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Dog Breeding, Dog Breed Groups, Dog Breeds

7 AKC Dog Breed Groups Explained
Dog Breeding Classification Organisations
List of Breeds by Group
Dog Breeding groups:
Toy, Hunting, Sporting, Non-Sporting,
Herding, Hound, Working & Terriers
Dog Breeding
18 Dog Breeds for First-Time Owners
Compare Dog Breeds
Blind-Risk Dog Breeds
Dog Breed Types
Dog Breed Chart and Table



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Dog genome which shows how closely related different breeds are based on genetic clustering:

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Dog Breeding, Dog Breed Groups, Dog Breeds
DOG CLASSIFICATION ORGANISATIONS
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The major kennel clubs of the world have a way of grouping dogs depending on their function. Each kennel club is slightly different in this respect. Some of the major clubs in the English Speaking World include:

AKC: American Kennel Club (United States)

ANKC: Australian National Kennel Club (Australia)

CKC: Canadian Kennel Club (Canada)

KC: Kennel Club (United Kingdome)

NZKC: New Zealand Kennel Club (New Zealand)

UKC: United Kennel Club (United States)

FCI: Federation Cynologique Internationale, The Largest dog registry organization in the world.


The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes over 180 different breeds in nine groups. Small breed dogs are represented in all those groups except the Working Group.

As of this writing, the United Kennel Club (UKC) lists over 300 breeds.

The Kennel Club (KC) recognizes 210 breeds and the Canadian Kennel Club (KC) has 175 breeds.

The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) or World Canine Organization, based in Belgium lists 322 breeds and an additional 11 provisional breeds. Many kennel clubs worldwide use the listings of the FCI as their classification system.








Dog Breeding, Dog Breed Groups, Dog Breeds
DOG BREED GROUPS
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Dogs are man's best friends!
This old statement has been proven correct time and again by these faithful companions. Each dog has it own unique characteristic like size, appearance, temperament, health, grooming requirements, etc.



Each type of dogs have a history of origin and lineage. Depending on your wants and expectations from a pet dog, choose a dog with characteristics that match your requirements.

dog and puppy breeds
Know & Remember:
Every breed was created for a reason !



There are over 157 different types of dogs recognized by the worldwide acceptable American Kennel Club (AKC). The following article covers a list of dogs with pictures that will help you identify these faithful and loving pets.



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HOUND DOGS GROUP
HOUND GROUP
(22+ breeds)


The other hound dogs under this group are Basset Bleu De Gascogne, Basset Fauve De Bretagne , Basset Griffon Vendeen (Grand), Basset Griffon Vendeen (Petit) Cirneco Dell'Etna, Grand Bleu De Gascogne, Hamiltonstovare, Ibizan Hound, Norwegian Elkhound, Otterhound, Segugio Italiano, Sloughi, Portuguese Podengo (Warren Hound).

All of the dogs listed below belong to the collection of dogs referred to as Hound Dogs. As implied by its name Hound Dogs have been bred to chase (or hound) a quarry by sight or smell, or a combination of both senses. Sighthounds have exceptional eyesight, combined with the speed and stamina necessary to catch the intended prey once seen, typical examples being the Greyhound and the Whippet. Hounds which rely strongly on the sense of smell to follow the trail of a prey, such as the Bloodhound, quite literally follow their noses, speed and eyesight is of less importance.

HOUND GROUP

Characteristics and features have been introduced and strengthened by breeding from animals who already demonstrated the desired traits. Breeding for appearance was only introduced in the 19th Century. Before this time dogs and puppies were bred to increase useful abilities and traits helpful for the duties they were intended for. Thus, the various hound breeds were initially introduced to help man according to specific requirements such as:

Hunting and running down small quarry
Flushing out and Driving game
Vermin Hunting
Guard duties
Tracking




In this day and age only a few hounds still undertake these tasks, but nevertheless, they still harbour the skills and characteristics that made the original Whippet dog breeding program successful. The Hound Breed Group of dogs differ in that some hunt by scent and others by sight. Many hounds are kept in packs, in outdoor kennels. Any dogs and puppies belonging to the Hound breeds require a significant amount of exercise as they have high stamina levels suitable for hunting quarry. There are some breeds in this group who make a distinctive baying sound invaluable information should be considering puppies.

Even if you ain't nothing but a hound dog, good news: Hound dog owners are emotionally stable.

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WORKING DOGS GROUP
(22+ breeds)


These dogs were bred to help man in various endeavors like protecting people, transportation of goods, pulling carts, search and rescue operations, etc. The variety of dogs that come under this group are large and powerful. These dogs are intelligent and their personalities match the physical hardiness.



All of the dogs listed below belong to the collection of dogs referred to as Working Dogs. Dogs in the Working group, were developed to perform a wide variety of tasks, such as herding, droving, pulling, hauling, herding, hunting, rescuing and guarding. The very nature of many of these tasks require a big, strong dog. These dogs have a long and close association with man and have provided invaluable help to their owners. The working dogs are generally large, intelligent, and protective of their masters. Working dogs have always been viewed as real assets to their owners and have worked with man replacing larger animals such as horses when none such animals were available. Advanced technology and machinery have negated some of the working requirements of these dogs but strength, courage and a fast reactions ensure that this partnership will continue long into the future.






