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How to Find a Lost Dog with Microchip? Dog Registration Benefits - Register Your Dog's Chip! Where Can I get My Dog Microchipped? How Much Does it Cost to Put a Chip in a Dog? Does it Hurts to Insert Microchip? How do you Find a Dog with a Microchip? Advantages & Disadvantages of Dog Microchipping What is a Microchip for a Dog? Dog Identification Methods How Does the Microchip Work? Dog Microchip Registration Pet Microchip Companies Pet Microchip Cost How to Implant Dog Microchip Microchipping a Puppy Dog Microchip Misconceptions Dog Microchip Registration Dog Microchip Online Databases Dog Microchip Scanners Dog Microchip Scanner App Dog Microchip FAQ GPS, RFID Dog Microchip Microchipping Your Dog Dog Microchip Implants Dog Microchip Lookup Dog & Puppy ID
DOG MICROCHIP BASICS This article proudly presented by
A microchip is a small capsule about the size of a grain of rice which is implanted under a pet's skin. Inside the sealed capsule is a small electronic component that stores a unique 9 to 15 digit alpha/numeric number that identifies that microchip. Also in the capsule is a small passive transponder that when "pinged" by a scanner transmits that unique ID number.
If the pet owner has registered this unique ID number in a microchip registry database, the individual who scanned the animal is then able to search for that unique ID number in a registry database to find owner contact information, and use that information to get in touch with the owner and reunite the pet.
We already know that properly identifying your pet is a bare necessity when it comes to being a responsible owner, but a lot of people fall short when it comes to their due diligence. Don't get us wrong, tags are a terrific way to identify your pet should they ever get lost - they are immediately visible and can yield quick results - but, tags and collars can fall off - their real ticket home is a microchip. A microchip is the size of a grain of rice and painlessly inserted beneath the skin between your dog or cat's shoulders, the chip can be scanned and registered with the all information needed to reunite you with your buddy. But there are a few common micro misconceptions floating around that we'd like to debunk to ensure your pet has the best chance of coming home.
MYTH: A microchip is a GPS device While it would be awesome if a chip could tell you where your pet is, that's not how it works. It's an electronic chip with a radio-frequency identification number that's linked to your information when scanned; it requires no charging - wouldn't THAT be weird. and will last the lifetime of your pet.
MYTH: Having my dog chipped requires surgery Completely untrue - it's an outpatient procedure that most pets react to much like a vaccine. It's important to avoid any rigorous activity for 24 hours after insertion, as the chip has an anti-migration coating that needs a chance to adhere to the skin.
MYTH: My dog's chipped, so we are all set Whether you are the one who gets your pet chipped or they already had one when you adopted them, your pet isn't automatically protected. You have to register your information to chip. You can do this through the company that manufactured the chip or the international database. Without this step, the microchip is useless.
MYTH: My dog has an ID tag, so I don't need a microchip All pets should wear collar tags imprinted with their name and your phone number, whether or not they also have a microchip. Many cats don't wear collars or identification tags, or they become separated from their collar once lost. Only a microchip can provide permanent identification that cannot fall off, be removed, or become difficult to read. We like to think it won't happen to us, but in the United States, about 1 in 3 pets gets lost at some point in its life. Fewer than 2% of lost cats without microchips are returned home, according to one microchipping company, and if a cat is microchipped, the return to owner rate is 20 times higher than if the cat isn't microchipped.
MYTH: The shelter microchipped my dog, so we are protected Many people adopt pets that have already been microchipped by a rescue or shelter. New owners mistakenly believe that the microchip is linked to their name and information upon adoption, but in fact the chip is still linked to that organization's information. Any time you adopt a pet that is microchipped, find out where it is registered and update the registration to link your new pet to your information. You may have to pay a small fee to update the information or learn that there is an annual fee you are now responsible to pay.
MYTH: If a dog is microchipped, any scanner can read it Competing microchip companies use different radio frequencies to send ID numbers to scanners, and until recently there was no universal scanner that could read all frequencies. This was quite problematic if your pet was microchipped at a frequency the vet or shelter's scanner could not read, it would appear to them that there was no microchip at all. Fortunately, it is increasingly true that if your pet is microchipped, vet offices, shelters, and rescues will have a scanner that can detect your dog's microchip. In fact, many microchip companies now make universal scanners and distribute them to shelters at little or no cost.
