a person or family. These dogs must receive a ton of specialized training, as they will need to learn to distinguish between friends and foes and work safely in crowded situations. Most dogs that excel in this role bond very strongly with their people. Protection dogs are family dogs that will protect and defend their family in any situation they feel is threatening. Some of the most popular breeds for protection are Rottweilers, German Shepherds and Giant Schnauzers. The Doberman is the only working dog bred specifically as a protection dog.
These breeds are extremely loyal and become true family members. They can be socialized with children and other pets, as well as other family, friends and neighbors. These dogs should never be trained specially to do what comes naturally to them. They should be bred with special consideration for their natural instinct to protect.
These breeds do however, need to be obedience trained and need to know their position in the family. They can be dominant, so it is important to establish your alpha role. Exercise is extremely important if you want to have a well behaved, well-adjusted protection dog. These dogs need plenty of activity because they are big, physical animals with lots of energy.
The main distinction between a guard dog and a protection dogs is ultimately in the training. It is always best to seek a professional when you have determined what you need from your working companion.
Breeders and pet owners train the best guard dogs to provide protection whether at home or on the road. For this reason, there are a couple of traits to look for in a guard dog.
DO YOU REALLY NEED A GUARD DOG? Protection occurs on a number of different levels, so breeders and trainers use a variety of different terms to describe the varying levels of protection a given dog is expected and willing to provide. For example, most dogs - whether 5-pound Chihuahua or 150-pound mastiff will bark when a stranger knocks on the door. And while this may frighten off opportunistic criminals or teenagers who are up to no good, your Chihuahua is npt going to deter a determined criminal with malicious intent.
What Is The Most Aggressive Guard Dog? Chihuahuas are known to be the most aggressive dog breed, but you would not want one for a guard dog. Of those on our list of best guard dogs, the Chow Chow is the most aggressive guard dog, closely followed by the Dobermann. Other highlights include Rottweilers and German Shepherds.
What Dog Breed Has Killed Most Humans? Pit bulls are typically the dogs that kill the most humans each year in the United States, but there are not many deaths from dogs. 2018, for example, had only 36 fatalities from dog bites. If you socialize and train your pooch properly, it is unlikely to kill.
Which Dog Has The Strongest Bite? The dog with the strongest bite is the Kangal, followed by the Bandog, Cane Corso, Tosa Inu, and Dogue de Bordeaux. Of these, only the Cane Corso is also one of the best guard dogs on our list. Other guard dogs with strong bites include the Rottweiler, German Shepherd, Boxer, and Dobermann.
Intelligence The best guard dogs are highly intelligent animals. They can differentiate familiar faces from strangers and know when to perceive and quell a threat. Intelligence dogs are often used in military service, as guide dogs, or as herding dogs. Intelligent dogs are easy to train as well. Under intelligence, we can also speak about a dog's temperament. A dog may be smart, however, it may lack what it takes to make a personal bodyguard.
Some dogs are quick to spot intruders but will keep their distance because of fear. This is very true about toy breeds. although some toy breeds, like the Chihuahua, can maul your ankle if you do not heed their warning. Some dog breeds, considered as natural best guard dogs, may also not have what it takes to become personal protection dogs. However, this does not mean you should love the pooch any less because all dogs are different and we should take them as they are.
Trainability Your pooch can become a great guard dog depending on how quick he is to learn new tricks and commands. Just like intelligence, temperament also has a large part to play here. Some dogs may be highly trainable, but they are also stubborn in nature or may have a delicate ego that does not respond well to shouting or harsh words. Find out if your dog is able to learn simple commands such as fetch, sit, roll-over, or heel without having a leash. If he is able to learn all these fast, he can advance to tougher commands used to train attack and guard dogs.
Size Guard dogs need to be large in size if they are to be perceived as fierce. Large breeds that train as personal protection dogs often weigh between 80 to 130 pounds. The bigger the dog, the fiercer it looks and is able to scare away intruders. Some toy breeds are really fierce and overprotective, but they just do not have the body to match the boldness.
Strength A personal protection dog not only needs to be big but strong as well. A strong dog can pounce and pin down an intruder with great ease. Some guard dogs are able to pull their unconscious owner to safety, away from danger, before running off to seek help. A strong guard dog will also endure all the rigorous training you subject it to.
Agility The best guard dogs have to move swiftly to subdue an intruder or rush to a rescue zone. Some guard dog breeds may be large and fierce but they just lack in speed. Speed is also important if your guard dog will double as a hunting or herding dog.
Courage Your dog must be brave enough to face any danger that presents itself. Consider that your garden variety criminal is probably about twice the size of even a 100-pound Doberman or shepherd - only a brave dog will be willing to stand up to such threats.
Loyalty To ensure that your guard dog won't turn into a welcome committee, you will need him to be exceptionally loyal. His allegiance to your family must be clear.
Territorial Instincts Dogs that strongly identify with their home and are willing to guard it from intruders are obviously better suited for guard work than those who do not mind trespassers.
Affectionate Nature All good guard dogs are fearless in the face of danger, but the best guard dogs melt into a wiggly pile of face-licking love when they are with their humans or trusted friends. You want a dog that loves when it is time to love, and protects when it is time to protect.
You may have heard people using the terms "watchdog" and "guard dog" interchangeably. While both types of dog can show similar traits, they are not really the same thing. Throughout history the watchdog has been deployed alongside the larger guard dog.
The watchdog would act as the alarm while the guardian would come in to take action. Examples of this type of arrangement can be found from Italy, where the Volpino Italiano worked alongside the Cane Corso and Neapolitan Mastiff, from Tibet where the Lhasa Apso and Tibetan Spaniel worked alongside their large guardian counterparts, the Tibetan Mastiff.
Unlike some Protection and Service Dogs, who sometimes require 100s of hours of training like Police Dog or Military Dog, watchdogs and guard dogs do not typically need any training for their job, they perform these roles instinctively and autonomously. Actually, you spend more time training guardians when NOT to guard than when to guard.
Like a guard dog, the best Personal Protection Dogs (PPDs) will have a natural protective instinct too, but with the drive to follow through. Since PPDs are often deployed in public situation - not private property, like a guard dog the PPD requires a lot of specialized training to ensure the public's safety.
Are there dogs that are both a good watch dog and a good guard dog? Alert enough to recognize a threat before it can be seen, and large enough and aggressive enough to defend its turf? Well, lots of people see this winning combination in Dobermans. Others swear it is the Boxer that fits this prescription. Fewer still cast their vote for the ubiquitous pit bull, but the breed does have its advocates in this regard.
Watchdogs can be trained to protect a particular area – perhaps a garden or a house – and will do everything they can to alert their owners when someone tries to enter that space. A Watchdog, also called an "Alarm Dog", is a dog that is used to warn their owner that something is not right, typically by barking. A common example of the use of a watchdog is to warn their owner of an intruder or trespasser. Watchdogs tend to bark a lot.
A watchdog should not be expected to engage (bite) a threat, or even to hold their ground, their job is simply to "sound the alarm". A good watchdog can sound the alarm and stay out of danger until "backup" arrives to take action. Watchdogs come in many different sizes and shapes. A large size, courage, and amazing strength are not necessarily requirements for a watchdog.
A Guard Dog on the other hand, will be willing to physically put themselves between you and whatever is coming the other way - postmen, visitors, burglars. They are usually larger, muscular dogs whose very presence is enough to send an intruder packing! A Guard Dog is a dog that is used to guard property or livestock, which includes their family - human, canine, feline, fish, bird.
While guard dogs may "alert" like a watchdog, they are also expected to engage or bite a threat if needed. Typically a guard dog uses a forceful "display" to drive or scare a threat away while holding their ground and engaging the threat if the initial display is not enough of a deterrent. A good guard dog should always give a clear warning before moving in for a bite - the display is their first line of defense.
Guard dogs typically come in 2 packages: large and thick-coated livestock guardians, and large short-coated bully / mastiff type dogs. With the exception being some of the pinscher or terrier breeds and some shepherd breeds, like the GSD. Size, strength, tenacity, courage, and a level-headed outlook are import traits of a guard dog.
Whatever your choice in a guard dog, just be aware that these large, dominant-breed dogs need plenty of socialization when they are young so that they are not aggressive all the time. Their DNA will compel them to protect you and your family in moments of danger, even if they are socialized from infancy, so you need not be concerned about making them "too friendly".
Personal Protection Dog There is also another type of security dog they use in any armed guard company: the Personal Protection Dog (PPD). These dogs also work on instinct, but are typically always with their human. They are rarely expected to sit back at home and guard the property while their owner is gone - instead they would be with their owner as their primary job is to protect their owner from "bad guys".
These dogs require a lot of training in the area of obedience and control, and probably pose the highest liability to the owner. A typical should be expected to engage and eliminate threats without guidance from their handler. These dogs "read" the situation, and act on instinct to protect their human.
These dogs require a lot of socialization so they can best "read" their environment and different scenarios. Fearless dogs make for excellent guard dogs, but they must never be aggressive. Large, strong dogs can cause injury or worse. Your dog should have obedience training, so you learn how to control your dog and strike the delicate balance between protecting and attacking.
TOP WATCHDOGS BREEDS 1. Rottweiler 2. German Shepherd 3. Scottish Terrier 4. West Highland White Terrier 5. Miniature Schnauzer 6. Yorkshire Terrier 7. Cairn Terrier 8. Chihuahua 9. Airedale Terrier 10. Poodle
TOP GUARD DOG BREEDS 1. Bull Mastiff 2. Doberman Pinscher 3. Rottweiler 4. Komondor 5. Puli 6. Giant Schnauzer 7. German Shepherd 8. Rhodesian Ridgeback 9. Kuvasz 10. American Staffordshire Terrier 11. Chippiparai (Indian) 12.Combai (Indian) 13.Formosan Mountain Dog (Taiwanese) 14. Kanni (Indian) 15. Rajapalayam Dog (Indian) 16. Serbian Defensive Dog (Serbian)
There are many reasons to want a guard dog: for personal protection, protection of property, or simply to know when a visitor is at the door. Unfortunately, guard dogs sometimes get a bad reputation, when in reality, the traits that make them fierce protectors are also the ones that make them incredible pets.
According to the American Kennel Club, the best guard dogs are devoted, brave, and know when to fight off an intruder, but that does not mean they are vicious in their daily lives. Give them the training they need when they are young, and these pets will do everything they can to protect you.
Just as important, they will make you feel safe and offer you a lifetime of love and affection. Some dogs were bred to guard their home and family, while others have the potential to be excellent guard dogs because they are vigilant, intelligent and highly trainable. If you are looking for a family guard dog, there is certainly not a lack of options. When you are choosing a guard dog, take into account personality, size and training requirements to help you figure out what breed is best for you.
1. Akita The Akita was originally bred in Japan as a hunting dog but is exceptionally loyal and fearless, which makes it a great guard dog. The American Kennel Club says this muscular, spitz-type dog is hard-wired for protecting those they love. To keep any bad habits in check, positive dog training and socialization from puppyhood is recommended. Akitas have a large build - just look at the size of their heads! which makes them powerful. If you get them comfortable with family and friends early on in life, they will know who to be goofy and playful around.
2. Appenzeller Sennenhund Though smaller than some of the other guard dogs, Appenzeller Sennenhunds still make a great guard dog pick due to their agility and energy. They were originally farm dogs, so their intelligence and obedience will impress your whole family. As well as needing a clear purpose in life, the Appenzeller demands lots of exercise and consistent training. This makes it best suited to an experienced dog owner.
3. Australian Shepherd The medium-sized Aussie is both beautiful and brave. Most at home on a ranch or in a rodeo, these dogs are natural herders and will take any opportunity to get other animals in line. What is more, they make energetic playmates for kids and are great family pets. Despite their name, the Australian Shepherd dog breed originated in the western United States, not Australia, around the time of the Gold Rush in the 1840s. Originally bred to herd livestock, they remain a working dog at heart.
4. Pomeranian The Pomeranian is a breed of dog of the Spitz type that is named for the Pomerania region in north-west Poland and north-east Germany in Central Europe. Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from larger Spitz-type dogs, specifically the German Spitz. Descended from large sled dog breeds, the tiny Pomeranian has a long and interesting history. The foxy-faced dog, nicknamed "the little dog who thinks he can," is compact, active, and capable of competing in agility and obedience or simply being a family friend. Poms may be small, but they do not always act that way and may even challenge larger dogs. While they make for good apartment pets, they can also bark a lot, which your neighbors may not be too thrilled about. But as long as you give your dog plenty of exercise and playtime, keep them out of hot weather, and give them lots of love and attention, you will have a loving, adorable, furry family companion!
5. Catahoula Leopard Dog These dogs are known for the unique patterns and spots on their coats. If you are not sure if you can handle raising a puppy, Catahoula Leopard dogs start acting like adults at 10 months old. The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a multi-purpose working dog that is well-muscled and powerful, but with a sense of agility and endurance. They are serious while working and playful at home. The breed requires firm guidance and early socialization, as they can be independent, territorial, and protective. For the same reasons, they do not allow mistreatment and will assert themselves in self-defense. Once they know their place in the family unit, they are affectionate, loyal, and gentle.
6. Caucasian Shepherd Dog These massive dogs know exactly how to respond if they sense a threat to your house or family members, so do not underestimate their fluffiness. The Caucasian Shepherd dogs are a great option if you have kids and other animals, because they are loving and careful around their family. Courageous and strong, the Caucasian shepherd was bred to care for flocks and protect the home from predators in the Caucasus Mountain region on the boundary of Europe and Asia. This highly territorial breed - described by the American Kennel Club as a serious guardian breed is naturally wary of strangers, so early training is required to control aggressive tendencies. There is no threat it will shy away from.
7. Chesapeake Bay Retrievers This powerful pup boasts a wavy, waterproof coat that sets it apart from other retrievers. However, you can still expect the loyal and energetic traits that make Goldens and labs such popular pets. Chessies are polite with strangers, but still cautious and not overly affectionate with those they do not know - all of which makes them excellent watch dogs.
8. Doberman Pinscher Do not let a Doberman's sleek body fool you - they are strong, fast, and brave, making them the perfect dog to guard your house. They require a lot of exercise, so be prepared to go on long walks with your buddy. The Doberman pinscher is a people-oriented breed, affectionate and warm with most and extremely loyal to its owners. However, it is also a natural guard dog, ready to warn of any incoming threats. Sleek and powerful, possessing both a magnificent physique and keen intelligence, the Doberman Pinscher is one of dogkind's noblemen. This incomparably fearless and vigilant breed stands proudly among the world's finest protection dogs.
9. Estrela Mountain Dogs The Estrela Mountain Dog is not only an excellent livestock guardian, but is also known for his love of children and family. Proper socialization and training as a puppy is very important so that the dominance in the Estrela's personality does not become aggressive. The Estrela Mountain Dog is named for the Estrela Mountains in Portugal and is believed to be the oldest breed in the region. The breed has several distinctive physical characteristics including rosed ears, a black mask and a hook at the end of its tail. He is an inseparable companion of the shepherd and a faithful flock guardian, bravely protecting it against predators and thieves. A wonderful farm and house guard, he is distrustful towards strangers but typically docile to his master. As a companion in the home, an Estrela will bond for life. He will love and protect his whole family, but a piece of his soul will belong to that one special family member of his choosing. As an Estrela owner tells us: There is nothing compared to the love of an Estrela.
10. German Shepherd German Shepherds are one of the most common breeds for police dogs, but they are just as common as pets. They will protect your house from intruders, but they are so loyal that they will form a strong bond with you. Generally considered dogkind's finest all-purpose worker, the German Shepherd Dog is a large, agile, muscular dog of noble character and high intelligence. Loyal, confident, courageous, and steady, the German Shepherd is truly a dog lover's delight. There are many reasons why German Shepherds stand in the front rank of canine royalty, but experts say their defining attribute is character: loyalty, courage, confidence, the ability to learn commands for many tasks, and the willingness to put their life on the line in defense of loved ones. German Shepherds will be gentle family pets and steadfast guardians, but, the breed standard says, there is a certain aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships.
11. Giant Schnauzer Bred as a working dog in the Bavarian Alps in the mid 1800s, the giant schnauzer served as a guard dog for farmers, merchants and innkeepers. This breed needs plenty of daily exercise and stimulation. Powerful, energetic and dominant, it also needs strict training from puppyhood. The Giant Schnauzer is basically a stronger, larger version of its standard counterpart. Be prepared to spend a decent amount of time grooming them, because that thick coat of hair requires regular brushing - they have got a beard, after all!
12. Puli Honestly, what better breed for a guard dog than one that can so easily disguise as a mop? Puli dogs were originally meant for herding, so they learn fast and can easily outsmart any predators. Don't let their silly appearance fool you!
13. Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog This type of guard dog requires someone to be close with, so you won't want to leave them alone for long periods of time. Romanian Mioritic Shepherd dogs are loving and kind enough to be your closest bud, but they will bark and get aggressive if they encounter strangers they do not trust.
14. Rottweiler If you know anyone with a Rottweiler, chances are that you have seen them be gentle around their owners but intimidating when it comes to strangers. To keep them on top of their game, be sure to socialize your Rottie with other people and dogs in addition to taking them to training classes. Descended from the mastiffs of the Roman legions, Rottweilers are often used as home guard dogs as they’re naturally protective of their families. This sturdy working breed is confident, strong and self-assured. If socialized early and properly trained, the Rottie can learn to react appropriately to anyone who poses a threat.