Working Dog Breed Duties and Tasks
Characteristics and features of Working Dogs have been introduced and strengthened by breeding with animals who already demonstrated the desired traits. Breeding for appearance was only introduced in the 19th Century. Before this time dogs and puppies were bred to increase useful abilities and traits helpful for the duties they were intended for. Thus, the various Working breeds were introduced to help man according to his specific requirements such as:

Guarding premises

Herding or Droving various animals including cattle and reindeer

Pulling or hauling various vehicles such as carts and sleds

Hunting which could range from all kinds of smaller animals to big game including lions and tigers

Performing water and mountain rescues

In this day and age not every Rottweiler might be called to undertake these tasks, but nevertheless, they still harbour the skills and characteristics that made the breeding program successful. Many of the Working dogs group are still gainfully employed as:

Guard Dogs
Police dogs
Sled dogs
Rescue dogs

The working dogs are medium to giant size and are strong, often independent, domineering and difficult to manage. This, together with the immense sizes of many of the breeds, make many of the working dogs unsuitable as a normal family pet or first time dog owners. These dogs require firm control and must be properly trained. Formal obedience training should include a proper socialising program. Training need not be difficult as Working dog breeds are generally quick to learn and intelligent. Some of the working dog breeds are easier to handle such as the Newfoundland dog, the Portuguese Water Dog, the Samoyed and the Saint Bernard.

Anyone with a Great Dane as a roommate would have to be easygoing and clever to make things work without getting claustrophobic. Not surprisingly, working dog owners are agreeable and intelligent.

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SPORTING GROUP
(26+ breeds)


All of the dogs listed below belong to the collection of dogs referred to as Sporting Dogs. Dogs in the Sporting group, which are referred to in England as Gundogs can be divided into three main categories - Retrievers, Pointers and Setters. These dogs were bred primarily to work with people to hunt game birds. Some of these dogs work in water whilst other dogs are more suited to work on land and many of the dogs in the Sporting dog category are comfortable and capable of working in either land or water environments. Sporting dogs (Gundogs) are particularly suited to wood and field activities.

The Retriever, Pointer and Setter dogs and their main functionalities are as follows:
The Retriever dog - Retriever dogs find and return killed game to the hunter. Some Retrievers are especially equipped, for instance with a water-repellent coat and webbed feet, for retrieving downed waterfowl.

The Pointer dog - Pointer dogs stand in front of their quarry, with their nose and body rigidly still , thus directing (or pointing) the hunter to its location.

The Setter dog - Setter dogs were originally trained to set, or crouch, in front of game preventing the escape of the quarry. The hunter would make the capture with a net.






Sporting Dogs (Gundogs) hunt by air scent, as opposed to ground scent used by the dogs categorised as being in the Hound category. Characteristics and features of Sporting Dogs (Gundogs) have been introduced and strengthened by breeding with animals who already demonstrated the desired traits. Breeding for appearance was only introduced in the 19th Century. Before this time dogs and puppies were bred to increase useful abilities and traits helpful for the duties they were intended for. Thus, the various Sporting breeds, or Gundogs were initially introduced to help man according to his specific requirements such as:

Hunting game birds
Hunting waterfowl

Retrieving game that had been shot and wounded

Pointing to game to allow the hunter to catch or shoot the quarry

Startling, or flushing, birds from their cover

It is said that Sporting Dogs (Gun dogs) are perhaps the most intelligent of the breeds, resulting in their wide variety of uses and their ease of training. These dogs like to be around people and are active and alert and require regular, invigorating exercise and lots of attention.

You and your pooch are happy watching a movie, taking a walk, and really just doing whatever the day dictates it doesn't get more agreeable than gun dog owners.

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NON-SPORTING DOGS
(17+ breeds)


This is a group of some dogs that are unable to fit in the other dog groups. These dogs were originally bred to help man in his endeavors. Over the years, these dogs became redundant and now have no role as working dogs. The utility group is also known as the non-sporting group.

General Information about Non-Sporting Dogs

All of the dogs listed below belong to the collection of dogs referred to as Non-Sporting Dogs. Dogs in the Non-Sporting Group are a diverse group which do not fit the specified criteria of the other breed groups. In addition, the Non-Sporting Group may no longer perform the tasks they were originally bred for. These dogs vary in every conceivable way from size, temperament, features and coats! Some are well known and some are less common. There is no unifying theme with these dogs! Times, fashions and societies have changed and so have the need for breeds to assist in what was once considered entertainment, or sport, such as bull or bear baiting.






Non-Sporting Breed - Past Duties
The characteristics and features of Non-Sporting Dogs cannot be generalised. Each breed would have originally have been introduced and strengthened by breeding with animals who already demonstrated the desired traits. Breeding for appearance was only introduced in the 19th Century. Before this time dogs and puppies were bred to increase useful abilities and traits helpful for the duties they were intended for.

People with utility dogs come out on top for being conscientious. Just don't forget about yourself when you are always caring for others.

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TOY DOG GROUP
(20+ breeds)


The main attraction of the types of dogs under toy group is their small size. The dogs under this group have forceful personalities and appealing appearance. These small dogs are very good watch dogs and have inexpensive maintenance requirements. These are lap dogs and in-spite of their delicate appearance are full of robust energy. These dogs quite rightly fit into the old adage, "Looks are often deceptive".