MYTH: Once your dog's microchip is implanted, your work is done The biggest misconception about microchips is that once implanted, your pet is protected, but there's one more key step. Too often, lost animals are taken to shelters, scanned for microchips, and the ID number leads nowhere because the microchip was never registered. Register the microchip to connect its ID number to your information. Complete the registration through your particular microchip company or through any of the universal databases that allow registration of any brand's microchip. Some services charge a fee upon registration, annually, or each time you update information. No matter where you choose to register your dog's microchip, make sure you do it and keep the information up to date. Ask your veterinarian to scan your dog's microchip at least once per year to make sure the microchip can be detected.
MICROCHIP FREQUENCIES This article proudly presented by
In the United States, microchips and scanners "talk" to each other on one of three different frequencies - 125 kHz, 128 kHz, and 134.2 kHz. The 134.2 kHz frequency is the worldwide standard selected by the International Standards Organization (or ISO) and is currently the only frequency used overseas and on military bases in the United States. Aside from the frequency on which the chip transmits, all three types of chips function in a similar manner.
In the early days of microchipping in the United States, the most popular and widely distributed frequency of chip was the 125 kHz. Over time, and particularly since 2006, the trend has shifted dramatically and now the 134.2 kHz ISO standard chip is the predominant frequency in the United States.
The following major chip manufacturers now distribute 134.2 kHz ISO chips in the United States: HomeAgain, 24 PetWatch, Datamars, AKC, Bayer ResQ, and Banfield. Although the 134.2 kHz chip is now the most popular and widely recommended frequency, all three frequencies continue to be used by various shelters, veterinarians, and rescue groups throughout the United States. Amongst all of the pets in our small Found Animals office - all of whom are microchipped, of course, all three frequencies are represented.
A microchip scanner is a handheld device that emits an electronic signal or "ping" to look for a microchip. When an active scanner is passed over an animal with a microchip, the "ping" from the scanner hits the implanted chip and the chip transmits its unique ID number back to the scanner. It is important to note that the chip will only transmit this information when activated by a scanner that is compatible with that particular chip,s frequency.
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A Microchip Registry is an equally important component of the microchip system. Should a microchipped pet become lost and picked up by a shelter, clinic, rescue group or vet; by scanning the animal for a microchip and using the unique ID from the microchip, the rescuer will be able to use a microchip registry to access pet owner information. This allows the organization to the contact the pet owner and reunite the pet.
In the United States, there are many different microchip registries. In order to find pet owner contact information, shelters, clinics, rescue groups and vets must find out who manufactures the pet's chip and search registries accordingly. In order to assist in this process, the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) launched www.petmicrochiplookup.org, a universal pet microchip lookup tool. After entering the microchip number, the AAHA microchip lookup tool provides microchip manufacturer information as well as whether or not the microchip has been registered in a participating microchip registry. If the microchip is registered, a link and phone number for the registry is provided. At this point, the pet owner can be contacted in order to facilitate a reunification.
It is vital to note the pet owner must register and update their contact information in a microchip registry database. Should they move or get a new telephone number, the microchip registry is not automatically updated. When collars and tags are damaged or lost, the microchip registry database is the last line of defense. Keeping pet owner information current is an essential component to the microchip system and is the only way to further ensure reunification with your pet.
Additionally, Found Animals is launching an exciting program in 2012 that will make the microchip system easier and more effective for pet owners, rescue groups, shelters and veterinarians. This program is currently in beta testing with select partners in the Los Angeles area. If you have received information on the beta test and have questions, please email us at microchipregistry@ foundanimals.org.
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How GPS Tracking Devices Work A common misconception is that microchips are GPS tracking devices. This is not true microchips are passive implants, activated only once your dog is found. In contrast, GPS devices are actively linked to real time satellite receivers or cell phone modems. Worn outside your dog's body, GPS tracking devices, the size of a business card, transmit your dog's exact locale and even directions how to get there back to you once you "call" or text the device. They can also alert you when your dog strays.
