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Dog poison No. 1: Prescription medications for people.

Drugs that might be beneficial or even lifesaving for people can have the opposite effect in pets. And it doesn't always take a large dose to do major damage.
Some of the most common and harmful medications that poison dogs include:
Prescription anti-inflammatory and pain medications can cause stomach and intestinal ulcers or kidney failure.
Antidepressants can cause vomiting and, in more serious instances, serotonin syndrome - a dangerous condition that raises temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure, and may cause seizures.
Blood pressure medications.

Dog poison No. 2: Insecticides.

Flea and tick products. You may think you are doing your dog a favor when you apply products marketed to fight fleas and ticks, but thousands of animals are unintentionally poisoned by these products every year. Problems can occur if dogs accidentally ingest these products or if small dogs receive excessive amounts.

Dog poison No. 3: Over-the-counter medications.

This group contains acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen and naproxen (Advil, Alleve), as well as herbal and nutraceutical products (fish oil, joint supplements).

Dog poison No. 4: Pet medications.

Just as we can be sickened or killed by medications intended to help us, cases of pet poisoning by veterinary drugs are not uncommon. Some of the more commonly reported problem medications include painkillers and de-wormers.

Dog poison No. 5: Household products, from cleaners to fire logs.

Just as cleaners like bleach can poison people, they are also a leading cause of pet poisoning, resulting in stomach and respiratory tract problems. Not surprisingly, chemicals contained in antifreeze, paint thinner, and chemicals for pools also can act as dog poison. The pet poisoning symptoms they may produce include stomach upset, depression, and chemical burns.

Dog poison No. 6: People food.

Your canine companion may look so cute as he sits there begging for a bite of your chocolate cake or a chip covered in guacamole, but not giving him what he wants could save his life. Animals have different metabolisms than people. Some foods and beverages that are perfectly safe for people can be dangerous, and sometimes fatal, for dogs.

Chocolate. Though not harmful to people, chocolate products contain substances called methylxanthines that can cause vomiting in small doses, and death if ingested in larger quantities. Darker chocolate contains more of these dangerous substances than do white or milk chocolate. The amount of chocolate that could result in death depends on the type of chocolate and the size of the dog. For smaller breeds, just half an ounce of baking chocolate can be fatal, while a larger dog might survive eating 4 ounces to 8 ounces. Coffee and caffeine have similarly dangerous chemicals.
Alcohol. Symptoms of alcohol poisoning in animals are similar to those in people, and may include vomiting, breathing problems, coma and, in severe cases, death.
Avocado. You might think of them as healthy, but avocadoes have a substance called persin that can act as a dog poison, causing vomiting and diarrhea.
Macadamia nuts. Dogs may suffer from a series of symptoms, including weakness, overheating, and vomiting, after consumption of macadamia nuts.
Grapes and raisins. Experts aren't sure why, but these fruits can induce kidney failure in dogs. Even a small number may cause problems in some dogs.
Xylitol. This sweetener is found in many products, including sugar-free gum and candy. It causes a rapid drop in blood sugar, resulting in weakness and seizures. Liver failure also has been reported in some dogs.

Dog poison No. 7: Chocolate.

See above.

Dog poison No. 8: Plants.

They may be pretty, but plants aren't necessarily pet friendly. Some of the more toxic plants to dogs include:

Azaleas and rhododendrons. These pretty flowering plants contain toxins that may cause vomiting, diarrhea, coma, and potentially even death.
Tulips and daffodils. The bulbs of these plants may cause serious stomach problems, convulsions, and increased heart rate.
Sago palms. Eating just a few seeds may be enough to cause vomiting, seizures, and liver failure.

Dog poison No. 9: Rodenticides, if ingested by dogs, can cause severe problems.

The symptoms depend on the nature of the poison, and signs may not start for several days after consumption. In some instances, the dog may have eaten the poisoned rodent, and not been directly exposed to the toxin.

Dog poison No. 10: Lawn and garden products.

Products for your lawn and garden may be poisonous to pets that ingest them.

Dog poison No. 11: Insecticides. including sprays, bait stations, and spot on flea/tick treatments.

Ingestion of insecticides and pesticides, especially those that contain organophosphates (e.g., disulfoton, often found in rose-care products), can be life-threatening to dogs, even when ingested in small amounts. While spot-on flea and tick treatments work well for dogs, they can be very toxic to cats when not applied appropriately. Cat owners should read labels carefully, as those that contain pyrethrins or pyrethroids (a derivative of the Chrysanthemum flower), are severely toxic if directly applied or ingested.

Dog poison No. 12: Antidepressant human drugs such as Prozac, Paxil, Celexa and Effexor.

Of all prescription medications, antidepressants account for the highest number of calls to Pet Poison Helpline. When ingested, they can cause neurological problems in dogs like sedation, incoordination, agitation, tremors and seizures.

Dog poison No. 13: Fertilizers including bone meal, blood meal and iron-based products.

While some fertilizers are fairly safe, certain organic products that contain blood meal, bone meal, feather meal and iron may be especially tasty and dangerous to dogs. Large ingestions can cause severe pancreatitis or even form a concretion in the stomach, obstructing the gastrointestinal tract.

Dog poison No. 14: Amphetamine human drugs ADD/ADHD medications like Adderall and Concerta.

Medications used to treat ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) contain potent stimulants, such as amphetamines and methylphenidate. Even minimal ingestions by dogs can cause life-threatening tremors, seizures, elevated body temperatures and heart problems.

Dog poison No. 15: Veterinary pain relievers specifically COX-2 inhibitors like Rimadyl, Dermaxx and Previcox.