All of the dogs listed below belong to the collection of dogs referred to as Toy Dogs. Dogs in the Toy Group were initially developed to ease the lifestyle and provide pleasure to rich people. These dogs were initially owned by the wealthy and were viewed by others as status symbols - a luxury item with little apparent purpose. Dogs in other groups had specific working roles and played a major part in providing food for the table and therefore justified the cost of their upkeep and care - these were the dogs which were commonly owned by the lower classes. Changes in the economy, lifestyles, living conditions and the environment brought the luxury and pleasure of owning a toy breed dog to everyone.







The Toy dogs are small, even diminutive in size. Toy dogs are generally easy care pets however some do not like young children and their fragility can be a concern in large families. They have a tendency toward being "yappy". Toy dogs are loyal and intelligent and especially good at learning tricks.

Toy Dog Breed Duties
Characteristics and features of Toy Dogs have been introduced and strengthened by breeding with animals who already demonstrated the desired traits. Breeding for appearance was only introduced in the 19th Century. Before this time dogs and puppies were bred to increase useful abilities and traits helpful for the duties they were intended for. Toy Group dogs had limited duties which included the following tasks were were specifically utilised in Oriental and European Courts by royalty and the nobility:

Warmth - A dog's temperature is between 100.2 / 102.8 degrees Fahrenheit.

Warmth - toy dogs sat on laps (hence the term lapdogs )

Warmth - toy dogs warmed beds in cold castles and palaces

Companionship

Status symbols

Although toy dogs are most commonly known as lap dogs Oriental Emperors and courtiers carried them around in their copious sleeves!

People who own toy dogs are more likely to be intelligent. They also earn high marks for being creative.

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TERRIERS GROUP

These type of dogs have their group name 'Terrier', derived from a Latin word that means 'earth'. These small terrier dog breeds are sturdy and can dig the ground when hunting for vermin. They are feisty little creatures, full of energy and charming enough to bowl anyone over. The following list of types of dogs with pictures, of Terrier group, will give you a view of these bold dogs.
All of the dogs listed below belong to the collection of dogs referred to as Terrier Dogs. Dogs in the Terrier group were developed to hunt and kill vermin. The vermin included control rats, mice and other predatory animals such as foxes that might raided a farmer's produce and livestock. The very nature of these tasks require an energetic, tenacious, brave and determined dog . Terrier dogs have always been viewed as real assets by their owners and have worked with man for centuries.






Terrier Dog Breed Duties and Tasks
Characteristics and features of Terrier Dogs have been introduced and strengthened by breeding with animals who already demonstrated the desired traits. Breeding for appearance was only introduced in the 19th Century. Before this time dogs and puppies were bred to increase useful abilities and traits helpful for the duties they were intended for. The trait encouraged was the ability to dig up underground dens and burrows and go to ground whilst barking noisily to frighten out any inhabitants. Thus, the various Terrier breeds were introduced to help man according to his specific requirements such as:

Hunting vermin
H
unting larger animals such as foxes

Some terriers were also able to kill their quarry

In this day and age not every Terrier might be called to undertake these vermin related tasks, but nevertheless, they still harbour the skills and characteristics that made the original breeding program successful.



The Terrier dogs are small to medium size and are often described as fiery or feisty. The smallest terriers are ready to take on any opponents, a necessary attribute when hunting and killing vermin but not so good for a family pet! Some terriers are yappy and are known to nip boisterous children. They can also be quite independent and difficult to train. On the positive side Terriers can be friendly, stable and loyal pets.

Now don't take this the wrong way, but owners of terriers were shown to be how can we put this delicately rather low on the emotional stability scale. On the plus side, you've got a super-cute companion to help you through any funks.

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HERDING GROUP
(18+ breeds)


The dogs under the herding group have assisted man, for over hundreds of centuries in taking care of his flocks and herds of animals. These dogs have in-built herding instinct. These dogs stalk, bark, push, nip at heels and help drive livestock into groups. They also help protect the livestock from predators. They learn quickly and obey commands.

General Information about Herding Dogs
All of the dogs listed below belong to the collection of dogs referred to as Herding Dogs. Dogs in the Herding Group ( sometimes referred to as the Pastoral Group ) were developed to perform a variety of tasks relating mainly to the herding of livestock. The types of livestock that these dogs are associated with are quite diverse and include sheep, cattle, reindeer and any other cloven footed animals. The Herding groups of dogs are eminently suited to these pastoral tasks as many of the breeds have a weatherproof double coat to protect them from the elements when working in severe weather conditions. Their natural abilities have been fully recognised and the initial livestock herding function have been extended to include police work and Search & Rescue amongst other duties.








HERDING DOGS GROUP BREEDS LIST
LIST OF HERDING DOGS

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This is a list of dogs that possess the ability to be used for herding livestock. A "header breed" is a description of all working breeds who move to the head of the stock to gather them and bring them back to you.

BREEDS LIST by WWW.CANADASGUIDETODOGS.COM

The term "drive" is used when the dog moves the herd away from you. Most working breeds naturally will either head - gather the stock to you or drive the stock away from you and the majority of herding breeds can be taught to be both.