Unlike microchips commonly implanted in pets, which only provide your information when scanned at clinics and shelters, this microchip actually has a mini GPS chip inside and so it can actually track and relay your pet's GPS location if they go missing. The current design does not allow for indoor GPS tracking, but if the Kickstarter raises enough funds, then additional features such as indoor tracking will likely be added.
GPS vs Microchips (RFID) Both GPS trackers and microchips determine location by knowing their approximate location away from other points of infrastructure with known locations - for GPS these points are satellites, for microchips these are the readers. It is important to understand this difference, because both devices have totally different ranges. The microchip you have implanted in your dog is only helpful in determining location if it is close enough to be picked up by a reader. In most cases, this means your dog must be picked up or taken to a shelter or vet's office. There is no way to proactively track your pet once he leaves.
With GPS trackers, you can proactively track your dog's location, because it is using both satellites and cell towers to determine the location of the device. This allows for a much more extensive range than microchips, making it possible to track your pet across the country.
Advantages of GPS Tracking Devices GPS devices can locate your dog from most any locale. GPS devices can direct you in real time as you locate your dog. No insertion is required; your dog usually wears a GPS device attached to a collar.
Disadvantages of GPS Tracking Devices GPS tracking devices are relatively more expensive than microchips, and some require monthly subscriptions.
Some areas have little or no cell phone coverage or Internet connectivity.
GPS units may be too big and heavy for small dogs to wear.
Attached to collars, GPS devices can be lost along with them.
DOG MICROSHIP IMPLANTATION This article proudly presented by WWW.DOGICA.COM
WARNING!!! FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSE ONLY! DO NOT MICROSHIP YOUR DOG BY YOURSELF!
DOG MICROSHIP DISADVANTAGES This article proudly presented by WWW.DOGICA.COM and WWW.DOGTIME.COM
DOG MICROSHIP F.A.Q This article proudly presented by WWW.AVMA.ORG
What is a microchip? A microchip is a small, electronic chip enclosed in a glass cylinder that is about the same size as a grain of rice. The microchip itself does not have a battery, it is activated by a scanner that is passed over the area, and the radiowaves put out by the scanner activate the chip. The chip transmits the identification number to the scanner, which displays the number on the screen.
Will it hurt my pet when he gets the microchip implanted? It won't hurt any more than a routine vaccination - having a microchip implanted doesn't even require anesthetic. The procedure is performed at your veterinarian's office and is simple and similar to administering a vaccine or a routine shot. The microchip comes preloaded in a sterile applicator and is injected under the loose skin between the shoulder blades. The process takes only a few seconds, and your pet will not react any more than he would to a vaccination.
How is a microchip implanted into an animal? Does it require surgery It is injected under the skin using a hypodermic needle. It is no more painful than a typical injection, although the needle is slightly larger than those used for injection. No surgery or anesthesia is required, a microchip can be implanted during a routine veterinary office visit. If your pet is already under anesthesia for a procedure, such as neutering or spaying, the microchip can often be implanted while they're still under anesthesia.
What kind of information is contained in the microchip? Is there a tracking device in it? Will it store my pet's medical information? The microchips presently used in pets only contain identification numbers. No, the microchip cannot track your animal if it gets lost. Although the present technology microchip itself does not contain your pet's medical information, some microchip registration databases will allow you to store that information in the database for quick reference. Some microchips used in research laboratories and for microchipping some livestock and horses also transmit information about the animal's body temperature.
What do they mean by "microchip frequency? The frequency of a microchip actually refers to the frequency of the radiowave given off by the scanner that activates and reads the microchip. Examples of microchip frequencies used in the U.S. include 125 kiloHertz (kHz), 128 kHz, and 134.2 kHz.
What ISO STANDARD does mean? The International Standards Organization, or ISO, has approved and recommended a global standard for microchips. The global standard is intended to create an identification system that is consistent worldwide. For example, if a dog was implanted with an ISO standard microchip in the U.S. travels to Europe with its owners and becomes lost, the ISO standard scanners in Europe would be able to read the dog's microchip. If the dog was implanted with a non-ISO microchip and the ISO scanner was not forward and backward reading universal, the dog's microchip might not be detected or be read by the scanner. The ISO standard frequency is 134.2 kHz.