15. Staffordshire Bull Terrier The Staffordshire bull terrier was bred in 19th century Britain to be a fighting dog, but those days are long gone. Today, this breed is typically very loving, particularly towards children. It also has a strong instinct to protect, which makes it a good choice for a family guard dog. Not everyone has the space for a large animal in their home, but that does not mean they do not need a powerful guard dog. Weighing in at less than 40 pounds, Staffordshire Bull Terriers are muscular, brave, and natural fighters - when they need to be! Known to those who love them as AmStaffs, the American Staffordshire Terrier is smart, confident and courageous. Provided its responsibly bred, socialized and trained in puppyhood, an AmStaff can be an efficient guard dog. It is important to teach it the difference between "good" and "bad" strangers to ensure its fierce protective instinct is used in the right way.
16. Bullmastiff Bullmastiff owners will tell you this breed makes an excellent family guard dog. Affectionate and loyal, it has an easygoing nature but can also be trained to be a formidable protector. It helps that it is one of the biggest dog breeds, weighing up to 130 pounds.
17. Bernese Mountain Dog If you want a dog whose mere presence will deter an intruder, the Bernese mountain dog is a good choice. One of the biggest dog breeds in the world, it can weigh up to 160 pounds. Plus, it is naturally wary of strangers - its bark alone is often enough to warn off intruders.
18. Boxer An enthusiastic working dog, the boxer was one of the first breeds to be employed as a police dog. It also makes an effective guard dog, partly because it looks more intimidating than it actually is. This loyal family pet, known for being great with children, will make you feel protected without having to worry about aggression or violence.
19. Great Dane The incredibly powerful, strong Great Dane should definitely be considered if you are looking for a personal protection dog. Elegant and strong, this breed is highly trainable. In the home, its mere presence will provide a sense of security. At the same time, it will be an affectionate and loving friend to everyone in the family. Great Danes certainly hold stature in the dog world, but though they look terribly imposing, in reality they are one of the best-natured dogs around. For all of their size, Great Danes are sweet, affectionate pets. They love to play and are gentle with children.
20. Komondor Also known as the Hungarian Sheepdog, the komondor was bred in its native land to guard livestock and property, so it has all the qualities of a family guard dog. Wary of strangers and very protective, it rewards its owner with complete devotion. Its size alone is enough to keep intruders at bay - this breed can weigh up to 100 pounds. Affectionate with their families, these dogs are intelligent and eager to please. Because they are so protective, they can make decent watchdogs and will bark if anything is amiss. They are not, however, well-suited for apartment life and prefer to have lots of room to run and burn off energy. For a larger home in need of a loving guardian, this may be the dog for the job.
21. Belgian Malinois The Belgian Malinois is a popular choice for a security dog due to its confidence, intelligence and loyalty. These qualities make it a good home guard dog, although it will be happiest if it has a number of roles to fulfill. Due to its high prey drive and seemingly boundless energy, this breed deserves an experienced, committed owner who will give it the physical and mental stimulation it needs to thrive. Canines of the Belgian Malinois dog breed were originally bred to be herding dogs. Today, they also work as police and military dogs, protection dogs, and loving family members. In the hands of an experienced dog person, these canines are intense, intelligent, and athletic companions. However, with their high energy and exercise needs, they may not fair as well in apartments or small living spaces. This breed is not likely to suit a first-time dog owner. But with firm, consistent training and plenty of physical and mental activity, these pups will be loving and loyal for life.
22. Cane Corso If you are wondering if the cane corso makes a good guard dog, you only have to look at its name - it roughly translates to "guard dog." Often used for tracking and law enforcement, the cane corso sees guarding as a natural activity. Its devotion to its family knows no bounds. The Cane Corso is a working dog who absolutely loves having a job to do. This old Italian dog breed was developed to guard property and hunt big game such as wild boar. Cane Corsos are powerful and athletic, best suited to experienced pet parents who have large, securely fenced yards. They will definitely need their humans to give them a task, otherwise, they may find their own ways to reduce boredom — probably with destructive behavior. If you can give your dog plenty of space, exercise, and training, then this may be the breed for you!
23. Rhodesian Ridgeback It is a pretty safe bet that a dog that was originally bred to track, but never kill - lions will make a natural guard dog. Unsurprisingly, the Rhodesian Ridgeback has a strong prey drive. Independent and loyal, this breed does not bark for no reason, so when it does, there is usually something worth investigating.
24. Norwegian Elkhound The sturdy, short-bodied Norwegian elkhound may not be the largest dog breed, but size does not always matter when it comes to a family guard dog. This breed is alert, confident and intelligent. When trained to protect, it will make all members of its human family feel safe.
25. Great Pyrenees The Great Pyrenees has a calm, patient nature, but it is also extremely powerful. It was bred to protect sheep from wolves and other predators in its native mountain land, and it’s never lost its courage or vigilance. This makes it an attentive home guard dog.
26. Boerboel The family-friendly Boerboel is a good choice for a guard dog because it is naturally wary of strangers. Described by the American Kennel Club as intimidating but discerning, this breed is considered to be protective without being aggressive. Bright and keen to learn, it is also known to be great with kids. At first glance, you might think the large, intimidating Boerboel would make an excellent guard dog, and you'd be correct. However, this breed is equally known for being loving, calm, and family-friendly, especially towards human children. These gigantic protectors were bred to help farmers in South Africa defend their homesteads from hyenas, lions, and all manner of deadly wildlife while also providing invaluable companionship. These dogs are confident, territorial, and prone to pulling and chewing. They need an assertive, experienced owner with plenty of space for a massive dog that needs to exercise.
27. Kuvasz The kuvasz is famously loyal, patient and sweet-natured, but it is also a large, strong, smart working dog. And despite its size, it is quick on its feet when faced with a threat. Legend has it that Hungary's King Matthias I trusted his kuvs more than his palace guards.
28. Chow Chow Muscular and stocky, the chow or chow chow's history goes all the way back to ancient China. Although this breed was originally a companion dog for Chinese nobles, it is also known for its guarding and hunting skills, making it an excellent guard dog. Although it is not a naturally sociable dog and will be aloof with strangers, it is affectionate and loving with its family.
29. Chinese Shar-Pei The Chinese Shar-Pei is another breed that can not be described as a crowd-pleaser - it reserves its affection for those it is closest to. Loyal, calm and quiet, it tends to be a peaceful presence in the home. But at the slightest suggestion of a threat, the Shar-Pei will assume the role of investigator.
30. Bull Terrier For a bull terrier to have a happy life, it needs to be well-trained, socialized with people and other dogs early, get plenty of exercise and lots of quality time with its human family, according to the American Kennel Club. Many bull terrier owners swear by the breed as a family guard dog because it has a protective instinct - particularly when it comes to children and is extremely loyal. Its appearance can also create a fearsome impression, although it is a lot softer than it looks.
31. Tornjak A breed of steady disposition, the Tornjak - also known as the Croatian shepherd, can always be trusted to protect both people and property. It is thought to be a descendant of the Tibetan Mastiff – another great guard dog breed. The Tornjak is suspicious of strangers, immune to bribery and completely devoted to its human family.
32. Border Collie The Border Collie dog breed was developed to gather and control sheep in the hilly border country between Scotland and England. They are known for their intense stare, or "eye," with which they control their flock. They are dogs with unlimited energy, stamina, and working drive, all of which make them a premier herding dog, Border Collies are still used today to herd sheep on farms and ranches around the world. The highly trainable and intelligent, Border Collies also excel in various canine sports, including obedience, flyball, agility, tracking, and flying disc competitions. They can make for great family companions, so long as they get a lot of physical and mental exercise. You will also have to be comfortable with a dog who can outsmart you from time to time. If you want a loving, brainy dog who will keep you active and on your toes, this may be the breed for you!
33. Tibetan Mastiff The huge Tibetan mastiff has all the qualities of a superb guard dog - it is independent, reserved, intelligent and extremely protective. In fact, the American Kennel Club calls it the guardian dog supreme. But it is not the right breed for you unless you have the time and patience required to train it well, as it is also known for wanting to do its own thing.
34. Beauceron The Beauceron is gentle and faithful, but that is only one side to its character. This breed, which originated in France in the 1500s for herding, is often used as guard dogs and police dogs. The American Kennel Club notes that the Beauceron has a Border Collie's brain in a 100-pound body - a formidable opponent, then.
35. Neapolitan Mastiff A steady, loyal companion, the Neapolitan mastiff is an excellent guard dog who will take its job of defending its family and home seriously. Its somewhat alarming appearance alone may be enough to ward off an intruder or attacker, but beneath the hanging wrinkles and folds and enormous lips is a docile, dignified dog. It is important to socialize the Neapolitan mastiff from a young age to ensure they know the difference between a safe situation and a dangerous one.
36. German Shorthaired Pointer One of the most versatile sporting breeds around, the stylish and regal German Shorthaired Pointer is a superb hunting dog who also excels as a family companion. He hunts feathered and furred game and will even trail deer. If you can provide this dog with the mental and physical challenges they crave, they will be your best four-legged friend. But those who live in apartments or spend lots of time away from home must beware. Without room to play and lots of exercise, you may find a bored dog engaging in destructive behaviors when you get home.
37. Collie The Collie dog breed is a native of Scotland, mostly of the Highland regions but also bred in the Scottish Lowlands and northern England, where they were used primarily as a herding dog. They are great family companions and are still capable herding dogs. Even though these are purebred dogs, you may find them in the care of shelters or rescue groups. Remember to adopt! Do not shop if you want to bring a dog home. Collies are sensitive and intelligent dogs, known for undying loyalty and the amazing ability to foresee their owners' needs. They are highly affectionate with their families, but that sensitivity means they do not care much for being left alone for long hours of the day. Give them lots of love and companionship, and they will give it back tenfold to all members of their pack, including kids.
38. Saint Bernard Originally the Saint Bernard dog breed guarded the grounds of Switzerland's Hospice Saint Bernard as well as to help find and save lost and injured travelers. Today Saint Bernards enjoy the comforts of family life in many homes across the world. They are affectionate with just about everyone they meet, and people who do not mind a bit of drool will find them to be loving companions. They are also versatile and excel in the show ring and in obedience trials, drafting, and weight pulling competitions.
39. Australian Cattle Dog The Australian Cattle Dog is an extremely intelligent, active, and sturdy dog breed. Developed by Australian settlers to handle herds of cattle on expansive ranches, they are still used today as a herding dog. They thrive on having a job to do and on being part of all family activities. Australian Cattle Dogs are loyal and protective of their families, though wary of outsiders. Besides herding work, they do well at canine sports, including agility, obedience, rally, flyball, and flying disc competitions. Novice pet parents and apartment dwellers beware, these dogs need a lot of mental and physical activity to stay happy and healthy, and to prevent bored, destructive behavior. If you have a home with plenty of room to run, and you can keep up with such an active pup, this may be the breed for you!
40. Airedale Terrier Known as the "King of Terriers," the Airedale is indeed the largest of all terriers. The dog breed originated in the Aire Valley of Yorkshire and was created to catch otters and rats in the region between the Aire and Wharfe Rivers. Intelligent, outgoing, and confident, the Airedale Terrier possesses a wonderful playful streak that delights their humans. Novice pet parents and apartment dwellers should beware, though. These dogs have high energy and need plenty of exercise, and their intensity might be a little much for first-time dog trainers. But if you can meet the breed's physical needs and provide them with space to run, preferably in the form of a big yard with a tall, secure fence, then you will be rewarded with a playful, loving companion for the whole family - even kids!
41. Dogue de Bordeaux The first thing you will notice about the DDB, as they are sometimes known, is that massive head. You may also spot a bit of slobber hanging out of their mouth. Dogs of this breed may seem intimidating at first, and they will indeed protect their homes and families if they are called to do so. But generally, these pups remain docile and have sweet dispositions. Do not be fooled, though. This breed's stubborn side means they need experienced pet parents who will keep up with consistent training. If you can do that, you will have a loving, faithful companion!
42. Basenji Out of Africa, the Basenji dog breed was originally found in the Congo. These dogs use both scent and sight to hunt and were originally used to flush small game into hunters' nets and to control village rodent populations. These days, they also make for great, loving, furry family members. Clever and endearing, these dogs are good companions for the person or family who can stay a step ahead of them. They can adapt to apartment living, and even novice pet parents will find these pups to be great first-timer dogs. Just make sure you can provide enough exercise to meet their high energy levels. You will need to commit to plenty of walks and playtime.
43. Anatolian Shepherd Dog The Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a native of Turkey, where they were bred as a shepherd's companion and livestock guardian. They were created with specific traits to resemble the size and color of livestock they defended so predators would not detect them among the flock. Sometimes called the Anatolian Karabash Dog or Kangal, they are a fiercely loyal guard dog and a large, impressive dog breed, frequently weighing 120 to 150 pounds at maturity. Novice pet parents beware. Not only are dogs of this breed big; they’re generally known to be stubborn. Anatolian Shepherd Dogs require firm, consistent trainers with experience handling dogs. Also, be ready to clean up all the fur they shed throughout the year. A trained and well-socialized Anatolian Shepherd is a friend and guardian for anyone they consider to be their "flock," which includes the human members of their family. They are even friendly with their human children, although, their size makes it easy for them to knock over a kid during vigorous play. They may also chase other pets or animals if their humans do not train them properly.
44. Leonberger The jumbo-sized Leonberger dog breed is a mix of the Newfoundland, longhaired Saint Bernard, and Great Pyrenees. They need a good deal of exercise, attention, and space, but with for right pet parent, they can be a friend like no other. With their lion-like looks and deep bark, they make for an intimidating watch dog.
45. English Setter The English Setter dog breed was named for these dogs' practice of "setting," or crouching low, when they found birds so hunters could throw their nets over them. After the development of the gun, breeders developed the dog so they would stand in the more traditional Pointer style. English Setters are still used as a hunting dogs today, as well as family companions. This super affectionate dog loves their human family and even other pets in the home, but apartment dwellers beware! These pups have high energy and exercise needs, so they will prefer a home with a yard and space to run.
46. Belgian Tervuren Created in Belgium in the late 19th century, the Belgian Tervuren dog breed is often considered to be the most elegant of the four Belgian sheepdogs. They are intelligent and athletic, making them a versatile performer in any number of activities, including their original job, herding. Belgian Tervurens are smart and sensitive. They do best if they get plenty of mental and physical stimulation, otherwise they may invent their own, potentially destructive, ways to alleviate boredom. They also do not take well to being left home alone for long hours of the day. If you can provide a dog with plenty of exercise, training, and attention, this breed might be a good choice for you.
47. Black Russian Terrier These majestic black beauties are highly intelligent, confident guard dogs who are not actually true terriers. Relatively new and still a rare dog breed, the Black Russian Terrier is a working dog who can protect a home or business, play with the family's children, and excel in agility and obedience competition. Known as the "Black Pearls of Russia," Blackies are people-oriented and want to be close to the action at all times. They tend to be a bit aloof around strangers, including dogs they do not know, but they are devoted to their families, and they do not shed much. They have large bones and well-developed muscles, creating a vibrant, flowing impression.
48. Pointer Bred for several hundred years to "point" birds and small game such as rabbits, the Pointer is a versatile field dog and exceptional family dog breed. They excel in many arenas, from the field to the show ring, agility to obedience. Energetic and fun-loving, they are well suited to active homes where they will can be loving members of the family. Apartment dwellers beware, though. These dogs need plenty of space to play and lots of daily exercise to keep their high energy in check. Otherwise, they may find their own fun by acting out with unwanted behaviors.
49. German Pinscher The German Pinscher dog breed is muscular and agile, powerful yet graceful. A medium-sized dog with an elegant appearance, they are admired as much for their beauty as for their intelligence. As the name implies, these pups originated in Germany. German Pinschers are working dogs, guard dogs, and devoted and loving family dogs. Although they can adapt to many living situations, their high intelligence and energy levels mean they will need lots of exercise. A home with a yard to run would be ideal.
50. Azawakh A dog breed named for the Azawakh Valley in the Sahara desert where they originated, this is a lean and swift hunter with a regal presence. They are proud but loyal and protective of their home and family. As you may guess from the appearance of the breed and their desert origins, these dogs do well in hot climates. While they love their human families, they can remain aloof around new people. As sighthounds, they will also want to take off when they see something moving, which could include small animals or even running children. They need experienced pet parents who can keep them from bolting, stay firm with training, and socilaize them early.
51. Aidi The Aidi, also known as the Atlas Mountain Dog and the Berber Dog, is a breed from Morocco in North Africa that has a long history. It is a Medium, muscular dog employed to protect livestock and people against predators, and has a reputation for being fearless and willing to take on any threat. It does not take easily to strangers, and can be aggressive unless it is thoroughly socialized from puppyhood. It is very active and needs a lot of space - definitely not a dog for apartment owners. It is loyal and protective, and is an excellent watchdog and guard dog.
52. Alano Espanol The temperament of the Alano is very dominant and serious but very controllable by his master, acting submissively toward him/her. This breed is very affectionate with the family and people it knows. It is also extremely patient and good with children. They are reliable, stable, very obedient and bark very little. However, the Alano will watch strangers with suspicion, attacking with little warning, only when the situation requires it. When holding wild animals with its jaws, regardless of the size, nature, or aggressiveness of the animal, the Alano totally ignores feelings like pain or fear and will not surrender until he is told to do so or until he achieves the orders given. The Alano will fight to the death to follow orders, fighting the wild boar or the bull until the end. They are a fearless, loyal, devoted, hard worker. Well-balanced and stable, self-confidant with a very high pain threshold. Powerful and protective, but not aggressive.
53. Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog The Alapaha is a bull breed developed in the American South as a "catch dog" to drive or capture unruly cattle or other animals. Alapahas are alert, outgoing and self-assured. They tend to be aloof toward strangers and do not welcome unknown dogs. In the home of an experienced owner, they are an excellent family dog. The Alapaha Blue-Blood Bulldog is one of several breeds said to resemble the early Bulldogs of England. Their job it is to catch, hold and drive unruly cattle and hogs, but these days he is primarily a family companion and protector. The Alapaha is a large dog, weighing 60 to 95 pounds, and has a big square head, a solid and muscular body, and a short coat in white or other colors, including brindle, trimmed with white.
54. Alaskan Klee Kai Small, smart, and energetic, the Alaskan Klee Kai is a relatively new breed that looks like a smaller version of the Siberian Husky. Even the name "Klee Kai" comes from an Inuit term meaning "small dog." While Alaskan Klee Kais may resemble larger Husky breeds, they have some key differences, especially when it comes to temperament, that distinguish it from its ancestor working class dogs of the north. This breed is more suited to the life of a companion, although, the Alaskan Klee Kai shares the high energy of the Husky and demands plenty of exercise. They also tend to be shy around strangers and are prone to expressing their emotions with whines and barks. An inexperienced pet parent would find it difficult to take on the challenge of caring for an Alaskan Klee Kai. But for an adopter who keeps up with training and physical activity, this breed is sweet, loyal, and happy to shower loved ones with affection.
55. Argentine Dogo The Dogo Argentino, is a strong, athletic, and loyal breed. They can be both fierce hunters and gentle protectors of their humans. They have a high prey drive, a strong will, and, at times, a distrust of strangers and other animals, all of which require an experienced dog owner to handle the breed. Dogo Argentino puppies need lots of physical activity and mental stimulation along with patient training, otherwise, they can become bored and destructive. Dogo Argentinos are often used to help with big-game hunting, though they are also trained for police work, search and rescue, military work, and as service dogs. With proper training, they can make an awesome family companion and watchdog.
56. Ariege Pointer The Ariege Pointer is a relatively recent French hunting dog classified under the
"pointing gun dog" type. Ariege Pointers, considered as the national heritage of France, are highly energetic canids, skilled in retrieving. They are typically kept as hunter dogs rather than pet or show dogs. This breed has an overall sleek look with a large, elongated head, a long muzzle, overlapping lips, a light nose, almond eyes and large, loosely-hanging ears. The chest is broad that has gradually slimmed down towards the waist. These pointers have a long, thin tail hanging straight downwards, while their legs are sturdy, adapted for running at high speed.
57. Australian Kelpie The Australian Kelpie was originally bred to have the energy, intelligence, and independence to herd livestock all day in the hot Australian climate without much need for supervision. They retain those qualities to this day. People still use Australian Kelpies across Australia and the United States for their herding instincts. That suits these dogs just fine, as they are happiest when they have a job to do. The good news is that these dogs are easy to train for almost any task, so long as they have a confident, competent trainer who can give positive reinforcement without being too harsh. Australian Kelpies are fully capable of performing many dog sports, search and rescue work, nose work, service dog duties, and more. They have high energy and high exercise needs. While they can handle doing a job with little supervision, they need human companionship and direction. Leaving them home alone for long periods of time can spell disaster. Their natural herding instincts need to be contained and used properly from an early age - otherwise, they may end up nipping at the heels of children, other pets, and even guests. But with time and training, they can make loyal companions who excel as watchdogs and work tirelessly at any task.
58. Belgian Shepherd Laekenois Of the four closely - related Belgian herders - the Belgian Sheepdog, Malinois, Tervuren, and Laekenois - the Laekenois is the rarest. This strong and sturdy dog is distinguished from his brethren by a rough, tousled coat that comes in shades of red or fawn or in grayish tones. The blackening around the muzzle points up the expression of keen watchfulness shining from the dark almond-shaped eyes. The Belgian Laekenois is protective of his master and property. Although observant with strangers, the breed is affectionate and friendly with those he knows well. The Laekenois coat requires regular brushing and occasional bathing, and as a working dog, it needs daily exercise.
59. Black Mouth Cur Energetic, fearless, and strong, the Black Mouth Cur is valued as an all-around working dog bred to help farmers and hunters in the rugged terrain of the southeastern US. The breed can herd livestock, protect the home, and track game; although, these dogs also have a sensitive side that does not respond well to harsh rebukes or punishment. The Black Mouth Cur loves being around humans and family and is great with children. However, their high exercise needs make this breed a poor choice for novice owners or those who can’t keep up with a demanding energy level. Their tendency to play rough may also not be best for very young children.
60. Black Norwegian Elkhound The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a modern variant of the Grey Norwegian Elkhound. It is a small Spitz breed and is very rare outside the Nordic countries of Scandinavia. It is bred for the same purpose as the Grey Norwegian Elkhound but is smaller, more agile, and easier to recognize in the snow. The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a typical Spitz breed with a short compact body, dark eyes, ears standing straight up, and a curly tail carried over the back.
61. Bracco Italiano In their native Italy, the Bracco Italiano is known as a hunting dog breed, but they are also gaining notice as a sweet and affectionate family companion. With their long ears, droopy lips, and soulful expression, the Bracco Italiano has a distinctive look. They are believed to be an ancient breed, dating back to the fourth or fifth century B.C. These smart dogs have endless amounts of energy and do best in homes with yards. The Bracco is also well suited for all households, from single individuals to large families with children. Though they are not watchdog material, they will let you know if they sense a change in their environment. If you want an energetic dog who will keep you on your toes and love you unconditionally, the Bracco Italiano may be the right dog for you!
62. Bukovina Sheepdog The Bucovina Shepherd Dog is one of the largest and most powerful rustic livestock guardian dogs and has strong guard dog qualities. The race was developed in Bucovina, a region in the north of Romania. he Bukovina Sheepdog was bred to protect sheep flocks and cattle herds. It is an excellent watchdog. This breed is balanced, calm, very devoted and loves children. The dogs used as flock guardians do not trust strangers. Excellent watchdog for herds, courageous and very combative where potential predators are concerned (bear, wolf, lynx). Has a powerful bark. If strangers or animals come close to its territory, the fact is signaled by a very powerful bark with a low tonality that can be heard from very long distances. During the night it patrols around the property or herds.
63. Bulgarian Shepherd Dog The Karakachan dog may be a descendant of ancient Balkan domestic dogs, possibly since the time of the Thracians. In ancient Thracian treasures, figures were found of big, longhaired guardian dogs with curled tails. The Karachan is part of the origin of the Bulgarian Shepherd dog, with which it should not be confused. The Bulgarian Shepherd dog is an independent working guard dog. When it is used as such and on the job, aggressiveness is not strongly expressed, but at the same time the dogs are reserved in their attitude toward strangers and demonstrate distance by warning growling and eventual attack. Toward predatory animals - often even toward dogs, aggressiveness increases. The Bulgarian Shepherd Dog is alert, easily adapted to the environment, adequately reacting in situations in which it is involved. Toward its master or handler it demonstrates devotion and fidelity. Its basic sensuousness via sense of smell, hearing and sight is very well developed. Usually tolerant to the children they have been raised with, they love and bond with all people and children within their own family.
64. Caravan Hound The Mudhol Hound, also known variously as the Maratha Hound, the Pashmi Hound and the Kathewar Dog, is a breed of sighthound from India. The Kennel Club of India and Indian National Kennel Club recognize the breed under different breed names. Aloof and independent but highly intelligent and a keen hunter, reserved with strangers. Does not like to be touched or handled by anyone other than its master. Can and will protect that which it holds dear if need be, the Caravan Hound needs a great deal of socialization starting from a young age. Owners of this breed need to be calm, with an air of gentle, but firm authority over the dog. The rules of the house must be made clear in a way the dog can understand.
65. Central Asian Ovtcharka The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a livestock guardian dog breed. Traditionally, the breed was used for guarding sheep and goat herds, as well as to protect and for guard duty. It is a large breed of dog recognized by FCI as a Molossoid type dog breed of Soviet-era origin under Russian patronage. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a big, strong, and independent dog breed. These purebred dogs go by several other names, including Central Asian Ovtcharka, Middle Asian Ovtcharka, and Mid-Asian Shepherd. One of the oldest breeds, these pups genetics can be traced back over 5,000 years. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog would be a great addition for a person or family in a home with a secure yard, and they thrive in cooler climates. While active outdoors, these dogs are fairly calm and quiet indoors. They can be playful and are affectionate and protective of their families but are not recommended for first time dog parents.
66. Chart Polski The Polish Greyhound is a Polish sighthound breed. It is known as the Polish Greyhound, although it is not a direct relative of the Greyhound dog.
67. Danish-Swedish Farmdog Danish–Swedish farmdog is a breed of dog that has its origin in Denmark and southern Sweden, but has become popular all over Scandinavia. It is a native breed which has historically lived on farms in the eastern part of Denmark and southernmost part of Sweden, serving as a guard dog, rat catcher and hunting dog. The Danish-Swedish Farmdog breed is also known as Danish Pinscher. These dogs come from Denmark and southern Sweden. They traditionally lived on farms and were bred to perform several jobs, including hunting, tracking, and keeping watch. The DSF also makes for an excellent companion because of their sweet temperament. These dogs are known for being gentle and calm, which makes them suitable for families, as well as hunters. One of these dogs would be a fantastic addition to your home as long as you’re willing to stimulate and exercise your dog. They have no problem lounging around the house, but make sure that your dog gets to do a job, like some form of hunting or tracking, for optimum happiness.
68. Rafeiro do Alentejo The Rafeiro do Alentejo is a Portuguese breed of livestock guardian dog. It is named for its area of origin, the Alentejo region of southern Portugal. It is recognised by the Clube Português de Canicultura, and was definitively accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1954. The Rafeiro do Alentejo is an excellent farm and estate watch dog. He is also a very useful livestock protector, being more vigilant at night and very serious when guarding territory or any other property entrusted to him. He has a calm and confident expression.
69. Spanish Mastiff The Spanish Mastiff or Mastín Español is a breed of dog from Spain, originally bred to be a guard dog and whose specialized purpose is to be a livestock guardian dog protecting flocks and/or herds from wolves and other predators. The Spanish Mastiff is a purebred working dog with an old history of serving as a guardians for sheep and livestock. Protective, loving, and calm, these gentle giants have become popular guard dogs and family pets alike. The Spanish Mastiff is not a good breed for beginner dog parents because these dogs tend to be strong-willed. They need firm training from someone who has a strong personality type that the dog can see as a leader. They are a giant breed, and despite how lazy they can be at times, they do not make great apartment dogs. They will do just as well with families as with a single owner and tend to bark very little. If you want a strong, noble friend who will defend your home at all costs, then this may be the breed for you!
70. Tosa Ken The Tosa is a breed of dog of Japanese origin that is considered rare. It was originally bred in Tosa, Shikoku as a fighting dog and is the only breed still used in Japanese dog fighting. Ownership is restricted in some countries as a dangerous breed. The Tosa's temperament is marked by patience, composure, boldness and courage. He is normally a tranquil, quiet, and obedient dog, with a calm but vigilant demeanor. With a stately manner and robust build, they were formerly bred for fighting, but are now used as watchdogs.
71. Maremma Sheepdog The Maremmano-Abruzzese Sheepdog or Maremma Sheepdog, usually referred to simply as the Maremmano or Abruzzese Sheepdog, is a breed of livestock guardian dog indigenous to central Italy and the northern parts of Southern Italy, particularly to Abruzzo and the Maremma region of Tuscany and Lazio. The Maremma is a friendly and well-balanced flock guardian. For several decades, it has also achieved success as a companion dog. Sober and dignified, this loyal, brave and determined dog makes an excellent guard dog without being a constant barker. It is correctly described as affectionate, but not dependent. Working lines that are put out to work will not easily follow your every command submissively, as they are bred and trained to be independent. You must display calm, but firm, confident and consistent leadership toward the dog in order to make it listen.
72. Broholmer The Broholmer, also called the Danish Mastiff, is a large Molosser breed of dog from Denmark, recognized by the Danish Kennel Club and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. It has been employed as a guard dog in the homes of the wealthy. The Broholmer is a large purebred dog from Denmark in northern Europe. Calm, protective, and friendly, this pup has some of the best qualities of any dog breed around! These protective pooches can do fine in apartments but, because of their large size, are better suited for townhomes or something larger, preferably with a yard. They’re pack dogs and like to be around people, so larger households or families with children are perfect for them. If you want a protective, calm, large pooch who will love you unconditionally, then this may be the right dog for you!
73. Pyrenean Mastiff The Pyrenean Mastiff is a large breed of livestock guardian dog from the autonomous community of Aragon in northeastern Spain. It was traditionally used to protect flocks during the annual transhumance to high summer pasture in the Pyrenees. The Pyrenean Mastiff, also known as Mastín del Pirineo, comes from northeastern Spain. The exact origin of the breed is unknown, but it is speculated to have evolved from Molossers. Humans relied on them to be guardians and protectors of livestock. Pyrenean Mastiffs are kind and gentle, which makes for a perfect family fit. The breed has a calm temperament and does well with family or alone. The dogs are great with kids, but you should always supervise due to the breed's size. In addition to being an excellent family dog, your Mastiff will also be a great protector. They do well with other humans but can be wary of strangers if they sense a threat.
74. American Mastiff The American Mastiff was developed by Fredericka Wagner of Piketon, Ohio. This breed is the result of a crossing between the English Mastiff and the Anatolian Mastiff. Early litters of puppies had firmer, tighter lips than either parent breed and they drooled much less. The colossal Mastiff belongs to a canine clan as ancient as civilization itself. A massive, heavy-boned dog of courage and prodigious strength, the Mastiff is docile and dignified but also a formidable protector of those they hold dear.
75. Slovensky Cuvac The Slovak Cuvac is a Slovak breed of dog, bred for use as a livestock guard dog. This breed - also known as Slovensky Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac and Slovensky Kuvac is closely related to the Hungarian Kuvasz. The alternate German and English spelling Tchouvatch reflects the pronunciation: chew-votch. The Slovensky Cuvac is boundlessly faithful and courageous and always ready to fight off any intruder, even if they are bears and wolves. In order to distinguish him from wild animals in the night, he is, according to ancient tradition, only bred in white.
76. Polish Tatra Sheepdog The Tatra Shepherd Dog, Polish: Polski Owczarek Podhalanski, is a Polish breed of large flock guardian dog originating in the Tatra Mountains of the Podhale region of southern Poland. It was fully recognised by the Federation Cynologique Internationale in 1963. The Polish Tatra Sheepdog is used for herding, and as a guardian for flocks of sheep and goats. It can also be kept as a companion and a watchdog. This natural working dog is independent, self-thinking, highly intelligent and able to assess situations without human guidance. Socialize them well while they are still young and throughout their entire life. Basic obedience is a must. Devoted and loving to their family and close friends but will often be reserved around strangers. This flock guard tends to be territorial of the home and their surroundings so consistent human leadership is a must. They will give big warning barks at anything deemed suspicious or strange and will bite eventually if challenged or pushed. If left outside they will be awake and vigilant during night hours, patrolling the property. They will bark at anything out of place or unusual.
77. Newfoundland If you are looking for a dog that's friendly with children as well as other animals, look no further than the Newfoundland. These gentle giants offer protection by virtue of their imposing size and stature. No criminal in his or her right mind would break into a home with a Newfie inside. Another potential perk of having a Newfoundland around it that this breed is strong enough to do heavy labor. Newfies were traditionally used as working dogs, performing such tasks as hauling wood from the forest and pulling fishing nets from the water. You never know when this kind of strength will come in handy around the house. They are a capable and hardworking dog, well suited to work on land or water. They are a strong swimmer and equally strong "pack horse." Sweet-natured and responsive, they make a wonderful family companion as well.
78. Perro de Presa Canario The Presa Canario is a Spanish breed of large dog of mastiff or catch dog type. It was traditionally used for working livestock. It was formerly known as the Dogo Canario. The Perro de Presa Canario has a calm appearance and attentive expression. He is especially suited to guarding and traditionally used for herding cattle. A moderately large-sized molossoid, with a rectilinear profile and black mask, the Perro de Presa Canario is robust and well-proportioned. With a low, deep bark, he has a balanced temperament and is very self-confident. Obedient and docile with family members, he is very devoted to his master, but can be suspicious of strangers. When alert, his stance is firm and vigilant.
79. Bouvier des Flandres The Bouvier des Flandres is a herding dog breed originating in Flanders, Belgium. They were originally used for general farm work including cattle droving, sheep herding, and cart pulling, and nowadays as guard dogs and police dogs, as well as being kept as pets. While you can also find Bouviers competing in obedience, agility, and herding trials, serving as family companion is the role that seems to suit them best. They are highly affectionate and playful with all the humans in their pack. That said, make sure you are comfortable with a bit of messiness if you are considering adoption. These pups are not afraid to roll in the dirt and mud, and their coats tend to drag debris indoors. Their coats also require a bit of maintenance. If you can tolerate a bit of cleanup, you will be rewarded with an intelligent and adoring furry family member.
80. Canaan Dog One of the AKC's oldest breeds, the Canaan Dog is the national dog of Israel. This quick, medium-sized pasture dog is docile with family, aloof with strangers. The ever-alert Canaan is a vocal and persistent guardian of flock and home. They are rugged, agile, and apparently tireless, making them a nice fit for hikers and runners. Canaans are clever, confident, and territorial. They will end up "owning" passive owners who have not establish themselves as top dog in the family pack. Early training and socialization are key. When positive methods are applied, these ancient wonder-dogs train beautifully. Agility, obedience, herding trials, and sentry duty are a few outlets for their work ethic.