BREEDS LIST by WWW.CANADASGUIDETODOGS.COM

Caution: Some herding dogs carry a MDR1 gene which makes them sensitive to certain drugs that are otherwise okay to give another dog, but if tested positive for this gene can kill them.


Herding Dog Breed Duties and Tasks
Characteristics and features of Herding Dogs have been introduced and strengthened by breeding with animals who already demonstrated the desired traits. Breeding for appearance was only introduced in the 19th Century. Before this time dogs and puppies were bred to increase useful abilities and traits helpful for the duties they were intended for. Herding Group dogs share the amazing ability to control the movement of other animals. They also have great stamina reserves which allow them to work from dawn to dusk. The dogs are tenacious creatures who have the ability to herd animals such as cattle which are many times their size. They leap, run around frantically and nip at the heels of any animals that they are herding. Add this behaviour to aggressive barking and steely eye contact and their ability to influence much larger animals is fully understood.

Thus, the various Herding breeds, including the Australian Cattle Dog, were bred and introduced to help man according to his specific requirements such as:

Herding or Droving various animals including cattle and reindeer

Police work

Tracking

Providing a service to handicapped owners

Performing Search & Rescue

Acting as sentries and couriers for the Armed Forces


Information about Herding Dogs characteristics
In this day and age not every Herding Dog might be called to undertake these tasks, but nevertheless, they still harbour the skills and characteristics that made the original Australian Cattle Dog breeding program successful.

The Herding dogs are medium to large in size. They are intelligent, active, courageous, and determined dogs who make excellent companions and respond well to firm training. Their instincts are very strong and given half a chance they will try to herd, or round up, the family. They enjoy work and look to their owners to provide tasks to enable them to meet their instincts and be rewarded accordingly.

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WORKING HERDING
DOG BREEDS LIST


Afghan Hound

American Blue Lacy

American Indian Dog

American Pit Bull Terrier

American White Shepherd

Appenzell Mountain Dog

Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Kelpie

Australian Shepherd

Bearded Collie

Beauceron

Belgian Laekenois

Belgian Malinois

Belgian Shepherd/Groenendael

Belgian Tervuren

Bergamasco Sheepdog

Berger Picard

Bernese Mountain Dog

Black Mouth Cur

Black Norwegian Elkhound

Blue Lacy

Bohemian Shepherd

Border Collie

Border Heeler

Bouvier des Flandres

Briard

Canaan Dog

Cao de fila de Sao Miguel

Cao da Serra de Aires

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Cattle Collie Dog

Collie

Corgis

Croatian Sheepdog

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

Dakotah Shepherd

Danish Swedish Farm Dog

Dutch Shepherd

English Shepherd

Fila Brasileiro

Florida/Cracker Cur

German Shepherd Dog

Giant Schnauzer

Hovawart

Icelandic Sheepdog

King Shepherd

Koolie

Lancashire Heeler

Louisiana Catahoula
Leopard Dog


Malinois X

Mountain Cur

Mountain View Cur

Mudi

New Zealand Huntaway

New Zealand Heading Dog

Norwegian Elkhound

Norwegian Buhund

Old English Sheepdog

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Polish Owczarek Nizinny

Puli

Pumi

Roman Rottweiler

Rottweiler

Saarlooswolfhond

Schipperke

Scotch Collie

Shetland Sheepdog

Shiloh Shepherd

Smithfield

Spanish Water Dog

Standard German Spitz

Stumpy Tail Cattle dog

Swedish Vallhund

Texas Heeler

Tibetan Spaniel

Welsh Sheepdog

Villano de las Encartaciones










HYBRIDS
MIXED BREEDS
(10+ breeds)


What separates a schnoodle or a goldendoodle from its purebred kin? After all, the Brussels Griffon, the Bullmastiff, and the Silky Terrier are just a few of the many breeds that were created by crossing various other breeds.

But whether a new type of dog becomes a recognized breed depends on time and trial and error. You can't just cross two breeds to create a new one. Selective breeding, choosing the dog with the traits you want and breeding them with each other over several generations is required to achieve a consistent size, appearance, and temperament.


They can still make you sneeze: All dogs shed, produce dander, have saliva, and urinate, and all of these are ways that allergens are spread. Individual dogs produce varying amounts of allergens, even within breeds. That's why some people with allergies find they can tolerate particular dogs; they've been fortunate enough to stumble upon one who doesn't produce high levels of allergens. But just because a dog is a product of a certain cross a Poodle and a Yorkshire Terrier, for instance is no guarantee he's allergen free.

No healthier than purebreds: It's often suggested that a cross of two breeds has hybrid vigor, which means the broader gene pool makes him healthier than a purebred dog.
That might be true for the first generation of a hybrid cross. But as successive generations of cockapoos and labradoodles are bred, the incidence of health problems are likely increase because there's a higher chance of carrying through a breed's genetic vulnerabilities, such as breathing difficulties, cancer, epilepsy, or hip dysplasia.









MISCELLANEOUS GROUP
(6+ breeds)


The dogs in these group are awaiting their turn to be eligible for full recognition, in any one of the AKC dog breed groups.