What are universal forward- and backward-reading scanners? How do they differ from other scanners? Forward-reading scanners only detect 134.2 kHz ISO standard microchips, but will not detect 125 kHz or 128 kHz non-ISO standard microchips. Universal scanners, also called forward- and backward-reading scanners, detect all microchip frequencies. The main advantage of universal scanners is the improved chances of detecting and reading a microchip, regardless of the frequency.
How does a microchip help reunite a lost animal with its owner? When an animal is found and taken to a shelter or veterinary clinic, one of the first things they do is scan the animal for a microchip. If they find a microchip, and if the microchip registry has accurate information, they can quickly find the animal's owner.
Will a microchip really make it more likely for me to get my pet back if it is lost? Definitely! A study of more than 7,700 stray animals at animal shelters showed that dogs without microchips were returned to their owners 21.9% of the time, whereas microchipped dogs were returned to their owners 52.2% of the time. Cats without microchips were reunited with their owners only 1.8% of the time, whereas microchipped cats went back home 38.5% of the time. Lord et al, JAVMA, July 15, 2009 For microchipped animals that weren't returned to their owners, most of the time it was due to incorrect owner information, or no owner information in the microchip registry database, so don't forget to register and keep your information updated.
Does a microchip replace identification tags and rabies tags? Absolutely not. Microchips are great for permanent identification that is tamper-proof, but nothing replaces a collar with up-to-date identification tags. Your pet's rabies tag should always be on its collar, so people can quickly see that your pet has been vaccinated for this deadly disease. Rabies tag numbers also allow tracing of animals and identification of a lost animal's owner, but it can be hard to have a rabies number traced after veterinary clinics or county offices are closed for the day. The microchip databases are online or telephone-accessed databases, and are available 24/7/365.
I just adopted a pet from the animal shelter. Is it microchipped? How can I find out? If the shelter scanned the animal, they should be able to tell you if it is microchipped. Some shelters implant microchips into every animal they adopt out, so check with the shelter and find out your new pet's microchip number so you can get it registered in your name. Most veterinary clinics have microchip scanners, and your veterinarian can scan your new pet for a microchip when you take your new pet for its veterinary checkup. Microchips show up on radiographs (x-rays), so that's another way to look for one.
Why should I have my animals microchipped? The best reason to have your animals microchipped is the improved chance that you will get your animal back if it becomes lost or stolen.
I want to get my animal(s) microchipped. Where do I go? To your veterinarian, of course! Most veterinary clinics keep microchips on hand; so, it is likely that your pet can be implanted with a microchip the same day as your appointment. Sometimes local shelters or businesses will host a microchipping event, too.
Why can't I just buy the microchip and implant it myself? It looks like a simple-enough procedure to implant a microchip – after all, it's just like giving an injection, right? Well, yes and no. Although it looks like a simple injection, it is very important that the microchip is implanted properly. Using too much force, placing the needle too deeply, or placing it in the wrong location can not only make it difficult to detect or read the microchip in the future, but it can also cause life-threatening problems. Microchips should really be implanted under supervision by a veterinarian, because veterinarians know where the microchips should be placed, know how to place them, and know how to recognize the signs of a problem and treat one if it occurs.
Once the microchip has been implanted, what do I do? Is there any sort of maintenance needed? There really is no maintenance required for microchips themselves, although you do need to keep your contact information up-to-date in the microchip registration database. If you notice any abnormalities at the site where the microchip was implanted, such as drainage oozing or swelling, contact your veterinarian. Ideally, the microchip should be scanned during your animal's yearly checkup to make sure that it is still in place and working as it should.
I heard about a dog that was euthanized by a shelter because his microchip wasn't detected by the shelter's scanner. How can I know that won't happen to my pet? Unfortunately, there was a case where a dog's ISO standard chip was not detected by the animal shelter's scanner (because it only read 125 kHz microchips), and the dog was euthanized after the usual holding period because they could not locate its owner. Although this was a very sad case, the good news is that this case helped bring national attention to the need for universal microchip scanners to prevent this from happening again. Much progress has been made, and the likelihood that this will happen again is very low.
