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Definition of moustache: a strip of hair left to grow above the upper lip
The remarkable diversity among dogs' coats from the shaggy fur of a sheepdog to the sleek coat of a beagle, and everything in between comes down to a mere three genes, according to a new report published in Science.
The broad genetic study determined that one gene controls hair length and softness, another determines whether the hair is straight or curly, and a third controls the pattern in which hair grows, so that dogs with a particular version have wiry hair and moustaches and long facial details known to breeders as "furnishings"... The combinations in which these genes are inherited then determine a dog's overall look.
To reach these conclusions, the researchers first looked at the genetic differences within single breeds that have more than one coat type. Purebred dogs are particularly suited for this kind of study, because they have been selectively bred to segregate traits - there are long- and short-haired dachshunds, for example. By analyzing the genomes of two dachshunds with different types of coats, the researchers were able to determine which gene was linked to the variation in hair length.
Similar studies revealed the other two genes. The researchers then conducted a broad genetic survey of more than 650 dogs representing 108 breeds, and found that the presence or absence of mutations on the three genes, in various combinations, accounted for the variation in coat in 95 percent of the breeds. Only a few breeds, including Afghan hounds, have coats that can't be explained by these genes.
Besides satisfying the natural curiosity of dog-lovers about how their favorite dog breed got its distinctive look, the study may be useful for medical research. What's important for human health is the way we found the genes involved in dog coats and figured out how they work together, rather than the genes themselves. We think this approach will help pinpoint multiple genes involved in complex human conditions such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes and obesity.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF DOG WHISKERS? This material proudly presented by WWW.CANIDAE.COM and Linda Cole
Like cats and other animals, dogs have whiskers that stick out from the sides of their muzzle. Technically, they are not whiskers - they are called vibrissae, which comes from a Latin word "vibrio" that means to vibrate. A dog's whiskers are actually highly tuned, multi-functional, sensitive sensory hairs they need and use every day to perform specific functions that help them move around in their world.
Dog whiskers are found on both sides of their muzzle, as well as on the forehead above the eyes, on their chin and above the upper lip. As puppies grow, the whiskers are among the first hairs to develop. Unlike the neatly arranged 12 whiskers in four rows on each side of a cat's face, dog whiskers are more varied in their pattern depending on their breed and genetics.
Whiskers are twice as thick and coarser than regular dog hair. Their roots are set three times deeper and packed with nerves and blood vessels that make each individual whisker a super sensitive receptor to movement. Air moving it or objects brushing against it causes the whisker to vibrate and stimulates the nerves. Dog whiskers are as sensitive as our fingertips. Whiskers play an important role in helping dogs understand and move through their environment.
The primary function of whiskers is to aid a dog's vision, and they are often referred to as tactile hair. Whiskers pick up the slightest vibrations in the air, as well as subtle shifts in wind direction and speed. This alerts dogs to the presence of prey or other objects close by and tells them size, shape and if there is any motion. Whiskers are why a dog can hunt in the dark and keep from crashing into furniture, falling down steps or bumping into walls as he walks around the house at night.
Moving air currents cause the whiskers to vibrate and alert a dog to an obstacle or prey. When a dog is approaching something in his path, air is stirred up as he moves. When the air hits a wall, other surfaces or another animal, it bounces back and is picked up by the dog's radar-like whiskers. The vibrissae are also handy for finding small objects, like treats on the ground or a toy. Dog eyes can't focus on objects up close, so information gathered from his whiskers helps him find, identify and pick up something that's right under his nose.
Whiskers help dogs know if they can fit through a narrow opening or not. They are sensory receptors that help canines navigate. Dogs bred to go to ground need to know if a hole is big enough for them to crawl through. These receptors also give him information about obstacles that may be in the way and they also send information about the shape and size of a critter hiding in a den. Whiskers also help protect the face and eyes. When a dog brushes his whiskers against dirt, tall grass or anything else, it causes him to blink his eyes and avoid injury. The whiskers above his eyes lets him know if he is too close to something and helps to keep him from getting poked in the eye.