Dogs in the Miscellaneous Class Group of dogs are working toward full AKC (American Kennel Club) recognition. Breeds in the Miscellaneous Class may compete and earn titles in AKC Obedience, Tracking and Agility events. They are also eligible to compete in Junior Showmanship and at conformation shows but they are not eligible for championship points.




Dogs which are officially recognized for AKC registration appear in the Stud Book of the American Kennel Club. The AKC provides for a regular path of development for a new breed, which may result in that breed's full recognition and appearance in the official Stud Book. The requirement for admission to the Stud Book is clear and categorical proof that a substantial, sustained nationwide interest and activity in the breed exists. When the Board of Directors is satisfied that a breed is continuing a healthy, dynamic growth in the Miscellaneous Class, it may be admitted to registration in the Stud Book with the opportunity to compete in regular classes.

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JAPANESE BREEDS

Additionaly to all the dog breed groups described and accepted officially all over the world, there are 2 more dog breed groups:














INDIAN DOG BREEDS
INDIAN DOG BREEDS
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96% of Indian dogs are street dog they have no home.

Chippiparai
One of the many sighthound breeds originating in India, this dogs breed by royal families in they are pet of kings Chippiparai near Madurai district Tamil Nadu.this breed is native dog breed.loyal and energetic in nature they are used by kings for hunting.they are aggressive to if not well socialized. One of the best dog breed for south India.it is one of the popular Indian dog breed. Price 3K to 5K.

Mudhol/Caravan Hound
The Mudhol Hound, also known as Caravan Hound is an Indian breed of dog of the sight hound type. The feathered variety is commonly referred to as a Pashmi. It is also called Karwani. Price 4K to 6K.

Rajapalayam
Also known as Poligar hound, is an Indian Sighthound dog breed. It is used by king for hunting and aristocracy in Southern part of India, mostly in in the town of Rajapalayam in the Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu.one of the best indian native dog. Price 6k to 7k.

Rampur Hound
Or rampur greyhond is one of the native dog breed from India in rampur region(U&P)May be you have heard about this breed. If you have little bit knowledge dog. they are used for hunting. Price 4k to 8k.

Pakistani Bully
Or dogo argentino of India its from India and Pakistan and reputed dog breed for hunter till now they are muscular body and huge size weight between 40 to 60 kg. Price 7k to 10k.

Bakrwali
Bakrwali dogs are casian shepherd of India they are two strong & intelligent . Medium size weight between 30 to 50 kg.they are not for first time dog owner because they can be abrasive if you take proper care of him. Himachal, Jammu & Kashmir are regions of Bakrwali. Price 3k to 6k.

Indian Parish Dog
Also known as the Indian native dog and Desi Dog, this dog breed is one of the oldest dog breed which is domesticated by the human.











FARM DOG BREEDS

There is one more unofficial dog breed group, which only partially acknowledged at this moment, by dog related worldwide organisations.
This breed is called "FARM DOGS" and consists of the following breeds:

Altdeutsche HEUtehunde (Tiger, Gelbbacke, Harzer Fuchs, Kuhhund, Schafpudel, Schwarzer, Strobel)
Australian Cattle Dog
Australian Kelpie
Australian Shepherd
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
Basque Shepherd Dog
Bearded Collie
Beauceron
Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael, Laekenois, Tervueren, and Malinois)
Bergamasco Shepherd
Berger Picard
Berger Blanc Suisse
Black Mouth Cur
Blue Lacy
Border Collie
Bouvier des Flandres
Briard
Carea LeonEs
Catahoula Leopard Dog
Catalan Sheepdog
Chien de Crau
Collie breeds (see specific breed)
Croatian Sheepdog
Cur (Blackmouth Cur, etc.)
Dutch Shepherd
English Shepherd
Farm Collie/Farm Shepherd
German Shepherd Dog
Hairy Mouth Heeler (Also known as Wire Mouth Heeler)
Huntaway
Icelandic Sheepdog
King Shepherd
Kerry Blue Terrier
Koolie, German Coolie or Australian Koolie
Lancashire Heeler
Lapponian Herder
McNab
Miniature Australian Shepherd
Mudi
Norwegian Buhund
New Zealand Huntaway
Old English Sheepdog
Picardy Shepherd
Polish Lowland Sheepdog
Portuguese Sheepdog
Puli
Pumi (dog)
Pyrenean Shepherd
Reindeer Herder
Rottweiler
Rough Collie
Samoyed
Savoy Shepherd
Schapendoes
Schipperke
Scotch Collie
Shetland Sheepdog
Smithfield
Smooth Collie
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Spanish Water Dog
Swedish Vallhund
Tibetan Terrier
Welsh Corgis:
Cardigan Welsh Corgi,Pembroke Welsh Corgi,Welsh Sheepdog
White Swiss Shepherd











MIXED BREEDS - MUTTS

The Mutt
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Dog Breeding, Dog Breed Groups, Dog Breeds
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TOP 18 DOG BREEDS FOR FIRST-TIME OWNER
TOP 18 DOG BREEDS
FOR FIRST-TIME OWNER

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Kristen Seymour

We know which dog breeds and mixes are the most popular and even which ones are on the rise. But a variety of factors can contribute to a breed or mix's popularity, and just because a dog is hot, that does not necessarily mean it is a great choice for everyone.