81. Hovawart The Hovawart dog breed was developed in Germany as a guard dog, and they were also used for tracking. Today, this breed is a companion and family dog. But they also work in search and rescue and as guard dogs. Hovawarts are typically not recommended for first time dog parents. They can be stubborn and difficult to train if you are not diligent and assertive. You must show your dog that you are the "pack leader" in order to earn their respect and for them to listen to you.
82. Spanish Water Dog The Spanish Water Dog breed is used in Spain as a general purpose sheepdog and guard. It is also used sometimes as a gundog, and is skilled at retrieval from water.
83. Thai Ridgeback The Thai Ridgeback is a dog from Thailand. The Thai Ridgeback is one of only three breeds that has a ridge of hair that runs along its back in the opposite direction to the rest of the coat. The other two are the Rhodesian Ridgeback and the Phu Quoc Ridgeback. The Thai Ridgeback is tough and active, with an excellent jumping ability. He is highly intelligent, has a strong survival instinct, and is a loyal family dog. If well bred and properly socialized, the Thai Ridgeback can be a loyal, loving pet. As a guarding breed, they are naturally protective of their home and can be reserved and suspicious with strangers. Thai Ridgebacks will need a patient, consistent, and experienced owner with a good understanding of dog behavior - they are not for first-time dog owners.
84. Sarplaninac The Sarplaninac, formerly also known as Illyrian Shepherd Dog, is a dog breed of the livestock guardian type. It is named after the Sar Mountains, a mountain range in the Balkans that extends from the northwestern part of North Macedonia over to Kosovo and to northeastern Albania. The Sar is a flock-guard dog that needs to be working. This sheep-herding guard dog is unaffectionate toward its humans. It prefers the flock it so enthusiastically protects. It has natural guarding qualities and independent thinking typical of the flock guard group. Usually calm, but when the situation warrants, it is ferocious in its efforts to protect the flock. It takes its work seriously. When on sheep-guarding duty it will investigate anything that catches its eye, and has no hesitation about confronting adversaries larger than itself. This is not a brainless tail-wagger - the Sarplaninac is a very wise dog that chooses friends carefully and trusts no one completely. He is more obedient to his ingrained code of proper behavior than to accept commands from one master, to whom he is most loyal.
85. Combai The Kombai is a breed of sighthound native to Tamil Nadu in Southern India. Traditionally kept for hunting, they also have a reputation for making excellent guard dogs. The Combai Boarhund has powerful jaws. In Tamil Nadu in the province of India the Combai looks similar to some of the Indian Pariah dogs, but it is stockier. Intelligent, alert and eager to please, the Combai is good with children. It does a great job guarding its home and property. The Combai dog has a natural tendency to hunt, it is used for hunting wild boar and other big game such as bison and deer. Be sure you are this dog's calm, but firm, confident and consistent pack leader. Does best with an owner who is even-tempered, displaying a natural, but gentle authority over the dog.
86. Canis Panther The Canis Panther is heavily muscled with a wide chest and jaw. The Canis Panther is a very sensitive and loving animal to its family pack. It is very intelligent, easy to train and extremely loyal. It excels in obedience, agility and personal protection and is a very good guard dog. It is very defensive of its territory and should be well-socialized, preferably when young with both dogs and people, especially with children, as the breed tends to be naturally wary of strangers, though he is very friendly with those he knows. In order to successfully keep a Canis Panther, the family must achieve pack leader status. It is a natural instinct for a dog to have an order in its pack. When we humans live with dogs, we become their pack. The entire pack cooperates under a single leader. Lines are clearly defined and rules are set. Because a dog communicates his displeasure with growling and eventually biting, all other humans MUST be higher up in the order than the dog. The humans must be the ones making the decisions, not the dogs. That is the only way your relationship with your dog can be a complete success.
87. Kangal The Kangal Dog is a large and powerful breed, often used in Turkey to guard livestock against predators. This dog is easily recognized by its massive head, dark muzzle, and curled tail which is carried up and over the back. When viewed from the side, the Kangal has a very distinctive silhouette. It is no challenge to pick this dog out from a lineup, there are not any pups out there quite like it.
88. Fila Brasiliero The Fila Brasileiros, also known as the Brazillian Mastiff, is a less common breed of dog, and it should be noted that only experienced dog owners should undertake raising and having one around the house. While extremely loyal, the Fila is extremely protective and have been known to attack intruders if they feel alarmed. A well-trained Fila will be very affectionate and great with kids. In homes where many people come and go, we would steer clear of the Fila Brasileiros, but because they are so comfortable and loyal to what they perceive to be their family, these make great guard dogs.
89. Dutch Shepherd The Dutch Shepherd is a herding dog of Dutch origin. They were used by shepherds and farmers who needed a versatile dog, with few demands, and a dog that was able to adapt to a harsh and meager existence. If you want a dog that will do well in competitions, act as a watchdog, keep you active, love your family, and provide loyal, affectionate, obedient companionship, you'd get all of the above and more in a Dutch Shepherd.
90. Briard The Briard is an ancient breed of large herding dog, originally from France. The breed became popular after the Paris dog show of 1863, after having been fixed with crosses with the Beauceron and the Barbet. Underneath the Briard’s long, shaggy coat lies a bold spirit and keen intelligence. True to their French roots, they can be aloof with strangers, but are affectionate and loving toward members of their pack. Bred as herding and guard dogs to protect flocks and fight off predators, these canines were adopted as working dogs during World War I and used by troops as sentries, ammunition carriers, messengers, and medic dogs. Today, the Briard enjoys the life of a companion dog, but they show their versatility and working nature with their great successes in obedience, agility, conformation, herding, carting, and tracking competitions.
91. Moscow Watchdog The Moscow Watchdog is a breed of dog that was bred in the Soviet Union. It descends from crosses between the St. Bernard and Caucasian Shepherd Dog. It contains the physical size, attractiveness and intelligence of a St. Bernard and the awareness and assertive traits of a Caucasian Shepherd Dog. The Moscow Watchdog is a breed popular in its country of origin, but almost unheard of in the wider world. This is because the Russian's breed the Moscow Watchdog as a bespoke breed created to fill a specific niche with the Russian army, as an intimidating guard dog that was highly trainable.
92. Greater Swiss Entlebucher Mountain Dog The Entlebucher Mountain Dog has the independent spirit of other herding breeds, but still relishes spending time with their people, especially if they give this dog a job to do. They can be territorial and will bark to warn you of visitors. Entlebucher Mountain Dogs are highly affectionate with their human family members, and they are fairly easy to groom. But make no mistake - these dogs need lots of exercise. Novice pet parents may find this pooch to be a bit more than they bargained for. But if you can keep up with your pup's energy, you will have a loving, lifelong friend.
93. American Leopard Hound The American Leopard Hound is a purebred dog whose ancestors came from Mexico by way of Spanish conquistadors who sailed to North America. They are energetic, sociable, and intelligent pooches who possess all-around great traits. These sweet pups are natural hunting dogs and have very high energy. That means they do best in homes with big yards to run around in. They’re able to bond strongly with humans, which makes them well-suited for households of all types, from single pet parents to families with children. If you want an energetic dog who loves to run and keep you on your toes, alerts you to any dangers, and adores you completely, then this may be the right dog breed for you!
94. Plott Hound The pack-hunting Plott dog breed was developed in North Carolina more than 200 years ago to hunt bear and wild boar. They are still used as hunting dogs today and have proven their worth as pack hunters. They also participate in tracking and other dog sports. Plotts are best suited to life in the country where they have plenty of room to roam. They need lots of exercise and, due to their pack hunting heritage, would likely prefer a home with at least one other resident canine. Socialization is a must with this breed. Make sure you have a high fence, wherever you live, if you bring one of these pups home, though. They love to chase and wander. Give your dog plenty of physical activity and consistent training, and you will be rewarded with a loyal companion for life.
95. Weimaraner Originally bred as an alert gundog to handle big game like deer and bear, the Weimaraner was a highly sought after dog breed in their native Germany. Today, these elegant but demanding dogs can still be found out on the hunting grounds. However, they can also make fine family friends if they get enough exercise. Weimaraners can make excellent companions, but due to their hunting heritage, they have a lot of energy and high prey drive. Novice owners and apartment dwellers should beware, as this dog needs consistent training and plenty of activity. That said, if you are prepared to meet the breed's needs, you will be rewarded with a devoted and affectionate addition to your family.
96. Saluki The Saluki is one of the Egyptian guard dogs breed and one of the oldest and most domesticated breeds of sighthounds known. It originated in the Middle East where it was used for thousands of years as a hunting greyhound and as a guard dog and it is said that they descend from the wolves of the Ara desert. Thanks to his great qualities as a hunting dog, he achieved an important place in the Arab world. According to Arab tradition, Saluki is not for sale and is only given as a gift as a sign of honor. The Saluki is a dog with a reserved, peaceful, and very loyal character. Due to its reserved and somewhat independent character, this dog is not ideal for families with small children, since it does not tolerate their antics well and I prefer that they do not bother him much. However, it is a good pet for families with older children who may take on responsibilities in caring for the dog.
97. Ibizan Hound The Ibizan Hound carries a rare review of the Egyptian god Anubis. One of the aspects of the hound family is that the breed is constituted in the general guidelines of the hounds, with long thin legs, a relatively narrow body, a slightly arched back. With the expectation of its long ears, the Ibizan Hound is somehow an understood version of the greyhound. this breed considers as one of Egyptian guard dogs. Ibizan Hounds are very intelligent, active, and attractive by nature. They are truly world dog clowns, delighting in entertaining their people with their antics. Although they are somewhat independent and stubborn, sometimes they do well training if positive methods are used, but they will oppose punitive training methods.
98. Pharaoh Hound The Pharaoh Hound is one of the Egyptian Guard Dogs breeds, ancient "Blushing Dog" of Malta, is an elegant but rugged sprinting hound bred to course small game over punishing terrain. Quick and tenacious on the scent, these friendly, affectionate hounds settle down nicely at home. It is good in hunting and as a guard dog it has Elements and the characteristics allow him to be one of the guard dogs with some training. Like all greyhounds, Anubis hound is a hunter. They cannot be left in an unfenced area without the danger of running behind something or the road. Pharaoh has never been heard to be an obedient phenomenon or to have any ability as a watchdog or protection dog. Inside the house, the Pharaoh dog is calm, calm, and clean, happy to stretch on your best sofa and sleep, as long as he has been given a run or has been romping daily. He prefers to lie close to you, but not on you. Pharaoh is sensitive, distant, and cautious with strangers. Few breeds can claim to match the patience and sweetness of this breed with children and get along well with other dogs.
How do you know which breeds make the best family guard dogs? That depends a lot on the characteristics of your family and what you are looking for in terms of pooch-based protection.
One important consideration in choosing a family guard dog is its tendency to be aggressive. An animal with a short fuse probably is not suitable for a family with small children. And even though an aggressive dog may seem like the perfect people protector, such animals will often respond the same way to a trespasser and a trick or treater. That could cause serious trouble in the neighborhood.
The key to rearing a good family guard dog is to train early and often in order to build your dog's trust in you and himself. Confidence in an animal means the difference between reacting when it is important to do so and lashing out due to insecurity. Loyalty and love are two traits you can count on in any dog, but what if you are also looking for protective tendencies?
Many families are interested in adopting a dog who is great with children and can be counted on to protect the family. Choose a breed that typically loves children, but is wary of strange adults. As your children grow, they will likely have friends running in and out of your home, so a desire to protect any child is necessary to keep your children's friends safe from your suspicious guard dog. Before welcoming a guard dog into your family, do your research to ensure you find the best fit. Ask yourself the following questions:
1. Will we have more children? Is this breed good with small children, or better with older kids?
2. Can we handle a dog that requires daily or weekly grooming or sheds?
3. How much time can we devote to exercising a dog?
4. How much obedience training does this breed require?
After your family knows the pet requirements, search for local reputable rescues or breeders. Ideally, a breeder should choose bloodlines based on health and temperament, especially for family guard dogs. Ask if the breeding dogs live in the house as part of the family and spend some time with the parents of the litter so you can see their temperament and personality before choosing a puppy.
1. German Shepherd The German Shepherd is widely recognized as a symbol for a guard dog. Yet, it is more of a pop culture image that we accepted than the true nature of this breed. The German Shepherd's most important skill is its ability and the will to learn. Therefore, if trained, a German Shepherd can indeed learn to do pretty much anything, guarding included.
2. Giant Schnauzer All schnauzers, regardless of the size, share the same pack of character attributes. Eager to learn, energetic, agile, protective of what they hold dear, but above all - they are loud. Whilst miniature schnauzers will not do much help when it comes to guarding and protecting, the giant schnauzers most definitively will.
3. Beauceron The Beauceron shares a similar mindset of the German Shepherd. These strong intelligent dogs have been used for herding the cattle, hunting and as a working dog in police and army. Happiest when given a task, if trained to guard – you may rest assured that everything will be in perfect order.
4. Bullmastif Not only is the Bullmastiff a huge and strong dog that can weight up to 150 pounds and that can easily overpower pretty much anybody, but also what makes bullmastiff different from most other breeds is its character when it comes to understanding the concept of guarding. They are not famous for being much of a noise maker, yet in the situations that they perceive as threatening – with little to no noise, jaws that can easily crush bones come to the stage.
5. Cane Corso Unlike the German Sheppard that can become the ultimate guardian of you and your home through training, the Cane Corso is the breed that is genetically predisposed do guard. That, combined with the fact that we are talking about big and strong, loud dogs, can make the safety dream come true. Yet, if untrained they may become overprotective or even aggressive.
6. Rottweiler Devotion to their owners can at the same time be the Rottweiler's best and worst feature. High-obedience rates may come short when a dog perceives the situation as harmful to its master, even though in reality, it may be completely harmless. Therefore, these devoted giants need to be properly trained and socialized, especially with children.
7. Boxer Unlike the Rottweiler, which remains focused on protecting, the Boxer is a true family dog. Devoted, playful and energetic, yet still very strong and capable of keeping an eye on the family and property, and more than capable to defend them.
8. Black Russian Terrier Black Russian Terriers are, it is fair to say, some of the most amazing working dogs on the globe. What makes them so special is their ability to adjust to conditions that they are exposed to - they can be guard dogs like no other - to the level of cruelty, as well as cuddly family pets. Black Russian Terriers, opposed to their stunning beauty, tend to have a mind of their own, therefore in order to prevent instinctive aggression towards strangers, they need training.
9. Komondor Do not underestimate this amazing dog`s ability to guard only because of its dreadlocks-like appearance. The Komondor was originally used for herding sheep and for protecting them from the wild animals. Unlike breeds that enjoy being given tasks, Komondors may appear stubborn in their instinctive need to protect what they hold dear even if told otherwise.
10. Doberman The Doberman is a dog that is characterized with self-control and personal discipline like no other breed. Eager to learn, and even more, eager to fulfill the task to the very maximum of its potential, a trained Doberman is a guard dog that you can rely on in any situation.
11. Malinois The Malinois is widely accepted as a dog breed that can be trained to do a vast spectrum of jobs. Eager to learn, easily trainable, with amazing body agility and sense of smell. Therefore, among other things, Malinoises can be perfect guards and dogs for personal protection.
12. Caucasian Shepherd Originated from the mountains of Caucasia, these dogs were bred to endure long sharp winters and protect the farm and sheep from wolves and bears. Therefore, these dogs are not to joke around with. They can be THE guard dogs, yet it is hard to combine tasks for dogs with such strong instincts. If trained, they can be devoted family pets, but even then, when the protective instinct kicks in, the potential burglar is probably going to the ER for a long time.
13. Rhodesian Ridgeback Rhodesian Ridgebacks were originally used to hunt lions. That information alone should be enough to provide you with an insight in what powerful, agile and fearless dogs Ridgebacks are. In the conditions that do not include hunting for lions, they are more than capable of keeping an eye on you, your family and hour home.
14. American Staffordshire Terrier Agile and devoted, the American Staffordshire Terrier can be a perfect family dog, yet the nature of a terrier is ever-present and the AST are constantly on alert, which makes them perfect and reliable watchdogs, more than willing to react in order to protect whom and what they hold dear.
15. Bullterrier Bull terriers were originally bred for fighting. Luckily, this is ancient history. Although nowadays Bull terriers are common family pets, fun-loving and devoted to the family, tremendous jaw strength and alertness at any moment is still present. Sleep tight if you have a Bullterrier watching over you.
16. American Bulldog The American Bulldog originated from the Old English Bulldog. These dogs were generally used as working dogs that were often given the role of guarding the homes. American Bulldog definitely has a strong, muscly body that might seem dangerous to some. In combination with his very protective nature he really does make a great guard dog.
17. Dogo Argentino At first sight this white, muscular dog might really seem like an aggressive dog you wouldn’t want to mess with. In fact, the Dogo Argentino was bred to be a brave and protective human guard dog, and was used in game hunting. Luckily, today they are not used in these rough games. An Argentino is a very intelligent dog that might be stubborn, so it would probably need an experienced and active owner.
18. Neapolitan Mastiff This 130-150 lb dog might not be a kind of dog you'd like to encounter unleashed and with no supervision. The Neapolitan Mastiff also called Mastino, is a large, powerful breed bred in Italy. His protective instincts make him a perfect guard dog that will always protect well its family and property. Despite their big and fearsome appearance, these dog's do not bark a lot. They will rather sneak up on the intruders than alert them with barking. Early socialization of these dogs is necessary so that Mastino can learn the boundaries in games and in overprotecting his owners.