Why are microchips sometimes not found? As with almost anything, it's not a foolproof system. Although it's very rare, microchips can fail and become unable to be detected by a scanner. Problems with the scanners are also not common, but can occur. Human error, such as improper scanning technique or incomplete scanning of an animal, can also lead to failure to detect a microchip. Some of the animal-related factors that can make it difficult to detect a microchip include the following: animals that won't stay still or struggle too much while being scanned; the presence of long, matted hair at or near the microchip implantation site; and a metal collar or a collar with a lot of metal on it. All of these can interfere with the scanning and detection of the microchip.
My pet has two different frequency microchips implanted. Will they interfere with each other? No, you do not need to have one of the microchips removed and no, they will not interfere with each other. The microchip detected by the scanner will depend on the scanner used – if it is a universal forward and backward reading scanner, it will probably detect each chip as it is passed over it. To detect the other chip, the scanner has to be reset and passed over the area where it is located. If it is a scanner that only reads one microchip frequency, it will only detect a microchip of that specific frequency and will not detect or read the other microchip. If you know your pet has more than one microchip implanted, make sure you keep the database information updated for each microchip. People don't routinely assume there's more than one microchip (because it is very uncommon), so they will try to find the owner based on the registry number of the microchip they detect.
My pet has a non-ISO standard, 125 kHz microchip implanted, and I want to have it implanted with an ISO standard, 134 kHz microchip. Can I do that? Sure you can. Both chips will function normally. If your pet is scanned with a scanner that only reads 125 kHz chips, only the 125 kHz chip will be detected. If your pet is scanned with a universal forwar- and backward-reading scanner, it could detect one or both chips separately (see the question above this one for more information).
I'm relocating to a country that requires ISO chips, and my pet does not have an ISO chip or doesn't have a microchip at all. What do I need to do? Your pet will need to be implanted with an ISO microchip before it will be allowed into that country. But that's not the only thing you need to know: countries differ widely on their importation rules, including different regulations about required vaccinations and quarantine periods once the animal enters that country. If you do some research and preparation, your pet's relocation can go smoothly. Alternatively, you can contact an experienced animal shipper who is well-versed in the processes and regulations affecting animal shipment.
I'm relocating to a country that requires ISO chips, and my pet has an ISO chip. What do I need to do? In general, your pet won't need another microchip to be allowed into that country, however, you should check on the destination country's animal importation regulations as you plan your relocation. That's not the only thing you need to know: countries differ widely on their importation rules, including different regulations about required vaccinations and quarantine periods once the animal enters that country. If you do some research and preparation, your pet's relocation can go smoothly. Alternatively, you can contact an experienced animal shipper who is well-versed in the processes and regulations affecting animal shipment.
Why isn't it a requirement that all shelters and veterinary clinics use the same microchips and readers? Or, if there are different frequencies of microchips and each requires a separate scanner, why aren't they required to have one of each scanner so microchips are never missed? There is no federal or state regulation of microchip standards in the U.S., and different manufacturers are able to produce and patent different microchip technologies with different frequencies. Because of market competition, animal shelters and veterinary clinics are able to choose from several microchip manufacturers and scanners. Microchip scanners are relatively expensive, and it is often cost prohibitive keep one or more of each type of microchip scanner. This problem can be solved by the use of universal microchip scanners, which are becoming more readily available. In addition, the use of ISO standard microchips would be a good step in developing a consistent microchipping system in the U.S.
When I have my pet microchipped, is there one central database that registers the information and makes it available to animal shelters and veterinary clinics in case my pet is lost or stolen? At this time, there is not a central database in the U.S. for registering microchips; each manufacturer maintains its own database (or has it managed by someone else). Because the ISO standards for identification codes have not been adopted in the U.S., the microchips must be registered with their individual registries. Fortunately, microchip scanners display the name of the microchip's manufacturer when the microchip is read. Therefore, the likelihood that an animal cannot be identified from its microchip number is very low that is, unless your pet's microchip has not been registered or the information is not accurate. As of September 2009, there are two Internet-based search engines that allow users to enter a microchip code. The American Animal Hospital Association's Universal Pet Microchip Lookup Tool (www.petmicrochiplookup.org) provides a listing of the manufacturer with which the microchip's code is associated as well as if the chip information is found in participating registries. Chloe Standard's database - www.checkthechip.com - displays the manufacturer of that microchip. Neither database provides owner information for the microchip - the user must then contact the manufacturer/database associated with that microchip.