We went to the veterinary community to get their take on which dogs, both breeds and designer mixes, are the best choices for first-time dog owners. The following constitutes answers from 218 veterinary professionals who were given a list of the most popular dog breeds and mixes. The list was based on information from the American Kennel Club and on data gathered by Vetstreet.


1. Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is the No. 1 choice of veterinarians for new dog owners, and it is no wonder. His sweet, gentle, people pleasing personality makes him a delightful addition to most families. He loves to play, displays loyalty and affection and, if that were not enough, this guy is a real looker. Those good looks come at a price, though: His gorgeous coat needs regular brushing and bathing.


2. Poodle

Smart, energetic, sensible and entertaining, the Poodle is another breed that is great for the beginner dog owner. Poodles have a reputation for being a bit aloof with people they do not know, but we just think they are less needy. He is available in three sizes, but whatever size you choose, be aware that if you want his curly coat in anything but a basic cut, you are going to spend a lot of time going to the groomer.


3. Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever lovable has been a favorite breed in the U.S. for more than 20 years, and it would appear that vets agree with this choice, naming him the No. 3 best breed for new dog owners. This friendly breed is a popular choice for service and therapy dogs, and his athleticism makes him an excellent hunting dog and canine athlete. Labs can be challenging and rambunctious as puppies and young dogs, and they have the reputation of eating just about anything. These beauties are best suited to active families who enjoy taking the dog along on their adventures.


4. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

This popular toy breed loves people, whether that involves sitting on laps or going for long walks. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is happy, trusting and easygoing, making friends everywhere he goes. Although he can be stubborn, he generally responds well to positive reinforcement and tends to be adaptable enough to sit quietly with an older person, then turn around and play with an active child.


5. Cockapoo

The first of several designer mixed breeds on this list, the Cockapoo bright-eyed and scruffy-coated is a happy go lucky charmer. Ideally, this dog will combine the best traits of the Cocker Spaniel and Poodle, creating a jovial and affectionate, low to no-shed pup who requires professional grooming. However, because he is a crossbreed, there is no guarantee as to what you'll end up with, and both breeds are susceptible to ear infections.


6. Goldendoodle

The Goldendoodle combines the No. 1 and No. 2 breeds on this list, so it is no surprise he ranks well within the Top 10. A cross between the Golden Retriever and the Poodle, an ideal Goldendoodle is intelligent, friendly and hopefully more active than rowdy. Because traits of crossbreeds are not fixed, there is no guarantee that your Goldendoodle will be hypoallergenic or even a particular size, but he is likely to be a loving family dog.


7. Labradoodle

Like our No. 5 and 6 dogs, the Labradoodle is a popular crossbreed, this time mixing the exuberant, hardy Labrador with the stable, even tempered Poodle. At his best, this is a smart, affable and moderately active dog who can excel in obedience, agility and being your best buddy. His size can vary depending on whether his Poodle genes are toy, miniature or standard. As with the other designer mixes, it is important to keep in mind that his traits are not fixed.


8. Bichon Frise

The Bichon Frise was bred specifically to be a companion, so it is little surprise veterinarians deem him such a great choice for new dog owners. Wonderfully affectionate and endlessly entertaining, he has long been a popular circus performer, but he will be perfectly happy performing his tricks for his family at home.


9. Boston Terrier

Friendly, portable and enthusiastic, the Boston Terrier gets along with just about everyone he meets. He was bred to be a buddy, after all, so he is happy so long as he is with his human family. And depending on that family's activity level, he can be a competitive canine athlete or a cuddly couch potato, making him another great choice for those new to dog ownership.


10. Papillon

He might look dainty, but do not be fooled. The Papillon is definitely a big dog in a small body, and his energy and intelligence abound, which makes him a perfect choice for active owners but a challenge for the more sedentary. He is clever and active enough to hang with the big dogs in organized sports and at the dog park but small enough to be content in an apartment setting. In order to keep him safe, you may have to remind your kids how small he really is. He will never believe it himself.


11. Shih Tzu

This sweetheart of a dog lives to love and be loved, and he is happiest when snuggling in your lap. The , originally bred for royalty in China, is compact, playful and mischievous enough to steal your shoes. He might believe the world revolves around him, but it is not out of arrogance; rather, it is because it tends to be pretty close to the truth. Not surprisingly, his coat requires regular grooming to keep it beautiful.


12. Puggle

The Puggle fourth and final designer mix on our list, the is a cross between a and a . Beagles are great family dogs who can hang with the most active of companions, yet they are also ruled by their nose and can be hard to lure back if someone accidentally leaves a door open. Oh, and then there is the howling. Pugs, on the other hand, are little homebodies whose short nose can make them less exercise-tolerant than other breeds their size. The Puggle can be a robust little dog with the adventurous yet quieter spirit of a Beagle and the clever antics of a Pug. The best Puggles love to please and have a sense of humor, but, as with all designer mixes, his traits are not fixed, so he has been known to be a bit stubborn, distractible and not overtly affectionate.


13. Pug

The Pug is an absolute charmer. His wrinkly face and fun-loving personality make him a hit with dogs, cats, adults and children. He is no athlete, and he is happiest when he is included as part of the family, which makes sense since the breed was bred as a companion dog for ancient Chinese nobility.