19. Kuvasz At first, a Kuvasz might look to you as a Retriever, but apart from being a good family dog, they have traits that quite differ from the easy going Golden Retrievers. Kuvasz, the Hungarian flock-guarding dog, is rather independent and might even be challenging to train. They are protective of their people and can be very suspicious of strangers. Being so large, they reminded shepherds of wolves, but were easily distinguished because of their white color.
20. Akita The loyal Akita is a large and fearless dog that comes from Japan. If seeing this dog on this list confuses you, then you probably have not heard of the royal history of this breed. Akitas were bred for guarding nobility in feudal Japan, and they often hunted wild animals. Despite being powerful guardians, they are still very affectionate with their owners. Akita will never let you down.
21. Tibetan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff is one of the largest dog breeds out there. He is also known as "Nomad dog" because of his origins within the nomadic cultures of Tibet. This dog's primary instinct is to protect, so there is no surprise that he is one of the best guard dogs you could get. In Tibetan local tribes, these dogs were used to protect sheep from wolves, leopards, bears and even tigers! With the Tibetan Mastiff, you can sleep peacefully at night.
22. Sarplaninac Sarplaninac is also known as Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog, and is a dog breed used to protect livestock in the mountains. Having this important function, it is no wonder where his protective, guardians instincts come from. The Sarplaninac is a strong dog and a reliable friend that in lack of sheep, will often herd their owners. Whatever happens, this dog will protect you with his own life.
23. Leonberger This giant dog breed originated in the city of Leonberg in Germany. His lion-like appearance and a baritone bark make him a fearsome guard dog. However, with enough training, socialization and exercise they will become a family's friend like no other. Also, this jumbo-sized watchdog will need a lot of time to run and workout, so better choose him if you have enough space for his requirements.
24. Combai The Combai dog is a terrier dog breed that has origins from the state of Kerala India. These intelligent dogs make great watchdogs as they used to guard cattle from leopards and tigers. They are also quite aloof towards strangers, and if not trained on time, they might also become aggressive. Today, Combais are mostly used as guard dogs on farms. Do not let his fearless attitude scare you, as a Combai actually thrives with loving human companionship.
25. Airedale Terrier The largest of all terriers were originally bred to catch otters and rats in the Aire region. But, it turned out that the Airedale Terrier served their master the best as a watchdog. He might not look as strong as other guard dog breeds, but he is an alert dog that will warn you whenever needed. An Airedale makes a great watchdog that is outgoing and playful with his owners.
26. Canis Panther Canis Panther dog was bred to be the most effective guard dog ever. It is actually a cross between four powerful breeds: Great Dane, Doberman Pinscher, American Staffordshire Terrier and Labrador Retriever. But, do not let his fearsome appearance fool you, this dog will be very affectionate towards his family. However, strangers won't have a good time around Panther dog.
27. American Pit Bull Terrier Just like the American Staffordshire Terrier, the American Pit Bull Terrier has a bad reputation for being overly aggressive. This is due to dog-fighting these dogs were used in. Even if they make great guard dogs for their high alertness, they are also very gentle with little children. Therefore, choosing a Pit Bull will not only be a good way of protecting your home, but it will also ensure your kids have a real, loving companion.
28. Kangal Kangal dogs are large-sized dogs that were used as livestock guardians in ancient Turkey. They were successful sheep guardians thanks to their appearance and temperament. Kangal dogs were trained to protect their herds from predators and therefore they have inherited these protective instincts. However, this Turkish dog is very gentle with children and will make a great companion dog on farms or freeholdings.
29. Perro Pressa de Canario Canary dog also known as Canary Mastiff or "Perro de Presa Canario" was originally bred for working livestock. This rare, large dog is the symbol of the Spanish island of Gran Canaria. The Presas were used in dog fighting rings due to their size and strength, and his appearance generally looks a bit hostile. Today, they make great guard dogs that are often very suspicious of strangers and other dogs. If you want to a Presa, you should provide him with proper early socialization and training in order to control his aggression.
30. Chow Chow The Chow Chow is an ancient breed believed to be one of the dogs that were imitated in the stone guardians in front of Buddhist temples and palaces. He is a sturdy, fluffy dog that looks rather as a lion-looking teddy bear than an alert watchdog. And his genes prove it! The Chow Chow dogs were used for long as guardians of their owners' possessions and hunting dogs. A Chinese legend even says that one Chinese emperor kept 2,500 pairs of Chows as hunting dogs.
31. Fila Brasiliero This massive dog probably is not the best choice for novice pet parents or people who live in apartments, as the Fila Brasileiro needs firm, experienced training and a lot of space to run around. The breed is banned in several countries where these dogs are considered aggressive. But for an experienced large dog owner who is ready to devote a serious amount of time to training and socialization, the Fila Brasileiro can make a wonderful companion and watchdog.
32. Bernese Mountain Dog Like the Great Pyrenees, the Bernese Mountain Dog is a very old breed who was used by the Romans for guarding cattle and property. They later were used in high altitude areas of Europe to pull carts of goods over rocky terrain. Bernese Mountain Dogs are descendants of wolves, and their loyalty and strength transitioned them well to farm life in America guarding livestock. They are tireless workers, but their life expectancies are not long and they do have many medical issues owners have to watch out for, specifically bone spurs and other skeletal problems.
33. Bull Terrier Bull Terriers have a history of being associated with tough figures, both good and bad. Their pedigree backs that reputation for toughness up as well, being bred in the 19th century from the now-extinct Old English Bulldog and the English Terrier. That myth of toughness largely translates into reality. This is another slight, compact, well-built dog that is very muscular and a bit more on the aggressive side. They certainly are not the type of dog that will back down from a fight. You will need to train your Bull Terrier to make sure they know friend from foe. If you do, however, he can make an excellent guard dog for apartment life.
34. Chinese Shar Pei Like Chow Chows, Shar Peis were hunting dogs once upon a time, and that has translated into their being great modern day guard dogs. However, as with many other types of dogs with that background, they are also dogs that you will need to train to control their naturally protective and aggressive instincts. On the flip side, their smaller size makes them a great choice for apartment living. In addition, these are not dogs that shed very much, so you will be free of that nuisance as well. These dogs are some of the more "serious" ones on this list. Where Great Danes and Bulldogs are quite affable and sweet, Shar Peis are a bit more independent. Nevertheless, underneath that gruff exterior, they can be quite kind and loyal, and are thus well suited to their guard dog role.
35. Dogue de Bordeaux Like their American and English varieties, these French mastiffs are on the bigger side and can weigh in at around 150 pounds when fully grown. The Dogue de Bordeaux is notable for its large head and jaws. Unlike English bullmastiffs, which are taller, French mastiffs tend to be on the more compactly muscular side. One thing to keep in mind - this is a dog that drools, so be aware of that, lest you wake up to some nasty surprises in your apartment decor. Even so, their loyal nature, smaller size, and powerful build make them excellent guard dogs for apartment living. Like a fine wine from the region, a Dogue de Bordeaux only gets better with age.
36. Great Pyrenees Great Pyrenees are generally thought of as great guardians for livestock, but in many cases, they can be great guard dogs for families if given the proper training and attention. Their thick fur and large stature allows the Pyrenees to work great outdoors or indoors. The Pyrenees is a gentle breed that is both loyal and protective without being overbearing. They are smart dogs that will understand the dynamic of the home, while being very wary of guests and intruders. If well trained, the Great Pyrenees would be a great addition to any family as both a companion and guard dog.
10 BEST GUARD DOG BREEDS FOR CHILDREN & KIDS This article is proudly presented by WWW.TRUPANION.COM
Not all guard dog breeds love to wallow on the ground with babies and toddlers, so consider your child's age when searching for your family's perfect breed. The following breeds are relatively low-maintenance and require minimal grooming and exercise. Make sure that whatever breed you select to welcome home as part of your family, you discuss the pros and cons including cost of unexpected care with your veterinarian. Some guard dog breeds are naturally more aloof and independent, seeming to prefer the quiet company of older children over noisy, fast-moving toddlers.
The following breeds also require a more experienced dog owner, in terms of grooming, exercise, or training needs. If this is not your first dog, your children are older, or you have ample time to dedicate to canine care, one of these guard dogs may be your family's perfect fit. Choosing a new pet to welcome into your family can be exciting, but preparation is key to picking the perfect dog for your lifestyle. A family-friendly guard dog can be a wonderful addition to your home, offering protective companionship and granting you peace of mind.
It is always important to deliberately consider the implications of adding any dog to your life, but would be owners that have families must consider these issues even more carefully. This is especially true of those seeking large breeds, such as those often used as guard dogs. Large dogs of any type can easily injure small children - even perfectly playful pups can inadvertently hurt kids while goofing around. Dogs that are deliberately bred to be as robust, as most good guarding breeds are, can be even more capable of inadvertently hurting your youngin's.
However, while it is important that you ensure any dog you introduce to your family is provided with plenty of love, affection, proper training and socialization, most guard dog breeds are naturally loyal and loving with their families. Despite assigning your guard dog the job of protecting your home, balanced dogs from properly selected bloodlines are likely to become beloved family members, who treat your children with kid gloves.
Just be sure that you teach your children the proper ways of interacting with the dog - no teasing, no rough housing, and that you supervise all interactions until you are convinced that all of the kids - both two-legged and four - know the rules for playing nicely.
5 GUARD DOG BREEDS FOR YOUNG CHILDREN
Boxers Boxers are often exuberant, playful, and loyal dogs. Their protective nature and patience have earned them a place among the most popular breeds for families with children, and they take their role as watchdog and family guardian seriously. Although always vigilant, boxers usually are not nervous dogs and will not bark without cause, instead relying on their uncanny ability to judge friend from foe. Their short, shiny coat requires little grooming, but they do shed and require daily exercise because they have boundless energy. Boxers tend to be springy and enthusiastic, and they need a solid training foundation to avoid leaping and knocking over small children. Routine veterinary care and good breeding are necessary as they are prone to genetic, hereditary and other medical conditions, which include but are not limited to heart issues, hip dysplasia, thyroid conditions, cancers, and degenerative myelopathy.
Bullmastiffs Bullmastiffs are not as large as their mastiff cousins, only weighing about 100 to 130 pounds at adulthood, but they can still be an imposing threat to intruders. Originally bred to deter poachers, these large dogs are generally calm, confident, and dependable, making them a good breed candidate for guarding your family. They also have an innate sense of who does and does not belong on your property. As a short-haired breed, grooming requirements are less than longer haired dogs, but you should still expect significant shedding. In regards to exercise, daily walks are preferred over running. Bullmastiffs are prone to conditions such as hip dysplasia, eyelid issues, and bloat to name a few.
Doberman Pinschers Doberman pinschers are typically watchful, fearless, loyal, and obedient dogs with an elegant body build. They often are goofy and relaxed in the comfort of their own homes, but can snap to attention in an instant, making them a top contender as a guardian and companion for your family. Their short hair requires minimal brushing to maintain a healthy coat, but expect typical shedding. Dobermans are quick learners and excel in obedience, tracking, and agility sports. Choose an activity, preferably one that involves the whole family, that will keep your dog's mind sharp and provide mental and physical exercise. Some of the disorders that Dobermans are prone to include dilated cardiomyopathy, clotting disorders, hip dysplasia, retinal atrophy, hypothyroidism, and bloat.
Great Danes Great Danes are giants in the dog world, standing taller than most people when on their hind legs. Fortunately, the mere sight of these behemoths is enough to deter intruders, because they are often not a brave breed. Danes are friendly, people pleasers, patient with small children, and eager to make new friends. Despite their short hair coat, they do shed and can accumulate a large pile of hair, so weekly brushing is required to help keep shedding to a minimum. Daily walks are ideal, although this breed appears to be sedentary. However, routine exercise to maintain a healthy weight and reduce the risk of orthopedic issues, which are common in giant breeds, is important. Great Danes commonly suffer with hypothyroidism, cardiac disease, eye issues, and bloat among other illnesses.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers Staffordshire bull terriers have been referred to as "nanny dogs" because of their wonderful temperament with children when bred responsibly. Originally bred to fight in England's dog pits, this breed has been honed to battle with other dogs, but responsible breeders have worked diligently to breed this trait out of their bloodlines, leading to a strong, confident, family-oriented breed. Caution is required when introducing this breed to a new dog, but they love people and develop close bonds with their families. Their short, stiff coats require little grooming. On the other hand, these dogs require daily mental and physical activity, since they are highly intelligent and active and especially like to dig. Common health issues include cardiac disease, hip dysplasia, skin conditions, and allergies.
5 GUARD DOG BREEDS FOR OLDER CHILDREN
Akitas Akitas are muscular dogs of ancient Japanese lineage, famous for their dignity, courage, and loyalty. Sometimes wary of strangers and often intolerant of other animals, this breed often only lets their silly, fun-loving side show with family. Early and continuous socialization and training is critical to control these imposing, independent dogs, but these attributes also lend themselves to an excellent guard dog. Akitas are double-coated, shed a lot and need frequent grooming, as well as removing their dead undercoat twice yearly. Although they are large—often over 100 pounds - these dogs do well in fairly small homes, requiring only moderate exercise. Akitas are prone to hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, eye issues, bloat and other ailments.
Belgian Malinois Belgian Malinois are a high-energy breed, requiring intense exercise and mental stimulation. They quickly become devoted and strongly bonded with a person of choice, making them excellent guardians for the home. These dogs are often seen working as police dogs, competing in canine competitions, and helping with search-and-rescue efforts. They need a job besides offering protection, but routine obedience and other training sessions will help create the ideal guard dog. Their short, waterproof coat requires little care, although extra brushing is necessary to help remove hair during twice-yearly shedding sessions. Highly intelligent, athletic, and devoted, Mals need to be engaged daily. A brief jaunt is not enough, and they often enjoy being included when you bike, hike, or run. You can even consider signing up for agility, tracking, herding, or Schutzhund protection lessons. Belgian Malinois are prone to hip dysplasia, cataracts, Epilepsy and thyroid disease to name a few.
German Shepherd Dogs German shepherd dogs (GSD) are like the Belgian Malinois - fiercely loyal, highly intelligent, and willing to put their lives on the line for their loved ones. This breed has a certain aloofness that does not lend itself to indiscriminate friendships, instead discerning between acceptable and unacceptable company in the home. Such a trait creates the basis for a wonderful family companion and protector. Once you have the perfect pet, keep up with continuous exercise and mental stimulation to ensure a happy, confident dog. Also, maintain a good grooming schedule, since this breed has a thick double coat that sheds heavily and requires routine maintenance. GSDs are prone to degenerative myelopathy, bloat, Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency, clotting disorders, as well as hip dysplasia.
Rottweilers Rottweilers are the quintessential guard dog breed: thick, blocky, muscular, and imposing and few are brave enough to sneak past one of these dogs on guard duty. Often self-assured and confident, this breed is commonly aloof with strangers, but turns into a gentle, silly lapdog when around family. Its short coat requires little grooming. The main challenge with rottweilers is their training. They can be headstrong and intelligent, and need a caring and persistent owner, so consider giving your rottweiler a job to help develop your bond. These dogs are at higher than average risk for hip dysplasia, joint disorders, eyelid issues and certain types of cancers.
Saint Bernards Saint Bernards are famous for their patience and role as "nanny dogs," similar to Staffordshire bull terriers. Often aloof with strangers, these headstrong, intelligent dogs require careful socialization and training to become the ideal family guard dog. This breed comes in short- and long-haired versions, but both need frequent grooming sessions. Despite being such a powerful breed, these dogs need only moderate activity. Saint Bernards often develop hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, bone cancer, epilepsy, eye or heart issues.
While there are many dog breeds that were originally created to serve as personal protectors and guardians, some are better than others. Many breeds have changed over the years and the variety of breeds used as working dogs has dwindled. Some people only need to have a dog that will bark and look intimidating, while others are looking for a dog that will bite should the scenario ever arise.
A personal protection dog is one that guards an individual at all times, at home or on the road. They are not just home guard dogs, so they have to be intelligent enough to know when they need to protect their owner. They also need to know when to stop. If you want a breed for personal protection, consider purchasing one that has already been professionally trained. If you start out with a puppy or a young dog that has no training, you may end up being disappointed.
1. Belgian Malinois The Belgian Malinois is the most popular police and military working dog breed across the world. They excel both in temperament and in their ability to stick to the job day in and day out. This is a very active breed that has been bred for working, particularly in biting scenarios, for over 100 years.
2. German Shepherd Dog The German Shepherd Dog remains one of the most widely used dog breeds in police and military working positions. They are very strong, stable dogs that excel at protection work. This is one of the most popular dog breeds used as guard dogs. German Shepherds are highly intelligent, large, and very powerful. They have the great memory-retaining ability and learn new commands relatively faster. This breed has been used as guide dogs as well as in search and rescue missions. They also make great police dogs and personal protection dogs. The only downside of a German Shepherd is its aggressive temperament. This breed forms a close bond with its immediate handler, therefore, will not be that friendly to anyone else. If not socialized and trained early, it may develop aggression that may be hard to handle.
3. Dutch Shepherd This Dutch breed is another very popular working dog when it comes to police and military positions. Like the Belgian Malinois, the Dutch Shepherd has been bred almost entirely for bite work with this remaining the main breeding goal for most enthusiasts.
4. Belgian Tervuren The Belgian Tervuren is the long-coated version of the Belgian Malinois, recognized as a separate breed by their breed club and registry. The Tervuren has not been as widely used as its Malinois brother, but can and does excel at protection work.