Every now and then you might find a whisker that's fallen out. It will grow back, but you should never try to pull a whisker out. You might run across a groomer who wants to cut your dog's whiskers. However, it's best not to trim the whiskers because that makes it more difficult for a dog to feel around his face and move with confidence. Because whiskers are very sensitive, pulling on them will cause your pet discomfort and stress. The importance of the whiskers is easier to understand when you consider the areas of the brain devoted to touch information.
Almost 40% of those areas are dedicated to the regions where the whiskers are located. In fact, each individual whisker can be traced back to a specific location in the brain. Think about your dog's whiskers as tiny radar detectors that are so finely tuned they can help him detect a rabbit hiding under a bush or keep him from running face first into a wall. The superior hunting ability of canines is one reason why the human & dog partnership has been so successful, and his whiskers help him do the job he was bred to do. SO.. THE DOG MUSTACHE IS NOT JUST FOR SHOW! ;-)
Canine whiskers - no, they aren't just on your dog's face to drip water all over the floor. These long, coarse hairs play a special role in tactile sensation, helping animals define where they are in space. While human babies explore the world by picking up and touching everything, dogs experience the world with the whiskers, or vibrissae, on their face and snout. It's thanks to Merkel cells (MCs), specialized skin receptors closely associated with the nerve terminals, that Fido can better engage in tactile sensations from his environment. Not surprisingly, there are MC-rich areas on a dog's snout and vibrissae, which makes these high-sensation areas . Additionally, dogs' vibrissae serve as receptors for important information about the size, shape, and speed of nearby objects.
Dogs have a set of stiff hairs protruding from the sides of their muzzles that are popularly called "whiskers." These are not at all like the nonfunctional whiskers that men sometimes grow on their faces and they are technically called vibrissae. Cats have similar hairs and people often refer to these as "feelers" and this may be a better name since vibrissae really are sophisticated devices that help the dog feel its way through the world. They are quite different from most other hairs on the dog's body, since they are considerably more rigid and embedded more deeply into the skin. At the base of each vibrissa is a high concentration of touch sensitive neurons.
Vibrissae are found in a variety of other animals including cats, rats, bears, and seals, which suggests that they must serve a useful function. One way to determine how important something is to animal is to see how much of the brain it uses. Of those areas of the brain that register touch information in the dog, nearly 40 percent of it is dedicated to the face, with a disproportionately large amount of that dedicated to the regions of the upper jaw where the vibrissae are located. You can actually map each individual vibrissa to a specific location in the dog's brain, suggesting that great importance is assigned to information from these structures.
The vibrissae serve as an early warning device that something is near the face, and thus prevent colliding with walls and objects, and keep approaching objects from damaging the dog's face and eyes. You can demonstrate this for yourself by tapping gently on the vibrissae of a dog. With each tap, the eye on the same side of the face will blink protectively, and the dog will tend to turn its head away from the side tapped.
The vibrissae also seem to be involved in the location of objects, and perhaps in the recognition of the objects themselves. Most animals use vibrissae much the way that a blind person uses a cane. First, the little muscles that control the vibrissae direct them somewhat forward when the dog is approaching an object. Next they actively "whisk," or vibrate slightly while the dog swings his head to drag these hairs across surfaces. Whisking gives information about the shape and roughness of surfaces near his head. Since the dog's eyes can't focus very well on close objects, and his muzzle blocks his line of sight when he is looking at things near his mouth, the information from the forward and downward pointed vibrissae appears to help him locate, identify, and pick up small objects with his mouth.
Many dog fanciers are unaware of the importance of vibrissae to the dog, and most groomers, such as this one that I just encountered, seem to consider vibrissae as a purely cosmetic feature, as if they were the same as human facial hair. Dogs of many different breeds routinely have their vibrissae cut in preparation for the show ring. It is argued that this gives the dog's head a "cleaner" look. Unfortunately, amputating vibrissae is both uncomfortable and stressful for dogs, and it reduces their ability to perceive their close surroundings fully.