14. Maltese

At less than 7 pounds, the Maltese is a tiny toy dog, but his bold personality means he is no shrinking violet. Spunky and puppy-like even into his golden years, this smart little lap dog was specifically bred to love and be loved, which explains why vets agree he is a great pick for first-time dog owners. Remind the kids to be gentle with this in your face guy who's always in the thick of things.


15. Havanese

The Havanese is a bright, lively pup who enjoys playing games with you, particularly if he is the one who created the game. But just because he has his own ideas, do not think for a moment he'll be content entertaining himself. This dog craves company and plenty of it. His coat requires daily brushing and occasional professional grooming, but he doesn't shed as much as many breeds.


16. Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkies are considered a toy breed, but this easily portable dog is a total Terrier. He is intelligent and playful with a big enough attitude to handle cats and larger family dogs. His high-maintenance coat may be a challenge for some, but his alert, curious personality more than makes up for it as far as Yorkie lovers are concerned. Bet you won't want to put him down! It is hard to have just one of them. This dog is best for adults or families with older children.


17. Shetland Sheepdog

Do not call him a little Collie! The Shetland Sheepdog is his own breed and has long been a family favorite for his happy face and loyal, smart and quirky personality. He learns tricks with ease and loves to show off, which, paired with his speed, makes him a great agility dog. Beware, though: The Sheltie is a barker, and do not be surprised to find him herding other members of the family - both animal and human.


18. Pomeranian

The Pomeranian often seems to think he is the cutest thing around, and most of the time he is right. Tiny, fluffy, curious and clever, he is a happy and adaptable breed that can be equally content hanging out at home or performing on the agility course. Although his size is suitable for a purse, he does not seem to know it, his personality is all big dog, all the time. His thick coat needs regular brushing but is not terribly high-maintenance.








BLINDNESS IN DOGS SYMPTOMS - BLIND DOGS and PUPPIES
BLIND-RISK DOG BREEDS
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Dogs do not rely on their sense of vision to the same extent as do humans. The dog's vision is also not as highly developed as it is in humans. Dogs also cannot focus well on near objects, are partially color blind, and have poor detail vision. Canine vision is superior to human vision for detecting moving objects in dim light. This vision suits their original need as nocturnal hunters. Since the majority of domesticated dogs no longer hunt to survive, blindness does not interfere with their domesticated primary function - being a companion and pet.

BLINDNESS IN DOGS SYMPTOMS - BLIND DOGS and PUPPIES

Some of the dog breeds that show a predisposition for this condition are Dachshunds, Miniature Schnauzers, Pugs, Brittany Spaniels and Maltese. Studies have shown that more than 60% of the dogs with this condition were female and that 46% of SARDS cases were diagnosed during the holidays in December and January. The cause of SARDS has been unknown and poorly understood, even now.

BLINDNESS IN DOGS SYMPTOMS - BLIND DOGS and PUPPIES

Dog breeds that are naturally inclined
to suffer from blindness:

Bassett Hound
Beagle
Bouvier des Flandres
Chihuahua
Chow Chow
Cocker Spaniel
Dachshund
Dalmatian
German Shepherd Dog
Great Dane
Malamute
Siberian Husky
Poodles (mini, toy, standard)
Shar-Pei
Shih Tzu
Siberian Husky
Spaniels (various breeds)
Terriers (various breeds)

When the cause of blindness is lens luxation, the breeds that are more prone to blindness are: Terriers, Spaniels, German Shepherd Dogs, Miniature Poodles, Toy Poodles and Chihuahuas.

When blindness is caused by retinal detachment, Shih Tzu is a dog breed that is more at risk.








DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
19 DOG BEARDED BREEDS
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Kristina Lotz

Are there dogs with beards? Or perhaps the more precise question should be, can dogs have beards? Visually speaking, from the sheer number of dogs that look like they have beards, we would have to conclude, "yup!". Yet canine research tells us that the bearded dog may not relate to his (or her) facial hair quite the same way we do. While men everywhere are growing out their breeds for "No Shave November," these dog breeds upstage them with fashionable beards 365 days of the year.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
1. Bearded Collie
Of course we kick off our list of bearded dog breeds with the pooch that not only sports the growth but bears the name. This laddie was bred for herding, hails from Scotland and is one of the oldest breeds in Britain. His long, coarse outer coat repels wind, snow and rain while his handsome beard just looks super cool. The Bearded Collie is perhaps the founder of the beardie dog breeds - after all, that signature trademark beard is right there in this dog breed's name! In fact, sometimes the Bearded Collie is simply called "the beardie," which in this case is a term of endearment by enthusiasts. They were bred to be independent thinkers - canine leaders who could herd without help from their shepherd, who might realistically be hours away from their sheep dog partner and busy tending to another part of the farm.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
2. Yorkshire Terrier
This spunky little pooch with the dramatic blue and tan coat has attitude galore! In spite of his tiny size, he wears his 'stash with pride and dignity - even when he's unceremoniously tucked into someone's handbag.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
3. Shih Tzu
The Shih Tzu dog breed may be single handedly responsible for launching an entire line of dog beard cleaner products, including dog beard whitener and dog beard stain remover. The name is pronounced "Shee - zoo" in the West and "Sher - zer" in the East. While the Shih Tzu's famous long-flowing coat comes in endless color and pattern varieties, many have very light or white & cream fur on their faces. This contrast between light fur and dark eyes is part of what gives this dog breed such a striking appearance! Of course, that appearance becomes slightly less striking when it becomes stained or discolored. Here is where dog beard stain products can really come in handy!