5. Rottweiler The Rottweiler might be one of the best personal protection dogs in existence. Their strong, sturdy build holds surprising athleticism and their temperament is perfect for the job. The Rottweiler is very serious and does not take well to strangers, especially when he or his owner feels threatened. Back in ancient Rome, farmers used the Rottweiler to pull carts or help in leading cattle caravans to the livestock market. This already tells you just how strong this breed is. Later on, Rottweilers served as guard dogs in the royal courts. Today Rottweilers make great guide dogs as well. They weigh up to 130 pounds and have a strong muscular body. They will perform any tactical task like taking down an enemy to the diligent work of leading a blind person safely home. Rottweilers also come off as snobbish, especially towards strangers. This works to their advantage when distinguishing between friendlies and intruders. The only area the Rottweiler lacks in is speed. They are strong and fierce but not that quick compared to the other breeds reviewed here. Nevertheless, if you want to keep your home and family safe, you can count on this big guy.
6. Doberman Pinscher The Doberman was once much more widely used but has fallen behind many of the other working dog breeds. That said, there are still many working Dobermans today that make great personal protection dogs and will fight should they need to. Dobermans top the rank when it comes to strength and agility. They are large, weigh around 80 pounds but can still bolt after prey or an intruder at bullet speeds. Similarly, Dobermans are very intelligent and learn new commands very quickly. Moreover, this breed is highly praised for its obedience and streamlined masculine body. Most Doberman Pinschers have a black coat with traces of tan. Dog breeders would crop theirs and dock their tails; however, there are states where tail docking is banned. The only downside of Dobermans is the vulnerability to hip dysplasia, which is a joint problem that affects large breeds.
7. Giant Schnauzer The Giant Schnauzer is much more intimidating than his Standard and Miniature cousins as has been used much more often for serious work. While not as popular as they once were, the Giant Schnauzer can still make a great personal protection dog. The Schnauzer hails from Germany and is bred to be both a guard dog and a service dog. One unique quality of the Schnauzer is its jet black coat that makes the dog look fierce especially in the dark. This breed is towering as well - he is the same height as your hip when seated and can reach your shoulders if he stands on his hind legs. Despite their giant and fierce look, Schnauzers are very easy to train and control. They are also eager to please their master and will learn and retain commands faster. He may also be the only breed that doubles as a great family pet of the five we have reviewed. The only downside of the Schnauzer is that he drools a lot ruining his black beard. You will have to wipe his beard regularly to keep him clean.
8. Bouvier des Flandres The Bouvier is a large herding breed that has been and is still used in personal protection work. The breed does well as a guard dog and some will even fair well going into more serious situations. They are not as popular as they once were, but many bloodlines have maintained their working ability.
9. American Bulldog The American Bulldog is probably the best personal protection dog out of all of the bulldog breeds. They do well in many protection sports like Schutzhund and French Ring, but are not widely used by protection dog enthusiasts.
10. Cane Corso The Cane Corso is a great personal protection dog by its appearance alone, though some of the dogs in the breed do make great working dogs as well. A well-bred Cane Corso is extremely stable and social with adults and children, but will still protect his family should the time come. The ragged coat and large teeth of a Cane Corso is enough to make you scamper in fear. The Cane Corso is muscular and has a powerful bite. He weighs up to 110 pounds and is often mistaken for a pitbull. Cane Corso are great hunters too, so you know he can smoke out an intruder in seconds. One other great quality of a Cane Corso is that he grows very affectionate towards his handler. Cane Corsos get emotionally attached to their handlers. This will be the one person in the family who trains, feeds, or spends more time with him.
11. Great Pyrenees While they are not a prototypical breed for personal or family protection, Great Pyrenees are well-suited for a number of protective contexts. They were developed to protect livestock from coyotes and wolves, and nearly everything about their personality and appearance points to this history. Great Pyrenees are independent, loyal and brave dogs, with an apparent size that will intimidate just about anything short of a polar bear. They are loving and gentle with their flock, but their aloof nature can make them challenging for first-time dog owners. Great Pyrenees may not have the sensitivity and need for human interaction that some other dogs do, but they are generally sweet and loving, if somewhat aloof.
12. Great Dane Great Danes are massive, sensitive and gentle beasts, who bond strongly with their humans. They are not especially territorial, defensive or protective, but they are ready to act in order to protect the safety of their family. While most are "only" in the 100- to 150-pound range, exceptionally large Danes reach 200 pounds. While loving and reasonably well-suited for guard work, Great Danes are not a good choice for beginners, given their combination of size and intelligence. However, for those with the time, love and experience necessary, Great Danes are remarkable dogs, who provide protection via their appearance alone.
13. Boxer Boxers are a bit on the small side by guard-dog standards, as few weigh more than 75 pounds or so. However, their impressive physiques and energy levels help to make them quite intimidating when they deem such a posture necessary. They are also smart, easy to train and loyal, so they really are well-suited for guard dog work. Boxers have a well-deserved reputation for being fantastic with children, and many families find that they make great pets - whether they are expected to guard the home and family or simply provide love and companionship.
14. Beauceron Beauceron is intelligent, affectionate and loyal, although they keep strangers at a greater distance than most labs do. But while these dogs have plenty of great traits, they are notable for being quite stubborn. This, combined with their inexhaustible energy reservoirs, can make them difficult to train – particularly for novice dog owners. Beaucerons also have strong prey drives, so caution is warranted around smaller pets. Most Beaucerons will make fantastic watchdogs without much training at all, but they will require a patient and dedicated owner if they are expected to perform higher levels of guarding or protection work.
Guard dogs bred to protect livestock from predators have been used for thousands of years in Europe. Studies show that properly trained livestock guard dogs reduce predation by as much as 93%. Guard dogs are not pets, and must be specially raised and trained in order to be effective. They may also pose a risk to people, and are best suited to large herds in remote locations.
We can break down farm guard dog breeds into four categories:
Livestock Protectors There are a number of dog breeds that are great for watching over your livestock, these dogs do not necessarily need to be big, but they are expected to have a loud bark that can scare away wild animals and alert the owner, and have a high attention span that allows them to stay vigilant day and night. Some breeds that are popular for livestock protection include the Great Pyrenees and the Tibetan Mastiff. There has been plenty of research on the effectiveness of guard dogs that proves just how much of a difference they can make, a study states that 60% of farms in rural areas depend on dogs as a primary means of protection from wildlife.
Animal Herders Animal herding is a hands-on job that requires attentiveness and the ability to lead animals from their pens to pastures and back again. Dog breeds that are effective at herding tend to be highly trainable, capable of learning a variety of commands and following them with absolute obedience. German Shepherd are perhaps one of the most well-known herding dogs in the world and believe it or not, corgis were bred for herding as well, their small size and active nature makes them perfect for guiding larger livestock.
Pest Vontrollers Predators and trespassers are not the only source of trouble for a farm, pests pose an equally dangerous threat as they are capable of destroying a farm from the inside. A minor infestation can quickly grow to become a nuisance that destroys crops and causes trouble for your livestock. This is why farms also employ dogs for pest control, these kind of jobs are handled well by dog breeds that have great tracking ability and are preferably smaller in size so that they can explore nooks and crannies better.
Multipurpose Fogs For people who do not feel up to the challenge of training and keeping multiple dogs on their farms, there are dog breeds that are kind of like all-rounders, capable of guarding your livestock while also hunting down pests and keeping them from infesting your farm.
Guard Animals Specially raised livestock guard dogs are one of the more effective strategies for reducing livestock predation by mountain lions and other large carnivores. They have been used in at least 35 states after being introduced to the United States in the early 1970s. Other guard animals, such as llamas and donkeys are more effective against coyotes than lions. Horned cattle are also being used in some ranching operations as a deterrent to predators.
Finding the Best Guard Dog for Livestock Finding a good LGD is completely unlike finding a good pet, where it is easy to find a lovable mutt from the local shelter who will readily befriend you for life. The best places to start are breed associations websites. These typically provide a list of reputable breeders across the country, do not be shy about asking for references if there is any doubt about their credibility. Another option is to contact farmers who own LGDs to see if they are selling puppies, or perhaps even a mature, trained animal that you can see in action prior to purchase.
The key is to find breeders that focus specifically on working animals, not show animals or pets – many LGDs are sold for the latter purposes, but you want a dog from a bloodline with proven guardian dog instincts. If possible, purchase a dog that has been raised by a working LGD among livestock, preferably the same species that you intend for it to work with. At the very least, the seller should be able to provide some evidence that the animal is descended from working dogs.
Avoid "bargains," as there is usually a reason, whether poor health, undesirable temperament, or lack of training. You can expect to pay a minimum of $500 for a puppy and $1000 for an adult, and twice that for some of the less common breeds. One LGD may be all you need the livestock serve as their companions, but two or more are necessary for large herds on open ranges. If you have multiple herds kept in different locations, you will need at least one dog per herd.
Training and Behavior The use of dogs as livestock guard animals appears to have originated in Europe, and dogs have been used there to protect flocks and herds from wolves, bears, foxes and domestic dogs for many thousands of years. Records from Ancient Greece and Rome describe the use of an extinct breed of dog - the Molossus for livestock protection. Guard dogs differ markedly from sheepdogs which are trained to herd, and the breeds used differ as well.
Guard dogs are trained to integrate themselves within the flock, transferring the canine pack social structure, and therefore learning to protect the flock from harm. The light coloration of most guard dogs is believed to allow them to more readily blend in with the sheep, be accepted as part of the flock, and also to confuse predators. Guardian dogs may be trained to boundary limits by walking the fence line repeatedly, setting their territory and that of the flock. Usually, guard dogs need not actually fight a predator, but frighten it away by displaying their large size and loud bark.
Establishing the Dog with the Herd If you purchase a puppy, wait to bring them home until they are about two months old and then place them immediately with the livestock so they can start the bonding process - they must live with your livestock, not with you, from day one. It is important to socialize LGDs with humans, as well, but it is best to keep human contact to a bare minimum for the first couple of months.
The good news is that there is no need to train the dog to guard the herd - either they have the instincts or not. But do not expect them to do much guarding during puppy-hood they will want to play with the animals at first. Look for the protective instincts to kick in at around six months of age, they will continue to develop until the dog reaches adulthood at about two years. If a young LGD play-chases their livestock companions too aggressively, use verbal reprimands to discourage the behavior.
They will need a rain-proof dog house with soft bedding, such as cedar shavings. Sturdy fencing is critical on farms where the livestock are not roaming large, open ranges, as most LGDs instinctively want to patrol a large territory. The same fencing that contains your livestock may not do the same for your dog, who can dig and jump electric fencing is often an effective deterrent for both, however.
Costs and Benefits When properly trained and raised with the herd, livestock guard dogs have reduced predation on livestock by over ninety percent in many cases. Some ranchers reported an estimated value around $3,000 of open range sheep saved per dog per year from predators. Of course, this amount varies from ranch to ranch depending upon the size and value of the herd. But in the majority of cases, the money saved from the reduction in predation greatly exceeds the purchase price of a livestock guard dog - ranging anywhere from $200 to $1,000 depending on breed, bloodline and age and a few hundred dollars per year for their annual maintenance cost - food, veterinary care, and miscellaneous.
How to Choose Best Livestock Guard Dog Besides sturdy fencing, guard dogs are the primary tool to prevent such horrors, not just with sheep, but goats, calves, chickens, ducks, and any other livestock small enough for a predator to take down. But it is more than your four-legged coyotes, foxes, bobcats, wolves, and mountain lions you have to worry about, hawks and other birds of prey can easily nab poultry, even in urban areas, as can raccoons, skunks, and weasels.
Livestock guard dog (LGD) breeds are generally large - over 100 pounds, and while they may be devoted and friendly with their human owners, they are often unfriendly with other dogs. A good canine guardian will also keep stray dogs - not to mention your neighbor's mischievous cockadoodle at bay. LGDs are true work animals, and they cannot double as a traditional family pets if they are expected to do their job. They have evolved a specific combination of traits that few other breeds possess: the ability to live outdoors year-round, a willingness to not harass, or kill, livestock, even when hungry, a highly developed sensitivity to livestock behaviors and a skilled approach to detecting and deterring predators.
BEST DOG BREEDS FOR GUARDING LIVESTOCK
1. Great Pyrenees These noble, independent, highly intelligent dogs are perhaps the most widely used LGD in America. Originally bred by the Basque in the mountains between Spain and France, they excel in wide open spaces; in small pastures, they may be tempted to dig out of fencing to satisfy their urge to roam. They do not accept vocal commands as readily as other breeds, but they are considered more friendly with humans. Great Pyrenees' thick coat makes them a poor choice for hot, humid regions.
2. Anatolian Shepherd This breed is muscular, imposing, and reserved in temperament. Originally from the mountains of Turkey, these dogs are unmatched in their devotion to the herd, but may not be particularly friendly toward humans. Some individuals may even dislike petting. Historically, Anatolians were often left alone with livestock for extended periods. They are capable of withstanding hot weather.
3. Akbash Another Turkish breed, Akbash are all white, but vary considerably in hair length one to eight inches and build - both slender and stout individuals may be found. They are a bit smaller on average than most other LGDs, however.
4. Maremma Sheepdog Also referred to as Marremmano, this breed originated in the hills of central Italy and is quite small for an LGD typically under 100 pounds. They are fiercely loyal to the herd, but fairly aloof with people.
5. Carpathian Shepherd Dog The Carpathian Sheepdog is a large-sized canine breed originating in the Carpathian Mountains, Romania. It is characterized by a rectangular-shaped body, wolf-like head, broad forehead with slight curves, big, black nose, brown, almond-shaped eyes, V-shaped drooping ears, thick, strongly pigmented lips, wide chest, and a long bushy tail that stands high attaining a sickle shape when the dog is alert, but hangs down touching the hocks, once it is relaxed. Their alertness, in combination to their loyal and calm disposition makes them a perfect guard dog.
6. Kangal Dog Kangal dog, a purebred dog with large, powerful body and heavy bones, is typically used as a flock guardian, actively protecting flocks of sheep from predators like bears, jackals, and wolves. Distinguished by moderately large wide heads, drop ears, black masks, black velvety ears, and a curled tail, kangal dogs have slightly longer body than its height with a front leg that measures over one-half of the height.
7. Cane Corso The Cane Corso a large-sized Italian breed is a wonderful companion dog, also known for its perfect guarding skills. Being a close cousin of the Neapolitan Mastiff, it is sturdily built with a powerful, athletic body, alongside a flat skull, rectangular muzzle, medium-sized, dark, almond-shaped eyes, well-shaped triangular ears, as well as a fairly long, thick tail which mostly stands erect. Docile and affectionate in nature, they are known to emerge as a fierce protector when it comes to guarding their master's home and property.
8. Tibetan Mastiff Originating with the nomads of Tibet, Nepal, China and Central Asia as a guardian dog, the giant breed Tibetan Mastiff, as a pet, would be a huge commitment. This highly intelligent and independent-natured, muscular, long-coated, black-nosed, moderately-dewlapped dog comes in many colors, with the males having more prominent facial skin folds.
9. Karakachan Dog The Karakachan originated in Bulgaria as a mountain dog mostly used for safeguarding the livestock from their predators. These dogs having a large and massive stature are characterized by a well-muscled body, deep chest, V-shaped ears, small, deep eyes and a broad muzzle. This loyal breed is a master's pride as it goes on to protect his property with all its might.
10. Caucasian Shepherd Dog Mainly bred to catch bears and protect flocks of sheep from wolves and thieves, the Caucasian Ovcharka, the tall, strong-boned, muscular, black-nosed, wide-headed, large-featured dog is covered with short coat, having strong paws with hair between their toes.
11. Spanish Mastiff The large, stocky, hardy breed of dogs, Spanish Mastiff, originating in Spain, with a massive chest, a muscled, rectangular structure, fall under category mountain dog that are popular as pets as also in exhibitions and shows.
12. Komondor The Komondor is one of the biggest dogs out there, it is related to the Hungarian Kuvasz and has a very unique look thanks to its shaggy, dreadlock type fur coat. Its shaggy coat and short legs can be deceptive as they make the dog seem smaller and hide its well-built body, however, both of these traits make it a great herding dog since it can easily blend in with the herd, especially if it is herding sheep. These dogs are usually calm and laid back, however, it becomes aggressive when met with something unfamiliar and readily fights to the death. Its independent nature makes it rather hard to train, but with enough discipline and socializing, Komondors can become incredibly capable herding dogs.
13. Polish Tatra Sheepdog This dog breed is an all-rounder, capable of defending your livestock, watching over your herd as it moves around and also keep your farm free of pests and invasive animals. Tatras are territorial and will immediately alert their owner if they sense something is wrong, their intelligent and cautious nature keeps them from blindly jumping into fights, however, they will fearlessly attack threats if left with no other choice.
14. Kuvasz This muscly and elegant dog breed hails from Hungary and was primarily bred to act as a pack hunting dog, it is a popular choice amongst people who want a hardy livestock guard as well as a reliable guard dog for their homes.
1. Purchase pups from working parents, preferably parents that are used with the same species you want your pup to protect Many of your fellow producers using guardian dogs will have litters of pups available on occasion, so try to find pups that from farms or ranches raising the same species that you do, whether it is sheep, goats, or cattle. Your preference may be for purebred dogs, or for crosses between two guardian breeds, but never purchase a pup resulting from a cross with a non-guardian breed.
2. Set the pup up for success The primary period to bond pups to the species to be guarded is between the ages of eight and 16 weeks. It is important that the pups be placed with the livestock species they will grow up to guard during this primary bonding period.