Specifically, dogs whose vibrissae have been removed seem more uncertain in dim light. Under these conditions they actually move more slowly, because they are not getting the information that they depend upon to tell them where things are that they might bump into. With intact vibrissae, the dog actually does not have to make physical contact with a surface to know it is there. These special hairs are so sensitive that they also register slight changes in air currents. As a dog approaches an object like a wall, some of the air that he stirs up by moving bounces back from surfaces, bending the vibrissae slightly, which is enough to inform him that something is near well before he touches it.
Whiskers Are Different From Hair Hair, fur, fluff, whatever you call it and depending upon your dog's breed or breeds, your canine likely has a lot of it. However, it's important to note that the vibrissae are distinct from body hair. They differ from normal hair in that they are innervated" directed by the nervous system.
Whether the whiskers are around your dog's eyes, nose or chin or all of the above they are still the same structure, just in distinct locations on your dog's face. Whiskers that protrude from the muzzle, jaw, and above the eyes, with follicles at the base of the hairs, are full of nerves. It's these nerves that send sensory messages to the brain. And, considering all of the functions that whiskers provide, it's easy to see how your pet knows to crawl under the bed to get a toy instead of crashing into the bed, or instinctively knows how to keep its head above water during its first swimming adventure.
Do Whiskers Differ Between Breeds? The short answer is no. Like humans, canines are unique, and this extends to how we think about facial whiskers. While some dogs may develop multitudes of long, thick vibrissae, others may have few or even none. The number of whiskers on your pooch shouldn't make any difference when it comes to his sensory experience - it just depends upon your individual bundle of dog.
DOG MUSTACHE AND WHISKERS CARE This material proudly presented by WWW.PETMD.COM and Vanessa Voltolina
For those dogs that have whiskers protruding out of all areas of their faces, you may be tempted to give them a snip or have the groomer cut them. However, it's best to forgo the aesthetic of trimming vibrissae in favor of their functionality. Whiskers are not painful when they are cut, as they don't have pain receptors. Still, it can be disorienting for a pet to lose them, so don't cut them! Some anecdotal evidence suggests that cutting whiskers may lead to confusion or decreased spatial awareness. So, err on the side of caution and leave them alone. Vibrissae are shed normally, like other types of hair. And if you already did some whisker grooming, the good news is that they do grow back.
There are many gorgeous looking dog breeds around, from curly coated wonders to smooth haired delights and even some hairless ones. However, the majority of breeds boast great personalities to match their looks. But when it comes to dogs that really do have a "look" of their own, it doesn't get much better than breeds that boast having fanciful moustaches and stylish beards to match!
If you thought goats and guys were the only animals to boast chin hair, think again. That little tuft of facial hair sprouts from the snouts of some of man's best friends. If you are looking for a dog who sports a fashionable goatee, you will be happy to learn that several dog breeds not only have goatees but may have mustaches, too.
Schnauzers Meet the schnauzers. These handsome dogs come in three sizes: miniature, standard and giant. Regardless of size, they all boast thick whiskers, a walruslike mustache and that irresistible beard. Special care is mandatory: Water, food and slobber can easily cause the goatee to become discolored, so you must wipe down and dry the beard at least once a day. Brushing the beard is also helpful in removing any food remnants and preventing these dudes from becoming smelly or unhealthy.
German Wirehaired Pointer The German Wirehaired Pointer is a medium to large-sized griffon type breed of dog developed in the 19th century in Germany for hunting. It became a leading gun dog in Germany in the later part of the 20th century.
Airedale Terriers Cleaning up the floors after drinking and cleaning up the goatee after eating may not seem like that big of a deal, but expect some extra cleaning if your bearded dog loves to spend time outdoors. Airedale terriers love the outdoors and digging and romping in the yard. That beard in the meanwhile collects dirt, debris and even the occasional burr. Cleaning it up after outings will help bring back this breed's majestic looks.