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
4. Schnauzer
The word "schnauzer" in German means "muzzle" or "snout." In the Schnauzer dog breed specifically, this translates to mean "dog with a bearded muzzle." The Schnauzer dog can look a bit comical, like a wizened little grandpa dog with his cute beard, but make no mistake - this is a serious, smart, hard-working hunting dog that comes from a truly ancient lineage! Originally, that fetching show dog beard was used as a first line of defense against the Schnauzer's vicious rodent prey. Owners often matted the Schnauzer's beard into the canine equivalent of a single thick dreadlock that functioned as a shield of sorts when the rodents attempted to fight back.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
5. Airedale Terrier
You'd never guess this fun-loving dog with the need for play and a passion for getting into mischief was originally bred to work on English farms. Today this dashing dog with the sculpted beard and dramatic profile is more likely found goofing off with his human pack.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
6. Brussels Griffon
Seriously! While this poufy little Wookie look-alike appears to be of the pampered pooch variety, he was originally bred as a ratter and lived as a street dog in Belgium. With this school of hard knocks background it's no wonder he wears his massive stash with an air of self-importance.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
7. Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Nope, not a lot of dignity with this pooch's facial growth. This beloved terrier loves to wear his food after a big meal - most notably in his beard, then wipe it on your pant leg, sofa, the closest chair... Yes, his beard becomes his own personal paintbrush!

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
8. Scottish Terrier
This serious-minded little Scot with the independent streak and determined profile was bred to track vermin back in the day. While he can still give the cat a good work-out he's more likely to enjoy a good walk with his people and of course having his iconic chin scruff trimmed and looking dapper.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
9. Coton de Tulear
This poufy little dog with the beady dark eyes and dramatic mustachio hails from Madagascar and was thought to have been brought over on pirate ships! No wonder he loves swimming! In spite of his bounty of fur, he isn't a big shedder and is known to just treasure his fluffy mustache!

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
10. Lowchen
Finishing up our bearded dog breeds list is a unique looking pooch dates back to the 1400s and is traditionally clipped to resemble a lion complete with bracelets of fur around his ankles, a poof at the end of his tail and of course the distinctive furry ruff around his face. While his body is regularly shaved, that beard is forever!

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
11. German Wirehaired Pointer
Here's a language lesson - the German word for beard is bart.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
12. Affenpinchser
This adorable breed looks like an Ewok on four legs, with a personality to match. While their beards might not be as full as some other breeds, they certainly compliment their face well.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
13. Bergamasco
This naturally corded dog breed has a nice, trim beard that offsets the rest of his appearance nicely. It does tend to get a bit dirty, since the breed standard is to only bathe them a few times a year.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
14. Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Like the German Wirehair Pointer, the Pointing Griffon has a small scruffy beard that matches his wiry coat. In the fact, the two breeds look very similar.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
15. Berger Picard
This French herding dog has a scruffy beard. While a man may find it a bit embarrassing, it suits this scruffy dog just fine.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
16. West Highland White Terrier
This easygoing little terrier will get along with almost anyone and makes an intelligent and courageous little sidekick. Their adorable moustache extending out from the side of their nose completes their spunky look.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
17. Lhasa Apso
In the Tibetan language, the word "apso" translates to mean "bearded." In Lhasa, Tibet, where the Lhasa Apso breed got its start, this dog is actually called "Apso Seng Kyi." The name loosely translates to mean "bearded lion dog." Except for the lion part, this actually makes sense, since the Lhasa Apso dog breed often looks like it is growing a beard over its whole body! Genetic research has revealed that this dog breed is so ancient it is more closely related to the wolf, Canis lupus, than most other dog breeds! Lhasa Apso dogs came to the United States in a most unusual way - as a gift from the 13th Dalai Lama to a New York couple. Not surprisingly, the Lhasa Apso soon became quite popular and demand for these bearded dogs has been flourishing ever since!

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
18. Wirehaired Dachshund
If you are a dachshund lover, you know that dachshunds come in several different configurations, both in size and in fur type. For example, there is the miniature, the tweenie, and the standard dachshund. Then there is the short smooth-hair, the long smooth-hair, and the wirehaired dachshund. While a dachshund of any coat type can in theory inherit the recessive gene needed to produce a beard from both parents, it is in the wirehaired dachshund line that beards pop up like clockwork. From there, it is a matter of grooming style whether the beard is trimmed away or allowed to grow and even flourish! Dachshunds may be little on the outside, but they often don't behave like it! Their bark is much bigger than their body, and so is their spirit. Some dachshunds can suffer from back problems on account of their extra-long body and short legs. Dachshunds love to eat, so obesity is also a concern. These dogs make excellent family pets and are loving and devoted towards their owners.

DOG BEARDS, BEARDED DOGS BREEDS
19. Briard
The Briard has the full, thick beard common in the breed.








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