3. Bonding pens work well to get pups off to a great start Place a few calm and gentle ewes, goats or cows into a pen, with a protected area for the pup where he can see the livestock, but can escape to safety. Present the pup to the livestock under your supervision, but give the pup some quiet time where it can watch its new friends. The pup will get to know its livestock first through watching and sniffing noses, but will soon venture out for some gentle exploration. Visit often to supervise, but let the pup spend the majority of its time with its livestock. It is important that the livestock penned with the pup are calm animals that will not harm the pup.
4. As the pup gains confidence in being in the company of the protected species, the flock can be released into a larger area, and/or with additional members of the flock A gradual process of adding animals and range allows for the pup to become accustomed to its larger flock and landscape, and develop more self-confidence in its guardian duties as its body grows.
5. Give the pup attention and praise while it is with livestock Producers must be able to call and handle their guardians for care, so reinforce the human-dog connection, ensuring your dog is comfortable and content as your working partner.
6. Be clear in teaching the pup what you expect from it, including staying within its territory If the pup strays from the flock, or follows you to the house, return it to the livestock. It is a good idea to start verbal commands early, and pups will soon learn the valuable lesson, "Go to your sheep."
7. Give the dog the benefit of training and experience Train the pup to a few commands, to wear a collar, walk on a leash, be tethered on a cable, and be held in a crate or kennel. Walk the pup into buildings and stock trailers, take it for rides in the farm truck, and let the pup learn what it feels like to be examined, brushed, and restrained. Introduce the pup to other farm animals - including other species of livestock, herding dogs, chickens, etc. it will need to know as it goes about its business.
8. Expose the pup to a variety of experiences it will be expected to understand later in life From learning the dangers of vehicles and farm equipment, to encounters with people riding bicycles and motorcycles, early exposure to new experiences will aide the dog in its future success.
9. Provide human supervision, correcting bad behaviors early on so they are not repeated A good scolding goes a long way, but repeated correction may be needed to reinforce learning.
10. Feeding routines are important Feed the pup near the livestock not at your house - preferably at the same time every day. Secure the pup's food so it can eat in peace, without competition from the livestock. Allowing livestock to eat the dog's food creates unnecessary conflict that can escalate as the dog grows in size.
11. Make overall care a routine You have invested in a working animal that will do its job without complaint, so make veterinary care a normal practice, from keeping the pup updated on vaccinations to routinely running your hand over the pup to be sure it is not wounded or needing other care. Provide good dog food to your pup, but be careful not to overfeed or underfeed.
12. Until your pup has proven his reliability, use caution during the livestock-birthing season Guardian dogs may want to clean newborns, or may attempt to "protect" them from their mothers, disrupting the mothering process. When your dog reaches the point it lounges nearby without interfering, you can sleep easier at night knowing the pup is well on its way to being an effective herd protector.
A guard dog, or a watchdog, is trained to protect your property and your family. Contrary to what you might think, most guard dogs are not taught to attack. Rather, they are taught non-confrontational techniques, such as how to stand guard and how to use their bark to alert you of a stranger or potential danger on your property. Training your dog to be a guard dog will take some time and patience, but the result will be a dog that will not only protect you against a threat, but will also be comfortable and well behaved in non-threatening situations.
If you are getting a guard dog, it is imperative that you consider what kind of dog beforehand. Do not just get the toughest, nastiest breed you can find. Be sure to choose a dog that is easily trainable and family friendly as well. If you are merely looking for a burglar deterrent, size does not have to be a huge factor here, either. Barking is as effective with small dogs as with larger ones.
Start Young As with all dog training, starting them off at a young age is the best way to ensure that the training will have maximum effectiveness. Training a canine is important regardless of their duties around your home. However, if you want your pup to play the role of a guard dog, you are going to want to make sure you have time to train them thoroughly, and we are not just talking about how to use the bathroom. Here is a link to a thorough breakdown of how to train a guard dog.
Educated Barking A critical element with a good guard dog is training them to bark out a warning any time a stranger comes to the door. There are ways to train a dog to exercise educated barking, which involves both teaching the dog to bark at strangers as well as critically teaching them to stop barking on command.
Obedience is the Key If you are looking for a guard dog that will attack on command, make sure you are serious. A true attack dog cannot make friends with anyone but their primary handler. If you do decide that this is the level of protection you are looking for, you are going to want to take care to teach them specific commands beyond simply how to defend your home and family. For example, make sure that they clearly understand and that they reliably know the command to back off and stop any aggressive behavior. Also, make sure to teach your dog to obey you over anyone else. If a burglar can control the dog using the same commands, your entire system will be compromised.
Teach obedience - often, positively and frequently. The most important step in training a guard dog is consistency. Ensure that you have enough time and patience to train your dog obedience properly and effectively Your dog should respond to your every command — both verbal and hand signals. Familiarize your dog with the perimeters of the area.
If you are training your dog to protect your house, walk your dog around the outer limits of your house to teach your dog the boundaries. Teach educated barking. Your dog must learn who to bark at. Encourage your dog to bark strangers who approach your house. Pet, praise or reward the dog when it barks at a stranger. Train your dog to stop barking at your command. If it does not stop barking when you say so, practice by having people come to the door. Do not reward the dog until it stops barking upon command.
Socialization It is essential to ensure that you socialize your guard dog so that they know that every person they pass by in public, like on a walk through the park, is not a threat. Of course, the top of the list of people you want your dog comfortable with is your family, all of whom should spend plenty of time loving on the animal. It is also helpful to teach them to be indifferent to other animals so that they do not perceive cats, squirrels, or other dogs in the same light as a genuine intruder.
Let the World Know If you have a dog specifically to guard your home and protect your family, do not make it a surprise attack scenario. Let the world know! That does not mean you have to drape "guard dog" warning signs on your property, though that certainly does not hurt. Little clues, like leaving a bowl and dish, leash, or dog toys out in plain sight, can send a message that you have a dog watching over your property.
Do Not Leave them with Others If you have trained a dog to guard your home, it is essential that you do not leave them alone with visitors. Even if they know someone is okay to have around, they may read a motion or specific behavior as a threat and could go into guard dog mode without you around to stop them. In addition to guard dog training, use crate training to control your dog. That way if you have people over, you can send your dog to a safe place where they can relax away from the stress of company, and you won't have to keep a vigilant eye on them the whole time.
Do Not Rely on the Dog Alone Remember, a guard dog is not invincible. If you are going to invest in a pup to protect your home, it is also important to back them up with things like a good security system and sturdy doors and windows. If you are thinking of using your dog as protection over your RV, too, here are some extra tips for locking down your camper as you travel, as well. Some dangerous situations can occur when traveling or camping. A guard dog can alert you to potential dangers like wild animals and other unwelcome intruders.
Make an Informed Decision Whatever path you decide to take with a guard dog, whether you are looking for physical protection or more of a family-friendly option with a good set of lungs, make sure you go into the decision with your eyes wide open. From choosing a breed to training, obedience, and socialization, a fully informed owner is the number one key to finding success with a guard dog.
METHOD 1 - Preparing to Train Your Dog to Be a Guard Dog
1. Recognize the difference between a guard dog and an attack dog A guard dog is trained to alert its owner of the presence of a stranger or intruder through barking or growling. Guard dogs are not typically trained to attack on command or to act overly aggressive towards a stranger. Therefore, guard dogs generally do not make very good attack dogs. Attack dogs are often used by police and law enforcement.
They are trained to attack on command and respond aggressively to potential threats or intruders. Most attack dogs are well trained and will not act in an aggressive way unless they are commanded to by their owner. Attack dogs that are not well trained, however, can attack without warning and pose a serious danger to humans and other animals. The average owner is unlikely to need an attack dog.
2. Determine if your dog's breed is a typical guard dog breed Though most dogs can be trained to be guard dogs, certain dog breeds are known to make good guard dogs. For example, smaller breeds such as Chow Chows, pugs, and Shar Pei's have been known to be good guard dogs. Larger breeds, such as Doberman Pinschers, German Shepherd, and Akita also make excellent guard dogs. Certain breeds, such as German Shepherds and Doberman Pinschers, can be trained to be guard dogs as well as attack dogs. If you have a pure-bred dog that is not a typical guard dog breed, or if you have a mutt, it is still possible for you to train him to be an excellent guard dog. If he has the behavioral characteristics of a guard dog and is properly trained and socialized, then you could train him to guard and protect you.
3. Learn about the personality traits of an ideal guard dog Contrary to popular belief, a good guard dog should not react out of fear or pure aggression. Generally, a good guard dog should be territorial and protective of his owner and his owner's property, yet remain obedient to his owner's commands. A good guard dog must be confident in himself and his surroundings. A confident dog is curious about a new person or a new area, and is not shy or timid around new people. Your dog may already have this trait inherently, but proper socialization can also instill confidence in a dog.
A good guard dog is also assertive. This does not necessarily mean that he is overly aggressive or pushy. Rather, it means that he is comfortable with putting himself in a position that will allow him to get what he wants. It also means that he will be confident in approaching a new situation or person, rather than backing away. Sociability is another important characteristic of a good guard dog. A well-socialized guard dog will be able to recognize and be wary of a stranger in his owner's presence, but will not attack or become overly aggressive towards that stranger.
Good guard dogs must also be easily trainable. Chow chows can make good guard dogs because they are naturally suspicious of strangers, but tend to be very independent and not easy to train. Loyal dogs make great guard dogs. The more loyal your dog is to you, the more likely he will want to defend and protect you. German shepherds are known to be a very loyal breed.
4. Socialize your dog as a puppy Proper socialization is essential to training your dog to be a good guard dog. When your dog is well socialized, he will be comfortable in his normal environment. He will also be less fearful and more relaxed important characteristics of a good guard dog, but will still retain a healthy dose of suspicion of unfamiliar and potentially dangerous situations. The best time to socialize a puppy is when he is between three and twelve weeks of age.
Beyond twelve weeks of age, puppies become increasingly more cautious of new situations and therefore become much more difficult to socialize. During the socialization period, you should get your puppy comfortable with meeting new people and interacting in new environments. It can be a huge task to socialize your puppy, so it may be easier to break socialization into small parts and expose him to situations over time at his comfort level. Reward your puppy with plenty of positive reinforcement (e.g., petting, treats, extra play time) each time that he has a good socialization experience.
Puppy classes are an excellent way to socialize your puppy. Keep in mind that your puppy should be up to date on his vaccinations and deworming treatment to keep him healthy and free of disease during the entirety of the training program.If your dog is an adult and you have already trained and socialized him, then he should be well on his way to becoming a good guard dog.
5. Ensure your dog can follow basic obedience commands Before you begin guard dog training, your dog should already be able to obey basic commands like "stay," "sit" and "down." Having these basic obedience skills will ensure your dog can build up to learning defensive techniques like alert barking and standing guard. You can teach these commands to your dog on your own. Alternatively, you can sign your dog up for an obedience training class.
METHOD 2 - Training Your Dog to Alert Bark
1. Choose a trigger word To train your dog to alert you when a stranger is at the door or on your property, you first need to establish a trigger word to act as a command. You can use "bark" as a command. Some owners prefer using a word other than "bark" - so that the command is not so obvious to others around you. Once you choose your "bark" trigger word, say it with the same level of enthusiasm each time you give your dog this command. Use the same trigger word every time you command your dog to bark.
2. Practice the command Most dogs are natural barkers and do not need a command to bark at the sound of someone approaching or a sudden noise. The key here is to get your dog to bark on command. To begin, tie your dog up on his leash to a kitchen table leg or on a spot on your fence in your backyard. Hold a treat out to your dog as you back away from him, and then move out of his field of vision. As soon as your dog makes a sound, like a whine or a bark, run back to him and praise him with "good bark" or "good - trigger word."
Give him his treat immediately. After repeating this several times, your dog should start to connect your praise of his bark with a reward. Once your dog gets comfortable with the bark command while in the same area or spot, move him to different areas in your yard and in your house. You should also test his response to the command when you are walking him or playing together in a public place.
3. Be firm and clear with the command Consistency and practice are key to getting this command to stick. If you want to test his response during a walk, stop walking him and look him directly in the eye. Then, say an enthusiastic "bark" command. If he looks confused or hesitates at your command, hold out the treat and repeat the command. Ideally, your dog should bark only once when you give him the command. However, your dog may want to continue to barking once you have gotten him started. Do not reward him if he barks continuously. Wait for him to quiet down before giving him the command again.
4. Create a mock scenario To challenge your dog's understanding of the "bark" command, keep your dog inside your home and step outside your front door. Once you are outside, ring the doorbell and give your dog the "bark" command. Reward him with a treat when he barks once at your command. Next, knock on the front door and give the "bark" command. Reward him with a treat if he responds correctly to your command.
If possible, run through this scenario in the evening when it is dark outside. You will likely want your dog to warn you of someone at the door at night, so it will be important for him to understand that he should respond to the "bark" command during day as well as at night. Practice the "bark" command in short intervals. After three to four repetitions, give your dog a break and let him do something else for about 45 minutes. After this break, practice the "bark" command several more times. The goal is to avoid overtraining so that your dog does not become bored or frustrated during his training sessions.
5. Ask a family member to test your dog's alert bark Once your dog appears comfortable with the "bark" command with you, focus on getting him to bark at someone other than you. Have a family member step outside and knock or ring the bell. Stay inside and give your dog the bark command. Reward each bark with a treat. This will reinforce his protective instinct to bark at someone or something unfamiliar. Continue to practice the "bark" command with a family member, rewarding your dog each time he barks at the sound of the bell or a knock at the door. He should eventually start to associate the doorbell or a knock with a bark and bark once at the sound. Over time, you want to try to train your dog to bark at the sound of the doorbell or a knock at the door, rather than at your command.
METHOD 3 - Teaching Your Dog the "Quiet" Command
1. Command your dog to bark Now that your dog has learned how to bark on cue, the next is to command him to stop barking. In fact, teaching your dog the "bark" command is considered to be a practical first step to teaching him to the "quiet" command. Being able to command your dog to bark and stop barking on cue will help him be a good guard dog. As before, reward him with a treat when he responds appropriately to your "bark" command.
2. Command your dog to stop barking Ring your doorbell. When your dog starts barking in response to the ring, put a tasty treat in front of his nose. As soon as your dog stops barking to sniff the treat, say "thank you" or "hush." Immediately follow your verbal command with a treat. Do not yell or use a loud voice when you give your verbal command. Your loud voice may add to your dog feeling alarmed and may encourage him to bark even more. Do not use "shut up" or "no" as verbal commands to get your dog to be quiet, since they can have a negative connotation.
3. Alternate between the "bark" and "quiet" commands Alternating between the two commands will allow you to have better control over your dog's barking, which is very important to training your dog to become a good guard dog. You can have fun with this by varying how many times you say "bark" before giving him the command to be quiet. Your dog will probably see this as a game, which could make the training session much more enjoyable for the both of you.
4. Encourage your dog to bark when a stranger arrives Encourage your dog to bark if the doorbell rings, even if you know who is at the door. He may not know who is on the other side, so you want to encourage his protective instinct to bark and alert you of something unfamiliar to him. When you get to the door, give him the "quiet" command and immediately reward him with a treat when he stops barking. Do not encourage him to bark if you meet a friendly or neutral stranger when you take him outside for a walk.
5. Practice the "quiet" command repeatedly As with all training activities, repetition is necessary to teach your dog to respond appropriately to your command every time that you give it. Practice this command in short intervals and reward him with a treat each time that he gets it right.
Did your dog make the cut? All these dogs are ranked by their bite force which is measured in Pounds per Square Inch or PSI. This is not a reflection of any single animal and should only be taken as a scientific study.
What is PSI? PSI is a unit made to calculate the pressure released upon any given point. The full meaning of psi is "Pound per Square Inch" or "Pound-force per Square Inch". PSI is a measured result of all the pressure applied over one square inch of a pound. It is a very commonly used system and is easy to understand for even some of the most scientifically challenged people. To understand this a little better, take a tire for example. The average tire's pressure generally falls around 32 psi or pounds per square inch. PSI is the scientific method used to explain the force that a dog is able to put forth through their bites. This list documents the twelve strongest dogs based on the psi system.Meanwhile, the PSI that the jaws of animals will make use of is normally average.
However, the pressure may vary based on - What gets bitten, Feelings of the dog - its mood, The dog itself. If compared, while humans make use of an average bite force that ranges from 120-140 PSI, the Nike crocodile's bite force is 5,000 PSI. Well, the bite force of the average dog is placed around 230-250 PSI even though some of these dogs have more strength. Measuring the exact bite force of dogs gets very complicated.
What Dog has the Strongest Bite?
1. Kangal Dog with the Strongest Bite! Bite Force - 743 PSI Kangals are guard dogs originating from Sivas City in Turkey. They are the strongest dogs in the world and hold the crown for the top bite. These dogs have been used as guard dogs to protect sheep and other flocks against bigger predators such as wolves, jackals, and bears. They are known for their loyalty, protectiveness, and for their gentleness towards children and other animals. This breed is not the best when it comes to strangers due to their protective nature. This means that taking them out for a walk can be a little troubling at times. As with all breeds, be sure to give them proper socialization at a young age to keep them used to meet new people. Luckily, this only adds to the amazing job they can do when involved with the police force or as a home protector. This dog breed can easily take down any medium-sized predator in minutes with their strong muscles and agility. They have great amounts of strength and when talking about bite force, they have the highest pressure per square inch currently recorded. According to the many research tests available, evidence points to the Kangal as having the strongest dog bite in the world.
2. American Bandogge - 730 PSI Just one look at this big boy and you will know it's a dog not to mess up with. If you think its burly frame is fearful enough to behold, wait till you learn how much pain its jaw can inflict! The Bandog has a bite strength of 730 PSI, which is strong enough to tear a limb and haunt you with scars. The American Bandogge is not a standardized breed recognized by the American Kennel Club or any major canine organization. Simply known as "Bandog" since the Middle Ages, it is used to refer to any muscular and heavily built crossbreed whose parents fall underneath the Molosser category, particularly war dogs who participated the Holy Crusade. Bandogs were developed with the sole purpose of serving as a formidable guardian. The term "Bandog" was derived from the fact that strong metal chains were used to bind this ferocious beast. The exact origins of the Bandog remains a moot point but one thing is for sure, this dog has man and beast stopping capabilities!
3. Cane Corso - 700 PSI Second on our list is Italy's most valued canine, the Cane Corso. This large and imposing dog is the descendant of the great canines of Roman antiquity. In the recent past, dogs of this breed served as catch dogs in rural areas. They were also employed as sentries and attack dogs by carters, night watchmen, and tax collectors. The Cane Corso's most prominent feature is its large and imposing head. It also flaunts a lustrous short coat that is either jet black or fawn in color. The Cane Corso has an atrocious bite force of 700 PSI. Hence, this puma-like dog is a fearless opponent to anyone who poses a threat to his master. Although the Cane Corso packs a considerable bite strength, these dogs are obedient and affectionate to their family members once they display a definite preference. They are quite intelligent and eager to learn, which makes them practically easy to train. However, their strong prey drive and overprotectiveness should concern you if you have pocket pets or if you always seem to have frequent visitors at home.
4. Dogue De Bordeaux - 556 PSI Next up is the oldest Molosser-type hailing from Bordeaux, the port city in southwestern France. The Dogue De Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff and Bordeaux Mastiff, has been around since the 14th century. Fanciers of this breed made sure to preserve the line pure in future generations. In the distant past, these dogs were assigned to various capacities involving brute strength. They pull carts, haul heavy objects, guard livestock, and watch over the mansions of the nobles they serve. Today, the Dogue De Bordeaux is best known as a laidback companion who snores and drools a lot. Inside the home, these dogs are calm and quiet. Likewise, they are quite tolerant of kids, unlike other mastiffs. As long as you won't hurt or threaten this dog, there is no reason for him to demonstrate his bite strength of 556 PSI. The Dogue De Bordeaux has a powerful build and a monstrous skull, which is claimed as the largest in the canine world. So, it comes as no surprise that its jaw packs a lot of punch.
5. Tosa Inu - 556 PSI The Tosa Inu is the product of crossbreeding European dogs with the purpose of creating the fiercest canine gladiator. Tosa breeding was at its peak between 1924 and 1933. Back then there were roughly 5, 000 breeders in Japan who aspired to create an impregnable hybrid. It has a bite strength of 556 PSI but unless you are a thief, you won't have to worry about getting your arm lacerated. Like a samurai, these dogs are honest, dignified, and loyal. Tosa Inus can easily cope with a variety of activities as long as they receive proper training and good leadership. However, the Tosa Inu is often presented as a wild menacing dog due to its dark history. Many countries, including Australia, Denmark, Germany, Norway, and Malaysia, have currently banned the ownership of the said breed.
6. English Mastiff - 556 PSI English Mastiffs are a larger breed of dog. These dogs tend to be calm and very powerful when needed. The ancestors of the Mastiffs are the "Molossus", who were noted as being ferocious and talented war dogs. Today English Mastiffs are very calm and gentle dogs. Despite this dog being giant in stature, they are an extremely gentle breed who will even watch over your children with caring and grace. This dog is also noted to be one of the largest dog breeds in the world and can be a bit of a lazy partner at times. They do not require as much play as some of the other breeds on this list, but they do require a huge portion of food to keep them going daily. Their bite force is enormous and they have one of the highest "bite forces" recorded in dog breeds with 556 pound per square inch. With this enormous about of bite force, the breed can easily break any bone in your body.
7. Presa Canario - 540 PSI This majestic dog hails from the beautiful Canary Islands and is a far cry from the gentle, dainty canary. The Perro de Presa Canario, simply known as Dogo Canario, is considered as one of the most lethal canines. In fact, it has been linked to numerous fatal attacks to date. The Dogo Canario is a historical war dog and were also used in dog fighting before it was illegalized in the 1940s. This bad boy shows off a heavy, rectangular body and a massive head. It can slam its powerful jaw shut with 540 PSI thus, causing serious injury or even death due to hemorrhage. Dogo Canarios are still prominently aggressive. So, it comes as no surprise that this breed is outlawed in many countries. Regardless, the Dogo Canario is much loved in its native land. They have proven themselves an exemplary guard dog and a lovely family member. Do take note that this dog is not ideal for the average family. They need a big yard to play, regular mental stimulation, and most of all, an unyielding Alpha. If your dog thinks he is a better Alpha than you, he is more than willing to take the role.
8. Dogo Argentino - 500 PSI The Dogo Argentino was developed in Argentina for the purpose of creating a dog that would exhibit tenacity in hunting as well as an unshakeable resolve in protecting its owner. It descended from the Cordobra Fighting Dog along with other vigorous breeds. With a bite strength of 500 PSI, quick reflexes, and a heavy stature, the Dogo Argentino is unsurprisingly feared by many. These dogs can take on wild boars and buffalos with ease. They are also quite neat. True, the Dogo Argentinos are inherently aggressive but they do not snap without a reason. With early socialization and obedience training, these dogs can be a wonderful addition to the family, a relentless guardian, and a skilled hunter that will bring you dinner.
9. Wolfdog - 406 PSI This dog is a hybrid between a wolf and a domestic dog. Due to this, keeping them can be slightly more dangerous than keeping your average dog. They also can be a bit harder to come by when looking for a breeder to purchase one from. The physical characteristics can also be a little unpredictable due to the complicated process of mating dogs with feral wolves. Even when the wolf is not completely feral, there currently is no completely domesticated wolf to breed from. That being said, these dogs have a pack mentality and can be extremely loyal.
10. Leonberger - 399 PSI The Leonberger hails from the city of Leonberg in Baden-Württemberg, Germany hence, the breed's name. They were bred to resemble lions but truth be told, these dogs look more like cuddly teddy bears, do not they? Despite their enormous size, Leonbergers are as gentle as they are adorable! These giants are prized by their playfulness, nimble wits, and leniency towards small children and the elderly. Families who have owned a Leonberger mentioned how this breed thrives in close-knit families and also gets along well with other pets. They are also quite sensitive, which makes them ideal therapy dogs. Although the Leonberger may have a big heart, it is best not to push this gentle giant to its limits. When angered, it can unleash a bite force of 399 PSI. These dogs are also aggressive chewers and excessive barkers. And although they love children, it is wise that you supervise playtime with these dogs as their size can easily knock down a toddler.
11. Akita Inu - 350-400 PSI Does the name Hachiko ring a bell? Hachiko was the Akita Inu that waited at the Shibuya Train Station for 10 long years to see his master return. The dog's story caught media attention and was later adapted into films and storybooks. The Akita Inu is showered with love and admiration not only by the Japanese but also by the entire world because of the stout heart and working spirit they possess. While this breed has a couple of commendable traits, the potential is there for this dog to attack with deadly consequences. The Akita Inu can slam its scissor-like jaw shut with up to 400 PSI and you really could not force the dog to open its mouth until it decides to let go. Its sheer size alone is a reason why this breed is feared by some. Despite having an irresistibly cute fox-like face and fluffy coat, some find the Akita Inu intimidating due to its strong striking physique. The Akita Inu, in general, do not have the tendency to bite although they can be stubborn at times. As expected of a brave and loyal dog, they only attack other humans and animals if their family members are in danger. Their territorial personality makes these dogs prone to defend their human family, even if it costs them their lives.
12. Rottweiler - 328 PSI Rottweilers are a toughened breed of dogs. Originally, they were bred to help with work such as pulling carts and guarding the homestead. They were one of the first dog breeds formally adopted by the police, which still help out in the force today. They are medium in size with a great build and amazing amounts of strength. They are very agile and have high levels of endurance to keep them going. They are also commonly used in many different search and rescue missions by the police and military. This breed is a wonderful combination of strength, intelligence, and endurance. Rottweilers are considered to be fearless, good-natured companions that can beat out just about any breed with their good behavior. This breed is also very alert and can go into defense mode in a matter of seconds when threatened by danger. This dog is used in police operations due to their confidence and powerful build. The bite force in an average Rottweiler is 328 pounds per square inch. That is more than double the weight of this dog's breed.
13. Siberian Husky - 320 PSI Huskies are delightful pets! They will always be a sled dog by heart so you need to provide them with a huge playground and energy-depleting activities. Otherwise, they will run around your house like a lunatic or cause a community meltdown with their loud howling. Aside from being annoyingly playful at times, there is nothing negative to say about this breed. But do take note that these gentle, happy go lucky dogs have a tremendous bite force of 320 PSI. So, it is quite a relief that they only inherited the lupine facial features of their wild and menacing ancestors, not their temperament.
14. African Wild Dog - 317 PSI Unlike most of the other dogs included in this list, this breed falls under the rare category of being a "cape hunting dog." This means that this breed is seen as a type of ultimate hunter. This dog breed is a relative of the Sub-Saharan Dog and it is one of the largest dogs in this particular family. They are also known for being hypercarnivorous meaning that at least 70% of their diet is made up of meat. It is also worth noting that according to the IUCA, this breed is considered an endangered species. African Wild Dogs are very social animals and tend to live in packs. They even have been observed to have social hierarchies for bothmales and females within the pack. This breed tends to be a great hunting dog by nature. You can estimate this animal's competitive hunting nature by comparing them to wild animals such as hyenas. This animal is very agile at catching their prey and is only topped in game by bigger threats such as the lion. One of the breed's favorite types of prey is the antelope, which they can easily catch as they can be found in large numbers throughout the Sahara. Of course, living in the wild combined with many years of evolution has made their jaw very strong. Their amount of bite force is enough to break any bone in a deer.
15. American Bulldog - 305 PSI American Bull Dogs are a strong and powerful breed of dog. They tend to be well built with muscular body types and sport a large head with strong neck muscles. These dogs make great family pets and can adapt to your home's daily life rather easily. They tend to care for their owners and will form strong bonds to anyone they are in regular contact with. While this breed is a cuddler, they are very strong and confident in their abilities. One thing you may want to watch out for is their reaction to strangers. While this dog can be very loving at home, the breed tends to regularly not be trusting of new people. This, of course, can be overcome by regular social interaction in their puppy hood. Also, be warned that this breed can get a bit destructive if not given proper playtime and exercise daily. This breed has quite a bit of power behind them when needed and won't hesitate to confront any attackers if they are truly threatened. Their build topped with the agility of the breed makes them a force to be reckoned with for all intruders that may try to enter your home. They are powerful not just with body stature, but also with their jaw strength.
16. Doberman - 245 PSI Dobermans are a medium to a large sized dog which are very popular as a domestic house pet. This breed came to be around during the late 19th Century when a tax collector from Germany named "Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann" developed the breed. Doberman dog breeds are highly intelligent, alert, and strong by nature. This extremely loyal breed will stick beside their owner no matter the circumstances, and because of this has become a favorite among owners looking for a dog to protect their home and family. Dobermans are very adaptive and when trained they behave gently with little kids and adults alike. They are very muscular in build and have an athletic body type, which gives them extra points in defense. While many Doberman have tails, you can find a significant number in the breed that have knobs or are generally lacking in the tail department. These dogs are extremely strong and have the build and intelligence to prove it. Their jaw is a bone-breaker and this is why they are also used by many different police forces as guard dogs.
17. German Shepherd - 238 PSI The German Shepherd ranks as one of the most commonly found domestic dogs in the world. In countries like the United States of America, the German Shepherd ranks as the second most popular dog breed. This breed was initiallybred as a working class dog in Germany. They are highly intelligent dogs and can often be found being used in roles where rescue missions are being carried out by the local police force or even the military at times. These dogs are hard working, easy to train, and can easily adapt to a new environment. Shepherds are known to be very gentle in nature and extremely calm around children or in family settings. They also make wonderful guard dogs due to their intelligence, loyalty, and overall strength. While these dogs are generally passive, they can become defensive if they or their families are put in danger. Their biteis strong enough to break any bone in the human body or to confront any other animal that may threaten them.
18. Great Dane - 238 PSI The Great Dane, also referred to as the “Apollo of Dogs,” will surely intimidate you with its imposing size. This dog can take up your couch, bed, and the rear seat of your car. However, this elegant and well-muscled canine has a heart as big as he is! Great Danes are sensitive creatures. Their patient, sweet, and loving disposition is an irony to their gargantuan size. These dogs can thrive when they are in contact with their family members. Otherwise, they become mentally unstable and aggressive to boot.
19. American Pit Bull - 235 PSI American Pit Bulls are a medium size dog that can hit between 30 to 90 lbs in weight by the time they are adults. They are a powerful, muscular, and strong breed that is popular throughout the U.S.A. In fact, they currently own the honor of being the strongest dog in their size category. The American Pit Bull was initially bred to guard livestock and watch over them in the event of an attack by predators. While this breed has had a bad rap in recent years, their nature can generally be translated to that of being an overgrown child. These dogs are extremely gentle to those they guard and will only turn vicious in the face of a threat to their families. That being said, this breed will give their own life in defense of those it cares about and is an extremely loyal partner to anyone who is willing to take one into their home. Pit Bulls are a very athletic breed of dog and require you to exercise with them daily. If you miss playing time, do not be too surprised to find some up-turned couch cushions when you return home the next day. They have a wide face with a powerful jaw which is their main defense. They can easily break many hard to damage things if they desired.
20. Labrador Retriever - 230 PSI America's favorite dog for three consecutive decades is the Labrador Retriever. It comes as no surprise as they are energetic, outgoing, goofy, and simply affectionate. But according to Animal Friends, the family favorite is also a culprit of canine attacks and they all seem to dislike delivery workers. Labradors are notable for their soft mouths. They were originally bred as sporting dogs whose special talent includes retrieving their master's game unharmed or unmarked. Later on, they were employed to operate various tasks as they are quite intelligent, gentle, and eager to learn. Aggression, however, has not exited from this breed's genes, only suppressed. True, Labradors rarely cause fatal harm to their victims but you cannot deny that these dogs pack a powerful punch.
21. Dutch Shepherd - 224 PSI Dutch Shepherds are sheep herding dogs, originally used by farmers to keep check of their flocks. The breed is originally from the Netherlands where they were primarily bred as a working-class pet. This particular breed is not too choosey or demanding in nature and has the ability to easily adapt to different habitats around the world. They have similarities to the Belgian Shepherd as well as the German Shepherd in their nature. Dutch Shepherds are said to be one of the most active dog breeds out there. More than anything they love to be involved with their family and sink into play time with your kids. This breed is also known for being very calm, but due to their working-class origins will need plenty of daily exercises to wear them out! This breed is commonly used by police and other security agencies as well, due to their powerful jaw and outstanding intelligence compared to other breeds. They are calm and gentle until danger finds them or their loved ones.
22. Alano Espaniol - 227 PSI Being really big dogs, they come from a line of bull baiting dogs in Europe. They were once the battle dogs off the Middle East. Very serious and reserved, they are not loud and always in your face. They love being at the top and can actually be obedient its owners. They are energetic and acts best with an emergency owner too. Cautious of strangers, they desire a powerful leader of the pack. This leader will be trained to avoid being dangerous. They do better as outside dogs than being inside.
23. Boxer - 230 PSI This breed does have a powerful bite. Originally bred to hunt, the Boxer was essentially "designed" to have power in the jaw. In effect, the head itself was perfected to allow the dog to be a successful hunter. The wide, undershot jaw was thought to give the dog strength to lock onto prey and hold it in place as his humans worked their way over. It is thought that the wide nose and open nostrils were features bred in to allow a Boxer to breathe easier while his mouth was locked into his prey.
24. Chow Chow - 220 PSI This breed of dog originally hailed from northern China. They were bred to be a general purpose working dog and despite their fluffy appearance have overseen the safety of livestock for years. Some records have even indicated that this dog might have helped support Mongolian armies in battle. This dog is built quite sturdily and even has a double coat to protect it from bad weather. These dogs do have a tendency to be aggressive or over-protective as adults, so they will require proper socialization when young. This dog can be a good choice for smaller living arrangements such as in an apartment due to the fact that they have lower amounts of energy than most breeds.
25. Malinois Dog - 195 PSI Malinois is a medium breed of dog that is also known as "Belgian Shepherds". They originated in the French city of Malines, hence the given name of the breed. This breed is recognized for its amazing sense of smell. They are commonly used as detection dogs to help detect explosives and narcotics that otherwise may go unnoticed by most human senses. These dogs are easy to train by nature and have a very high level of intelligence. If you choose to bring one home to your family, expect them to be extremely playful and able to calmly handle your children. This breed was originally bred to become working dogs and this has stayed true to their nature over the years. Many police agencies in the world are using Malinois within their squads still today. In fact, you can find these dogs working everywhere from the United States Secret Service to the Royal Australian Air Force, they are helping to find dangerous explosives and uncover illegal drugs. This breed is very powerful and built to be strong. They also have an impressively strong jaw. An average adult Malinois has a bite force of 195 psi. This means when they bite, 195 pounds of pressure is applied to each square inch. That is more than enough to break one of your bones in one try.
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