Coton de Tulear Not only does the breed have a lovely name, but they are gorgeous looking too. The Coton de Tulear is a small lap dog that takes its name from a town in Madagascar and they have charming moustaches and beards! The breed has become really popular over recent years which is hardly surprising because they are really nice natured little canines that make great family pets. They are cheeky looking with lovely black noses and cute dark eves that peak out from underneath their fringes.
Puli The Puli has to be one of the most unusual looking breeds of dog on the planet. They are medium in size and originally come from Hungary where they were used for herding livestock. Their coasts are really quite extraordinary and covered with tight curls that are more reminiscent of wonderfully long dreadlocks. Their tight coats help make with waterproofing and offer lots of protection from the bad weather. Pulis have striking dread lock moustaches too which gives them a gorgeous appearance. They are incredibly loyal, energetic and cheerful which makes having them around a real pleasure.
Shih Tzu The Shih Tzu is one of the cutest looking breeds and they boast charming beards and moustaches. The breed is one the oldest amongst the Tibetan dogs and is thought to look a bit like the Snow-lion. In centuries past, the Shih Tzu was very highly regarded in its native China where they lived in Imperial Palaces. Today, the Shih Tzu is one of the most popular small dogs around, they are bouncy, outgoing little canines with real extrovert personalities.
Australian Silky Terrier There are many cute breeds on the planet but none so much so as the Australian Silky Terrier. The breed is thought of as a toy dog in their homeland of Australian but are considered as terriers in Europe. They are renowned for being wonderfully inquisitive and extremely intelligent, loving to be busy all the time. Their moustaches and beards add loads of character to an already charming canine and if they are long coated, this truly is beautifully silky and sleek.
Lhasa Apso The Lhasa Apso boasts a lovely coat and their name includes the word beard - namely Apso. They are gorgeous looking canines with their beards and moustaches that add so much to their character making them a very popular choice as a companion. They are very happy little canines and they adore being around their owners always inquisitive and wanting to be involved in everything that's happening around the home.
Bearded Collie The Bearded Collie is one of the most popular breeds around. Originally bred to herd, they are delightful characters with their lush beards and smart moustaches. They originate from Scotland and where they were commonly found helping shepherds on the northern hills mustering sheep and other livestock. Today, this lovely breed is renowned for being great family pets, always ready to be involved with everything that goes on in the household.
Yorkshire terrier The delightful and ever popular Yorshire Terrier boasts a lovely moustache and beard. The breed is considered as being a "toy-dog" often referred to simply as Yorkies. They are energetic little characters and always full of fun. Over the years, the breed has become a firm favourite of people who live in flats and people who cannot go out for long walks, because these little canines don't need as much exercise as other larger breeds of dog.
Berger des Pyrenees The Berger des Pyrenees is a very handsome dog with their lovely long coats, moustaches and elegant beards. The breed boasts gorgeous large, hairy ears which completes the picture perfectly. The Berger des Pyrenees also has a lovely thick, shaggy coat. They need lots of exercise which means they are the ideal pet for people who love spending time in the great outdoors with a highly intelligent canine friend who will keep them going for hours.
Polish Lowland Sheepdog The Polski Owczarek Nizinny - also known as the Polish Lowland Sheepdog, is an shaggy looking canine and they boast wonderful moustaches and beards. Their fringes are long, covering their eyes which gives them great character. The breed originates in Hungary where they were used as herding dogs and where they are still very highly prized. They are relatively new to the dog scene and to date have found fans in many countries of the world because not only are they great looking dogs but very kind natured too.
Maltese Maltese dogs are one of the cutest breeds around and they have very striking beards and moustaches. They are lovely characters and a pleasure to have in the home. Even when they are puppies, their beards and moustaches are evident giving them a really cute appeal. The breed is thought to be one of the most ancient in the world. They are considered as being a "toy" breed and one that does not shed their coats too much which is gorgeously long and silky!
Brussels Griffon Seriously! While this poufy little Wookie look-alike appears to be of the pampered pooch variety, he was originally bred as a ratter and lived as a street dog in Belgium. With this school of hard knocks background it's no wonder he wears his massive "stash with an air of self-importance.