Carprofen, more commonly known by its trade name Rimadyl, is a veterinary-specific, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. While it is commonly used for osteoarthritis, inflammation, and pain control in dogs, if over-ingested in large amounts, it can result in severe gastric ulceration and acute kidney failure in dogs.


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10 Human Medications
that are Poisonous to Your Dog

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1. Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) - Any of the common medications you use to relieve inflammation, like Advil, Motrin, Aleve and ibuprofren are poisonous to dogs. One or two pills can harm your dog with serious stomach and intestinal ulcers and lead to kidney failure.

2. Pain Medications - Acetaminophen or Tylenol is extremely dangerous for your dog. The acetaminophen can lead to liver failure in your dog and red blood cell damage if your dog ingests a large amount of pills.

3. Antidepressants - Prozac, Cymbalta and Effexor are examples of antidepressants that are dog health dangers because your dog can develop neurological problems like tremors, seizures and an elevated heart rate in your dog when he ingests these human medications.

4. Statins - Cholesterol lowering agents like Lipitor, Zocor and Crestor can cause your dog to vomit or have diarrhea. Serious side effects happen with long-term use.

5. Blood Pressure - Beta-blockers like Tenormin and Toprol treat high blood pressure and may cause your dog to have life-threatening decreases in blood pressure and a slowed heart rate.

6. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) - These inhibitors like Zestril and Altace are used to treat high blood pressure. Your dog can suffer low blood pressure, dizziness and weakness if he overdoses on these medications that are dangerous to dog health.

7. Birth Control Pills - Your dog may find these packages of pills quite irresistible but large ingestions of estrogen and estradiol can cause your dog to have bone marrow suppression. Dogs that are intact, not spayed, are at increased risk from estrogen poisoning.

8. Sleep Aids - Xanax, Lunesta and Ambien are examples of benzodiazepines that reduce anxiety and help you sleep. The opposite effect happens to your dog and he may become agitated, have severe lethargy and your dog can have incoordination which makes him look drunk.

9. Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD) - Ritalin and Adderall are two examples of medications that contain potent stimulants like amphetamines and methylphenidate and are harmful to dog health. Your dog can have life-threatening tremors, seizures, high temperatures and heart problems with a small ingestion of these pills.

10. Thyroid hormones - Synthroid and Armour desiccated thyroid are used for under-active thyroids and interestingly enough, dogs with thyroid problems require higher doses than humans. If your dog accidentally gets into your thyroid hormones, it may not be as serious a problem as the other human medications but overdoses can cause your dog to have muscle tremors, nervousness, panting and aggression.

7 Ways to Prevent Your Dog from being Poisoned from Human Medications

1. Always consult with your veterinarian before you administer any dog health medications to your dog.

2. Don't leave your pills in plastic bags where your dog can reach them and chew them up.

3. Store bottles of pills or pill containers in cabinets or inside boxes that are out of your dog's reach. Your dog may think that the boxes or bottles are chew toys so they need to be put away every time you use them.

4. Keep your medications separate from your dog's medication to ensure that you don't make any mistakes.

5. If you keep human medication or dog medication in your pockets or your handbag, make sure that you remove the bottles or containers and store them in a safe place away from your dog's reach.

6. Seniors with dogs should be extra careful about dog health and keep their medications stored safely and high enough so their dog can't reach them. A metal lock box is a good idea if the medications need to be handy at your bedside.

7. For the best safety policy, children should not be allowed to administer medication to humans or dogs unless an adult is present and watches carefully.

Note: If you suspect that your dog has ingested human medication of any kind, call your veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline's 24-hour poison control center at 800-213-6680 immediately.

This news brief gives you information about human medications that are poisonous to your dog and things you can do to prevent your dog from access to any pills and medications in your home so you can keep your dog healthy and avoid unplanned dog health expenses.

Share this article with your family and friends so they can keep their dog away from poisonous human medications and educate their family members and friends about the dangers for their dog's health. You can always depend on the best dog health strategies from Dog Health News.


What to do for suspected dog poisoning?

If you think your dog has been poisoned, try to stay calm. It is important to act quickly, but rationally.

First, gather up any of the potential poison that remains - this may be helpful to your veterinarian and any outside experts who assist with the case. If your dog has vomited, collect the sample in case your veterinarian needs to see it.
Then, try to keep your pet calm and call your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) at (888) 426-4435. Experts at the APCC are available to answer questions and provide guidance 24 hours a day for a $60 consultation fee.

Poison Protection: Pet-Proofing Your House

The best way to reduce the chances that your dog will be the victim of pet poisoning is by preventing exposure to dangerous substances. Here are a few suggestions:

Keep all medications, even those in child-proof bottles, in cabinets that are inaccessible to your dog. If you inadvertently drop a pill on the floor, be sure to look for it immediately. Supervise anyone, such as the elderly, who may need help taking medications.
Always follow guidelines on flea or tick products.
Although you can safely give some ''people foods'' to your pet as a treat, others are toxic. If you have any questions about what is safe, ask your veterinarian. Or, err on the safe side and give treats made specifically for animals.
Be sure any rodenticides you use are kept in metal cabinets or high on shelves where your pets can't find them. Remember that dogs can be fatally poisoned by eating an exposed rodent, so always be very cautious about using these products. Tell your neighbors if you put out rat bait, so they can protect their pets from exposure, and ask them to do the same for you.
When buying plants for your home, opt for those that won't cause problems if your dog happens to nibble on them. The ASPCA has an online list of toxic and nontoxic plants by species. If you choose to have toxic plants, be sure they are kept in a place where your animals can't reach them.
Store all chemicals and cleaners in pet-inaccessible areas of your home.

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