What are some of the problems associated with microchips? How common are they? The British Small Animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA) maintains a database of adverse reactions to microchips. Since the database was started in 1996, over 4 million animals have been microchipped and only 391 adverse reactions have been reported. Of these reactions, migration of the microchip from its original implantation site is the most common problem reported. Other problems, such as failure of the microchip, hair loss, infection, swelling, and tumor formation, were reported in much lower numbers. For a chart summarizing the BSAVA reports, read the AVMA's backgrounder on Microchipping of Animals.
I have heard a lot lately that microchips cause cancer. Do they? There have been reports that mice and rats developed cancer associated with implanted microchips. However, the majority of these mice and rats were being used for cancer studies when the tumors were found, and the rat and mice strains used in the studies are known to be more likely to develop cancer. Tumors associated with microchips in two dogs were reported, but in at least one of these dogs the tumor could not be directly linked to the microchip itself and may have been caused by something else. For more details on the studies, read the AVMA's backgrounder on Microchipping of Animals.
I don't want my pet to get cancer. Should I have my pet's microchip removed? We do not recommend that you have your pet's microchip removed, for two reasons. First, based on our review of the studies, the risk that your animal will develop cancer due to its microchip is very, very low, and is far outweighed by the improved likelihood that you will get your animal back if it becomes lost. Second, although implanting a microchip is a very simple and quick procedure, removing one is more involved and may require general anesthesia and surgery.
Do the benefits of microchipping outweigh the risks? Do the benefits of microchipping outweigh the risks? I know that you said I have a better chance of being reunited with my lost or stolen pet if it is microchipped, but I'm worried there is still a chance that the veterinary clinic or shelter won't be able to read the chip or my pet will have a reaction. The benefits of microchipping animals definitely outweigh the risks. Although we can't guarantee that a shelter or veterinary clinic will always be able to read every microchip, the risk that this will happen is very low, and getting even lower. Animal shelters and veterinary clinics are very aware of the concerns about missing an implanted microchip, and take extra measures to determine if a microchip is present before a decision is made to euthanize or adopt out the animal. Universal scanners are becoming more available, and solve the challenge of detecting different microchip frequencies.
Will a microchip tell me my pet's location? Pet microchips are not tracking devices and do not work like global positioning devices (GPS). They are radio-frequency identification (RFID) implants that provide permanent ID for your pet. Because they use RFID technology, microchips do not require a power source like a GPS. When a microchip scanner is passed over the pet, the microchip gets enough power from the scanner to transmit the microchip's ID number. Since there's no battery and no moving parts, there's nothing to keep charged, wear out, or replace. The microchip will last your pet's lifetime.
Why does my pet need a microchip when he already wears a collar with tags? All pets should wear collar tags imprinted with their name and the phone number of their pet parent, but only a microchip provides permanent ID that cannot fall off, be removed, or become impossible to read.
Can anyone with a scanner access my contact information from the chip? Microchips carry only a unique identification number. If your pet gets lost and is taken to a vet clinic or animal shelter, your pet will be scanned for a microchip to reveal his unique ID number. That number will be called into the pet recovery service, and you will be contacted using the contact information on file with your pet's microchip. It is vital to keep your contact information up to date so that you can be reached.
How many times do I need to microchip my pet? A microchip will normally last the lifetime of your pet because it is composed of biocompatible materials that will not degenerate over time.
My pet has a microchip. Is that all I need to protect him if he gets lost? A microchip is only the first step! You must register your pet's microchip to give your pet the best protection. Register your pet's microchip in a national pet recovery database such as HomeAgain with your contact information, so you can be contacted when your lost pet is found. Also, remember to keep your contact information up to date whenever you move or change phone numbers.
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The information contained in or provided through DOGICA® site is intended for general consumer understanding and education only and is not intended to be and is not a substitute for professional advice. Use of this site and any information contained on or provided through this site is at your own risk and any information contained on or provided through this site is provided on an "as is" basis without any representations or warranties or pay.