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier Nope, not a lot of dignity with this pooch's facial growth. This beloved terrier loves to wear his food after a big meal - most notably in his beard, then wipe it on your pant leg, sofa, the closest chair... Yes, his beard becomes his own personal paintbrush.
Scottish Terrier This serious-minded little Scot with the independent streak and determined profile was bred to track vermin back in the day. While he can still give the cat a good work - out he is more likely to enjoy a good walk with his people and of course having his iconic chin scruff trimmed and looking dapper.
Lowchen Finishing up our bearded dog breeds list is a unique looking pooch dates back to the 1400s and is traditionally clipped to resemble a lion complete with bracelets of fur around his ankles, a poof at the end of his tail and of course the distinctive furry ruff around his face. While his body is regularly shaved, that beard is forever!
The Conclusion... Owning any kind of dog is great fun but a lot of responsibility goes into keeping healthy, fit and happy. However, dogs give people so much in return and are true masters of bringing a smile to your face when you least expect it. The lovely breeds mentioned above are just some of the great characters whose personalities seriously match their wonderful looks!
Baffi was born on December 28, 2012 in Laveen, Arizona. He was the eighth Pit Bull pup of a litter of 13. When Baffi entered the world, everyone knew he was something special. They didn't need to look any further than his perfectly shaped, beautifully natural mustache.
Baffi quickly got the attention of dog-lovers everywhere. He has been the topic of social media chatter since birth. He has been featured on websites like IncredibleThings.com, Reddit.com and TheHollywoodGossip.com. He was even invited to make an appearance on Good Morning America but was too young to make the long, hot trip from Phoenix to New York City.
Baffi's personality has taken on a life of its own. His snarky, sarcastic yet playful attitude led to the creation of the "Baffi-ism", which gives us a peek into the mind behind the mustache. Baffi loves to have fun and see people laugh. His hope is to spread some much-needed sarcastic cheer to the world. Baffi lives in downtown Phoenix with his two human roommates and his canine pals, Scooter (the Jack Russel) and Lucy (the Cattle Dog). It should come as little surprise that Baffi recently won in the "Dandiest Dog" category of a photo contest held by Noble Beast Natural Market for Pets in downtown Phoenix. Baffi has been the "Customer of the Month" at the Downtown Deli, a popular lunch spot in downtown Phoenix as well.
Humunga Mustache Dog Toy is a hard rubber dog toy that is shaped like a mustache in the front and a shaped like a ball in the back. The unique shape of the Humunga Stache forms a perfect dog mustache when your pooch picks up the toy from the ball end. Not only is fetch with your dog fun, but now it's funny too! Humunga also makes a similar dog toy that features a giant tongue, check that out also.
Hattie Rex Mustache ID Tag is straight up awesome! I love the design of the mustache tag but also the the tag materials, the rustic look, and the unique fonts rock too! What dog wouldn't want some extra facial hair! Hatte Rex also makes a lot of really cool other id tags as well, so if a mustache isn't your cup of tea, be sure to check out their other dog id tag designs as well.
This Silly Buddy Mustache Dog Collar is a must-have for all mustache loving dogs out there. Silly Buddy hand-makes their collars and pay the highest attention to detail which means your mustache dog collar will look as clean and crisp as your dog! In addition to the mustache dog collars, Silly Buddy also makes a line of bow tie dog collars as well - they rock too!
The Muttropolis Mustache Dog Collar features a variety of mustache styles. Whether you are you a fan of the box car, the handlebar, the business man, the regent, or the abra kadabra - it doesn't matter, they are all on here! In addition to the fantastic mustaches, the Muttropolis Mustache Dog Collar also features and mini seatbelt style buckle for easy on & off. Also check out the matching leash as well!
There are various dog mustache toy kinds. Most of them are chewable, coming along with a chewing ball besides the moustache. Be careful, while choosing good quality harmless dog toys for your pooch! Here are few examples of dog mustache toys: